George W. E. Russell

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George W. E. Russell
Picture of George W. E. Russell.jpg
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
19 August 1892 21 June 1894
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by George Curzon
Succeeded by The Lord Reay
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
In office
12 March 1894 21 June 1895
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by Herbert Gladstone
Succeeded by Jesse Collings
Personal details
Born(1853-02-03)3 February 1853
London, England
Died17 March 1919(1919-03-17) (aged 66)
London, England
NationalityBritish
Political party Liberal
Alma mater University College, Oxford

George William Erskine Russell PC (3 February 1853 – 17 March 1919), known as George W. E. Russell, was a British biographer, memoirist and Liberal politician.

Privy Council of the United Kingdom Formal body of advisers to the sovereign in the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council of the United Kingdom or just the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1921

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

Contents

Background and education

Russell was born in London, England, on 3 February 1853, the youngest son of Lord Charles Russell, sixth son of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford. His mother was Isabella Clarisa Davies, daughter of William Griffith Davies, of Penylan, Carmarthenshire. [1] He was educated at Harrow and University College, Oxford. [2]

Lord Charles Russell British politician

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John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford British politician

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Carmarthenshire unitary authority

Carmarthenshire is a unitary authority in southwest Wales, and one of the historic counties of Wales. The three largest towns are Llanelli, Carmarthen and Ammanford. Carmarthen is the county town and administrative centre.

Though he entered University College as a Scholar, he obtained only a Pass degree. Ill-health, particularly myelitis, put paid to any chance of academic distinction.

Myelitis is inflammation of the spinal cord which can disrupt the normal responses from the brain to the rest of the body, and from the rest of the body to the brain. Inflammation in the spinal cord, can cause the myelin and axon to be damaged resulting in symptoms such as paralysis and sensory loss. Myelitis is classified to several categories depending on the area or the cause of the lesion; however, any inflammatory attack on the spinal cord is often referred to as transverse myelitis.

Political career

Russell was Liberal Member of Parliament for Aylesbury from 1880 to 1885, [3] and for Biggleswade from 1892 to 1895. [4] He was appointed by William Ewart Gladstone as Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board from 1883 to 1885 and as Under-Secretary of State for India from 1892 to 1894. Under Lord Rosebery he was Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1894 to 1895. He was also an Alderman on London County Council from 1889 to 1895. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1907, and held the honorary degree of LLD from St Andrews University. He was the author of the biography The Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone (1891). [5] Russell was a journalist by profession, and a close ally of the Grand Old Man, a home ruler, when Gladstone presented the bill to the Commons for the second time on 13 February 1893. [6]

Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Aylesbury is a constituency created in 1553 — created as a single-member seat in 1885 — represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 1992 by David Lidington, of the Conservative Party.

Biggleswade was a county constituency in Bedfordshire which was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until its abolition in 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

William Ewart Gladstone British Liberal politician and prime minister of the United Kingdom

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Personal life

Russell died, unmarried, at 18 Wilton Street, London, on 17 March 1919, aged 66. [1]

Photographs

The Victoria and Albert Museum's photograph of Russell can be seen at https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O103221/gwe-russell-portraits-of-many-photograph-hollyer-frederick/

Victoria and Albert Museum Art museum in London

The Victoria and Albert Museum in London is the world's largest museum of applied and decorative arts and design, as well as sculpture, housing a permanent collection of over 2.27 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

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References

  1. 1 2 thepeerage.com George William Erskine Russell
  2. Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
  3. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)
  4. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 3)
  5. Russell, George W. E (1891). The Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Company. Retrieved 13 October 2017 via Internet Archive.
  6. ed. David (1977) "Inside the Cabinet: from the Diares of Charles Hobhouse", 19
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Nathan Rothschild
Samuel George Smith
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
1880–1885
With: Nathan Rothschild
Succeeded by
Ferdinand James von Rothschild
Preceded by
Viscount Baring
Member of Parliament for Biggleswade
1892–1895
Succeeded by
Lord Alwyne Compton
Political offices
Preceded by
John Tomlinson Hibbert
Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board
1883–1885
Succeeded by
The Earl Brownlow
Preceded by
George Curzon
Under-Secretary of State for India
1892–1894
Succeeded by
The Lord Reay
Preceded by
Herbert Gladstone
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Jesse Collings