George Swinton

Last updated

The family of George Swinton by William Orpen William Orpen Group portrait of the family of George Swinton.jpg
The family of George Swinton by William Orpen
The heraldic achievement of the Office of the Lord Lyon King of Arms. Coat of Arms of the Court of the Lord Lyon.svg
The heraldic achievement of the Office of the Lord Lyon King of Arms.

Captain George Sitwell Campbell Swinton CBE DL (10 May 1859 17 January 1937) was a long-serving Scottish politician and officer of arms.


Life and work

Mrs. George Swinton (nee Elizabeth "'Elsie" Ebsworth), John Singer Sargent, 1897 Mrs. George Swinton.jpg
Mrs. George Swinton (née Elizabeth "'Elsie" Ebsworth), John Singer Sargent, 1897

Swinton was born at 7 Darnaway Street [1] on the Moray Estate in west Edinburgh, the second son of Archibald Campbell Swinton of Kimmerghame, Berwickshire, and Georgiana Caroline Sitwell, daughter of Sir George Sitwell, 2nd Baronet of Renishaw. In 1895 he married Elizabeth Ebsworth OBE, daughter of E.H. Ebsworth of Gattonside. The couple had one son and two daughters. Elizabeth was an accomplished singer and performed professionally later in life.

Bookplate with arms of George Swinton Complete Guide to Heraldry Fig741.png
Bookplate with arms of George Swinton

He studied art under Professor Herkomer and other masters.

Swinton was appointed a Sub-Lieutenant in the Haddington, Berwick, Linlithgow and Peebles Artillery on 7 February 1877 [2] (which commission he resigned on 11 May 1878 [3] ), gazetted to the 71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot in May 1878, [4] promoted to lieutenant on 23 January 1881, to captain on 11 September 1888, and retired in 1893. [5] He was an extra Aide-de-Camp to the Marquess of Lansdowne when he was Viceroy of India from 1888 to 1894. In January 1900 he was appointed temporary Staff Captain at Army Headquarters. [6] [7]

Swinton was also the unsuccessful Conservative candidate for Paisley in 1900. He was a Member of London County Council representing Holborn from 1901 to 1907 and Dulwich from 1922 to 1928. He was Chairman of the Parks and Open Spaces Committee in 1904–1905, and Chief Whip of the Municipal Reform Party (the Conservative group on the council) from 1903 to 1912. He was an Alderman from 1907 to 1912, and 1920 to 1922. He became Chairman of the London County Council in 1912, but resigned on accepting the post of Chairman of the Town-planning Committee of the new Imperial City of Delhi. [8] He was attached by the Colonial Office to the Representatives of the Overseas Dominions attending the Imperial Conferences in 1917 and 1918; foreshadowed, in August 1917, the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle; Honorary Secretary of the Scottish National War Memorial Committee, 1918.

Swinton was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for the County of London in 1926. [9] He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in January 1928. [10]

Swinton also served as March Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary. He was Albany Herald of Arms in Ordinary from 1923 until 1926 and served Lord Lyon King of Arms and Secretary to the Order of the Thistle from 1927 [11] until 1929.

Swinton is the grandfather of Major-General Sir John Swinton and great-grandfather of actress Tilda Swinton.


A Garden Road; Development; London: Her Traffic, Her Improvement, and Charing Cross Bridge; several papers on social subjects, the problems of traffic, and the improvement of London.


Coat of arms of Captain George Sitwell Campbell Swinton
Arms of George Sitwell Campbell Swinton.svg
Sable, on a chevron or a crescent gules, between three boars heads erased argent within a bordure engrailed ermine.

See also


  1. edinburgh Post Office Directory 1859
  2. "No. 24415". The London Gazette . 6 February 1877. p. 559.
  3. "No. 24593". The London Gazette . 14 June 1878.
  4. "No. 24580". The London Gazette . 10 May 1878. p. 2989.
  5. Hart's Army list, 1901
  6. "No. 27167". The London Gazette . 20 February 1900. p. 1173.
  7. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times. No. 36061. London. 9 February 1900. p. 11.
  8. M. Anees Chishti (2001). "Delhi Town Planning Committee". Committees an commissions in pre-independence India 1836–1947, Vol. 4. Mittal Publications. p. 217. ISBN   81-7099-804-2.
  9. "No. 33192". The London Gazette . 17 August 1926. p. 5446.
  10. "No. 33344". The London Gazette . 3 January 1928. p. 41.
  11. "New Lyon King of Arms". The Times. 14 September 1926. p. 17. Retrieved 17 July 2009.
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward White
Chairman of the London County Council
Succeeded by
Heraldic offices
Preceded by Lord Lyon King of Arms
Succeeded by

Related Research Articles

Geoffrey de Havilland English aircraft engineer (1882–1965)

Captain Sir Geoffrey de Havilland, was an English aviation pioneer and aerospace engineer. The aircraft company he founded produced the Mosquito, which has been considered the most versatile warplane ever built, and his Comet was the first jet airliner to go into production.

Humphrey Walwyn

Vice-Admiral Sir Humphrey Thomas Walwyn, was an officer of the Royal Navy, who served during the Second Boer War and First World War, and was the Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Indian Navy from 1928 until his retirement in 1934. He then served as Governor of Newfoundland from 1936, throughout the Second World War, until 1946.

Henry Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland

Henry George Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland,, styled Lord Warkworth between 1865 and 1867 and Earl Percy between 1867 and 1899, was a British Conservative politician. He served as Treasurer of the Household under Benjamin Disraeli between 1874 and 1875 and was Chairman of the National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations from 1879 to 1883.

Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet British politician

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet was a Scottish Unionist politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1932 to 1935.

Edward FitzRoy British politician (1869–1943)

Edward Algernon FitzRoy was a British Conservative politician who served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1928 until his death in 1943.

William Nicholson, 1st Baron Nicholson British Army officer (1845–1918)

Field Marshal William Gustavus Nicholson, 1st Baron Nicholson, was a British Army officer who served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, the Mahdist War, the Third Anglo-Burmese War, the Second Boer War and the First World War. He became Chief of the Imperial General Staff and was closely involved in the reorganisation of the British Army in the early years of the 20th century.

Brigadier-General Sir Robert Gordon Gilmour, 1st Baronet,, born Robert Gordon Wolrige Gordon, was a British army officer and Captain of the Royal Company of Archers.

William Weir, 1st Viscount Weir

William Douglas Weir, 1st Viscount Weir GCB PC was a Scottish industrialist and politician, who served as President of the Air Council in 1918.

Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael Scottish politician and colonial administrator (1859–1926)

Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael,, known as Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 11th Baronet, between 1891 and 1912, was a Scottish Liberal politician and colonial administrator. He was also a keen naturalist.

James Balfour Paul

Sir James Balfour Paul was the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the officer responsible for heraldry in Scotland, from 1890 until the end of 1926.

Charles Lyon English soldier and cricketer

Brigadier-General Charles Harry Lyon, was an English soldier who also played first-class cricket for Derbyshire in 1902.

William Peyton

General Sir William Eliot Peyton, was a British Army officer who served as Military Secretary to the British Expeditionary Force from 1916 to 1918. He was also Delhi Herald of Arms Extraordinary at the time of the Delhi Durbar of 1911.

Major-General Sir John Swinton of Kimmerghame, was a British Army officer who served as Major-General commanding the Household Division and General Officer Commanding London District from 1976 until his retirement in 1979. He was the father of actress Tilda Swinton.

Deputy lieutenants of Aberdeen are commissioned by the Lord Provost of Aberdeen who, since 1899 by virtue of office, is also Lord-Lieutenant of Aberdeen City.

Alick Buchanan-Smith, Baron Balerno

Brigadier Alick Drummond Buchanan-Smith, Baron Balerno, was a British soldier and prominent geneticist.

Archibald Campbell Swinton of Kimmerghame FRSE DL LLD, was a Scottish author, politician and professor of civil law at Edinburgh, 1862-72.

Joseph Morrow (officer of arms) Scottish officer of arms

Joseph John Morrow is the current Lord Lyon King of Arms. He was appointed to the office on 17 January 2014 and sworn in before the Lord President of the Court of Session on 27 February 2014.

Robert Awdry was an English cricketer who later became chairman of Wiltshire County Council. He played nine first-class matches for Oxford University Cricket Club between 1902 and 1904.

Sir Charles William James Orr, was a British colonial administrator.

Alexander Kemp Wright

Sir Alexander Kemp Wright KBE DL LLD (1859–1933) was a Scottish banker mainly associated with the Royal Bank of Scotland but with multiple banking roles. He founded the National Savings Movement.