George Cawkwell

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George Cawkwell
George Law Cawkwell

(1919-10-25)25 October 1919
Auckland, New Zealand
Died18 February 2019(2019-02-18) (aged 99)
Oxford, England
Education King's College, Auckland
Alma mater University of Auckland
Occupation Ancient historian
Years active1949–2019
Employer University College, Oxford
Organization University of Oxford
Known forHistory of Greece in the 4th century BC
Notable work
Philip of Macedon (1978)
Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War (1997)
The Greek Wars: The Failure of Persia (2005)
Spouse(s)Pat Clarke (m. 1945-2008 her death)
Children Simon Cawkwell (1946), Sarah Cawkwell and Timothy Cawkwell
Awards Runciman Award (1998)

George Law Cawkwell (25 October 1919 – 18 February 2019) was a classical scholar who specialised in the ancient history of Greece in the 4th century BC. [1] [2]

Ancient history Human history from the earliest records to the end of the classical period

Ancient history as a term refers to the aggregate of past events from the beginning of writing and recorded human history and extending as far as the post-classical history. The phrase may be used either to refer to the period of time or the academic discipline.

Ancient Greece Civilization belonging to an early period of Greek history

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity. Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era. Roughly three centuries after the Late Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece, Greek urban poleis began to form in the 8th century BC, ushering in the Archaic period and colonization of the Mediterranean Basin. This was followed by the period of Classical Greece, an era that began with the Greco-Persian Wars, lasting from the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Due to the conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedon, Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea. The Hellenistic period came to an end with the conquests and annexations of the eastern Mediterranean world by the Roman Republic, which established the Roman province of Macedonia in Roman Greece, and later the province of Achaea during the Roman Empire.


Life and career

Born in Auckland, New Zealand, [3] Cawkwell was educated at King's College, Auckland, and became head boy there. [4] He attended the University of Auckland from 1938, gaining BA and MA degrees. He joined the army in 1942 during World War II and fought with the Fijian Infantry in the Solomons in 1944.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

Kings College, Auckland independent secondary school in Auckland, New Zealand

King's College, often informally referred to simply as King's, is an independent secondary boarding and day school in New Zealand. It educates over 1000 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years. King's was originally a single sex boys school but has admitted girls in the Sixth and Seventh forms since 1980, and in the Fifth form since 2016. King's was founded in 1896 by Graham Bruce. King's was originally situated in Remuera, Auckland on the site now occupied by King's School, Remuera, in 1922 the school moved to its present site in the South Auckland suburb of Otahuhu.

University of Auckland university in New Zealand

The University of Auckland is the largest university in New Zealand, located in the country's largest city, Auckland. It is the highest-ranked university in the country, being ranked 85th worldwide in the 2018/19 QS World University Rankings. Established in 1883 as a constituent college of the University of New Zealand, the university is made up of eight faculties; these are spread over six campuses. It has more than 40,000 students, and more than 30,000 "equivalent full-time" students.

Cawkwell was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University, studying at Christ Church. He played in the position of lock for the Scotland national rugby union team, gaining his cap in 1947. [3] [5] For most of his life, Cawkwell was a Fellow and Praelector in Ancient History of University College, Oxford. [6] He was a Fellow from 1949 to 1987 and then became an Emeritus Fellow. He authored a number of books on ancient history. [1] [7] His students included the classical scholars Ernst Badian and Raphael Sealey. [4] He won the Runciman Award in 1998 for his book Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War. [8]

Christ Church, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford in England

Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Christ Church is a joint foundation of the college and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, which serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.

Scotland national rugby union team

The Scotland national rugby union team is administered by the Scottish Rugby Union. The team takes part in the annual Six Nations Championship and participates in the Rugby World Cup, which takes place every four years. As of 19 November 2018, Scotland are 7th in the World Rugby Rankings.

Rugby union Team sport, code of rugby football

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world simply as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end.

Cawkwell was the first "Procurator" of University College, fund-raising for the 750th anniversary of the college in 1999. [6] The George Cawkwell Fellowship in Ancient History has been established at the college. A boat in the University College Boat Club is also named after him. His portrait was painted by the artist Daphne Todd. [9]

University College Boat Club (Oxford) rowing club at the University of Oxford

University College Boat Club is the rowing club for all members of University College, Oxford ("Univ"). UCBC has had a recent run of successes, notably in the Women's divisions with the Women's 1st VIII winning Blades in Summer Eights 2015 to leave them fourth on the river, and the 2nd VIII winning Blades in Summer Eights 2014 and again in Summer Eights 2018. The men's side is also highly successful and is currently eighth on the river in Summer Eights, with three crews in fixed divisions.

Daphne Todd OBE is an English artist who was the first female President of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters from 1994–2000, and who won the BP Portrait Award 2010 with a painting of her 100-year-old mother's corpse.

George Cawkwell married Pat Clarke in 1945. [4] The businessman and stock market commentator Simon Cawkwell (born 1946) is his son. Cawkwell died on 18 February 2019 at 99 years of age. [10]

Simon Cawkwell is a stock market commentator, share trader and author best known for writing a thrice weekly diary, publicly identifying companies whose share price he believes will fall and betting his own money on such falls. His most lauded success was exposing the fraud of Robert Maxwell's accounts, specifically those of Maxwell's company Communication Corporation. He also made £1 million on short selling shares in Northern Rock before the bank went into administration.

Selected books

Map of Philip of Macedon's campaign in Greece, 339 BC (based on Cawkwell's book Philip of Macedon) Philip II of Macedon's 339 BC Campaign.png
Map of Philip of Macedon's campaign in Greece, 339 BC (based on Cawkwell's book Philip of Macedon)

Cawkwell's books include: [7]

Faber and Faber Limited, often abbreviated to Faber, is an independent publishing house in the United Kingdom. Faber has published some of the most well-known literature in the English language, including William Golding's Lord of the Flies. Poet T. S. Eliot was once a Faber editor.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

See also

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  1. 1 2 "George Cawkwell". Penguin Books, UK. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  2. Hornblower, Simon (January 1991). "George Cawkwell's contribution to Ancient History and to Oxford". Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. 37 (558): 1–12. doi:10.1111/j.2041-5370.1991.tb02201.x.
  3. 1 2 Reid, Alasdair (9 March 2015). "George Cawkwell: Gentleman and scholar still going strong". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 "Fellows: George Cawkwell". University College Record : 7–9. 1987.
  5. Mikhailova, Anna (10 December 2017). "George Cawkwell: My financial worries are all ancient history". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 18 February 2019. (Subscription required (help)).
  6. 1 2 Darwall-Smith, Robin (2008). A History of University College, Oxford. Oxford University Press. pp. 479, 494, 499, 508, 510, 522, 523, 524. ISBN   978-0-19-928429-0.
  7. 1 2 "Books " "George Cawkwell"". . Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  8. "Previous winners – Runciman Award". Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  9. Todd, Daphne. "Bill Sykes, Peter Strawson, George Cawkwell and Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann". Your Paintings. UK: BBC. Archived from the original on 20 March 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  10. "RIP George Cawkwell". University College, Oxford. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  11. Hagedorn, Anselm C. (31 October 2005). "Review: George Cawkwell, The Greek Wars. The Failure of Persia". Bryn Mawr Classical Review. Bryn Mawr College. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012.