|Real name||George Gardiner|
|Height||5 ft 11+1⁄2 in (1.816 m)|
|Born||March 17, 1877|
Lisdoonvarna, County Clare, Ireland
|Died||July 8, 1954 77) (aged|
Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
|Wins by KO||31|
George Gardner (March 17, 1877 – July 8, 1954) was a famous Irish boxer in America who was the first undisputed World Light Heavyweight Champion.He held claims to both the World Middleweight Title as well as the World Heavyweight Title. He was the second man in history to hold the World's Light Heavyweight title, defeating the first Light Heavyweight Champion, Jack Root, by KO after 12 rounds.
George Gardner's name is often misspelled "George Gardiner", which was an alias although some believe it was the correct spelling. He signed his name "George Gardner", though several newspapers of his era spelled his name "George Gardiner". However, his brother, Jimmy Gardner, signed his name "Jimmy Gardiner" when handing out autographs. George Gardner is unfortunately most remembered as the 26-year-old champion who lost his title to the 41-year-old Bob Fitzsimmons after a questionable 20 round decision on points. The decision made Fitzsimmons a legend, as it made him the first triple title division champion in boxing history.
Gardner was born on March 17, 1877 at County Clare, Ireland on St. Patrick's Day. He was believed to have been the son of an Irish prizefighter and came from poverty. George and his brothers, Billy and Jimmy Gardner, were each recognized as accomplished boxers in their era.
Gardner began his career in 1897 when he was 20 years old. He was almost six feet tall and weighed between 150–175 pounds during his career. He won several fights in the New England area, being noted in newspapers as the "Middleweight Champion of New England".
Gardner was the top middleweight contender in 1901 and claimed the World's Middleweight Title that year. He defeated Frank Craig, the Colored Middleweight Champion at London, England, and newspapers declared that Gardner "secured the World Middleweight Title". Afterwards, Gardner challenged Tommy Ryan for the title, but Ryan declined although Gardner was the number one contender for the title.
Gardner first claimed the world middleweight title on August 30, 1901 at the Mechanic's Pavilion in San Francisco after knocking out Kid Carter in a fight billed as the "Middleweight Championship of the World". He then defeated Barbados Joe Walcott, the Welterweight Champion of the World, in a 20 round rematch in 1902. On August 18, 1902, Gardiner TKO'd the undefeated Jack Root in 17 rounds at Salt Lake City, Utah in a close fight billed as both the light heavyweight and middleweight championship of the world. Both fighters weighed in at 165 pounds.
On October 31, 1902, Gardner fought 20 rounds with Jack Johnson, the first African American to hold the World's Heavyweight Title. Gardner weighed in at 155 while Johnson at held a 30 pound weight advantage at 185. Johnson won on points by knocking Gardner down twice in the 8th and 14th rounds.
Gardner was a contender for the newly created World's Light Heavyweight Title in 1903, weighing about 170 pounds. On April 6, 1903, Gardner fought Peter Maher, the Irish Heavyweight Champion, considered to be the most dangerous hitter of his era. Gardner knocked out Maher in round one and then defeated Marvin Hart by TKO after 12 rounds.
On July 4, 1903, at Ontario, Canada, at the International Athletic Club, after 12 rounds of fighting, George Gardner knocked out Jack Root for the Light - Heavyweight Championship of the World. He was the first Irish-American to hold the title and the first undisputed champion to hold the title. Most records state that Root was the first champion of the division, but others, including George Gardner, had claimed the title before. The Root - Gardner fight was the first Light-Heavyweight Title fight caught on film. Newspapers reported that Gardner knocked Root down seven times.
George Gardner defended his title later that year on November 25, 1903 at San Francisco, California, against Bob Fitzsimmons, who had killed two men in the ring and was the former Middleweight and Heavyweight Champion. After a questionable 20 round decision on points, Fitzsimmons knocked the young champion down twice and gained a slight decision. After losing the title, George Gardner challenged Fitzsimmons to a rematch, but was denied a second chance at the title.
Gardner was still a highly regarded contender for the Light Heavyweight Title, and was rated above Fitzsimmons. Nonetheless, Gardner set his sights on the World's Heavyweight Title. It was held by Marvin Hart, whom Gardner had defeated and drawn with before.
Gardner challenged Marvin Hart for the Heavyweight Championship of the World, but again he was denied a title shot. Afterwards, his career faded with losses and draws against Jim Flynn, Al Kaufman, Terry Mustain, and Tony Ross. Gardner retired at age 32 in 1908 with a record of 44 wins, 32 by way of knockout, 12 losses, 7 draws, and 3 no contests.
Gardner continued to box, but considered himself a "washed-up prize fighter". He was reputed to have fought in over 300 battles. Onenewspaper source noted that Gardner "had drawn from their seats in applause more fight fans than any other light-heavyweight".
Gardner opened a saloon in Chicago, and married Margaret Smith of South Bend, Indiana. He fathered a son in 1905, who also became a professional boxer in the Light Heavyweight division under the name, "Morgan Gardiner". Gardner's brother, Jimmy Gardner, claimed the World's Welterweight Title in 1908, making the Gardner brothers the first Irish American siblings in world history to hold world titles.
George Gardner was pictured in the summer of 1930 on the front of "Self Defense Quarterly".
Gardner was once ranked the #1 fighter in the world and he is considered one of the top fighters of all time, as well as one of the top light-heavyweights of all time.
Gardner died at age 77 on July 10, 1954 in Chicago, Illinois. Four ex-champions were pallbearers at his funeral.
|68 fights||43 wins||11 losses|
All Newspaper decisions are regarded as “no decision” bouts as they have “resulted in neither boxer winning or losing, and would therefore not count as part of their official fight record."
|68||Draw||43–11–8 (6)||John Willie||PTS||10||Sep 5, 1908||Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada|
|67||Loss||43–11–7 (6)||Tony Ross||TKO||7 (12)||May 18, 1908||Coliseum, New Castle, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|66||Loss||43–10–7 (6)||Terry Mustain||KO||8 (20)||Jan 29, 1908||Bay City A.C., San Diego, California, U.S.|
|65||Draw||43–9–7 (6)||Terry Mustain||PTS||20||Oct 12, 1907||San Diego, California, U.S.|
|64||Loss||43–9–6 (6)||Fireman Jim Flynn||KO||18 (20)||Apr 17, 1907||National Athletic Club, San Diego, California, U.S.|
|63||Loss||43–8–6 (6)||Al Kaufman||TKO||14 (20)||Dec 21, 1906||Naud Junction Pavilion, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|62||NC||43–7–6 (6)||Mike Schreck||NC||2 (15)||Apr 19, 1906||Lincoln A.C., Chelsea, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|61||Win||43–7–6 (5)||Jim Jeffords||NWS||6||Jan 24, 1906||National A.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|60||Win||43–7–6 (4)||Billy Stift||KO||5 (20)||Jun 19, 1905||Grand Opera House, Ogden, Utah, U.S.|
|59||Loss||42–7–6 (4)||Mike Schreck||TKO||20 (20)||Apr 17, 1905||Salt Lake Theater, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|58||Draw||42–6–6 (4)||Fireman Jim Flynn||PTS||10||Sep 16, 1904||Denver A.C., Denver, Colorado, U.S.|
|57||Win||42–6–5 (4)||Jim Jeffords||KO||3 (20)||Aug 15, 1904||Butte, Montana, U.S.|
|56||Win||41–6–5 (4)||Denis Ike Hayes||PTS||4||Aug 5, 1904||Anaconda, Montana, U.S.|
|55||Draw||40–6–5 (4)||John Willie||PTS||6||Jul 1, 1904||Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|54||Loss||40–6–4 (4)||Jack Root||PTS||6||May 2, 1904||Waverly A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|53||Draw||40–5–4 (4)||Jack Root||PTS||6||Feb 26, 1904||Battery D Armory, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|52||Win||40–5–3 (4)||Kid Carter||UD||6||Feb 19, 1904||Milwaukee Boxing Club, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.|
|51||Win||39–5–3 (4)||Fred Cooley||PTS||6||Feb 8, 1904||Watita Hall, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|50||Win||38–5–3 (4)||Jim Driscoll||PTS||6||Feb 8, 1904||Watita Hall, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|49||Draw||37–5–3 (4)||Marvin Hart||PTS||15||Jan 5, 1904||Criterion A.C., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|48||Loss||37–5–2 (4)||Bob Fitzsimmons||PTS||20||Nov 25, 1903||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.||Lost world light-heavyweight title|
|47||Win||37–4–2 (4)||Jack Root||TKO||12 (20)||Jul 4, 1903||International A.C., Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada||Won world light-heavyweight title|
|46||Win||36–4–2 (4)||Marvin Hart||RTD||12 (20)||May 13, 1903||Auditorium, Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.||Billed World & American 170lbs titles|
|45||Win||35–4–2 (4)||Peter Maher||KO||1 (6)||Apr 6, 1903||Maverick AC, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|44||Win||34–4–2 (4)||Al Weinig||TKO||6 (?)||Feb 13, 1903||Maverick AC, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|43||NC||33–4–2 (4)||Bob Armstrong||NC||4 (6)||Feb 9, 1903||Washington S.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.|
|42||Win||33–4–2 (3)||Kid Carter||PTS||6||Dec 29, 1902||Lyceum A.C., Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|41||Win||32–4–2 (3)||Billy Stift||UD||6||Dec 11, 1902||Aurora Hall, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|40||Loss||31–4–2 (3)||Jack Johnson||PTS||20||Oct 31, 1902||Woodward's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|39||Win||31–3–2 (3)||Jack Root||TKO||17 (20)||Aug 18, 1902||Saucer Track, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.|
|38||Win||30–3–2 (3)||Barbados Joe Walcott||PTS||20||Apr 25, 1902||Woodward's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|37||Loss||29–3–2 (3)||Jack Root||DQ||7 (20)||Jan 1, 1902||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|36||Win||29–2–2 (3)||Kid Carter||KO||8 (20)||Dec 20, 1901||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.||Advertised as for world middleweight championship|
|35||Loss||28–2–2 (3)||Barbados Joe Walcott||PTS||20||Sep 27, 1901||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.|
|34||Win||28–1–2 (3)||Kid Carter||TKO||18 (20)||Aug 30, 1901||Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco, California, U.S.||Advertised as for world middleweight championship|
|33||Win||27–1–2 (3)||Jack Moffat||TKO||3 (20)||Jul 4, 1901||San Francisco A.C., San Francisco, California, U.S.||Billed World & American 158lbs middleweight titles|
|32||Win||26–1–2 (3)||Tim Hurley||TKO||5 (?)||Apr 8, 1901||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|31||NC||25–1–2 (3)||Jack Scales||ND||3||Sep 29, 1900||Beresford Street Drill Hall, Woolwich, London, England|
|30||Win||25–1–2 (2)||Frank Craig||DQ||4 (20)||Sep 10, 1900||Wonderland, Whitechapel Road, Mile End, London, England||Craig was disqualified for throwing Gardiner|
|29||Win||24–1–2 (2)||Kid Carter||DQ||19 (25)||May 29, 1900||Seaside A.C., Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.||Carter was disqualified for butting|
|28||NC||23–1–2 (2)||George Byers||NC||15||May 14, 1900||Roanoke A.C., Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|27||Win||23–1–2 (1)||Charles Goff||TKO||7 (?)||May 2, 1900||Utica, New York, U.S.|
|26||Win||22–1–2 (1)||Wild Bill Hanrahan||TKO||9 (15)||Apr 23, 1900||Casco A.C., Portland, Oregon, U.S.|
|25||Win||21–1–2 (1)||Dick Baker||TKO||4 (?)||Apr 19, 1900||Greenwood Park, Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|24||Win||20–1–2 (1)||J Fitzpatrick||TKO||9 (?)||Apr 17, 1900||Portland, Oregon, U.S.|
|23||Win||19–1–2 (1)||Jack Burke||TKO||4 (15)||Mar 14, 1900||Kirtland Club, Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|22||Win||18–1–2 (1)||George Byers||DQ||14 (15)||Feb 22, 1900||Coliseum, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.|
|21||Win||17–1–2 (1)||Jimmy Handler||TKO||3 (25)||Feb 12, 1900||Hercules A.C., Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|20||Draw||16–1–2 (1)||George Byers||NWS||15||Feb 2, 1900||Lasters Hall, Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S.||Pre-arranged draw if went the distance|
|19||Win||16–1–2||Harry Fisher||TKO||12 (?)||Jan 9, 1900||Kirkland A.C., Lynn, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|18||Win||15–1–2||Jack Moffat||RTD||8 (25)||Dec 12, 1899||Broadway A.C., Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|17||Loss||14–1–2||Jimmy Handler||TKO||18 (25)||Oct 16, 1899||Hercules A.C., Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|16||Win||14–0–2||Harry Fisher||TKO||17 (20)||Aug 5, 1899||Pelican A.C., Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.|
|15||Draw||13–0–2||Dick Sims||PTS||7 (15)||Jul 31, 1899||Associate Hall, Lowell, Massachusetts, U.S.||referee declared the bout a draw because of police interference|
|14||Win||13–0–1||Young Sharkey||TKO||9 (?)||Jun 7, 1899||Nutone A.C., Lowell, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|13||Win||12–0–1||John E Butler||TKO||7 (15)||May 9, 1899||Nutone A.C., Lowell, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|12||Win||11–0–1||Andy Moynahan||KO||3 (?)||Mar 24, 1899||Greenwood Park, Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|11||Draw||10–0–1||Bob Montgomery||PTS||10||Jan 20, 1899||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|10||Win||10–0||Charles C. Smith||KO||7 (?)||Dec 25, 1898||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|9||Win||9–0||Professor Evans||TKO||3 (?)||Dec 10, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|8||Win||8–0||Hugh HJ Colgren||KO||3 (?)||Nov 20, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|7||Win||7–0||Hugh McWinters||KO||6 (?)||May 20, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|6||Win||6–0||Tom O'Brien||KO||1 (?)||Apr 27, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|5||Win||5–0||Tom Moore||KO||4 (?)||Apr 10, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|4||Win||4–0||J Young||KO||2 (?)||Mar 17, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|3||Win||3–0||J Young||KO||3 (?)||Mar 10, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|2||Win||2–0||Matt Leary||PTS||4||Mar 7, 1898||Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
|1||Win||1–0||Hugh HJ Colgren||PTS||4||Nov 5, 1897||Gymnasium A.C., Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S.|
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|Awards and achievements|
| World Light Heavyweight Champion |
July 4, 1903 – November 25, 1903