Geraardsbergen

Last updated
Geraardsbergen
Municipality

0 Grammont - Hotel de ville et musee.JPG

Town hall, museum and Marbol fountain
Geraardsbergen vlag.svg
Flag
Geraardsbergen wapen.svg
Coat of arms
Belgium location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Geraardsbergen
Location in Belgium
Location of Geraardsbergen in East Flanders
MnpGeraardsbergenLocation.png
Coordinates: 50°46′N03°52′E / 50.767°N 3.867°E / 50.767; 3.867 Coordinates: 50°46′N03°52′E / 50.767°N 3.867°E / 50.767; 3.867
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province East Flanders
Arrondissement Aalst
Government
  Mayor Guido De Padt (Open VLD)
  Governing party/ies CD&V, Open VLD
Area
  Total 79.71 km2 (30.78 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017) [1]
  Total 33,204
  Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Postal codes 9500, 9506
Area codes 054
Website www.geraardsbergen.be

Geraardsbergen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣeːraːrdzbɛrɣə(n)] , French : Grammont) is a city and municipality located in the Denderstreek and in the Flemish Ardennes, the hilly southern part of the Belgian province of East Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Geraardsbergen proper and the following towns:

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

Denderstreek in Flanders, Belgium

The Denderstreek or Denderland is a region in Belgium. It is named after the river Dender. Though the river stretches over three provinces, Hainaut, East Flanders and Flemish Brabant, the region called after the river is situated in East Flanders. The Dutch word streek means region. Thus Denderstreek means the Dender Region. Most of the Denderstreek is part of the Scheldeland (Scheldtland), the rest is part of the Flemish Ardennes.

Contents

Goeferdinge, Grimminge, Idegem, Moerbeke, Nederboelare, Nieuwenhove, Onkerzele, Ophasselt, Overboelare, Schendelbeke, Smeerebbe-Vloerzegem, Viane, Waarbeke, Zandbergen and Zarlardinge.

On January 1, 2006 Geraardsbergen had a total population of 31,380. The total area is 79.71 km² which gives a population density of 394 inhabitants per km².

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

The current mayor of Geraardsbergen is Guido De Padt, from the Open VLD (liberal) party.

Guido De Padt Belgian politician

Guido De Padt is a Belgian politician and Senator for the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats. Since December 2011, he also is the mayor of Geraardsbergen, an office he also held from 2001 until 2006.

History

Geraardsbergen in 1649 Geraardsbergen 1649 Blaeu.jpg
Geraardsbergen in 1649

Geraardsbergen is one of the oldest cities in Belgium. It came into existence close to the settlement of Hunnegem and in 1068 was one of the first communities in Western Europe to be granted city status. [2]

City status in Belgium is granted to a select group of municipalities by a royal decree or by an act of law.

The city was destroyed in 1381 by Walter IV of Enghien and his troops. According to legend, during the siege local people threw some of their left over food over the city wall to show that they had sufficient food to survive a long siege. This bravado notwithstanding, the city was still captured by Enghien's troops. Every year the city organizes the krakelingenworp carnival on top of the hill at Oudenberg (111 metres (364 ft)) to celebrate this historical event. [3]

On 29 May 1815, shortly before the Battle of Waterloo, Wellington and Blücher reviewed the Allied cavalry here. Some 6,000 troops were paraded in meadows on the banks of the Dender between Geraardsbergen and Jedeghem. [4]

Battle of Waterloo Battle of the Napoleonic Wars in which Napoleon was defeated

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time. A French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by two of the armies of the Seventh Coalition: a British-led allied army under the command of Nelleke Schoo and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, and a Prussian army under the command of Field Marshal Blücher. The battle marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars.

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington British soldier and statesman

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and Tory statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister. His victory against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 puts him in the first rank of Britain's military heroes.

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher Prussian field marshal

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Fürst von Wahlstatt, Graf (count), later elevated to Fürst von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall. He earned his greatest recognition after leading his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Places of interest

Mattentaart

Mattentaart  (nl
) Mattentaart.JPG
Mattentaart  (nl )

Geraardsbergen is known for the mattentaart  (nl ), a type of sweet pastry. This is made with matten paste or cheese curd. [5]

The mattentaart was granted Protected Geographical Indication status by the European Union in 2006, indicating they can only be made in Geraardsbergen or in the nearby municipality of Lierde. [5] [6]

Notable individuals

Gabriel Grupello Gabriel Grupello.png
Gabriel Grupello

Related Research Articles

Flanders Community and region of Belgium

Flanders is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium and one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. However, there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history, and sometimes involving neighbouring countries. The demonym associated with Flanders is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish. The official capital of Flanders is Brussels, although the Brussels Capital Region has an independent regional government, and the government of Flanders only oversees the community aspects of Flanders life in Brussels such as (Flemish) culture and education.

Ghent Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Ghent is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is the capital and largest city of the East Flanders province, and the second largest municipality in Belgium, after Antwerp. The city started as a settlement at the confluence of the Rivers Scheldt and Leie and in the Late Middle Ages became one of the largest and richest cities of northern Europe, with some 50,000 people in 1300. It is a port and university city.

Menen Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Menen is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Menen proper and the towns of Lauwe and Rekkem. The city is situated on the French/Belgian border. On January 1, 2006, Menen had a total population of 32,413. The total area is 33.07 km² which gives a population density of 980 inhabitants per km².

Aalst, Belgium Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Aalst is a city and municipality on the Dender River, 31 kilometres (19 mi) northwest from Brussels in the Flemish province of East Flanders. The municipality comprises the city of Aalst itself and the villages of Baardegem, Erembodegem, Gijzegem, Herdersem, Hofstade, Meldert, Moorsel and Nieuwerkerken. Aalst is crossed by the Molenbeek-Ter Erpenbeek in Aalst and Hofstade. The current mayor of Aalst is Christoph D'Haese, from the New-Flemish Alliance party. The town has a long-standing (folkloric) feud with Dendermonde, which dates from the Middle Ages.

Eeklo Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Eeklo is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of East Flanders. The municipality comprises only the town of Eeklo proper. The name Eeklo comes from the contraction of "eke" and "lo", two Old German words meaning oak and sparse woods.

Moerbeke Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Moerbeke is a municipality in the Belgian province of East Flanders. It is sometimes unofficially called Moerbeke-Waas to distinguish between this place and Moerbeke in Geraardsbergen. The municipality only comprises the town of Moerbeke proper. On January 1, 2006, Moerbeke had a total population of 5,844. The total area is 37.80 km² which gives a population density of 155 inhabitants per km².

Lierde Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Lierde is a municipality located in the Flemish Ardennes, the hilly southern part of the Belgian province of East Flanders in the Denderstreek. The municipality comprises the towns of Deftinge, Hemelveerdegem, Sint-Maria-Lierde and Sint-Martens-Lierde. On January 1, 2006, Lierde had a total population of 6,399. The total area is 26.13 km² which gives a population density of 245 inhabitants per km². Lierde borders to Brakel, Zottegem, Herzele and Geraardsbergen. Lierde is known for the Ronde van vlaanderen, a bike race where cyclists climb all the hills of the Flemish Ardennes.

Articles related to Belgium include:

Municipalities with language facilities Belgium

There are 27 municipalities with language facilities in Belgium which must offer linguistic services to residents in either Dutch, French, or German in addition to their official languages. All other municipalities – with the exception of those in the Brussels region which is bilingual – are unilingual and only offer services in their official languages, either Dutch or French.

Patrick Yvonne Hugo Dewael, is a liberal Belgian politician. He is a member of the Flemish Liberals and Democrats, or Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten (VLD). He is the nephew of the late liberal minister Herman Vanderpoorten and the cousin of Marleen Vanderpoorten, who also served as Flemish minister of Education in the government led by Dewael. He obtained a degree in law and notariat from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Currently, he serves as the President of the Chamber of Representatives, a position he also held from 2008 to 2010.

Wouters is a Dutch patronymic surname, meaning son of Wouter, and corresponding to Walters in English. In 2007/2008 there were about 8700 people in the Netherlands and 15700 people in Belgium with that name. People with this name include:

Boelare Castle

Boelare Castle is a castle near the village Nederboelare, Geraardsbergen municipality, in the province of East-Flanders, Belgium. It used to be the seat of the feudal domain Land and Barony of Boelare. The oldest recording of the name Boelare dates back to the 11th century, but the domain is probably older.

Moerbeke can refer to:

Van Acker a Dutch toponymic surname meaning "from (the) farmland". It is common in East Flanders and Zeelandic Flanders, while the agglutinated form Vanacker is more common in the province of West Flanders. Notable people with the surname include:

Van Daele is a Dutch toponymic surname. It is most common in the Belgian province of East Flanders. The agglutinated form Vandaele is most common in West Flanders. Notable people with the surname include:

Flemish variety of the Dutch language as spoken in Flanders (Belgium)

Flemish (Vlaams) also called Flemish Dutch (Vlaams-Nederlands), Belgian Dutch, or Southern Dutch (Zuid-Nederlands), is a Lower Franconian / Dutch dialect. It is spoken in the whole northern region of Belgium as well as French Flanders and the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders by approximately 6.5 million people. The term is used in at least five ways. These are:

  1. as an indication of Dutch written and spoken in Flanders including the Dutch standard language as well as the non-standardized dialects, including intermediate languages between dialect and standard. Some linguists avoid the term Flemish in this context and prefer the designation Belgian-Dutch or South-Dutch.
  2. as a synonym for the so-called intermediate language in Flanders region, the Tussentaal.
  3. as an indication for the non-standardized dialects and regiolects of Flanders region.
  4. as an indication of the non-standardized dialects of only the former County of Flanders, ie the current provinces of West Flanders and East Flanders, Zeelandic Flanders and Frans-Vlaanderen.
  5. as an indication of the non-standardized West Flemish dialects of the province of West Flanders, the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders and French Frans-Vlaanderen.

Bogaert is a Dutch toponymic surname. Bogaert and other spellings, like Bogaard, Bogaardt, Boogaard, Boogaart, and Boomgaert are archaic or regional spellings of boomgaard, meaning "orchard". Since the standardization of surnames in the Netherlands, Bogaert as a surname occurs primarily in Belgium; in particular West and East Flanders. People with this surname include:

Van der Steen is a Dutch toponymic surname meaning "from the stone (house)". Variations on this name are Vandersteen, Van den Steen, Van Steen, Van de(n) Steene, Vandensteene. People with these surnames include:

References