|Born||20 March 1919|
Königsberg, Free State of Prussia
|Died||8 January 1983 63) (aged|
Frechen/Cologne, West Germany
|Years of service|
|Unit||JG 2, JG 52, JG 6 and JV 44|
|Commands held||4./JG 52, II./JG 52, JG 6,|
Jagdbombergeschwader 31 Boelcke
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Gerhard "Gerd" Barkhorn (20 March 1919 – 8 January 1983) was the second most successful fighter ace of all time after fellow Luftwaffe pilot Erich Hartmann. Other than Hartmann, Barkhorn is the only fighter ace to ever exceed 300 claimed victories.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy, had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.
Erich Alfred Hartmann, nicknamed "Bubi" by his German comrades and the "Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during World War II and the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare. He flew 1,404 combat missions and participated in aerial combat on 825 separate occasions. He was credited with shooting down 352 Allied aircraft—350 Soviet and two American—while serving with the Luftwaffe. During the course of his career, Hartmann was forced to crash-land his fighter 16 times due to damage received from parts of enemy aircraft he had just shot down or mechanical failure.
Born in the Weimar Republic in 1919, Barkhorn joined the Luftwaffe in 1937 and completed his training in 1939.
Barkhorn flew his first combat missions in May 1940, during the Battle of France and then the Battle of Britain without shooting down any aircraft. His first "victory" came in July 1941 and his total rose steadily against Soviet opposition. In March 1944 he was awarded the third-highest decoration in the Wehrmacht when he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords for 250 aerial victories. Despite being the second-highest scoring pilot in aviation history, Barkhorn was not awarded the Diamonds to his Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords after achieving his 300th victory on 5 January 1945.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War. In the six weeks from 10 May 1940, German forces defeated Allied forces by mobile operations and conquered France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, bringing land operations on the Western Front to an end until 6 June 1944. Italy entered the war on 10 June 1940 and invaded France over the Alps.
The Battle of Britain was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe. It has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely by air forces. The British officially recognise the battle's duration as being from 10 July until 31 October 1940, which overlaps the period of large-scale night attacks known as the Blitz, that lasted from 7 September 1940 to 11 May 1941. German historians do not accept this subdivision and regard the battle as a single campaign lasting from July 1940 to June 1941, including the Blitz.
The Wehrmacht was the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. It consisted of the Heer (army), the Kriegsmarine (navy) and the Luftwaffe. The designation "Wehrmacht" replaced the previously used term Reichswehr, and was the manifestation of the Nazi regime's efforts to rearm Germany to a greater extent than the Treaty of Versailles permitted.
Barkhorn flew 1,104 combat sorties and was credited with 301 victories on the Eastern Front against the Soviet Red Air Force piloting the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Focke-Wulf Fw 190D-9. He flew with the famed Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52—52nd Fighter Wing), alongside fellow aces Hartmann and Günther Rall, and Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2—2nd Fighter Wing). Less than two weeks later he left JG 52 on the Eastern Front and joined Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG 3—3rd Fighter Wing), defending Germany from Western Allied air attack.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.), Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945. It has been known as the Great Patriotic War in the former Soviet Union and modern Russia, while in Germany it was called the Eastern Front, or the German-Soviet War by outside parties.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 30 December 1922 to 26 December 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force. The Bf 109 first saw operational service in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II in 1945. It was one of the most advanced fighters of the era, including such features as all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, and retractable landing gear. It was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine. From the end of 1941, the Bf 109 was steadily being supplemented by the Focke-Wulf Fw 190. It was commonly called the Me 109, most often by Allied aircrew and even among the German aces themselves, even though this was not the official German designation.
Barkhorn surrendered to the Western Allies in May 1945 and was released later that year. After the war Barkhorn joined the German Air Force of the Bundeswehr, serving until 1976. On 6 January 1983, Barkhorn was involved in a car crash with his wife Christl. She died instantly and Gerhard died two days later on 8 January 1983.
The German Air Force is the aerial warfare branch of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany. With a strength of 27,767 personnel, it is the fourth largest air force within the European Union, after the air forces of the United Kingdom, France, and Italy. Although its budget has been significantly reduced since the end of the Cold War in 1989–1990, the Luftwaffe is still among the best-equipped air forces in the world.
The Bundeswehr is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities. The States of Germany are not allowed to maintain armed forces of their own, since the German Constitution states that matters of defense fall into the sole responsibility of the federal government.
Barkhorn was born on 20 March 1919 in Königsberg in the Free State of Prussia of the Weimar Republic. Today it is Kaliningrad in Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. He was one of four children of Stadtbauoberinspektor (urban design inspector) Wilhelm and his wife Therese. Barkhorn had two brothers, Helmut and Dieter, and a sister Meta.
Königsberg is the name for a former German city that is now Kaliningrad, Russia. Originally a Sambian or Old Prussian city, it later belonged to the State of the Teutonic Order, the Duchy of Prussia, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany until 1945. After being largely destroyed in World War II by Allied bombing and Soviet forces and annexed by the Soviet Union thereafter, the city was renamed Kaliningrad. Few traces of the former Königsberg remain today.
The Free State of Prussia was a state of Germany from 1918 to 1947.
The Weimar Republic is an unofficial historical designation for the German state from 1918 to 1933. The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place. The official name of the republic remained Deutsches Reich unchanged from 1871, because of the German tradition of substates. Although commonly translated as "German Empire", the word Reich here better translates as "realm", in that the term does not in itself have monarchical connotations per se. The Reich was changed from a constitutional monarchy into a republic. In English, the country was usually known simply as Germany.
Following four years of Volksschule (primary school), Barkhorn attended the Wilhelms-Gymnasium, a secondary school, where he graduated with his Abitur (diploma). After his compulsory Reichsarbeitsdienst (Reich Labour Service) Barkhorn joined the military service in the Nazi German Luftwaffe in November 1937 as a Fahnenjunker (Cadet). He started his flight training in March 1938.
The German term Volksschule generally refers to compulsory education, denoting an educational institution every person is required to attend.
The Wilhelmsgymnasium, originally the Königliches Wilhelms-Gymnasium, was a gymnasium in the Tragheim quarter of Königsberg, Germany.
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can also be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle school- high school system.
World War II in Europe began on Friday 1 September 1939 when German forces invaded Poland and Barkhorn was selected for specialized fighter pilot training. Upon completion of his training, he was commissioned as a Leutnant (Second Lieutenant) and posted to 3. Staffel (3rd squadron) in Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen" (JG 2—2nd Fighter Wing). This unit had an old tradition and was named after the World War I fighter pilot Manfred von Richthofen. He was flight trained by Franz Stigler, who would later become a Luftwaffe ace himself. He was then transferred to the 6. Staffel (6th squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52—52nd Fighter Wing) on 1 August 1940.
Barkhorn flew his first combat sorties over Belgium and France during the Battle of France and later over southern England during the Battle of Britain, flying the Messerschmitt Bf 109E. On 1 August 1940 Barkhorn was transferred to 6./Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52). He did not have any success, although he flew some 21 combat sorties and was shot down in the English Channel on 29 October by RAF fighters. Shortly thereafter he was rewarded with the Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz erster Klasse). In the Staffel, he flew alongside another promising pilot, Hans-Joachim Marseille.
In 1941, JG 52 was transferred to the east and participated in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, on 22 June 1941. Subsequently, Gerhard Barkhorn scored his first victory by shooting down a Red Air Force DB-3 bomber on 2 July, flying his 120th combat sortie.
By November his tally had reached 10 victories and he was promoted to Oberleutnant on 11 November 1941.
On 21 May 1942 Barkhorn was appointed Staffelkapitän of 4./JG 52. He continued to add to his score over the next year, until on 19 July when he became "ace-in-a-day" by shooting down six aircraft in his Bf 109F. He was wounded on 25 July and put out of action for two months, returning to combat in October. During July 1942, Barkhorn had destroyed 30 Soviet aircraft. On 23 August he received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) for having shot down a total of 59 aircraft. After a two-month break from the front he returned to action in early October. On 19 December 1942, Barkhorn had raised his score to 101 victories. That day, he became the 32nd Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. Barkhorn came to respect the Soviet pilots. On one occasion he was involved in a forty-minute dogfight with a Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3. "Sweat was pouring off me just as though I had stepped out of the shower," he recalled: despite having a faster aircraft he was simply unable to get a bead on the Russian pilot.
On 9 January 1943, Barkhorn claimed his 105th. His victims included Lieutenant Vasiliyev, and Hero of the Soviet Union Podpolkovnik Lev Shestakov of the 236 IAP Fighter Regiment.Barkhorn strafed their Yakovlev Yak-1 fighters until they caught fire. Both pilots survived. Barkhorn was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 11 January 1943.
Barkhorn, now a Hauptmann , was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 52 on 1 September 1943. On 5 September he shot down Hero of the Soviet Union and Soviet fighter ace Nikolay Klepikov, an ace with 10 personal and 32 shared victories. This was offset by the loss of II./JG 52's 173-victory ace Oberleutnant Heinz Schmidt. The two Lavochkin La-5s shot down by Barkhorn were his 165th and 166th aerial victories. Barkhorn reached the 200 mark on 30 November 1943. On 23 January 1944 Barkhorn became the first German pilot to fly 1,000 combat missions.
The main German fighter unit covering the Crimea and Kuban was his II./JG 52 and in the three months between December 1943 and 13 February 1944 the unit claimed 350 victories, of which 50 were claimed by Barkhorn personally. On 13 February 1944 he reached 250 victories. Barkhorn was the second to reach this total.
He had claimed 15 victories in September, 23 in November and 28 in December, including seven on 28 December alone.
On 2 March 1944 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). He attended the wedding of fellow pilot Erich Hartmann as best man. Barkhorn was promoted to Major (major) on 1 May 1944.
On 31 May, on 273 victories, he was shot down by Soviet fighters and hospitalized for four months.With Barkhorn sidelined, Hartmann was to overtake his total.
Eventually returning to his unit the psychological damage and combat stress on Barkhorn became apparent; sitting in his cockpit he became overcome with anxiety, and even when flying with friendly aircraft behind him he felt intense fear. It took several weeks for him to overcome this condition.Returning to combat in October he claimed his 275th victory on 14 November. Over the next few weeks Barkhorn added another 26 victories, scoring his 301st (and final) victory on 5 January 1945.
On 16 January 1945 Barkhorn was assigned as Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) to Jagdgeschwader 6 (JG 6—6th Fighter Wing), a unit assigned to defend the Reich and equipped with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190D. Barkhorn led this unit until the end-March 1945. During his ten weeks tenure as Geschwaderkommodore of JG 6, he did not claim any aerial victories. JG 6 was a unit consisting mostly of new recruits and former Bf-110 pilots; it suffered heavy losses against the American air fleets. Barkhorn did not last long in this position and was forced to take a medical absence because of severe physical and mental strain.[ citation needed ]
After his hospitalization Barkhorn was invited by Adolf Galland to join the elite Jagdverband 44 (JV 44—44th Fighter Detachment) flying the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet-fighter. He found flying the Me 262 over the western front difficult and he did not score any victories in it. On 21 April 1945, he flew his 1,104th and last mission. One of the engines of his aircraft flamed out as he was approaching an enemy bomber formation and he was forced to make an emergency landing. As he approached the airfield, his jet was attacked by several prowling North American P-51 Mustang fighters. Barkhorn managed to land his burning plane though he received a slight wound as a result of this action when the cockpit canopy — which on the Me 262A, flipped open to starboard, like a Bf 109's did — prior to crash landing, slammed shut on his neck. Taken prisoner by the Western Allies while still in hospital, he was released from Allied captivity in September 1945.
Barkhorn claimed 301 victories in 1,100 combat missions. He was shot down nine times, bailed out once and was wounded twice.
After Barkhorn was released as a prisoner of war, he then found work in the automobile industry. Following the decision of the Cabinet of Germany to rearm the Federal Republic of Germany, Barkhorn joined the military service of the West German Air Force in 1956. From 1 April 1957 to 31 December 1962, he commanded the Jagdbombergeschwader 31 "Boelcke" (JaBoG 31—Fighter-Bomber Wing 31). In 1964 he was posted to the staff of Luftwaffen-Erprobungskommando (Air Force Test Command) holding the rank of Colonel.
From October 1964 until November 1965, Colonel Barkhorn headed the six-man West German Air Force contingent of the Tripartite Kestrel Evaluation Squadron at Royal Air Force Station West Raynham, Norfolk, England. The squadron’s mission was to evaluate the military capabilities of the VSTOL Kestrel (aka the Hawker Siddeley P1127 and forerunner of the Harrier VSTOL aircraft). The squadron consisted of military pilots and ground staff from three nations: Great Britain, USA and West Germany. In addition to being one of the squadron pilots, Barkhorn also served as one of the squadron’s two Deputy Commanders. At the conclusion of the evaluation, Barkhorn then accompanied the American contingent to the USA, where he assisted in that nation’s continuing trials of six of the Kestrels that had been shipped to the USA and renamed the XV-6A.
Barkhorn was promoted to Brigadier general in 1969 and to Major general in 1973. His last position was Chief of Staff of the Second Allied Tactical Air Force, a NATO military formation under Allied Air Forces Central Europe. He retired from active service on 30 September 1975.
On 6 January 1983 he and his wife were involved in a car crash near Cologne. His wife died instantly and Barkhorn, without regaining consciousness, died in hospital in Frechen/Cologne on 8 January 1983. They were buried in Tegernsee, Bavaria.
Matthews and Foreman, authors of Luftwaffe Aces — Biographies and Victory Claims, researched the German Federal Archives and found records for 300 aerial victory claims, plus one further unconfirmed claim. All of his aerial victories were claimed on the Eastern Front.
Victory claims were logged to a map-reference (PQ = Planquadrat), for example "PQ 44793". The Luftwaffe grid map (Jägermeldenetz) covered all of Europe, western Russia and North Africa and was composed of rectangles measuring 15 minutes of latitude by 30 minutes of longitude, an area of about 360 square miles (930 km2). These sectors were then subdivided into 36 smaller units to give a location area 3 × 4 km in size.
|Chronicle of aerial victories|
This and the ♠ (Ace of spades) indicates those aerial victories which made Barkhorn an "ace-in-a-day", a term which designates a fighter pilot who has shot down five or more airplanes in a single day.
|– 6. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 52 –|
|1||2 July 1941||18:50||DB-3||6||25 August 1941||10:40||I-153|
|2||28 July 1941||11:20||I-16||7||25 August 1941||12:59||I-18 (MiG-1)|
|3||29 July 1941||17:34||DB-3||8||23 September 1941||16:30||I-18 (MiG-1)|
|4||19 August 1941||13:35||I-18 (MiG-1)||9||4 October 1941||13:37||DB-3|
|5||22 August 1941||12:25||V-11 (Il-2)||10||30 November 1941||10:07||I-61 (MiG-3)|
|– 4. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 52 –|
|11||16 May 1942||06:18||MiG-1||87||8 December 1942||10:15||P-40||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Prudboj|
|12||18 May 1942||05:50||R-5||88||10 December 1942||14:30||P-40||3 km (1.9 mi) east of Barizynskij|
|13||25 May 1942||09:24||Il-2||89||11 December 1942||09:25||Yak-1||2 km (1.2 mi) west of Kulpinskij|
|14||26 May 1942||05:28||LaGG-3||3 km (1.9 mi) east of Protopopowka||90||11 December 1942||09:27||Yak-1||2.5 km (1.6 mi) northwest of Kulpinskij|
|15||26 May 1942||11:30||Il-2||91||11 December 1942||09:30||Yak-1||4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Kulpinskij|
|16||27 May 1942||08:30||MiG-1||92||13 December 1942||10:45||P-40||5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Ssamochin|
|17||27 May 1942||15:28||Pe-2||6 km (3.7 mi) northeast of Petrovskaja||93||13 December 1942||10:50||P-40||5 km (3.1 mi) south of Kamenko|
|18||5 June 1942||04:45||MiG-1||94||13 December 1942||11:30||Il-2||5 km (3.1 mi) north of Tschilekow|
|19||9 June 1942||14:52||LaGG-3||95||17 December 1942||07:50||Yak-1||1 km (0.62 mi) south of Abganerovo|
|20||11 June 1942||09:45||LaGG-3||96||17 December 1942||10:10||Yak-1||5 km (3.1 mi) west of Abganerovo|
|21||14 June 1942||13:55||LaGG-3||97||17 December 1942||13:11||Yak-1||5 km (3.1 mi) north of Shutow 2|
|22♠||22 June 1942||05:52||LaGG-3||Kupiansk||98||18 December 1942||09:45||Yak-1||15 km (9.3 mi) east of Werch, Komskij|
|23♠||22 June 1942||05:55||LaGG-3||Kupiansk||99||18 December 1942||10:35||Yak-1||8 km (5.0 mi) west of Shutowo|
|24♠||22 June 1942||05:57||LaGG-3||Kupiansk||100||19 December 1942||09:15||P-40||3 km (1.9 mi) south of Sety|
|25♠||22 June 1942||06:25||LaGG-3||Kupiansk||101||19 December 1942||09:20||P-40||1 km (0.62 mi) south of Turguta|
|26♠||22 June 1942||11:45||LaGG-3||102||20 December 1942||08:00||LaGG-3||5 km (3.1 mi) east of Gratschij|
|27||23 June 1942||12:55||Yak-1||103||9 January 1943||12:45||Yak-1||PQ 28783, 9 km (5.6 mi) north of the Kuberke train station |
|28||24 June 1942||07:48||LaGG-3||104||9 January 1943||12:50||Yak-1||PQ 28783, 2 km (1.2 mi) northwest of Zimovniki|
|29||24 June 1942||07:52||LaGG-3||105||10 January 1943||06:17||Yak-1||PQ 28852, Remontnaja|
|30||25 June 1942||18:05||LaGG-3||106||4 February 1943||09:10||Yak-4||PQ 44 Ost 08892, 5 km (3.1 mi) northeast of Korsertschy-Chomuty|
|31||26 June 1942||13:05||LaGG-3||107||7 February 1943||12:10||Il-2||PQ 44 Ost 99472, 5 km (3.1 mi) northeast of Budjonowka|
|32||30 June 1942||18:05||LaGG-3||108||11 February 1943||07:15||I-16||PQ 44 Ost 8532, 5 km (3.1 mi) southwest of Eriwanskaja|
|33||30 June 1942||18:09||LaGG-3||109||11 February 1943||13:25||LaGG-3||PQ 44 Ost 8537, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Gelendzhik|
|34||1 July 1942||06:05||LaGG-3||110||11 February 1943||13:30||LaGG-3||PQ 44 Ost 8537, 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Gelendzhik|
|35||1 July 1942||10:07||Il-2||111||11 February 1943||13:40||I-153||PQ 44 Ost 7564, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Novorossiysk|
|36||1 July 1942||10:11||Boston||112||12 February 1943||06:03||I-16||PQ 34 Ost 75464, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Kabardinka|
|37||1 July 1942||19:04||Hurricane||113||12 February 1943||06:10||I-16||PQ 34 Ost 75462, east of Kabardinka|
|38||2 July 1942||07:20||LaGG-3||114||12 February 1943||11:55||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 86552, 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Peltawskaja|
|39||2 July 1942||09:20||LaGG-3||115||12 February 1943||12:03||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 8659, 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Iwanowskaja|
|40||4 July 1942||06:27||LaGG-3||116||13 February 1943||13:34||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 8522, 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Georgije |
|41||4 July 1942||10:30||LaGG-3||117||22 February 1943||08:15||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 75422, 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Hight 446|
|42||5 July 1942||17:43||Hurricane||118||22 February 1943||08:20||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 75422, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Schirokoja-Balka (Balker)|
|43||6 July 1942||15:30||LaGG-3||119||26 February 1943||10:45||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 75463, 7 km (4.3 mi) southwest of Kabardinka|
|44||9 July 1942||15:55||LaGG-3||120||27 February 1943||14:00||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 86533, 6 km (3.7 mi) northwest of Staromyschastowskaja|
|45||10 July 1942||16:40||LaGG-3||121||28 April 1943||09:45||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 86794, 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Mingrelskaja|
|46♠||19 July 1942||07:00||LaGG-3||122||29 April 1943||13:20||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 86792, 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of Mingrelskaja|
|47♠||19 July 1942||07:35||Hurricane||Rostov area||123||29 April 1943||13:50||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 85211, 2 km (1.2 mi) northwest of Nowo-Iwanowskoje|
|48♠||19 July 1942||07:36||Hurricane||Rostov area||124||29 April 1943||17:30||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 85161, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Kholmskaya|
|49♠||19 July 1942||11:25||LaGG-3||125||30 April 1943||07:45||Spitfire||PQ 34 Ost 85161, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of Kholmskaya|
|50♠||19 July 1942||15:20||LaGG-3||126||30 April 1943||17:15||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 85173, 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Usun|
|51♠||19 July 1942||15:30||I-16||127||9 May 1943||16:55||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 76864, Kruglik|
|52♠||20 July 1942||07:07||LaGG-3||128||28 May 1943||09:18||Spitfire||PQ 34 Ost 76893, 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Kijewskoje|
|53♠||20 July 1942||13:16||LaGG-3||129||28 May 1943||09:48||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 76894, 10 km (6.2 mi) east of Kijewskoje|
|54♠||20 July 1942||13:18||LaGG-3||130||29 May 1943||18:20||Il-2||PQ 34 Ost 75231, 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Krymskaja|
|55♠||20 July 1942||13:20||LaGG-3||131||29 May 1943||18:25||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 76894, 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Kijewskoje|
|56♠||20 July 1942||16:00||LaGG-3||132||31 May 1943||10:40||P-39||PQ 34 Ost 86573, 4 km (2.5 mi) south of Slawjanskaja|
|57||21 July 1942||09:55||I-16||133||31 May 1943||13:15||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 75231, northwest of Krymskaja|
|58||22 July 1942||17:46||Hurricane||134||8 June 1943||09:28||LaGG-3||PQ 34 Ost 76831, 2 km (1.2 mi) north of Anastasiewskaja|
|59||23 July 1942||04:15||LaGG-3||135||10 June 1943||11:59||La-5||PQ 34 Ost 85132, Abinskaja|
|60||23 July 1942||04:25||LaGG-3||136||10 June 1943||18:28||La-5||PQ 34 Ost 76861, 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Kijewskoje|
|61||23 July 1942||13:50||I-153||137||10 June 1943||18:34||La-5||PQ 34 Ost 86731, 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Krymskaja|
|62||24 July 1942||10:20||I-16||138||30 July 1943||06:40||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 76893, 2 km (1.2 mi) southeast of Kijewskoje|
|63||24 July 1942||15:13||LaGG-3||139||2 August 1943||08:00||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 99778, 2 km (1.2 mi) east of Wagoltschik|
|64||24 July 1942||15:14||LaGG-3||140||2 August 1943||12:15||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 88292, Kuybyshev|
|65||7 October 1942||08:05||LaGG-3||3 km (1.9 mi) northeast Tuapse||141||4 August 1943||15:35||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 61355, Tomarovka|
|66||7 October 1942||13:25||LaGG-3||PQ 95674, Gunaiberg||142||4 August 1943||16:03||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 61365, Belgorod|
|67||7 October 1942||13:29||LaGG-3||PQ 95674, Gunaiberg||143||5 August 1943||09:58||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 61365, Belgorod|
|68||7 October 1942||13:29||LaGG-3||PQ 95674, Gunaiberg||144||5 August 1943||15:55||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 61339, northwest of Belgorod|
|69||9 October 1942||12:50||I-16||3 km (1.9 mi) south of Nelkokow||145||5 August 1943||16:02||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 61418, Belgorod|
|70||20 October 1942||14:15||R-5||15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Tuapse||146||7 August 1943||07:05||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 61254, Melinowka|
|71||25 October 1942||13:30||LaGG-3||15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Slepsowskaja||147||7 August 1943||15:20||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 51474, Dorogoschtsch|
|72||25 October 1942||13:35||LaGG-3||16 km (9.9 mi) southeast of Slepsowskaja||148||7 August 1943||15:27||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 51424, Protopopowka|
|73||26 October 1942||15:30||LaGG-3||16 km (9.9 mi) east of Aponka||149||7 August 1943||18:32||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 60832, Sergejewka|
|74||26 October 1942||15:32||LaGG-3||PQ 44811, Bataku-Jurt||150||8 August 1943||06:10||Il-2 m.H.||PQ 35 Ost 61523, Bessonowka|
|75||29 October 1942||12:42||Yak-1||2 km (1.2 mi) north of Altebinal||151||8 August 1943||06:13||Il-2 m.H.||PQ 35 Ost 61523, Bessonowka|
|76||30 October 1942||08:50||Yak-1||6 km (3.7 mi) south of Lasarewskoje||152||12 August 1943||15:45||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 51843, 30 km (19 mi) east of Bogodacha|
|77||30 October 1942||11:50||LaGG-3||10 km (6.2 mi) east of Schatschi||153||21 August 1943||08:07||La-5||PQ 34 Ost 88295, Kurykitschewo|
|78||30 October 1942||12:05||LaGG-3||3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Alexejewka||154||21 August 1943||11:07||Il-2 m.H.||PQ 34 Ost 88256, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Kalinowka|
|79||3 November 1942||14:45||LaGG-3||10 km (6.2 mi) north of Tuapse||155||22 August 1943||14:20||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 70763, south of Krasnij-Oskol|
|80||10 November 1942||11:15||LaGG-3||3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of Lasarewskoje||156||23 August 1943||10:00||La-5||PQ 34 Ost 79131, Dolegaskaja|
|81||15 November 1942||09:00||LaGG-3||3 km (1.9 mi) southeast of Lasarewskoje||157||23 August 1943||10:27||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 70843, 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Krassnij-Oskol|
|82||28 November 1942||11:00||P-40||10 km (6.2 mi) northeast of Bussinowka||158||23 August 1943||14:28||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 70792, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Krassnij-Oskol|
|83||30 November 1942||08:30||P-40||10 km (6.2 mi) west of Tundutow||159||23 August 1943||14:50||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 70792, 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Kamyschewicha|
|84||30 November 1942||08:40||Yak-1||5 km (3.1 mi) south of Kauschino||160||24 August 1943||06:15||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 70812, 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Izium|
|85||30 November 1942||08:45||LaGG-3||10 km (6.2 mi) north of Wertjatschi||161||24 August 1943||14:34||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 70784, 15 km (9.3 mi) south of Izium|
|86||2 December 1942||13:50||Yak-1||5 km (3.1 mi) south of Tundutow||162!||26 August 1943||17:05||Il-2 m.H.||PQ 34 Ost 76681, 15 km (9.3 mi) northwesth of Anastasijewskaja|
|– Stab II. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 52 –|
|163||2 September 1943||17:55||Yak-9||PQ 35 Ost 60151, 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Besljudowka||233||3 January 1944||10:45||Yak-1||vicinity of Iljitsch|
|164||4 September 1943||16:55||Il-2 m.H.||PQ 35 Ost 40232, 1 km (0.62 mi) north of Kotelwa |
|234||12 January 1944||10:07||Il-2||east of Bulganak|
|165||5 September 1943||10:55||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 40273||235||18 January 1944||11:27||P-39||Kerch area|
|166||5 September 1943||11:05||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 40222||236||23 January 1944||09:27||Yak-1||Majak area|
|167||6 September 1943||14:15||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 60342, 2 km (1.2 mi) northwest of Taranowka||237||23 January 1944||09:29||Yak-1||Kerch area|
|168||6 September 1943||14:25||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 6035, 3 km (1.9 mi) east of Taranowka||238||23 January 1944||12:15||P-39||east of Kerch|
|169||6 September 1943||17:24||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 60312, 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Ssokolowo||239||24 January 1944||14:56||Yak-1||Cape Tarchan|
|170||8 September 1943||07:45||Il-2 m.H.||PQ 35 Ost 60394, 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Andrejewka||240||25 January 1944||12:50||P-39||vicinity of Kamysch-Burun|
|171||8 September 1943||07:55||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 60352, 7 km (4.3 mi) east of Taranowka||241||26 January 1944||12:00||P-39|
|172||8 September 1943||17:23||La-5||PQ 35 Ost PQ 60314, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Taranowka||242||28 January 1944||12:18||P-39||vicinity of Majak-Bakny|
|173||9 September 1943||14:35||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 51794||243||10 February 1944||13:45||Yak-9||east of Bulganak|
|174||9 September 1943||17:13||La-5||PQ 35 Ost 51853||244||10 February 1944||15:00||Yak-9||east of Bulganak|
|175||13 September 1943||13:25||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 60342, northwest of Taranowka||245||10 February 1944||15:35||Yak-9||vicinity of Bagerowo|
|176||13 September 1943||13:50||Yak-1||PQ 35 Ost 60234||246||12 February 1944||10:46||Yak-9||vicinity of Kerch|
|177||20 September 1943||09:20||R-5||PQ 35 Ost 11212||247||12 February 1944||12:46||Yak-1||Adshim Uschkaj|
|178||15 November 1943||10:07||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66812, northwest of Taman||248||12 February 1944||12:58||Yak-1||east of Bulganak|
|179||15 November 1943||10:20||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66594||249||12 February 1944||13:20||Yak-1||25 km (16 mi) southeast of Rusa|
|180||16 November 1943||11:57||P-39||PQ 34 Ost 66832||250||12 February 1944||15:50||Yak-9||vicinity of Majak-Bakny|
|181||16 November 1943||12:25||P-39||PQ 34 Ost 66591||251||25 February 1944||12:00||Pe-2|
|182||16 November 1943||14:17||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 6664, 2 km (1.2 mi) east of Bakssy||252||24 April 1944||11:25||Boston III||vicinity of Sevastopol|
|183||19 November 1943||09:07||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66644||253||24 April 1944||13:55||Yak-7||over the Black Sea, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol|
|184||19 November 1943||14:15||P-39||PQ 34 Ost 66734, south of Kerch |
over the sea east of Elitigen
|254||26 April 1944||12:08||Yak-7||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol|
|185||19 November 1943||14:20||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66811, west of Taman||255||26 April 1944||17:10||Yak-7||Belobek area|
|186||20 November 1943||10:15||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66677||256||26 April 1944||17:50||Yak-7||over the Black Sea, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol|
|187||20 November 1943||13:40||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66643, Kolonka||257||27 April 1944||10:48||Yak-7||vicinity of Sevastopol|
|188||20 November 1943||13:45||P-39||Kerch harbor||258||28 April 1944||12:35||Yak-7||15 km (9.3 mi) east of Sevastopol|
|189||21 November 1943||09:22||Yak-9||PQ 34 Ost 66641, northwest of Bakssy||259||28 April 1944||15:23||Yak-7||15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Sevastopol|
|190||21 November 1943||13:35||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66613, northeast of Bulganak||260||28 April 1944||15:25||Yak-7||15 km (9.3 mi) east of Sevastopol|
|191||26 November 1943||10:38||Yak-1||southeast of Kerch||261||1 May 1944||11:05||Yak-7||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol|
|192||26 November 1943||14:03||Yak-1||southwest of Kertsch||262||4 May 1944||12:24||Yak-7||25 km (16 mi) southeast of Sevastopol|
|193||26 November 1943||14:05||Yak-1||southeast of Kertsch||263||5 May 1944||10:52||Il-2||over the Black Sea, 15 km (9.3 mi) northwest of Sevastopol|
|194||27 November 1943||09:45||P-39||east of Sentinel 3||264||5 May 1944||11:00||Yak-7||10 km (6.2 mi) north-northeast of Sevastopol|
|195||28 November 1943||08:44||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66732, east of Eltigen||265||6 May 1944||15:10||Yak-7||vicinity of Katscha|
|196||28 November 1943||08:47||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66534||266||8 May 1944||09:11||Yak-7||over the Black Sea, 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol|
|197||28 November 1943||09:00||Yak-1||PQ 34 Ost 66594||267||8 May 1944||09:17||Il-2||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Sevastopol|
|198||29 November 1943||10:15||P-39||west of Cape Takyl||268||30 May 1944||16:55||P-39||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Tudora|
|199||29 November 1943||14:20||Yak-1||PQ Ost 66734, southeast of Eltigen||269||30 May 1944||17:05||P-39||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Tudora|
|200||30 November 1943||09:50||Yak-1||western Kolonka||270||31 May 1944||05:38||P-39||8 km (5.0 mi) north of Iași|
|201||1 December 1943||14:12||Il-2 m.H.||southeast of Eltigen|
|31 May 1944||05:45||P-39|
|202♠||2 December 1943||10:27||Yak-1||Kossa Tusla||271||31 May 1944||06:10||Il-2||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Iași|
|203♠||2 December 1943||10:39||P-39||south of Eltigen||272||31 May 1944||06:15||Yak-9||10 km (6.2 mi) south of Tudora|
|204♠||2 December 1943||10:48||Il-2||east of Eltigen||273||26 October 1944||14:25||Yak-3||15 km (9.3 mi) south of Nyregynaza|
|205♠||2 December 1943||14:15||Yak-1||Kamysch-Burun||274||14 November 1944||11:45||Yak-9||35 km (22 mi) west-northwest of Karcag|
|206♠||2 December 1943||14:18||Yak-1||east of Kamysch-Burun||275||14 November 1944||12:00||Yak-9||vicinity of Jászberény|
|207♠||2 December 1943||14:23||Yak-1||northwest of Cape Takyl||276||16 November 1944|
|208||4 December 1943||09:06||Il-2 m.H.||east of Eltigen||277||16 November 1944|
|209||4 December 1943||14:09||Il-2 m.H.||east of Eltigen||278||16 November 1944|
|210||6 December 1943||14:21||Yak-1||west of Kossal Tusla||279||16 November 1944||13:40||Yak-3||vicinity of Jászberény|
|211||6 December 1943||14:37||Il-2||southeast of Eltigen||280||16 November 1944||13:45||La-5||20 km (12 mi) southwest of Gyöngyös|
|212||9 December 1943||10:18||Il-2 m.H.||south of Dshankoj||281||17 November 1944||10:23||La-5||40 km (25 mi) east-northeast of Budapest|
|213||9 December 1943||10:25||Yak-1||east of Kolonka||282||17 November 1944||15:00||Yak-3||30 km (19 mi) southwest of Gyöngyös|
|214||17 December 1943||10:13||P-39||northeast of Bakssy||283||23 November 1944|
|215||27 December 1943||12:11||P-39||PQ 34 Ost 6664, northwest of Bakssy||284||24 November 1944|
|216♠||28 December 1943||08:47||Yak-1||north of Cape Warsowka||285||25 December 1944|
|217♠||28 December 1943||08:53||Il-2 m.H.||near Dshankoj||286||25 December 1944|
|218♠||28 December 1943||10:20||Yak-1||east of Cape Chroni||287||29 December 1944|
|219♠||28 December 1943||10:23||Yak-1||west of Cape Chroni||288||29 December 1944|
|220♠||28 December 1943||12:07||Yak-1||Kertsch harbor||289||2 January 1945|
|221♠||28 December 1943||12:10||P-39||north of Bakssy||290||2 January 1945|
|222♠||28 December 1943||12:21||Yak-1||Kertsch harbor||291||2 January 1945|
|223||29 December 1943||09:38||Yak-9||north of Katerles||292||3 January 1945|
|224||29 December 1943||13:35||P-39||east of Opassnaja||293||3 January 1945|
|225||29 December 1943||13:45||Yak-1||south of Bulganak||294||3 January 1945|
|226||29 December 1943||13:48||Yak-1||north of Dshankoj||295||3 January 1945|
|227||30 December 1943||09:30||Yak-1||northern Bulganak||296||4 January 1945|
|228||30 December 1943||13:23||Yak-1||east of Bulganak||297||4 January 1945|
|229||1 January 1944||10:43||Yak-1||over the sea east of Kerch||298||4 January 1945|
|230||1 January 1944||13:08||Pe-2||Cape Tarchan||299||4 January 1945|
|231||1 January 1944||13:09||Pe-2||Cape Tarchan||300||5 January 1945|
|232||1 January 1944||13:10||Pe-2||Cape Chroni|
Walter Nowotny was an Austrian-born fighter ace of the Luftwaffe in World War II. He is credited with 258 aerial victories—that is, 258 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—in 442 combat missions. Nowotny achieved 255 of these victories on the Eastern Front and three while flying one of the first jet fighters, the Messerschmitt Me 262, in the Defense of the Reich. He scored most of his victories in the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, and approximately 50 in the Messerschmitt Bf 109. Nowotny scored an "ace in a day" on multiple occasions, shooting down at least five airplanes on the same day, including two occurrences of "double-ace in a day" in the summer of 1943.
Günther Rall was a highly decorated German military aviator, officer and General, whose military career spanned nearly forty years. Rall was the third most successful fighter pilot in aviation history, behind Gerhard Barkhorn and Erich Hartmann.
Otto Kittel was a German fighter pilot during World War II. He flew 583 combat missions on the Eastern Front, claiming 267 aerial victories, making him the fourth highest scoring ace in aviation history according to authors John Weal and Jerry Scutts. Kittel claimed all of his victories against the Red Air Force.
Hermann Graf was a German Luftwaffe World War II fighter ace. He served on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. He became the first pilot in aviation history to claim 200 aerial victories—that is, 200 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft. In about 830 combat missions, he claimed a total of 212 aerial victories, almost all of which were achieved on the Eastern Front.
Walter Wolfrum was a German military aviator who served in the Luftwaffe during World War II. As a fighter ace, he flew 424 combat missions and claimed 137 aerial victories—that is, 137 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft. This ties him for 43rd place among highest scoring fighter aces. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, the highest award in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Helmut Lipfert was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Lipfert ranks as the world's thirteenth fighter ace. Lipfert was credited with 203 victories achieved in 687 combat missions. All his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front and included a P-51 Mustang, 41 Yakovlev Yak-1, 41 Yakovlev Yak-9 fighters, two four-engine bombers and 39 Ilyushin Il-2 ground-attack aircraft. He was shot down fifteen times, without being injured.
Max-Hellmuth Ostermann was a Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. He is credited with 102 enemy aircraft shot down claimed in over 300 combat missions. The majority of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front with eight claims over the Western Front and one over Belgrade. Ostermann was of such short height that wooden blocks had to be attached to his rudder pedals for him to engage in tight turning aerial combat.
Anton "Toni" Hafner was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II and a fighter ace credited with 204 enemy aircraft shot down in 795 combat missions. The majority of his victories were claimed on the Eastern Front, but he also claimed 20 victories over the Western Front during the North African Campaign.
Leopold Steinbatz was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace during World War II and the only non-officer recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords during World War II. He was "ace-in-a-day" twice, shooting down five aircraft on a single day.
Johannes Wiese was a German Luftwaffe pilot during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 133 enemy aircraft shot down in 480 combat missions. He claimed all of his victories over the Eastern Front, including over 50 Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik ground attack aircraft.
Kurt-Werner Brändle was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 180 enemy aircraft shot down in over 700 combat missions. The majority of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front, with 25 claims over the Western Front.
Adolf Borchers was a Luftwaffe flying ace of World War II. He was credited with 132 aerial victories—that is, 132 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—claimed in approximately 800 combat missions.
Hans Beißwenger was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves during World War II. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. In 500 combat missions, Beißwenger was credited with 152 victories, making him the 34th highest-scoring Luftwaffe fighter pilot of World War II. He was "ace-in-a-day" twice, shooting down five aircraft on a single day. He claimed all but one of his victories over the Eastern Front. He was reported missing in action in March 1943.
Heinz Schmidt was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 173 enemy aircraft shot down in 712 combat missions. All of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front.
Peter "Bonifazius" Düttmann was a World War II Luftwaffe flying ace. He achieved 152 kills in 398 sorties. All of his victories were scored against Soviet opposition on the Eastern Front flying the Messerschmitt Bf 109. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, the highest award in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Albin Wolf was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 144 enemy aircraft shot down. All of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front.
Wolf-Udo Ettel was a German World War II Luftwaffe flying ace and a posthumous recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, the highest award in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. Ettel is listed with 124 aerial victories—that is, 124 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—claimed in over 250 missions. He was killed in action by Anti Aircraft artillery on 17 July 1943.
Wilhelm Lemke was a Luftwaffe flying ace of World War II. Lemke was credited with 131 aerial victories—that is, 131 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft. All but six of his victories were claimed over the Soviet Air Forces in 617 combat missions.
Heinz Wernicke was a Luftwaffe World War II fighter ace and was credited with 117 aerial victories—that is, 117 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, the highest award in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. Wernicke was killed in a mid-air collision with his wingman on 27 December 1944.
Ulrich Wernitz was a Luftwaffe flying ace of World War II. He was credited with 101 aerial victories—that is, 101 aerial combat encounters resulting in the destruction of the enemy aircraft—claimed in roughly 240 combat missions. He served in the post World War II German Air Force of the Federal Republic of Germany, retiring with the rank of Oberstleutnant.
Major Johann Kogler
| Commander of Jagdgeschwader 6 Horst Wessel|
16 January 1945 – 9 April 1945
Major Gerhard Schöpfel
| Commander of Jagdbombergeschwader 31 Boelcke|
September 1957 – December 1962
Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Meyn