The Viscount Galway
|5th Governor-General of New Zealand|
12 April 1935 –3 February 1941
|Monarch|| George V |
|Preceded by||The Lord Bledisloe|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Newall|
|Born||24 March 1882|
|Died||27 March 1943 61) (aged|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
George Vere Arundel Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway GCMG , DSO , OBE (24 March 1882 – 27 March 1943) was a British politician. He served as the fifth Governor-General of New Zealand from 1935 to 1941.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.
George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell Galway was born on 24 March 1882. His parents were George Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway and Vere Gosling.He had one sibling: Violet Frances Monckton-Arundell (14 May 1880 – 24 October 1930). He received his education at a preparatory school in Berkshire before attending Eton (1895–1900) and Christ Church College in Oxford (1900–1904). He read Modern History and graduated with Bachelor or Arts and took the M.A. subsequently (this degree at Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin is an elevation in rank and not a postgraduate qualification).
George Edmund Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway, CB was a British Conservative politician and courtier.
Berkshire is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. The county town is Reading.
Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.
Viscount Galway married Lucia Margaret White, daughter of the 3rd Baron Annaly, in 1922. They had four children: Mary Victoria Monckton (born 1924), Celia Ella Vere Monckton (1925–1997), Isabel Cynthia Monckton (born 1926) and Simon George Robert Monckton-Arundell (1929–1971).
Viscount Galway succeeded his father to the family's Irish peerage in 1931.
Monckton-Arundell was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Nottinghamshire (Sherwood Rangers) Yeomanry on 1 January 1900, and promoted to lieutenant on 11 June 1902.In 1904, he joined the First Life Guards, the senior regiment of the British Army that makes up the Household Cavalry, where he rose to the rank of Colonel Commandant. During the First World War he was appointed as adjutant general and quartermaster general. He was of the Royal Artillery (1933–35). In 1933 he was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) until 1935, when he relinquished it on appointment as Governor-General of New Zealand. Upon retirement from his post as Governor General he returned as Colonel Commandant of the HAC until his death. He was also appointed Honorary Colonel of the 7th (Robin Hood) Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (later 42nd (The Robin Hoods, Sherwood Foresters) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, Royal Engineers) in 1933.
Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1a rank.
Lieutenant is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. It ranks above second lieutenant and below captain and has a NATO ranking code of OF-1 and it is the senior subaltern rank. Unlike some armed forces which use first lieutenant, the British rank is simply lieutenant, with no ordinal attached. The rank is equivalent to that of a flying officer in the Royal Air Force (RAF). Although formerly considered senior to a Royal Navy (RN) sub-lieutenant, the British Army and Royal Navy ranks of lieutenant and sub-lieutenant are now considered to be of equivalent status. The Army rank of lieutenant has always been junior to the Navy's rank of lieutenant.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.
In 1910, he attempted to follow his father into the House of Commons. He contested the Scarborough constituency in the 1910 general election, but was unsuccessful.
The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.
Scarborough was the name of a constituency in Yorkshire, electing Members of Parliament to the House of Commons, at two periods. From 1295 until 1918 it was a parliamentary borough consisting only of the town of Scarborough, electing two MPs until 1885 and one from 1885 until 1918. In 1974 the name was revived for a county constituency, covering a much wider area; this constituency was abolished in 1997.
The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the Conservative-dominated House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget.
Viscount Galway was Governor-General of New Zealand from 12 April 1935 to 3 February 1941. His military background made an impression with cabinet ministers of the time. His term was twice extended because of World War II.Viscount Galway and his wife received numerous gifts during his time as Governor-General. Some were returned to New Zealand around the time of the sale of the family house Serlby Hall and were donated to the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in 1980.
He was a freemason. During his term as governor-general (1935–1938), he was also Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand.
Upon his return to England, he held the honorary post of Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire under the 7th Duke of Portland. He died suddenly on 27 March 1943 in Blyth.
Brigadier General Alexander Gore Arkwright Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie & Bar, PC was a British Army officer who served as the tenth Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1936 to 1945. He was previously Governor of South Australia and Governor of New South Wales.
Viscount Galway is a title that has been created once in the Peerage of England and thrice in the Peerage of Ireland. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1628 in favour of Richard Burke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde. He was made Earl of St Albans at the same time. The second creation came in the Peerage of Ireland in 1687 in favour of Ulick Bourke. He was made Baron Tyaquin at the same time, also in the Peerage of Ireland. However, both titles became extinct on his early death in 1691. The third creation came in the Peerage of Ireland in 1692 in favour of the French soldier and diplomat Henry de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, who was created Baron Portarlington, also in the Peerage of Ireland, at the same time. He was made Earl of Galway in 1697. However, both titles became extinct on his death in 1720.
Charles Bathurst, 1st Viscount Bledisloe, was a British Conservative politician and colonial governor. He was Governor-General of New Zealand from 1930 to 1935.
Lieutenant-General Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie, 1st Baron Norrie,, was a senior officer of the British Army who fought in both World Wars, following which he served terms as Governor of South Australia and the eighth Governor-General of New Zealand.
Charles John Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, was the ninth Governor-General of New Zealand and an English cricketer from the Lyttelton family.
Field Marshal Francis Wallace Grenfell, 1st Baron Grenfell, was a British Army officer. After serving as aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief, South Africa, he fought in the 9th Xhosa War, the Anglo-Zulu War and then the Anglo-Egyptian War. He went on to become Sirdar (Commander-in-Chief) of the Egyptian Army and commanded the forces at the Battle of Suakin in December 1888 and at the Battle of Toski in August 1889 during the Mahdist War. After that he became Governor of Malta and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland before retiring in 1908.
John Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland KG was the son of John Manners, 1st Duke of Rutland and his third wife Catherine Wriothesley Noel, daughter of Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden. He was styled Lord Roos from 1679 until 1703 and Marquess of Granby from 1703 until 1711.
Brigadier Bernard Edward Fergusson, Baron Ballantrae, was a British Army officer, a military historian and the last British-born Governor-General of New Zealand.
David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow,, was a British naval commander and colonial governor. He served as Governor of New Zealand between 1892 and 1897.
Vere Brabazon Ponsonby, 9th Earl of Bessborough was an Anglo-Irish businessman and politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 14th since Canadian Confederation.
Major-General Gilbert Walter Riversdale Monckton, 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley, served in the British Army from 1939 to 1967. He was Army director of public relations in the 1960s when the conduct of the Army's personnel came under scrutiny during the Profumo Affair.
George Edward Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 6th Viscount Galway, was an Anglo-Irish Conservative politician.
Monckton is an English surname.
John Philip "Phil" Monckton-Arundell, 13th Viscount Galway is a Canadian rower. He won a bronze medal in the Quadruple Sculls event at the 1984 Summer Olympics. He also competed in the coxless four event at the 1976 Summer Olympics, finishing in 5th place. He succeeded his father as Viscount Galway on September 30, 2017.
Sir Robert Monckton-Arundell, 4th Viscount Galway PC, was a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
John Monckton of Serlby, Nottinghamshire, was a British landowner and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1727 and 1751. He was elevated to the Irish peerage as the first Viscount Galway in 1727.
William Monckton-Arundell, 2nd Viscount Galway was an English peer and MP.
Terence George Randall Skeffington-Smyth was part of the Bright Young Things and was a close friend of Elvira Mullens Barney, main witness at her trial.
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Earl of Denbigh
| Colonel Commandant and President, Honourable Artillery Company |
The Viscount Bledisloe
| Governor-General of New Zealand |
Sir Cyril Newall
|Peerage of Ireland|
| Viscount Galway |