George Paulet, 12th Marquess of Winchester

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George Paulet, 12th Marquess of Winchester (7 June 1722 – 22 April 1800), known as George Paulet or Powlett until 1794, was an English courtier and nobleman.


Early life

Paulet was the eighth and youngest son of Norton Powlett or Paulet (d. 1741), of Amport, himself a grandson of Lord Henry Paulet, of Amport, whose father was William Paulet, 4th Marquess of Winchester. [1]

George Paulet was a third cousin once removed of Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Bolton, a man who had sons, and he was himself the youngest of many sons, so in his early life there seemed almost no prospect of the inheritance which eventually came to him. [1]


Paulet held a series of court appointments. On 29 October 1750, he was appointed an Extra Gentleman Usher to Frederick, Prince of Wales, and served until the Prince's death in 1751. [2] From 1758 to 1772, he was a Gentleman Usher to Frederick's widow, Augusta, Dowager Princess of Wales. [3] [4]

In 1759, Charles Powlett, 5th Duke of Bolton, a man a few years older than Paulet, succeeded his father the 4th Duke. [1]

In 1761, Paulet was appointed High Sheriff of Hampshire. In 1764, the wife of Lord Harry Powlett, the heir presumptive, died. [1]

In July 1765, the 5th Duke died unmarried and was succeeded by his younger brother Lord Harry, who also became Marquess of Winchester. As the new Duke then had only a daughter and no surviving brothers or nephews, George Paulet's elder brother William Paulet, a naval officer, became heir presumptive to the peerage of Marquess of Winchester. In April 1765, the new Duke had married again, but had only further daughters.

In 1765, Paulet was elected as a Member of Parliament for Winchester as a Tory, after Harry Powlett had become Duke of Bolton in July. Paulet was appointed as Groom Porter to King George III on 23 December 1765, holding the office until it was abolished on 14 November 1782. [4]

By the time Paulet left Parliament in 1774, his brother had died and he had become heir presumptive to the Marquessate of Winchester. By the 1780s, as the years passed, it seemed increasingly likely that George Paulet would indeed come into the inheritance. [1]

In 1793, Paulet was the first commissioner for the Lord-Lieutenancy of Hampshire, formerly held by the Duke of Bolton, and in the following year, succeeded as Marquess of Winchester upon the Duke's death (the dukedom becoming extinct). Appointed Vice-Admiral of Dorset and of Hampshire in 1797, he died in 1800 and was succeeded in the marquessate by his eldest son Charles. [1]

Personal life

On 7 January 1762, he married Martha Ingoldsby (d. 1796), by whom he had three children: [1]

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011.
  2. "Household of Prince Frederick 1729-51". Institute for Historical Research. 17 August 2010.
  3. "Household of Princess Augusta 1736-72". Institute for Historical Research. 17 August 2010.
  4. 1 2 Robert Bucholz (17 August 2010). "Database of Court Officers".
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Winchester
With: Henry Penton
Succeeded by
Court offices
Preceded by Groom Porter
Office abolished
Honorary titles
Preceded by
William Bennett
High Sheriff of Hampshire
Succeeded by
Thomas Gatehouse
Title last held by
The Duke of Bolton
Vice-Admiral of Dorset
Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
Title next held by
The Lord Bolton
Peerage of England
Preceded by Marquess of Winchester
Succeeded by