|2nd Governor of Arkansas Territory|
March 4, 1825 –November 22, 1828
|President|| James Monroe |
John Quincy Adams
|Preceded by||James Miller|
|Succeeded by||John Pope|
|Born||October 21, 1776|
|Died||November 22, 1828 52) (aged|
Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
|Cause of death||Gout|
|Resting place|| Mount Holly Cemetery,|
Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic-Republican Party|
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania|
|Occupation||Military officer, politician|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1794–1803|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
George Izard (October 21, 1776 – November 22, 1828) was a senior officer of the United States Army who served as the second Governor of Arkansas Territory from 1825 to 1828.
An officer is a member of an armed forces or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.
Izard was born in Richmond, England, to Ralph Izard, who was a delegate to the Continental Congress and United States Senator from South Carolina, and Alice DeLancey, niece of New York Governor James DeLancey and a descendant of Stephanus Van Cortlandt and Gertrude Schuyler. He graduated from the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania) in 1792. He attended military academies in England and Germany and received military engineering instruction in France.
Richmond is a suburban town in south-west London, 8.2 miles (13.2 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is on a meander of the River Thames, with a large number of parks and open spaces, including Richmond Park, and many protected conservation areas, which include much of Richmond Hill. A specific Act of Parliament protects the scenic view of the River Thames from Richmond.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
Ralph Izard was a U.S. politician. He served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate in 1794.
Izard returned to the United States in November 1794, and received a commission as Lieutenant in the US Army Corps of Engineers. He was ordered by Secretary of War James McHenry to oversee the construction of Castle Pinckney in South Carolina.
A lieutenant is the junior most commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.
James McHenry was a Scotch-Irish American military surgeon and statesman. McHenry was a signer of the United States Constitution from Maryland and the eponym of Fort McHenry. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from Maryland, and the third United States Secretary of War (1796–1800), under the first and second presidents, George Washington and John Adams. He married his wife, Peggy Caldwell, on January 8, 1784.
Castle Pinckney was a small masonry fortification constructed by the United States government by 1810, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. It was used very briefly as a prisoner-of-war camp and artillery position during the American Civil War. It was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.
In January 1800, Izard became aide-de-camp to Army commander Alexander Hamilton. A few months later he was invited by William Loughton Smith, Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal, to serve as his secretary, a position he accepted. He left Portugal the next year and returned to the United States. He officially resigned his army commission in June 1803.
An aide-de-camp is a personal assistant or secretary to a person of high rank, usually a senior military, police or government officer, or to a member of a royal family or a head of state.
Alexander Hamilton was an American statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the U.S. Constitution, as well as the founder of the nation's financial system, the Federalist Party, the United States Coast Guard, and the New York Post newspaper. As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the main author of the economic policies of George Washington's administration. He took the lead in the Federal government's funding of the states' debts, as well as establishing a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. His vision included a strong central government led by a vigorous executive branch, a strong commercial economy, a national bank and support for manufacturing, and a strong military. Thomas Jefferson was his leading opponent, arguing for agrarianism and smaller government.
William Loughton Smith was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat from Charleston, South Carolina. He represented South Carolina in the United States House of Representatives from 1789 until 1797, during which time he served as chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means.
In March 1812, Izard was appointed as Colonel of the newly organised 2nd Artillery Regiment. He was promoted to Brigadier General a year later, and served as Wade Hampton's second in command until his resignation, when Izard succeeded him. Promoted to Major General in January 1814, he was in charge of the Northern Army protecting Lake Champlain, until ordered to reinforce the Army of Niagara. He was discharged in June 1815.
Colonel is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations.
Wade Hampton was an American soldier, politician, two-term U.S. Congressman, and may have been the wealthiest planter and one of the largest slave holders in the U.S. at the time of his death.
Lake Champlain is a natural freshwater lake in North America mainly within the borders of the United States but partially situated across the Canada–U.S. border, in the Canadian province of Quebec.
Izard was appointed Governor of Arkansas Territory in March 1825, and served until his death in 1828.
Izard died of complications of gout in Little Rock, Arkansas. Izard was originally buried near the Peabody School in Little Rock. After the historic Mount Holly Cemetery was established, Izard's remains were moved to the Mount Holly Cemetery in Little Rock in 1843.
Izard County, Arkansas is named in his honor.General Izard's original artillery unit still exists as the 1st Battalion of the 3rd Air Defense Artillery Regiment.
Simon Pollard Hughes Jr. was the 15th Governor of Arkansas and a Confederate officer in the American Civil War.
George Washington Hays was the 24th Governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas.
Daniel Webster Jones was the 19th Governor of the U.S. state of Arkansas.
James Paul Clarke was a United States Senator and the 18th Governor of Arkansas.
James Philip Eagle was an American politician who served as the 16th Governor of Arkansas and president of the Southern Baptist Convention.
Elias Nelson Conway was an American politician who served as the 5th Governor of Arkansas from 1852 to 1860.
William Savin Fulton was an American politician who served as the fourth Governor of Arkansas Territory and United States Senator for Arkansas.
James Miller was the first Governor of Arkansas Territory and a brevet brigadier general in the United States Army during the War of 1812. It was during his term as governor, and partly due to his influence, that the territory's capital was moved from Arkansas Post to Little Rock.
Ambrose Hundley Sevier was an attorney, politician and planter from Arkansas. A member of the political Family that dominated the state and national delegations in the antebellum years, he was elected by the legislature as a Democratic US Senator.
James Fleming Fagan was a planter, public official, and a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. His Arkansas brigade distinguished itself in the Red River campaign of 1864, helping to drive the Union army from southern Arkansas.
William Hull was an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolutionary War and was appointed as Governor of Michigan Territory (1805–13), gaining large land cessions from several American Indian tribes under the Treaty of Detroit (1807). He is most widely remembered, however, as the general in the War of 1812 who surrendered Fort Detroit to the British on August 16, 1812 following the Siege of Detroit. After the battle, he was court-martialed, convicted, and sentenced to death, but he received a pardon from President James Madison and his reputation somewhat recovered.
Thomas Willoughby Newton was a Whig member of the United States House of Representatives from the State of Arkansas.
Izard is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
During the American Civil War, Arkansas was a Confederate state, though it had initially voted to remain in the Union. Following the capture of Fort Sumter in April 1861, Abraham Lincoln called for troops from every Union state to put down the rebellion, and Arkansas and several other states seceded. For the rest of the war, Arkansas played a major role in controlling the vital Mississippi River and neighboring states, including Tennessee and Missouri.
William W. Wilshire was an American politician who served as the U.S. Representative for Arkansas's 3rd congressional district.
Bernard Smith, was a Representative from New Jersey.
The Arkansas Territorial Militia was the forerunner of today's Arkansas National Guard. The current Arkansas Army National Guard traces its roots to the creation of the territorial militia of the District of Louisiana in 1804. As the District of Louisiana evolved into the Territory of Missouri and the first counties were organized, regiments of the Missouri territorial militia were formed in present-day Arkansas. territorial governors struggled to form a reliable militia system in the sparsely populated territory. When the Arkansas Territory was formed from the Missouri Territory, the militia was reorganized, gradually evolving from a single brigade composed of nine regiments to an entire division composed of six brigades, each containing four to six regiments. The local militia organization, with its regular musters and hierarchy added structure to the otherwise loosely organized territorial society. The Territorial Militia was utilized to quell problems with the Indian Nations and was held in readiness to deal with trouble along the border with Mexico due to an ambiguous international border and during the prelude to the Texas War of Independence.
This is a list of notable people buried in Mount Holly Cemetery.
| Governor of Arkansas Territory |