Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg

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Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
Bornc. 1325
Died(1360-05-18)18 May 1360
Düsseldorf
Buried Altenberg Abbey
Noble family House of Jülich
Spouse(s) Margaret of Ravensberg
Father William V, Duke of Jülich
Mother Joanna of Hainaut

Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg (c.1325 – 18 May 1360) was the son of William V, Duke of Jülich and Joanna of Hainaut. [1]

William V, Duke of Jülich was a German nobleman. Some authors call him William I, because he was the first Duke of Jülich; the earlier Williams had been Count of Jülich. Other authors call the subject of this article "William VI"; they count the son and co-ruler of William IV as William V.

Joanna of Hainault (1315–1374) was a Duchess of Jülich by marriage to William V, Duke of Jülich. She was the third daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut, and Joanna of Valois. She was a younger sister of Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England, and Margaret II of Hainault.

Contents

Gerhard was betrothed in 1333 (renewed 1342) to Margaret of Guelders, daughter of Rainald II of Guelders and Sophia Betrout. However, this marriage was never consummated, likely due either to Rainald's death in 1343 or Margaret's death in 1344.
Gerhard was subsequently married about 1344 to Margaret of Ravensberg, heiress of Berg and Ravensberg (died 13/19 February 1389), daughter of Otto IV, Count of Ravensberg and Margaret of Berg. Margaret's father Otto had no sons so at his death in 1328, the County of Ravensberg went to his brother Bernhard. However, when Bernhard died in 1346 without issue, Margaret became the heir of Ravensberg, her elder sister Hedwig having died in 1336.
Then, when Margaret's uncle, Count Adolf IX of Berg, died in 1348 without issue, Margaret also inherited Berg by right of her mother. Thus, the titles to Berg and Ravensberg came into the house of Jülich where they remained until 1511 when they passed into the house of Cleves.

Reginald II, Duke of Guelders Dutch noble

Reginald II of Guelders, called "the Black", was Count of Guelders, and from 1339 onwards Duke of Guelders, and Zutphen, in the Low Countries, from 1326 to 1343. He was the son of Reginald I of Guelders and Marguerite of Flanders.

Margaret of Ravensberg was the daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Ravensberg and Margaret of Berg-Windeck.

County of Ravensberg countship

The County of Ravensberg was a historical county of the Holy Roman Empire. Its territory was in present-day eastern Westphalia, Germany at the foot of the Osning or Teutoburg Forest.

Gerhard completed several ineffective protective alliances and stood against the Archbishop of Cologne. He won Hardenberg, Neviges, Langenberg, Remangen and Kaiserswerth, among others.

Archbishop of Cologne Wikimedia list article

The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop representing the Archdiocese of Cologne of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and was ex officio one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Elector of Cologne, from 1356 to 1801.

Gerhard died 18 May 1360 in a tournament in Düsseldorf and is buried with his wife in the Altenberg Abbey.

Altenberg Abbey abbey

Altenberg Abbey is a former Cistercian monastery in Altenberg, now a part of Odenthal in the Bergisches Land, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Family and children

Gerhard and his wife Margaret of Ravensberg had three children:

  1. Elisabeth (c. 1346 – aft. 1388), married Henry VI, Count of Waldeck
  2. William (c. 1348 – 1408), his successor
  3. Margaret (c. 1350 – 1425/29), married Adolph I of Cleves-Mark

Ancestry

16. William III of Jülich (c. 1172–1218)
8. William IV, Count of Jülich (c. 1210–1278)
17. Matilda of Limburg (c. 1192–after 1234)
4. Gerhard V of Jülich (bef. 1250–1328)
18. Gerard III, Count of Guelders (1185–1229)
9. Richardis of Guelders (c. 1215–1293/98)
19. Margaret of Brabant (c. 1185–1231)
2. William V, Duke of Jülich (c. 1299–1361)
20. Henry III, Duke of Brabant (c. 1230–1261)
10. Godfrey of Brabant (c. 1255–1302)
21. Adelaide of Burgundy (c. 1233–1273)
5. Elizabeth of Brabant-Aarschot (c. 1280–1350/55)
22. Hervé IV, Lord of Vierzon (?–1270)
11. Jeanne, dame de Vierzon (c. 1260–bef. 1296)
23. Jeanne de Brenne (?–1298)
1. Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
24. John I, Count of Hainaut (1218–1257)
12. John II, Count of Holland (1247–1304)
25. Adelaide of Holland (c. 1230–1284)
6. William I, Count of Hainaut (1286–1337)
26. Henry V of Luxembourg (1216–1281)
13. Philippa of Luxembourg (1252–1311)
27. Margaret of Bar (1220–1275)
3. Joanna of Hainaut (1311/13–1374)
28. Philip III of France (1245–1285)
14. Charles of Valois (1270–1325)
29. Isabella of Aragon (1247–1271)
7. Joan of Valois (c. 1294–1342)
30. Charles II of Naples (1254–1309)
15. Margaret, Countess of Anjou (1273–1299)
31. Maria of Hungary, Queen of Naples (c. 1257–1323)

Related Research Articles

Duchy of Berg former German state and dukedom

Berg was a state – originally a county, later a duchy – in the Rhineland of Germany. Its capital was Düsseldorf. It existed as a distinct political entity from the early 12th to the 19th centuries.

Duchy of Jülich duchy

The Duchy of Jülich comprised a state within the Holy Roman Empire from the 11th to the 18th centuries. The duchy lay left of the Rhine river between the Electorate of Cologne in the east and the Duchy of Limburg in the west. It had territories on both sides of the river Rur, around its capital Jülich – the former Roman Iuliacum – in the lower Rhineland. The duchy amalgamated with the County of Berg beyond the Rhine in 1423, and from then on also became known as Jülich-Berg.

William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg German nobleman; Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg

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Adolph I, Duke of Cleves Count of Cleves, raised to Duke of Cleves

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Dietrich VII, Count of Cleves

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William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg was born in Jülich, as the son of Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg, and Margaret, daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Ravensberg, and Margaret of Berg.

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Gerhard VII, Duke of Jülich-Berg was the son of William VIII of Jülich, Count of Ravensberg and Adelheid of Tecklenburg. Gerhard was the second duke of the combined Duchy of Jülich-Berg but the 7th Gerhard in the House of Jülich.

Adolf IX of Berg was the eldest son of Henry of Berg, Lord of Windeck and Agnes of the Mark.

Margaret of Cleves, also spelled Margaretha or Margarethe was the wife of Count Adolf II of the Marck and mother of Adolf III of the Marck. She was a daughter of Count Dietrich VIII of Cleves and Margaret of Guelders, who was a daughter of Reginald I of Guelders.

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Margaret of Berg-Windeck Countess consort of Ravensberg

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References

  1. Walther Möller, Stammtafeln westdeutscher Adelsgeschlechter im Mittelalter (Darmstadt, 1922, reprint Verlag Degener & Co., 1995), Vol. 1, page 14.
Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
Born:c. 1325 Died: 18 May 1360
Preceded by
Adolf IX
Count of Berg
(de jure uxoris )

13481360
Succeeded by
William VII
Preceded by
Bernard of Ravensberg
Count of Ravensberg
(de jure uxoris )

13481360