Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography

Last updated
All-Russian State University of Cinematography named after S. A. Gerasimov (a.k.a. VGIK)
Всероссийский государственный институт кинематографии имени С. А. Герасимова (ВГИК)
Vgik.jpg
Former names
All-Union State Institute of Cinematography; Всероссийский государственный институт кинематографии имени С. А. Герасимова
Type Film school
Established1919 (by Vladimir Gardin)
President Alexander Novikov
Rector Vladimir Malyshev
Academic staff
c. 200
Location,
Russian Federation
,
CampusUrban
Website vgik.info (in Russian language)

The Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography (Russian : Всероссийский государственный институт кинематографии имени С. А. Герасимова , meaning All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography named after S. A. Gerasimov), a.k.a. VGIK, is a film school in Moscow, Russia.

Contents

History

vyveski VGIKa; VGIK table.jpg
вывески ВГИКа;

The institute was founded in 1919 by the film director Vladimir Gardin as the Moscow Film School and is the oldest film school in the world. [1] From 1934 to 1991 the film school was known as the All-Union State Institute of Cinematography (Russian : Всероссийский (ранее Всесоюзный) государственный институт кинематографии).

Film directors who have taught at the institute include Lev Kuleshov, Marlen Khutsiev, Aleksey Batalov, Sergei Eisenstein, Mikhail Romm and Vsevolod Pudovkin. Alumni include Sergei Bondarchuk, Elem Klimov, Sergei Parajanov, Alexander Sokurov and Andrei Tarkovsky.

Since 1986, the school has been named after the film director and actor Sergei Gerasimov. A full member of the international CILECT network of film schools, the Institute became a university in 2008.

The founding of the institute was authorized by V. I. Lenin in 1919. Its work in the early years was hampered by the shortage of film stock. It has had an illustrious history and is the oldest of the film schools in existence; many great film directors have taught at the institute. During more recent times its alumni were drawn both from the USSR (Soviet Union) and from other socialist and third world countries. Those ignorant of Russian were required to learn it first. It is among the few film schools which offer scriptwriting courses. [2]

Notable alumni

Notable alumni include: [3] During the period of the Soviet Union it was a requirement of the state to attend VGIK in order to be allowed to direct a film. [ citation needed ]

Faculty

[ clarification needed ]

Related Research Articles

Cinema of the Soviet Union Film history of the Soviet Union

The cinema of the Soviet Union includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, albeit they were all regulated by the central government in Moscow. Most prolific in their republican films, after the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, and, to a lesser degree, Lithuania, Belarus and Moldavia. At the same time, the nation's film industry, which was fully nationalized throughout most of the country's history, was guided by philosophies and laws propounded by the monopoly Soviet Communist Party which introduced a new view on the cinema, socialist realism, which was different from the one before or after the existence of the Soviet Union.

Lev Kuleshov Soviet filmmaker and film theorist (1899–1970)

Lev Vladimirovich Kuleshov was a Russian and Soviet filmmaker and film theorist, one of the founders of the world's first film school, the Moscow Film School. He was given the title People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1969. He was intimately involved in development of the style of film making known as Soviet montage, especially its psychological underpinning, including the use of editing and the cut to emotionally influence the audience, a principle known as the Kuleshov effect. He also developed the theory of creative geography, which is the use of the action around a cut to connect otherwise disparate settings into a cohesive narrative.

USSR State Prize Soviet Unions state award

The USSR State Prize was the Soviet Union's state honor. It was established on September 9, 1966. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the prize was followed up by the State Prize of the Russian Federation.

Mosfilm Soviet and Russian film company

Mosfilm is a film studio which is among the largest and oldest in the Russian Federation and in Europe. Its output includes most of the more widely acclaimed Soviet-era films, ranging from works by Andrei Tarkovsky and Sergei Eisenstein, to Red Westerns to the Akira Kurosawa co-production Dersu Uzala and the epic War and Peace.

Cinema of Russia Overview of the cinema of Russia

The cinema of Russia began in the Russian Empire, widely developed in the Soviet Union and in the years following its dissolution, the Russian film industry would remain internationally recognized. In the 21st century, Russian cinema has become popular internationally with hits such as House of Fools, Night Watch and Brother. The Moscow International Film Festival began in Moscow in 1935. The Nika Award is the main annual national film award in Russia.

Aleksey Batalov

Aleksey Vladimirovich Batalov was a Soviet and Russian actor acclaimed for his portrayal of noble and positive characters. He was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1976 and a Hero of Socialist Labour in 1989.

<i>The Killers</i> (1956 film)

The Killers is a 1956 student film by the Soviet and Russian film director Andrei Tarkovsky and his fellow students Marika Beiku and Aleksandr Gordon. The film is based on the short story "The Killers" by Ernest Hemingway, written in 1927. It was Tarkovsky's first film, produced when he was a student at the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography (VGIK).

The Nika Award is the main annual national film award in Russia presented by the Russian Academy of Cinema Arts and Science. It was established in 1987 in Moscow by Yuli Gusman, and ostensibly modelled on the Oscars. The Russian Academy Award takes its name from Nike, the goddess of victory. Accordingly, the prize is modelled after the sculpture of the Winged Victory of Samothrace.

Natalya Bondarchuk

Natalya Sergeyevna Bondarchuk is a Soviet and Russian actress and film director, best known for her appearance in Andrei Tarkovsky's Solaris as "Hari". She is the daughter of the Ukrainian director and actor Sergei Bondarchuk and the Russian actress Inna Makarova. Her half-brother is the film director and actor Fedor Bondarchuk; her half-sister is the actress Yelena Bondarchuk.

Gennady Fyodorovich Shpalikov was a prominent Soviet Russian poet, screenwriter and film director.

Irina Skobtseva Soviet and Russian actress

Irina Konstantinovna Skobtseva was a Soviet and Russian actress and second wife of Sergei Bondarchuk.

Igor Andreyevich Savchenko or Ihor Andriyovych Savchenko was a screenwriter and film director, often cited as one of the great early Soviet filmmakers, alongside Sergei Eisenstein, Vsevolod Pudovkin and Aleksandr Dovzhenko. He is also known for teaching Sergei Parajanov at the Russian film school VGIK, also attended by Parajanov's best friend Mikhail Vartanov.

Marlen Khutsiev

Marlen Martynovich Khutsiev was a Georgian-born Soviet and Russian filmmaker best known for his cult films from the 1960s, which include I Am Twenty and July Rain. He was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1986.

Lev Aleksandrovich Kulidzhanov was a Soviet film director, screenwriter and professor at the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography. He was the head of the Union of Cinematographers of the USSR (1965—1986). He was a People's Artist of the USSR (1976). He directed a total of twelve films between 1954 and 1994.

Nikolai Gubenko Soviet actor

Nikolai Nikolaevich Gubenko was a Soviet and Russian actor, film and theatre director, screenwriter, founder of the Community of Taganka Actors theatre. His movie Wounded Game was entered into the 1977 Cannes Film Festival. He was named People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1985.

<i>The Young Guard</i> (film)

The Young Guard is a two-part 1948 Soviet film directed by Sergei Gerasimov and based on the novel of the same title by Alexander Fadeyev. In 1949 a Stalin Prize for this film was awarded to Gerasimov, cinematographer Vladimir Rapoport, and the group of leading actors.

Nikolai Rybnikov Soviet actor

Nikolai Nikolaevich Rybnikov was a Soviet actor. He was awarded the honorary title People's Artist of the RSFSR (1981).

<i>Spring on Zarechnaya Street</i>

Spring on Zarechnaya Street is a 1956 Soviet drama film produced at the Odessa Film Studio and directed by Felix Mironer and Marlen Khutsiev. The film was one of the most popular pictures in the Soviet Union, it was seen by 30,12 million viewers.

Porfiri Artemyevich Podobed was a Soviet film director, actor and manager at the Moscow Art Theatre.

References

  1. Историческая справка (in Russian). Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography. Retrieved 2 September 2008.
  2. Bawden, Liz-Anne, ed. (1976) The Oxford Companion to Film. Oxford University Press; ISBN   0-19-211541-3; p. 729
  3. Wikipedia:Notable alumni
  4. 1 2 Imre, Anikó (2012). A Companion to Eastern European Cinemas. John Wiley & Sons. p. contents. ISBN   1118294351 . Retrieved 25 June 2014.

Coordinates: 55°50′06″N37°38′15″E / 55.83500°N 37.63750°E / 55.83500; 37.63750