George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway

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The Viscount Galway

George Monckton-Arundell.jpg
5th Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
12 April 1935 3 February 1941
Monarch George V
Edward VIII
George VI
Preceded by The Lord Bledisloe
Succeeded by The Lord Newall
Personal details
Born(1882-03-24)24 March 1882
Died27 March 1943(1943-03-27) (aged 61)
Blyth, Nottinghamshire
United Kingdom
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

George Vere Arundel Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway GCMG , DSO , OBE (24 March 1882 – 27 March 1943) was a British politician. He served as the fifth Governor-General of New Zealand from 1935 to 1941.

Distinguished Service Order UK military decoration

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Contents

Early life and family

Simon, the 8th Viscount Galway, Isabel, Lucia, Celia and Mary (from left). The Monckton-Arundell family.jpg
Simon, the 8th Viscount Galway, Isabel, Lucia, Celia and Mary (from left).

George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell Galway was born on 24 March 1882. His parents were George Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway and Vere Gosling. [1] He had one sibling: Violet Frances Monckton-Arundell (14 May 1880 – 24 October 1930). [2] He received his education at a preparatory school in Berkshire [3] before attending Eton (1895–1900) and Christ Church College in Oxford (1900–1904). He read Modern History and graduated with Bachelor or Arts and took the M.A. subsequently (this degree at Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin is an elevation in rank and not a postgraduate qualification). [1] [4]

George Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway British politician

George Edmund Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway, CB was a British Conservative politician and courtier.

Berkshire County of England

Berkshire is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. The county town is Reading.

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

Viscount Galway married Lucia Margaret White, daughter of the 3rd Baron Annaly, in 1922. They had four children: Mary Victoria Monckton (born 1924), Celia Ella Vere Monckton (1925–1997), Isabel Cynthia Monckton (born 1926) and Simon George Robert Monckton-Arundell (1929–1971). [4] [5]

Viscount Galway succeeded his father to the family's Irish peerage in 1931. [4]

Military career

Monckton-Arundell was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Nottinghamshire (Sherwood Rangers) Yeomanry on 1 January 1900, and promoted to lieutenant on 11 June 1902. [6] In 1904, he joined the First Life Guards, the senior regiment of the British Army that makes up the Household Cavalry, where he rose to the rank of Colonel Commandant. During the First World War he was appointed as adjutant general and quartermaster general. He was of the Royal Artillery (1933–35). In 1933 he was appointed Colonel Commandant of the Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) [7] until 1935, when he relinquished it on appointment as Governor-General of New Zealand. Upon retirement from his post as Governor General he returned as Colonel Commandant of the HAC until his death. [4] [8] [9] He was also appointed Honorary Colonel of the 7th (Robin Hood) Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (later 42nd (The Robin Hoods, Sherwood Foresters) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, Royal Engineers) in 1933. [10] [11]

Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1a rank.

Lieutenant is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. It ranks above second lieutenant and below captain and has a NATO ranking code of OF-1 and it is the senior subaltern rank. Unlike some armed forces which use first lieutenant, the British rank is simply lieutenant, with no ordinal attached. The rank is equivalent to that of a flying officer in the Royal Air Force (RAF). Although formerly considered senior to a Royal Navy (RN) sub-lieutenant, the British Army and Royal Navy ranks of lieutenant and sub-lieutenant are now considered to be of equivalent status. The Army rank of lieutenant has always been junior to the Navy's rank of lieutenant.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

Political ambitions

In 1910, he attempted to follow his father into the House of Commons. He contested the Scarborough constituency in the 1910 general election, but was unsuccessful. [5]

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

Scarborough (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Scarborough was the name of a constituency in Yorkshire, electing Members of Parliament to the House of Commons, at two periods. From 1295 until 1918 it was a parliamentary borough consisting only of the town of Scarborough, electing two MPs until 1885 and one from 1885 until 1918. In 1974 the name was revived for a county constituency, covering a much wider area; this constituency was abolished in 1997.

January 1910 United Kingdom general election

The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the Conservative-dominated House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget.

Governor-General of New Zealand

Viscount Galway was Governor-General of New Zealand from 12 April 1935 to 3 February 1941. His military background made an impression with cabinet ministers of the time. His term was twice extended because of World War II. [9] Viscount Galway and his wife received numerous gifts during his time as Governor-General. Some were returned to New Zealand around the time of the sale of the family house Serlby Hall [12] and were donated to the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa in 1980. [13]

Freemasonry

He was a freemason. During his term as governor-general (1935–1938), he was also Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand. [14]

Later years and death

Upon his return to England, he held the honorary post of Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire under the 7th Duke of Portland. He died suddenly on 27 March 1943 in Blyth. [9]

Arms

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References

  1. 1 2 Lundy, Darryl. "George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010.[ unreliable source ]
  2. Lundy, Darryl. "George Edward Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway". The Peerage.com. Retrieved 13 November 2010.[ unreliable source ]
  3. "Lord Galway". Evening Post. CXVIII (108). 3 November 1934. p. 11. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Biography of George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882–1943)". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
  5. 1 2 "Lord Galway". Evening Post. CXIX (87). 12 April 1935. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  6. "No. 27441". The London Gazette . 10 June 1902. p. 3756.
  7. "No. 33917". The London Gazette . 3 March 1933. p. 1430.
  8. Page 351-353, Regimental Fire, A History of the HAC in World war II, Author: Brigadier RF Johnson
  9. 1 2 3 A. H. McLintock, ed. (22 April 2009) [originally published in 1966]. "Galway, Sir George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, Eighth Viscount". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 15 November 2010.
  10. Army List.
  11. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage.
  12. "Biography of George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882–1943)". Manuscripts and Special Collections. The University of Nottingham. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  13. "Collection items associated with Viscount Galway, GCMG, DSO, OBE, PC". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
Military offices
Preceded by
Earl of Denbigh
Colonel Commandant and President, Honourable Artillery Company
1933–1935
Succeeded by
Earl Fortescue
Government offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Bledisloe
Governor-General of New Zealand
1935–1941
Succeeded by
Sir Cyril Newall
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
George Monckton-Arundell
Viscount Galway
1931–1943
Succeeded by
Simon Monckton-Arundell