George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth

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The Earl of Dartmouth

George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, 1778, by Batoni.jpg
President of the Board of Control
In office
1801–1802
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Preceded by The Viscount Melville
Succeeded by Viscount Castlereagh
Lord Steward
In office
1802–1804
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Henry Addington
Preceded by The Earl of Leicester
Succeeded by The Earl of Aylesford
Lord Chamberlain
In office
1804–1810
Monarch George III
Prime Minister
Preceded by The Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded byVacant
Personal details
Born3 October 1755 (1755-10-03)
Died10 November 1810 (1810-11-11) (aged 55)
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Lady Frances Finch
(d. 1810)

George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth KG, PC, FRS (3 October 1755 – 10 November 1810), styled Viscount Lewisham until 1801, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1778 to 1784.

Contents

Background

George Legge, known from birth as Viscount Lewisham, was born 3 October 1755. He was the eldest son of William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, and Frances Katherine, daughter of Sir Charles Gounter Nicoll. He was the elder brother of Admiral Sir Arthur Kaye Legge and Edward Legge, Bishop of Oxford. [1]

He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated 22 October 1771, and was created M.A. 3 July 1775, and D.C.L. 28 October 1778. [1] At some time during the 1770s he went to Florence as he appears in an important painting by Johann Zoffany which the artist titled the Tribuna of the Uffizi. [2]

Political career

Venus with a Satyr and Cupids by Annibale CarracciRaphael, Madonna della Sedia (Madonna of the Chair), c.1514Guido Reni, Charity, 1607Raphael, St John the BaptistReni, MadonnaMadonna della seggiolaCorreggio, Madonna and ChildJustus Sustermans, GalileoRaphael, Madonna of the GoldfinchFranciabigio - Madonna of the WellGuido Reni, Cleopatra, 1635–40Holy Family, then attributed to PeruginoRubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615Portrait of Leo X with two Cardinals by RaphaelTribute Money? by Carravagio?Rubens, Justus Lipsius with his Pupils, c.1615Raphael, Pope Leo X with Cardinals Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi, 1518Niccolini-Cowper Madonna by RaphaelLarge central paintingHolbein, Sir Richard Southwell, 1536Cristofano Allori, Miracle of St JulianHoly Family, attributed to Niccolò Soggiummm Raphael, Niccolini-Cowper Madonna, 1508, then in Lord Cowper’s possession, having bought it from Zoffany, now National Gallery of Art, Washington, DCTitian, Venus of Urbino, 1538Cupid and Psyche, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 1st or 2nd century BCThe ‘Arrotino’ (Knife-Grinder), a Pergamene original of 2nd or 3rd century BCDancing Faun, marble replica of a bronze of the circle of Praxiteles, 4th century BCThe Infant Hercules Strangling the SerpentsThe Wrestlers, marble copy of a bronze Permamene original, 2nd or 3rd century BCSouth Indian craterEtruscan helmetChimera - Etruscan art8 Oil lampsEgyptian ptahmose, 18th dynastyGreek bronze torsoBust of Julius CaeserRoman silver shieldHead of AntinousSouth Italian craterEtruscan jugOctagonal table with pietra dura top made for the Tribuna, designed by Jacopo Ligozzi and Bernardino Poccetti.Charles Loraine Smith (1751–1835)Richard Edgcumbe, later 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe (1764–1839)George, 3rd Earl Cowper (1738–89)Sir John Dick (1720–1804), British Consul at LeghornOther Windsor, 6th Earl of Plymouth (1751–99)Johann ZoffanyMr Stevenson, companion to the Lord LewishamGeorge Legge, Lord Lewisham, later 3rd Earl of Dartmouth (1755–1810)unknown young manValentine Knightley of Fawsley (1744–96)Pietro Bastianelli, the custodian of the galleryMr GordonHon. Felton Hervey (1712–73)Thomas Patch (1725-82), PainterSir John Taylor Bt., (d. 1786)Sir Horace Mann (1706–86), British Consul in FlorenceGeorge Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilseaprob. Roger Wilbraham (1743-1829)Mr WattsMr Doughty, travelling with Charles Loraine SmithProbably Thomas Wilbraham (b. 1751), brother of RogerThe Medici Venus, Roman copy of a Greek original of the 2nd century BCJames Bruce (1730–94), African explorerUse a cursor to explore or press button for larger image & copyrightGeorge Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth
Tribuna of the Uffizi by Johann Zoffany. Place cursor over artworks or persons to identify them.
Shield of arms of George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, KG, PC, FRS Shield of arms of George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, KG, PC, FRS.png
Shield of arms of George Legge, 3rd Earl of Dartmouth, KG, PC, FRS

Lewisham was returned to Parliament for Plymouth in 1778, a seat he held until 1780. < The latter year he was returned for both Horsham and Staffordshire 1784, but chose to represent the latter. He continued to represent this constituency until 1784. From 1783 to 1798 he served as Lord Warden of the Stannaries. He remained out of parliament for the next 17 years, but in 1801 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Dartmouth. [3] He succeeded his father in the earldom later the same year. Dartmouth served under Henry Addington as President of the Board of Control between 1801 and 1802 and as Lord Steward between 1802 and 1804. From 1804 to 1810 he was Lord Chamberlain under successively Pitt the Younger, Lord Grenville, the Duke of Portland and Spencer Perceval. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1801 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805. He was also admitted a Fellow of the Royal Society on 3 May 1781 [4] and was the first President of the British Institution in 1805.

Family

Lord Dartmouth married Lady Frances (9 February 1761 – 21 November 1838), daughter of Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Aylesford, on 24 September 1782. They had fifteen children:

Lord Dartmouth died on 10 November 1810, aged 55, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, William. Lady Dartmouth only survived her husband by eleven days and died on 21 November 1810.

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References

  1. 1 2 Rigg 1892.
  2. A key to the people shown, oneonta.edu. Retrieved 11 June 2014
  3. "LEGGE, George, Visct. Lewisham (1755-1810)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  4. "Lists of Royal Society Fellows". Archived from the original on 22 January 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2006.
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Rigg, James McMullen (1892). "Legge, George (1755-1810)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Viscount Barrington
Sir Charles Hardy
Member of Parliament for Plymouth
1778–1780
With: Sir Charles Hardy 1778–1780
Sir Frederick Rogers, Bt 1780
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Rogers, Bt
George Darby
Preceded by
Lord Grey
Sir John Wrottesley, Bt
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
1780–1784
With: Sir John Wrottesley, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Wrottesley, Bt
Sir Edward Littleton, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Melville
President of the Board of Control
1801–1802
Succeeded by
Viscount Castlereagh
Preceded by
The Earl of Leicester
Lord Steward
1802–1804
Succeeded by
The Earl of Aylesford
Preceded by
The Marquess of Salisbury
Lord Chamberlain
1804–1810
Succeeded by
Vacant
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Humphry Morice
Lord Warden of the Stannaries
1783–1798
Succeeded by
Sir John Morshead, Bt
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Legge
Earl of Dartmouth
1801–1810
Succeeded by
William Legge
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Legge
Baron Dartmouth
1801–1810
(writ of acceleration)
Succeeded by
William Legge