|French literary history|
Georges Feydeau (French: [ʒɔʁʒ fɛ.do] ; 8 December 1862 – 5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as the Belle Époque. He is remembered for his many lively farces. He wrote over sixty plays and was a forerunner of vaudeville.
Georges Feydeau was born in Paris, the son of novelist Ernest-Aimé Feydeau and Léocadie Boguslawa Zalewska. At the age of twenty, he wrote his first comic monologue in earnest. He found his first success four years later with Tailleur pour dames (Ladies' Dressmaker, 1889). That year Feydeau married Marianne Carolus-Duran, the daughter of the famous portrait painter Carolus-Duran. To Feydeau, the marriage brought wealth that would sustain him until he found greater success. The marriage lasted 15 years after which the couple underwent a judicial separation and were formally divorced in 1916.
Feydeau began investigating the great farces in 1890, studying the works of Eugène Labiche, Henri Meilhac and Alfred Hennequin. This study inspired him to write his acclaimed play Champignol malgré lui (Champignol in Spite of Himself, 1892). Following this, Feydeau made a name for himself both in France and abroad, some of his plays opening overseas and in other languages before they opened in France.
These farces often involved Paris' demi-monde . They are noted for their great wit and complex plots, featuring misunderstandings and coincidences, and what one critic called a "jack-in-the-box construction".
Among his 60 plays, his most famous are: Une puce à l'oreille (A Flea in Her Ear, 1907), Le Système Ribadier (1892), La Dame de Chez Maxim (The Girl from Maxim's, 1899), and Hortense a dit: "Je m'en fous!" (Hortense says, "I don't give a damn!", 1916). Other notable Feydeau farces include L'Hôtel du libre échange , Le Dindon (Sauce for the Goose, 1896) and the series of plays he wrote after 1908, grouped under the title Du Mariage au Divorce: On purge bébé, Feu la mère de madame, Léonie est en avance and Mais ne te promène donc pas toute nue).
Though critics at the time dismissed Feydeau's works as light entertainment, he is now recognized as one of the great French playwrights of his era. His plays are seen today as precursors of Surrealist and Dada theatre, and the vaudeville. They have been continuously revived and are still performed today, 17 of them having been performed on Broadway between 1895 and 1992. [ citation needed ]In Serbia, Ljubisa Ristic directed A Flea in Her Ear, which has been performed more than 1,600 times. The play's premiere was on June 7, 1971, and up to 2016 had been performed continuously for more than 45 years.
Despite being a phenomenally successful playwright during his lifetime, his propensity for high living (he had a table permanently reserved for him at Maxim's), gambling, and the failure of his marriage led to financial difficulties.
During the winter of 1918,[ citation needed ] Feydeau contracted syphilis and slowly descended into madness until his death three years later at age 58. He is buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre in Paris.
|Par la fenêtre||1882||"Through the Window", "Wooed and Viewed"|
|Amour et Piano||1883||"Love and Piano"|
|Gibier de potence||"Fair Game", "Jailbird"|
|Fiancés en herbe||1886|
|Tailleur pour dames||"A Fitting Confusion"|
|La Lycéenne||1887||"The Schoolgirl"|
|Un bain de ménage||1888||"A House Bath"|
|Chat en poche||"Pig in a poke"|
|Les Fiancés de Loches|
|C’est une femme du monde !||1890||"She is a woman of the world!"|
|Le Mariage de Barillon||"The Marriage of Barillon"|
|Monsieur chasse !||1892||"The One That Got Away"|
|Champignol malgré lui||"Champignol in Spite of Himself"|
|Le Système Ribadier||"Where there's a will", "Every trick in the book", "Now You See It"|
|Un fil à la patte||1894||"Cat Among the Pigeons", "Get Out of My Hair!"|
|Notre futur||"Our future"|
|Le Ruban||"The Ribbon"|
|L'Hôtel du libre échange||"Free Exchange Hotel", "Paradise Hotel"|
|Le Dindon||1896||"Sauce for the Goose", "There's One in Every Marriage", "Ruling the Roost", "An Absolute Turkey"|
|Les Pavés de l’ours||"A Rough Diamond", "The Boor Hug"|
|Séance de nuit||1897|
|Dormez, je le veux !|
|La Dame de chez Maxim||1899||"The Girl from Maxim's"|
|La Duchesse des Folies-Bergères||1902|
|La Main passe||1904||"She's All Yours"|
|La Puce à l'oreille||1907||"A Flea in Her Ear"|
|Feu la mère de madame||"Madame's Late Mother"|
|On purge bébé||1910||"Baby Won't Sh*t"|
|Mais n'te promène donc pas toute nue !||1911|
|Léonie est en avance ou le Mal joli|
|Cent Millions qui tombent (unfinished)|
|On va faire la cocotte (unfinished)||1913|
|Je ne trompe pas mon mari||1914||"I Don't Cheat on My Husband"|
|Hortense a dit: "Je m'en fous!"||1916||"Hortense says, 'I don't give a damn!'"|
The Party's Over, a one-act play by Jay Parker is loosely based on Feydeau's one-act Par la Fenêtre.
Feydeau's one-act farce "Mais n'te promène donc pas toute nue!", translated by Olivier Bernier as "Please don't walk around in the nude" was produced at Harvard in 1960.
John Cleese's adaption of Feydeau's Monsieur Chasse! – entitled Bang Bang! in 2020.
Paxton Whitehead and Suzanne Grossman adapted three of Feydeau's plays: There's One in Every Marriage for the Broadway stage in 1971, Chemin de Fer in 1974 and A Flea in Her Ear in 1982.
Charles Morey's English adaptation of Tailleur pour dames, titled The Ladies Man, was first performed in 2007.
Jean Marcel Lefebvre was a French film actor.
Denise Tual, known as Denise Batcheff, was a French film editor and sound technician in the early 1930s.
The Molière Award recognises achievement in live French theatre and is the national theatre award of France. The awards are presented and decided by the Association professionnelle et artistique du théâtre (APAT) and supported by the Ministry of Culture at an annual ceremony, called the Nuit des Molières in Paris. The awards are given for French productions and performances.
Look After Lulu! is a play by British actor and playwright Noël Coward, based on Occupe-toi d'Amélie by Georges Feydeau. It is set in Paris in 1908. The farcical story concerns an attractive prostitute who is entrusted to a friend by her lover, when he goes into the army. The friend tricks her into a mock wedding.
Keep an Eye on Amelia is a 1949 French-Italian period comedy film directed by Claude Autant-Lara and starring Danielle Darrieux and Jean Desailly and Grégoire Aslan. It is based on the 1908 play of the same name by Georges Feydeau, set in Belle Époque Paris. It is one of a number of film adaptations to be made of the story. It was entered into the 1949 Cannes Film Festival. It was shot at the Billancourt Studios in Paris. The film's sets were designed by the art director Max Douy.
Molière Award for Best Supporting Actor. Winners and nominees.
Yves Mirande was a French screenwriter, director, actor, and producer.
Un fil à la patte is a French bedroom farce in three acts written by Georges Feydeau. The play premiered on January 9, 1894 at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal, and is considered one of Feydeau's masterpieces, having done incredibly well in its initial production. It has been staged many times in recent years.
La Dame de chez Maxim is a comedy play by the French writer Georges Feydeau which premiered on 17 January 1899 at the Théâtre des Nouveautés in Paris. After taking an innocent night out with his male friends, a respectable man becomes mixed up with a coquette. It was in the style of the writer's other stage farces and has been described as "Feydeau's masterpiece".
The Girl from Maxim's is a 1950 French comedy film directed by Marcel Aboulker and starring Arlette Poirier, Saturnin Fabre and Marcelle Monthil. It is an adaptation of the 1899 farce La Dame de chez Maxim by Georges Feydeau.
La dame de chez Maxim's is a 1933 British French-language comedy film directed by Alexander Korda and starring Florelle, Esther Kiss and Ady Cresso. The film is a French-language version of the 1933 film The Girl from Maxim's made by London Film Productions. Both films were directed by Korda, and were based on the 1899 farce La Dame de chez Maxim by Georges Feydeau.
Jean de Létraz, pen name of Jean Félix Deletraz, was a French playwright, spécialising in vaudeville, who authored nearly 118 plays, among which the most famous is Bichon written in 1935.
Jean-Pierre Grenier was a French actor, theatre director and screenwriter.
Robert Ancelin was a French actor and theater director. He was married with the soprano Fanély Revoil from 1937 to 1942 and directing manager of the Théâtre de la Porte-Saint-Martin from 1940 to 1949.
Jean-Pierre Granval, stage name of Jean-Pierre Charles Gribouval, was a 20th-century French stage and film actor as well as a theatre director.
Take Care of Amelie is a 1932 French comedy film directed by Marguerite Viel and Richard Weisbach. It is based on the 1908 play Occupe-toi d'Amélie by Georges Feydeau, which was later adapted into the 1949 film Keep an Eye on Amelia.
Maurice Lefebvre-Desvallières was a 19th-20th-century French playwright.
Ernest Henri Demanne was a French comedian.
The Théâtre de la Michodière is a theatre building and performing arts venue, located at 4 bis, rue de La Michodière in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris. Built by Auguste Bluysen in 1925 in Art Deco style, it has a tradition of showing boulevard theatre.
Bérengère Dautun, whose first name is sometimes written Bérangère whose real name is Bérengère Marie Gaubens-Cabrol, is a French actress, resident of the Comédie-Française in 1964, then member of the society from 1972 to 1997. She is the wife of the surgeon Christian Cabrol since 1998.
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