George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Normanby
GCB GCMG PC
GeorgePhipps2ndMarquessOfNormanby.jpg
A drawing of Lord Normanby made in 1871.
32nd Governor of Nova Scotia
In office
15 February 1858 17 September 1863
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir John Le Marchant
Succeeded by Charles Hastings Doyle
3rd Governor of Queensland
In office
12 August 1871 12 November 1874
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Samuel Blackall
Succeeded by William Cairns
7th Governor of New Zealand
In office
3 December 1874 21 February 1879
Monarch Victoria
Premier Julius Vogel
Daniel Pollen
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
Preceded by Sir James Fergusson, Bt
Succeeded by Sir Hercules Robinson
6th Governor of Victoria
In office
29 April 1879 18 April 1884
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir George Bowen
Succeeded by Sir Henry Loch
Personal details
Born(1819-07-23)23 July 1819
London, England, UK
Died 3 April 1890(1890-04-03) (aged 70)
Brighton, Sussex, England, UK
Nationality Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Laura Russell (1816–1885)

George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby GCB GCMG PC (23 July 1819 – 3 April 1890), [1] styled Viscount Normanby between 1831 and 1838 and Earl of Mulgrave between 1838 and 1863, was a British Liberal politician and colonial governor of Nova Scotia, Queensland, New Zealand and Victoria.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Nova Scotia Province of Canada

Nova Scotia is one of Canada's three Maritime Provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada. Its provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest of Canada's ten provinces, with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi), including Cape Breton and another 3,800 coastal islands. As of 2016, the population was 923,598. Nova Scotia is Canada's second-most-densely populated province, after Prince Edward Island, with 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (45/sq mi).

Contents

Background

Normanby was born in London, the son of Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, by his wife the Hon. Maria, daughter of Thomas Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth. He gained the courtesy title Viscount Normanby when his father succeeded as Earl of Mulgrave in 1831. When his father was made Marquess of Normanby in 1838, he became known by the courtesy title Earl of Mulgrave. [2] Normanby entered the Coldstream Guards as an ensign, and became a lieutenant in 1838. [1]

Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby 19th-century English peer, politician and diplomat

Constantine Henry Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby, styled Viscount Normanby between 1812 and 1831 and known as The Earl of Mulgrave between 1831 and 1838, was a British Whig politician and author. He notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1835 to 1839 and as Home Secretary from 1839 to 1841 and was British Ambassador to France between 1846 and 1852.

Thomas Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth, known as Sir Thomas Liddell, 6th Baronet, from 1791 to 1821, was a British peer and Tory politician.

A courtesy title is a title that does not have legal significance but rather is used through custom or courtesy, particularly, in the context of nobility, the titles used by children of members of the nobility.

Political and administrative career

Normanby was returned to parliament for Scarborough in 1847, a seat he held until 1851 and again between 1852 and 1857. He was appointed Comptroller of the Household by Lord John Russell in 1851. When Lord Aberdeen became prime minister in early 1852, he became Treasurer of the Household, a post he held until 1858, the last three years under the premiership of Lord Palmerston. In the latter year he was appointed Governor of Nova Scotia, which he remained until 1863. In 1863 he also succeeded his father in the marquessate and took his seat in the House of Lords.

Scarborough (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Scarborough was the name of a constituency in Yorkshire, electing Members of Parliament to the House of Commons, at two periods. From 1295 until 1918 it was a parliamentary borough consisting only of the town of Scarborough, electing two MPs until 1885 and one from 1885 until 1918. In 1974 the name was revived for a county constituency, covering a much wider area; this constituency was abolished in 1997.

The Comptroller of the Household is an ancient position in the British royal household, nominally the second-ranking member of the Lord Steward's department after the Treasurer of the Household. The Comptroller was an ex officio member of the Board of Green Cloth, until that body was abolished in the reform of the local government licensing in 2004. In recent times, a senior government whip has invariably occupied the office. On state occasions the Comptroller carries a white staff of office, as often seen in portraits.

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister on two occasions

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell,, known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on two occasions during the early Victorian era.

Normanby returned to the government in 1868 when he was appointed a Lord-in-waiting by William Ewart Gladstone. The following year he was promoted to Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms. In 1871 he became Governor of Queensland. He continued in this post until 1874, and was then Governor of New Zealand from 1874 to 1879 and Governor of Victoria from 1879 to 1881.

Lords-in-waiting are peers who hold office in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.

William Ewart Gladstone British Liberal politician and prime minister of the United Kingdom

William Ewart Gladstone was a British statesman and Liberal Party politician. In a career lasting over sixty years, he served for twelve years as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, spread over four terms beginning in 1868 and ending in 1894. He also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times.

Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms

The Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms is a UK government post since 1945 held by the Government Chief Whip in the House of Lords. Prior to 17 March 1834, the Gentlemen-at-Arms were known as the Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners.

Family

Laura the Marchioness of Normanby by William Notman Laura the Marchioness of Normanby by William Notman.jpg
Laura the Marchioness of Normanby by William Notman

Lord Normanby married Laura, daughter of Captain Robert Russell, R.N. in 1844. When he served as Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, he and his wife had the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and his brother, Prince Alfred (Duke of Edinburgh) as their guests at Government House. The couple had several children. The Marchioness of Normanby died in London in January 1885, aged 69. Lord Normanby died at Brighton, Sussex, in April 1890, aged 70, and was succeeded by their eldest son, Constantine. [2] One of their daughters, Lady Katherine Louisa Phipps, married the 3rd Earl of Ellesmere. [3]

Brighton Town on south coast of England

Brighton is a seaside resort on the south coast of England that is part of the City of Brighton and Hove, located 47 miles (76 km) south of London.

Francis Egerton, 3rd Earl of Ellesmere British Earl

Francis Charles Granville Egerton, 3rd Earl of Ellesmere VD, DL, JP, styled Viscount Brackley between 1857 and 1862, was a British peer, soldier and author from the Egerton family. He owned several racehorses and 13,300 acres (54 km2) land.

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References

  1. 1 2 Mennell,Philip (1892)." Wikisource-logo.svg   Normanby, The Most Noble George Augustus Constantine Phipps".The Dictionary of Australasian Biography.London:Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
  2. 1 2 thepeerage.com George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
  3. Morgan, Henry James Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada : (Toronto, 1903)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Trench
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
1847–1851
With: Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
George Frederick Young
Preceded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
George Frederick Young
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
1852–1857
With: Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
John Dent
Political offices
Preceded by
William Lascelles
Comptroller of the Household
1851–1852
Succeeded by
Hon. George Weld-Forester
Preceded by
Lord Claud Hamilton
Treasurer of the Household
1853–1858
Succeeded by
Lord Claud Hamilton
Preceded by
New government
Lord-in-waiting
1868–1869
Succeeded by
The Lord Wrottesley
Preceded by
The Lord Foley
Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms
1869–1871
Succeeded by
The Earl Cowper
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Le Marchant
Governor of Nova Scotia
1858–1863
Succeeded by
Charles Hastings Doyle
Preceded by
Colonel Sir Samuel Blackall
Governor of Queensland
1871–1874
Succeeded by
William Cairns
Preceded by
Sir James Fergusson
Governor of New Zealand
1874–1879
Succeeded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Preceded by
Sir George Bowen
Governor of Victoria
1879–1884
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Loch
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Constantine Henry Phipps
Marquess of Normanby
1863–1890
Succeeded by
Constantine Charles Henry Phipps