Georgy Aleksandrovich Tovstonogov
28 September 1915
|Died||23 May 1989 73) (aged|
Georgy Aleksandrovich Tovstonogov (Russian : Георгий Александрович Товстоногов, 28 September [ O.S. 15 September] 1915 – 23 May 1989) was a Russian theatre director.
He was the leader of the Gorky Bolshoi Drama Theater which was renamed after him in 1992.
Georgy Tovstonogov was born in Tbilisi (now Georgia), or in St. Petersburg on 28 September 1915, to a Russian noble and a Georgian classical singer Tamara Papitashvili.
In 1938 he graduated from the State Institute of Theatrical Art in Moscow. From 1938 to 1946, he worked as a director in the Tbilisi Griboedov Theater, from 1946 to 1949 in the Central Children's Theater in Moscow, from 1950 to 1956 in the Leningrad Leninsky Komsomol Theater, and from 1956 until his death in 1989 in the Bolshoi Academic Gorky Theater. He was a professor at the Leningrad State Institute of Theatre, Music and Cinema since 1960. In 1957 he became a People's Artist of the USSR. He won the Stalin Prize thrice (1950, 1952, 1956), and got two Orders of Lenin and many other Soviet awards. In 1972, he produced the book The Profession of the Stage-Director, which is the best example of his directing style, and in which he shares his honest opinions on Lee Strasberg and Konstantin Stanislavsky. On May 23, 1989 Tovtonogov died of heart attack in his car returning home after general rehearsal of his new production The Visit by Friedrich Dürrenmatt.
Tovstonogov was the first who returned Fyodor Dostoevsky into Soviet theater, by his productions of The Insulted and Humiliated (1956 in Leningrad Leninsky Komsomol Theater) and The Idiot (1957 in Gorky Theater).
Among other famous performances are:
He was also responsible for producing mass spectacles.
During his prime Tovstonogov was considered one of the best theatre directors of Europe. The prominent members of his troupe include Alice Freindlich, Zinaida Sharko, Lyudmila Makarova, Tatiana Doronina, Svetlana Kryuchkova, Kirill Lavrov, Innokenty Smoktunovsky, Pavel Luspekaev, Yefim Kopelyan, Sergey Yursky, Vladislav Strzhelchik, Yevgeni Lebedev, and Oleg Basilashvili. His contribution to the Russian tradition of theatre education is important, especially where it comes to education of theatre directors. His theories continue to have large influence, especially in Russian and Scandinavian theatre education.
Demiurge (2008), directed by Tigran Mutafyan, features Tatiana Doronina, Aleksey German, Zinaida Sharko, Kama Ginkas, Genrietta Yanovskaya, Eduard Kochergin, Gennady Trostianenckiy, and Natella Tovstonogova.
Lev Abramovich Dodin is a modern Russian theater director, the leader of Saint Petersburg Maly Drama Theater.
Georgy Sergeyevich Poltavchenko (Russian: Гео́ргий Серге́евич Полта́вченко, IPA: [ɡʲɪˈorɡʲɪj sʲɪrˈɡʲejɪvʲɪtɕ pɐlˈtaftɕɪnkə]; born on 24 February 1953, in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union is a Russian politician.
Yefim Zakharovich Kopelyan was a Soviet actor of theater and cinema, one of the legendary masters of the Bolshoi Theatre of Drama (BDT) in Leningrad. He performed the bright characteristic roles in the films The Elusive Avengers, Intervention, Eternal Call, The Straw Hat, and many others. He is also known for the voice-over in the TV series hit Seventeen Moments of Spring.
Yuri Alexandrovich Shaporin, PAU, was a Russian-Ukrainian Soviet composer.
Georgy Mikhailovich Vitsin was a Soviet and Russian actor. People's Artist of the USSR (1990).
Tatiana (Tatyana) Vasilyevna Doronina is a popular Soviet/Russian actress who has performed in movies and the theater. She is generally regarded as one of the most talented actresses of her generation and was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1981.
Pavel Borisovich Luspekayev was a Soviet actor who is best known for his role of Vereschagin in the classic Russian movie White Sun of the Desert. Laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation.
Kirill Yuryevich Lavrov was a well-known Soviet and Russian film and theatre actor and director.
Oleg Basilashvili is a well-known Soviet/Russian film and theatre actor, as well as political figure in the former Soviet Union and in the new Russia.
Tovstonogov Bolshoi Drama Theater, formerly known as Gorky Bolshoi Drama Theater (1931–1992), often referred to as the Bolshoi Drama Theater and by the acronym BDT, is a theater in Saint Petersburg, that is considered one of the best Russian theaters. The theater is named after its long-time director Georgy Tovstonogov. Since 2013, Andrey Moguchy is the artistic director of the theatre.
Sergei Yurievich Yursky was a Soviet and Russian stage and film actor, theatre director and screenwriter. His best known film role is Ostap Bender in The Golden Calf (1968)
Georgy Georgievich Taratorkin was a Soviet-Russian film and stage actor who appeared in over 70 films between 1967 and 2017. He was the Secretary of the Union of Theatre Workers of the Russian Federation and President of the Association Golden Mask.
Valentina Antipovna Titova is a Russian actress.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Roshchin was a Russian playwright, screenwriter and short story writer.
Semyon Solomonovich Mandel was a prominent Soviet/Russian theatre and film production designer and art director. He was named an Honored Art Worker of the USSR in 1969, and received the USSR State Prize in 1948.
Anatoly Gennadyevich Iksanov was the General Director of the Bolshoi Theatre of Russia between 2000 and July 2013. His successor was Vladimir Urin.
Zinaida Maximovna Sharko was a Russian actress of theatre and film, member of Bolshoi Drama Theatre. People's Artist of the RSFSR (1980).
Larisa Ivanovna Malevannaya is a Russian film and theater actress, theater director, and writer.
Georgii Nelepp, PAU, was a Soviet and Russian opera singer.
Khanuma is a 1978 Soviet television film directed by Georgy Tovstonogov. It is a screen version of the same name classic vaudeville by Avksenty Tsagareli.