Portrait of Gerard Philips
|Born||Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips|
9 October 1858
|Died|| 26 January 1942 83) (aged|
The Hague, Netherlands
|Alma mater||Delft University of Technology|
|Known for||Founding Philips|
|Parent(s)|| Frederik Philips (1830–1900)|
Maria Heyligers (1836–1921)
|Relatives||Anton Philips (1874–1951)|
Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (9 October 1858 – 26 January 1942) was a Dutch industrialist and co-founder, with his father Frederik Philips, of Philips as a family business in 1891. In 1912, Gerard and his younger brother Anton Philips converted the business to a corporation by founding NV Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam, one of the largest electronics companies in the world, currently focused in the area of healthcare and lighting. It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik, with their first products being light bulbs. It was once one of the largest electronic conglomerates in the world and currently employs around 74,000 people across 100 countries. The company gained its royal honorary title in 1998 and dropped the "Electronics" in its name in 2013.
Anton Frederik Philips co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. His father and Gerard had founded the Philips Company in 1891 as a family business. Anton Philips served as CEO of the company from 1922 to 1939.
Born to a Dutch Jewish family, Gerard Philips became interested in electronics and engineering. Frederik was the financier for Gerard's purchase of the old factory building in Eindhoven where he established the first factory in 1891. They operated the Philips Company as a family business for more than a decade.
On 19 March 1896 Philips married Johanna van der Willigen (30 September 1862 – 1942). They had no children.
Gerard's father was a first cousin of Karl Marx (his paternal aunt was Marx's mother).Gerard was an uncle of Frits Philips, whom he and his brother brought into the business. Later they brought in his brother's son-in-law, Frans Otten.
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.
Frederik Jacques "Frits" Philips was the fourth chairman of the board of directors of the Dutch electronics company Philips, which his uncle and father founded. For his actions in saving 382 Jews during the Nazi Occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, he was recognized in 1996 by Yad Vashem as a Righteous Among the Nations.
Frans Otten was the CEO of the international electronics firm Philips from 1939 to 1961. He was the son-in-law of the co-founder of the company, Anton Philips.
Gerard and his brother Anton supported education and social programs in Eindhoven, including the Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Association), which they founded. From it the professional football (soccer) department developed into the independent Philips Sport Vereniging N.V.
The Philips Sport Vereniging, abbreviated as PSV and internationally known as PSV Eindhoven[ˌpeːjɛsˈfeː ˈɛi̯ntɦoːvə(n)] is a sports club from Eindhoven, Netherlands, that plays in the Eredivisie, the top tier in Dutch football. It is best known for its professional football department, which plays in the Eredivisie since its inception in 1956. Along with Ajax and Feyenoord, PSV is one of the country's "big three" clubs that have dominated the Eredivisie.
Eindhoven is the fifth-largest city and a municipality of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country. It had a population of 229,126 in 2018, making it the largest city in the province of North Brabant, although 's-Hertogenbosch is its capital. Eindhoven was originally located at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender.
Jenny Julia Eleanor Marx, sometimes called Eleanor Aveling and known to her family as Tussy, was the English-born youngest daughter of Karl Marx. She was herself a socialist activist who sometimes worked as a literary translator. In March 1898, after discovering that Edward Aveling, her partner and a prominent British Marxist, had secretly married a young actress in June of the previous year, she committed suicide by poison at the age of 43.
The Philips Stadion is a football stadium in Eindhoven, Netherlands, and it is the home of PSV, also known as PSV Eindhoven. With a capacity of 35,000, it is the third-largest football stadium in the country. Established as the Philips Sportpark, it was constructed as a sports field for Philips employees in 1910. The Philips Elftal played football matches from 1911 until 1913, when the team was succeeded by PSV. Since 1913, PSV has used the original ground as its home stadium.
Philips is a multinational Dutch electronics corporation.
FC Eindhoven is a Dutch football club based in Eindhoven, North Brabant. They currently play in the Eerste Divisie, and are one of two professional clubs which are based in the city of Eindhoven, the other one being PSV Eindhoven.
Nicolaas Gerard Pierson was a Dutch economist and Liberal statesman who served as the chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Netherlands from 1897 until 1901.
Petrus Lambertus Wilhelmus (Peter) Reijnders was a Dutch photographer, film director and inventor. He is best known for his crucial role in founding the theme park Efteling.
Gerard Johannes Kleisterlee is a Dutch businessman and engineer. He is the chairman of Vodafone, and the former president and CEO of Philips.
Ludwig Oswald Wenckebach was a Dutch sculptor, painter, and medallist. He was the son of the anatomist Karel Frederik Wenckebach and nephew and pupil of the graphic designer and painter Willem Wenckebach. He started as a painter, but in 1920 switched to sculpting. He is best known for his many war monuments and designing the coins issued in the Netherlands between 1948 and 1980.
Heinrich Marx was a lawyer and the father of the socialist philosopher Karl Marx.
Hubert Jozef (“Hub”) van Doorne was the founder of Van Doorne's Aanhangwagenfabriek and of Van Doorne's Automobielfabriek known as DAF, together with his brother Willem (Wim) van Doorne.
Jan Frederik Schouten was a Dutch physicist, and Professor at the Eindhoven University of Technology, known for his contributions to biophysics.
Philips is the name of Dutch Patrician family, known for founding the Philips Electronics company.
Strijp-S is a neighborhood and former industrial park in the Eindhoven distrtict of Strijp. The area belonged to electronics company Philips. Since 2000 creative companies and housing have been established in the former industrial buildings. Eindhoven Strijp-S railway station serves the district.
Henriette Pressburg later on marriage, Henriette Marx, was the mother of the socialist philosopher and economist Karl Marx.
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