Gerard Philips

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Gerard Philips
Gerard philips.jpg
Portrait of Gerard Philips
Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips

(1858-10-09)9 October 1858
Died26 January 1942(1942-01-26) (aged 83)
Nationality Dutch
Alma mater Delft University of Technology
Known forFounding Philips
Parent(s)Frederik Philips (1830–1900)
Maria Heyligers (1836–1921)
Relatives Anton Philips (1874–1951)

Gerard Leonard Frederik Philips (9 October 1858 26 January 1942) was a Dutch industrialist and co-founder, with his father Frederik Philips, of Philips as a family business in 1891. In 1912, Gerard and his younger brother Anton Philips converted the business to a corporation by founding NV Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken.

Philips Dutch multinational electronics company

Koninklijke Philips N.V. is a Dutch multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Amsterdam, one of the largest electronics companies in the world, currently focused in the area of healthcare and lighting. It was founded in Eindhoven in 1891 by Gerard Philips and his father Frederik, with their first products being light bulbs. It was once one of the largest electronic conglomerates in the world and currently employs around 74,000 people across 100 countries. The company gained its royal honorary title in 1998 and dropped the "Electronics" in its name in 2013.

Anton Philips Dutch businessman and art collector

Anton Frederik Philips co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands. His father and Gerard had founded the Philips Company in 1891 as a family business. Anton Philips served as CEO of the company from 1922 to 1939.


Career and family

Born to a Dutch family of Jewish heritage, he was a first cousin of Karl Marx (his maternal aunt, Henriette Pressburg, was Marx's mother). [1]

Karl Marx German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist and journalist

Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.

Henriette Pressburg later on marriage, Henriette Marx, was the mother of the socialist philosopher and economist Karl Marx.

Gerard Philips became interested in electronics and engineering. His father Frederik financed Gerard's purchase of the old factory building in Eindhoven where he established the first factory in 1891. They initially operated the Philips Company as a family business, with Gerard's younger brother Anton and Anton's son Frits Philips and son-in-law Frans Otten later brought into the business. [2]

Frits Philips Dutch entrepreneur

Frederik Jacques "Frits" Philips was the fourth chairman of the board of directors of the Dutch electronics company Philips, which his uncle and father founded. For his actions in saving 382 Jews during the Nazi Occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, he was recognized in 1996 by Yad Vashem as a Righteous Among the Nations.

Frans Otten was the CEO of the international electronics firm Philips from 1939 to 1961. He was the son-in-law of the co-founder of the company, Anton Philips.

On 19 March 1896 Philips married Johanna van der Willigen (30 September 1862 1942). They had no children.

Civic activities

Gerard and his brother Anton supported education and social programs in Eindhoven, including the Philips Sport Vereniging (Philips Sports Association), which they founded. From it the professional football (soccer) department developed into the independent Philips Sport Vereniging N.V.

PSV Eindhoven sports club from Eindhoven, the Netherlands

The Philips Sport Vereniging, abbreviated as PSV and internationally known as PSV Eindhoven[ˌpeːjɛsˈfeː ˈɛi̯ntɦoːvə(n)] is a sports club from Eindhoven, Netherlands, that plays in the Eredivisie, the top tier in Dutch football. It is best known for its professional football department, which plays in the Eredivisie since its inception in 1956. Along with Ajax and Feyenoord, PSV is one of the country's "big three" clubs that have dominated the Eredivisie.

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  1. Francis Wheen, Karl Marx: A Life, page 159, (Fourth Estate, 1999), ISBN   1-85702-637-3
  2. Koopmans, Joop W, and A H. Huussen. Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press, 2007 p.176