|7th Governor of Pennsylvania|
December 15, 1829 –December 15, 1835
|Preceded by||John Andrew Shulze|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Ritner|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Pennsylvania's 8th district
|Preceded by|| Thomas J. Rogers,|
Samuel D. Ingham
|Succeeded by|| Peter Ihrie, Jr.,|
Samuel A. Smith
|Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives|
|Born||August 12, 1777|
Allen Township, Pennsylvania
|Died||March 11, 1840 62) (aged|
|Resting place||Harrisburg Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Erb (1798–1833; her death)|
George Wolf (August 12, 1777 –March 11, 1840) was the seventh Governor of Pennsylvania from 1829 to 1835. On June 29, 1888, he was recognized as the "father of the public-school system" in Pennsylvania by the erection of a memorial gateway at Easton.
Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.
Easton is a city in and the county seat of Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States. The city's population was 26,800 as of the 2010 census. Easton is located at the confluence of the Delaware River and the Lehigh River, roughly 55 miles (89 km) north of Philadelphia and 70 miles (110 km) west of New York City.
Wolf was born in Allen Township, Pennsylvania. His parents, George and Mary Wolf, had immigrated from Alsace, a then-province of the Holy Roman Empire, in 1751.George Wolf was educated at a classical school, taught for some time, and then studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1799 and commenced practice in Easton, Pennsylvania. He became a member of the Democratic Republican Party at the start of Thomas Jefferson's administration, and was appointed postmaster of Easton, which office he filled in 1802 and 1803. He was a clerk of the orphans' court of Northampton County, Pennsylvania, from 1803 to 1809. He was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1814.
Allen Township is a township in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States. Allen Township is located in the Lehigh Valley region of the state.
Alsace is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western and Central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the neighboring Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories.
Wolf married Mary Erb (1781–1833) of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, on June 5, 1798.The couple had eight sons and one daughter.
Lancaster is a city located in South Central Pennsylvania which serves as the seat of Pennsylvania's Lancaster County and one of the oldest inland towns in the United States. With a population of 59,322, it ranks eighth in population among Pennsylvania's cities. The Lancaster metropolitan area population is 507,766, making it the 101st largest metropolitan area in the U.S. and second largest in the South Central Pennsylvania area.
Wolf was elected without opposition to the United States House of Representatives in 1824 to the Eighteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas J. Rogers. He was reelected to the Nineteenth, Twentieth, and Twenty-first Congresses. He took the protectionist side in debates on the tariff.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.
The Eighteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1823, to March 4, 1825, during the seventh and eighth years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.
The Nineteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1827, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President John Quincy Adams. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. The Senate had a majority of Jackson Men, while the House had an Anti-Jackson (pro-Adams) majority.
As member of the Jacksonian Democratic Party, Wolf defeated Joseph Ritner in both 1829 and 1832 to become the Governor of Pennsylvania. He lost the governor's seat to the Anti-Mason candidate Ritner in 1835, owing to the defection of a part of the Democrats, who voted for Henry A. Muhlenberg.
Jacksonian democracy was a 19th-century political philosophy in the United States that expanded suffrage to most white men over the age of 21, and restructured a number of federal institutions. Originating with the seventh President Andrew Jackson, and his supporters, it became the nation's dominant political worldview for a generation.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
Joseph Ritner was the eighth Governor of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, elected as a member of the Anti-Masonic Party. He was elected Governor of Pennsylvania in the Pennsylvania Gubernatorial election, 1835, and served from 1835 to 1839. Controversy surrounding his 1838 electoral defeat led to the Buckshot War. In 1856, Governor Ritner was a delegate to the first Republican National Convention in Philadelphia.
As governor, Wolf persuaded the legislature to construct canals and impose new taxes for the liquidation of debts that had already been incurred on account of internal improvements. Wolf advocated the establishment of a general system of common schools, and by strenuous efforts accomplished this reform where former governors had failed.
From 1827 to 1840, Wolf was a trustee of Lafayette College.In 1836 Andrew Jackson appointed him as first Comptroller of the Treasury. Two years later President Martin Van Buren appointed him as Collector of Customs for the District of Philadelphia in a job swap with James Nelson Barker. He held this office until his death.
Wolf Hall on the campus of Penn State University is named for George Wolf. Wolf Township in Lycoming County is also named for him, as is Wolf Street in Philadelphia. The Governor Wolf Building, built in 1893 as the first Easton High School in Easton, the George Wolf Elementary School in Bath, and the Governor Wolf Elementary School in Bethlehem are also named for Governor Wolf.
Thomas Mifflin was an American merchant and politician from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He served in a variety of roles during and after the American Revolution, several of which qualify him to be counted among the Founding Fathers. He was the first Governor of Pennsylvania, serving from 1790 to 1799.
George Mifflin Dallas was an American politician and diplomat who served as mayor of Philadelphia from 1828 to 1829 and as the 11th vice president of the United States from 1845 to 1849.
William Findlay was the fourth Governor of Pennsylvania from 1817 to 1820, and a United States Senator from 1821 to 1827.
David Rittenhouse Porter was the ninth Governor of Pennsylvania and served from 1839 to 1845. He is the father of Horace Porter, the United States Ambassador to France from 1897 to 1905.
James Madison Porter served as the 18th United States Secretary of War and was a founder of Lafayette College.
Charles Jared Ingersoll was an American lawyer, writer and politician who served as a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district from 1813 to 1815, Pennsylvania's 3rd congressional district from 1841 to 1843 and Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district from 1843 to 1849. He served as a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1830.
Joseph Reed Ingersoll was an American lawyer and statesman from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1835 he followed his father, Jared Ingersoll, and his older brother, Charles Jared Ingersoll, to represent Pennsylvania in the U.S. House.
Nathaniel Barratt Smithers was an American lawyer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Republican Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.
Samuel Sitgreaves was a United States Representative from Pennsylvania. Born in Philadelphia, he pursued classical studies, studied law, was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia on September 3, 1783 and began practice in Easton, Pennsylvania in 1786. He was a delegate to the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention in 1790, and was elected as a Federalist to the Fourth and Fifth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1795, until his resignation in 1798. Sitgreaves was one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1798 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Senator William Blount. On August 11, 1798, Sitgreaves was appointed United States commissioner to Great Britain under the Jay treaty, regarding British debt claims arising from the American Revolution.
Henry Black was a Whig member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.
Thomas Jones Rogers was a Democratic-Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district from 1818 to 1823 and for Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district from 1823 to 1824.
Robin L. Wiessmann is the current Pennsylvania Secretary of Banking and Securities. She was nominated by Governor Tom Wolf in January 2015 and unanimously confirmed by the Pennsylvania State Senate in June 2015. She previously served as Treasurer of Pennsylvania from 2007 to 2009. She was appointed by Governor Ed Rendell in 2007. She was unanimously confirmed by the Pennsylvania Senate on April 30, 2007 to fill the unexpired term of Bob Casey, who resigned to take his United States Senate seat. She did not seek election when her term expired, and was succeeded by fellow Democrat Rob McCord.
Joel Jones was an American lawyer, jurist, and mayor of Philadelphia.
Mahlon Dickerson was an American judge and politician. He was elected Governor of New Jersey as well as United States Senator from that state. He was twice appointed Secretary of the Navy – under Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin van Buren. He was the elder brother of New Jersey Governor Philemon Dickerson.
The Pennsylvania gubernatorial election of 1835 was between three candidates. Incumbent Governor George Wolf ran as an Independent Democrat. In the end Joseph Ritner won the election and became Pennsylvania's only Anti-Masonic governor.
Frank F Truscott was a former Attorney General of Pennsylvania and candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania. He was born to a wealthy horse breading family and long considered himself to be a gentleman farmer. He graduated with a law degree from Lafayette College in 1917. He was the longtime City Solicitor of Philadelphia and a key fixture in the last days of the city's dying Republican machine; he ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1940. In 1953, he was appointed to fill a vacancy in the Attorney General's office; he did not run for a full term, but instead sought the position of Lieutenant Governor in 1954. From 1953 to 1969 he was a trustee of his alma mater, Lafayette College.
John Michael Krebs was a Presbyterian clergyman of the United States. He was president of the Princeton Theological Seminary 1865-1867.
Garrick Mallery was an American jurist and politician.
Reverend George Wilson McPhail D.D. was a Presbyterian minister, and educator who served as the sixth president of Lafayette College, a director at Princeton Theological Seminary, and as president of Davidson College.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Thomas J. Rogers,
Samuel D. Ingham
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district
alongside: Samuel D. Ingham
Peter Ihrie, Jr.,
Samuel A. Smith
John Andrew Shulze
| Governor of Pennsylvania |