Gerard Hoet

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Gerard Hoet
Jean Baptiste Descamps-Gerard Hoet p232.gif
Gerard Hoet, in artist biographies by Jean-Baptiste Descamps
Born(1648-08-22)22 August 1648
Zaltbommel
Died 2 December 1733(1733-12-02) (aged 85)
The Hague
Nationality Dutch
Known for Painting and engraving
Movement Dutch Golden Age painting

Gerard Hoet (Dutch:  [ɦut] ; 22 August 1648 2 December 1733) was a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver.

Dutch Golden Age Historical period of the Netherlands from 1575 to 1675

The Dutch Golden Age was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. The first section is characterized by the Eighty Years' War, which ended in 1648. The Golden Age continued in peacetime during the Dutch Republic until the end of the century.

Contents

Biography

Gerard Hoet trained with his father and brother who were glass painters, and Warnard van Rijsen, who lived in Zaltbommel, and who himself was a pupil of Cornelis van Poelenburgh in Utrecht. [1] In 1672 Hoet moved to The Hague, but when the Count of Salis bought paintings at his mother's house in Zaltbommel, Hoet returned to paint for him.

Warnard van Rijsen, was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

Zaltbommel Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Zaltbommel is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands.

Cornelis van Poelenburgh Dutch painter

Cornelis van Poelenburgh or Cornelis van Poelenburch, was a Dutch landscape painter and draughtsman. He was the leading representative of the first generation of Dutch landscape painters who were active in Rome in the early 17th century. He was known for small-scale paintings depicting Italianate landscapes with small figures enacting biblical or mythological scenes or in contemporary attire.

Traveling in Europe

Hoet accompanied the Count of Salis to Rees, Germany, where he met the Utrecht painters Jan van Bunnik, Justus Nieuwpoort and Andries de Wit. [1] Hoet returned to Utrecht with De Wit, where he worked for Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein briefly before visiting the Hague and Amsterdam. He then traveled to France on the promise from a Marquis who wanted to give him a commission, but this promise falling through, he made some engravings of paintings by Francisque Millet. [1]

Rees, Germany Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Rees is a town in the district of Cleves in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the right bank of the Rhine, approximately 20 km east of Cleves. The population in 2005 was 22,559. Founded in 1228, Rees is the oldest town in the lower Rhine area.

Jan van Bunnik (1654–1727) was a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.

Frederick Nassau de Zuylestein Illegitimate son of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Frederick of Nassau, Lord of Zuylestein (1624–1672) was an illegitimate son of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, by Margaretha Catharina Bruyns,

He then wanted to travel to England, but having written to his compatriot Lucas Vorsterman, he received word that there was more work to be had in Paris. Hoet traveled to Paris where he spent more than a year, before returning to the Netherlands via Brussels. [1] In Brussels he met the painter Adriaen Frans Boudewyns, who convinced him to stay a while. After eight months, Hoet returned to Utrecht, where he worked for William Nassau de Zuylestein, 1st Earl of Rochford. He married and settled in Heemstede, where he found work for the lord of the castle there. [1]

Lucas Vorsterman Flemish engraver

Lucas Vorsterman (1595–1675) was a Baroque engraver. He worked with the artists Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, as well as for patrons such as Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel and Charles I of England.

Brussels Capital region of Belgium

Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region. Brussels is the most densely populated and the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capita. It covers 161 km2 (62 sq mi), a relatively small area compared to the two other regions, and has a population of 1.2 million. The metropolitan area of Brussels counts over 2.1 million people, which makes it the largest in Belgium. It is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people.

William Hendrik of Nassau, Lord of Zuylestein, 1st Earl of Rochford was a Dutch soldier and diplomat in the service of his cousin William III of England. During the reign of James II of England he travelled to England to liaise with William's English supporters, and played an important part in the preparations of the Glorious Revolution.

Utrecht drawing academy

Together with the painter Hendrik Schoock, in 1697 he asked the Utrecht city council for permission to found a drawing academy, which was granted. [1] During this period he painted decorations in leading homes of gentlemen in the Utrecht area, most notably the castles of Slangenborg and Voorst near Zutphen, the latter of which he painted for Arnold van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle. [1]

Hendrik Schoock, was a Dutch Golden Age painter.

Slangenburg Castle Castle in the municipality of Doetinchem, the Netherlands

Slangenburg Castle is a castle in the municipality of Doetinchem in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. The castle is located in the forest of the same name between the towns of Varsseveld and Doetinchem, about 5 kilometers from the latter.

Voorst Municipality in Gelderland, Netherlands

Voorst is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands.

Later years

In 1715 he returned to The Hague, where he spent the rest of his life. [2] He had a business as an art dealer in collaboration with the Flemish painter Jacques Ignatius de Roore who resided in The Hague. [3]

Art dealer person that buys and sells works of art

An art dealer is a person or company that buys and sells works of art. Art dealers' professional associations serve to set high standards for accreditation or membership and to support art exhibitions and shows.

Jacques Ignatius de Roore Flemish painter

Jacques Ignatius de Roore or Jacobus Ignatius de Roore was a Flemish painter, copyist, art dealer and art collector who worked in the Southern Netherlands and the Dutch Republic.

He taught his sons Hendrik Jacob and Gerard, as well as Nicolaes van Ravesteyn (II). [2] His son Gerard Hoet II was an amateur painter and art collector who lived on the Lange Voorhout 62. [2]

Source for Houbraken

Hoet was a source for Houbraken, specifically for his list of the Bentvueghels painters. He wrote a set of additions to Johan van Gool's sequel to Houbraken's "Schouburg", insisting that Van Gool was incorrect in many of his biographical sketches. [4] Though Van Gool's book was published in 1650, it was probably readily available to Hoet as an ongoing project in 1719 when Houbraken died, which is why there are prints made by Jacob Houbraken to illustrate the first volume.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (in Dutch) Gerard Hoet biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  2. 1 2 3 Gerard Hoet in the RKD
  3. Frans Jozef Peter Van den Branden, Geschiedenis der Antwerpsche schilderschool, Antwerpen, 1883, p. 1172-1179 (in Dutch)
  4. Remarks on the first and second parts of Johan van Gool's "Nieuw Schouburg", by Gerard Hoet on Google Books