Germany national football team

Last updated

Nickname(s) Nationalelf (national eleven)
DFB-Elf (DFB Eleven)
Die Mannschaft (The Team) [lower-alpha 1]
Association Deutscher Fußball-Bund (DFB)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Joachim Löw
Captain Manuel Neuer
Most caps Lothar Matthäus (150)
Top scorer Miroslav Klose (71)
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First colours
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Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 13 Increase2.svg 3 (4 April 2019) [3]
Highest1 [4] (December 1992 – August 1993, December 1993 – March 1994, June 1994, July 2014 – June 2015, July 2017, September 2017 – June 2018)
Lowest22 [4] (March 2006)
Elo ranking
Current 6 Decrease2.svg 4 (27 March 2019) [5]
Highest1 (1990–92, 1993–94, 1996–97, July 2014 – May 2016, October 2017 – November 2017)
Lowest24 (September 1924 – October 1925)
First international
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 5–3 Germany  Flag of the German Empire.svg
(Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908) [6]
Biggest win
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany 16–0 Russian Empire Flag of The Russian Empire 1883.svg
(Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912) [7]
Biggest defeat
Flag of England.svg England Amateurs 9–0 Germany  Flag of the German Empire.svg
(Oxford, England; 13 March 1909) [8] [9]
World Cup
Appearances19 (first in 1934 )
Best resultChampions (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014)
European Championship
Appearances12 (first in 1972 )
Best resultChampions (1972, 1980, 1996)
Confederations Cup
Appearances3 (first in 1999 )
Best resultChampions (2017)

The Germany national football team (German : deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft or Die Mannschaft) is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. [6] It is governed by the German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball-Bund), founded in 1900. [10] [11] Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records [12] [13] by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.


Germany is one of the most successful national teams in international competitions, having won four World Cups (1954, 1974, 1990, 2014), three European Championships (1972, 1980, 1996), and one Confederations Cup (2017). [10] They have also been runners-up three times in the European Championships, four times in the World Cup, and a further four third-place finishes at World Cups. [10] East Germany won Olympic Gold in 1976. [14]

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

1954 FIFA World Cup 1954 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. Switzerland was chosen as hosts in July 1946. The tournament set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average number of goals scored per game. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title.

1974 FIFA World Cup 1974 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1974 FIFA World Cup was the 10th FIFA World Cup, and was played in West Germany between 13 June and 7 July. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. This was the first out of three World Cups to feature two rounds of group stages.

Germany is the only nation to have won both the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA Women's World Cup. [15] [16]

FIFA Womens World Cup international association football competition

The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's international governing body. The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the FIFA Women's World Championship, was held in China.

At the end of the 2014 World Cup, Germany earned the highest Elo rating of any national football team in history, with a record 2205 points. [17] Germany is also the only European nation that has won a FIFA World Cup in the Americas. The manager of the national team is Joachim Löw.

The World Football Elo Ratings is a ranking system for men's national association football teams that is published by the website It is based on the Elo rating system but includes modifications to take various football-specific variables into account, like the margin of victory, importance of a match, and home field advantage. Other implementations of the Elo rating system are possible and there is no single nor any official Elo ranking for football teams.

Joachim Löw German footballer

Joachim Löw is a German football coach, and former player. He is the head coach of the Germany national team, which he led to victory at the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil and the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup in Russia.


Early years (1899–1942)

Between 1899 and 1901, prior to the formation of a national team, there were five unofficial international matches between German and English selection teams, which all ended as large defeats for the German teams. Eight years after the establishment of the German Football Association (DFB), the first official match of the Germany national football team [18] was played on 5 April 1908, against Switzerland in Basel, with the Swiss winning 5–3. [6]

German Football Association governing body of association football in Germany

The German Football Association is the governing body of football in Germany. A founding member of both FIFA and UEFA, the DFB has jurisdiction for the German football league system and is in charge of the men's and women's national teams. The DFB headquarters are in Frankfurt am Main. Sole members of the DFB are the German Football League, organising the professional Bundesliga and the 2. Bundesliga, along with five regional and 21 state associations, organising the semi-professional and amateur levels. The 21 state associations of the DFB have a combined number of more than 25,000 clubs with more than 6.8 million members, making the DFB the single largest sports federation in the world.

The Switzerland national football team is the national football team of Switzerland. The team is controlled by the Swiss Football Association.

Basel Place in Basel-Stadt, Switzerland

Basel is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine. Basel is Switzerland's third-most-populous city with about 180,000 inhabitants.

Gottfried Fuchs Gottfried Fuchs.jpg
Gottfried Fuchs

Gottfried Fuchs scored a world record 10 goals for Germany in a 16–0 win against Russia at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm on 1 July, becoming the top scorer of the tournament; his international record was not surpassed until 2001 when Australia's Archie Thompson scored 13 goals in a 31–0 defeat of American Samoa. [19] He was Jewish, and the German Football Association erased all references to him from their records between 1933 and 1945. [20] [21] As of 2016, he was still the top German scorer for one match. [22]

Gottfried Fuchs German footballer

Gottfried Erik Fuchs was a German Olympic footballer who emigrated to Canada.

Russian Empire national football team mens national association football team that represented the Russian Empire

The Russian Empire national football team was the association football team representing the Russian Empire from 1910 to 1914.

Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics was one of the 102 events at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. It was the fourth time that football was on the Olympic schedule. The tournament was contested between 11 nations, all of them from Europe, with Great Britain winning the gold medals. Replicating the 1908 tournament, Denmark won silver medals and the Netherlands won bronze medals.

The first match after World War I in 1920, the first match after World War II in 1950 when Germany was still banned from most international competitions, and the first match in 1990 with former East German players were all against Switzerland as well. Germany's first championship title was even won in Switzerland in 1954.

At that time the players were selected by the DFB, as there was no dedicated coach. The first manager of the Germany national team was Otto Nerz, a school teacher from Mannheim, who served in the role from 1926 to 1936. [23] The German FA could not afford travel to Uruguay for the first World Cup staged in 1930 during the Great Depression, but finished third in the 1934 World Cup in their first appearance in the competition. After a poor showing at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, Sepp Herberger became coach. In 1937 he put together a squad which was soon nicknamed the Breslau Elf (the Breslau Eleven) in recognition of their 8–0 win over Denmark in the then German city of Breslau, Lower Silesia (now Wrocław, Poland). [24] [25]

After Austria became part of Germany in the Anschluss of March 1938, that country's national team  – one of Europe's best sides at the time due to professionalism – was disbanded despite having already qualified for the 1938 World Cup. Nazi politicians ordered five or six ex-Austrian players, from the clubs Rapid Vienna, Austria Vienna, and First Vienna FC, to join the all-German team on short notice in a staged show of unity for political reasons. In the 1938 World Cup that began on 4 June, this "united" German team managed only a 1–1 draw against Switzerland and then lost the replay 2–4 in front of a hostile crowd in Paris, France. That early exit stands as Germany's worst World Cup result, and one of just two occasions the team failed to progress the group stage (the next would not occur until the 2018 tournament).

During World War II, the team played over 30 international games between September 1939 and November 1942. National team games were then suspended, as most players had to join the armed forces. Many of the national team players were gathered together under coach Herberger as Rote Jäger through the efforts of a sympathetic air force officer trying to protect the footballers from the most dangerous wartime service.

Three German national teams (1945–1990)

After World War II, Germany was banned from competition in most sports until 1950. The DFB was not a full member of FIFA, and none of the three new German states West Germany, East Germany, and Saarland  — entered the 1950 World Cup qualifiers.

The Federal Republic of Germany, which was referred to as West Germany, continued the DFB. With recognition by FIFA and UEFA, the DFB maintained and continued the record of the pre-war team. Switzerland was once again the first team that played West Germany in 1950. [26] West Germany qualified for the 1954 World Cup.

The Saarland, under French control between 1947 and 1956, did not join French organisations, and was barred from participating in pan-German ones. It sent their own team to the 1952 Summer Olympics and to the 1954 World Cup qualifiers. In 1957, Saarland acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany.

In 1949, the communist German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was founded. In 1952 the Deutscher Fußball-Verband der DDR (DFV) was established and the East Germany national football team took to the field. They were the only team to beat the 1974 FIFA World Cup winning West Germans in the only meeting of the two sides of the divided nation. East Germany won the gold medal at the 1976 Olympics. After German reunification in 1990, the eastern football competition was reintegrated into the DFB.

1954 World Cup victory

Helmut Rahn scored the winning goal in the 1954 FIFA World Cup final. Helmut Rahn.jpg
Helmut Rahn scored the winning goal in the 1954 FIFA World Cup final.

West Germany, captained by Fritz Walter, met in the 1954 World Cup against Turkey, Yugoslavia and Austria. When playing favourites Hungary in the group stage, Germany lost 3–8. West Germany met the Hungarian "Mighty Magyars" again in the final. Hungary had gone unbeaten for 32 consecutive matches. In an upset, West Germany won 3–2, with Helmut Rahn scoring the winning goal. [27] The success is called "The Miracle of Bern" (Das Wunder von Bern). [28]

Memorable losses: Wembley goal and game of the century (1958–1970)

After finishing fourth in the 1958 World Cup and reaching only the quarter-finals in the 1962 World Cup, the DFB made changes. Professionalism was introduced, and the best clubs from the various Regionalligas were assembled into the new Bundesliga. In 1964, Helmut Schön took over as coach, replacing Herberger who had been in office for 28 years.

In the 1966 World Cup, West Germany reached the final after beating the USSR in the semifinal, facing hosts England. In extra time, the first goal by Geoff Hurst was one of the most contentious goals in the history of the World Cup: the linesman signalled the ball had crossed the line for a goal, after bouncing down from the crossbar, when replays showed it did not appear to have fully crossed the line. Hurst then scored another goal giving England a 4–2 win. [29] [30]

West Germany in the 1970 World Cup knocked England out in the quarter-finals 3–2, before they suffered a 4–3 extra-time loss in the semi-final against Italy. This match with five goals in extra time is one of the most dramatic in World Cup history, and is called the "Game of the Century" in both Italy and Germany. [31] [32] West Germany claimed third by beating Uruguay 1–0. Gerd Müller finished as the tournament's top scorer with 10 goals.

1974 World Cup title on home soil

1974 FIFA World Cup Final on 7 July 1974, in Munich (Olympiastadion) Bundesarchiv Bild 183-N0716-0314, Fussball-WM, BRD - Niederlande 2-1.jpg
1974 FIFA World Cup Final on 7 July 1974, in Munich (Olympiastadion)

In 1971, Franz Beckenbauer became captain of the national team, and he led West Germany to victory at the European Championship at Euro 1972, defeating the Soviet Union 3–0 in the final. [33] [34]

As hosts of the 1974 World Cup, they won their second World Cup, defeating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final in Munich. [35] Two matches in the 1974 World Cup stood out for West Germany. The first group stage saw a politically charged match as West Germany played a game against East Germany. The East Germans won 1–0. [36] The West Germans advanced to the final against the Johan Cruijff-led Dutch team and their brand of "Total Football". The Dutch took the lead from a penalty. However, West Germany tied the match on a penalty by Paul Breitner, and won it with Gerd Müller's fine finish soon after. [37] [38]

Late 1970s and early 1980s

Gerd Müller in 2006

West Germany failed to defend their titles in the next two major international tournaments. They lost to Czechoslovakia in the final of Euro 1976 in a penalty shootout 5–3. [39] Since that loss, Germany has not lost a penalty shootout in major international tournaments. [40]

In the 1978 World Cup, Germany was eliminated in the second group stage after losing 3–2 to Austria. Schön retired as coach afterward, and the post was taken over by his assistant, Jupp Derwall.

West Germany's first tournament under Derwall was successful, as they earned their second European title at Euro 1980 after defeating Belgium 2–1 in the final. [41] West Germany reached the final of the 1982 World Cup, though not without difficulties. They were upset 1–2 by Algeria in their first match, [42] but advanced to the second round with a controversial 1–0 win over Austria. In the semifinal against France, they tied the match 3–3 and won the penalty shootout 5–4. [43] [44] In the final, they were defeated by Italy 1–3. [45]

During this period, West Germany's Gerd Müller racked up fourteen goals in two World Cups (1970 and 1974). His ten goals in 1970 are the third-most ever in a tournament. (Müller's all-time World Cup record of 14 goals was broken by Ronaldo in 2006; this was then further broken by Miroslav Klose in 2014 with 16 goals). [46]

Beckenbauer's coaching success (1984–1990)

Franz Beckenbauer Beckenbauer.jpg
Franz Beckenbauer

After West Germany were eliminated in the first round of Euro 1984, Franz Beckenbauer returned to the national team to replace Derwall as coach. [47] At the 1986 World Cup in Mexico, West Germany finished as runners-up for the second consecutive tournament after beating France 2–0 in the semi-finals, but losing to the Diego Maradona-led Argentina in the final, 2–3. [48] [49] In Euro 1988, West Germany's hopes of winning the tournament on home soil were spoiled by the Netherlands, as the Dutch beat them 2–1 in the semifinals. [50]

At the 1990 World Cup in Italy, West Germany won their third World Cup title, in its unprecedented third consecutive final appearance. [51] Captained by Lothar Matthäus, they defeated Yugoslavia (4–1), UAE (5–1), the Netherlands (2–1), Czechoslovakia (1–0), and England (1–1, 4–3 on penalty kicks) on the way to a final rematch against Argentina, played in the Italian capital of Rome. [52] [53] West Germany won 1–0, with the only goal being a penalty scored in the 85th minute by Andreas Brehme. [51] Beckenbauer, who won the World Cup as the national team's captain in 1974, thus became the first person to win the World Cup as both captain and coach. [47]

Olympic football

Medal record
Olympic Games
Bronze medal icon (B initial).svg 1988 Seoul Team
Silver medal icon (S initial).svg 2016 Rio de Janeiro Team

Prior to 1984, Olympic football was an amateur event, meaning that only non-professional players could participate. Due to this, West Germany was never able to achieve the same degree of success at the Olympics as at the World Cup, with the first medal coming in the 1988 Olympics, when they won the bronze medal. It took Germany 28 years to participate at the Olympics again in 2016, this time reaching the final and winning a silver medal. West Germany also reached the second round in both 1972 and 1984. On the other hand, East Germany did far better, winning a gold, a silver and two bronze medals (one representing the United Team of Germany).

Berti Vogts years (1990–1998)

Berti Vogts Berti Vogts 2012.jpg
Berti Vogts

In February 1990, months after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the draw for the 1992 European Championship qualifying tournament saw East Germany and West Germany drawn together. After West Germany's 1990 World Cup win, assistant Berti Vogts took over as the national team coach from the retiring Beckenbauer. The members of the East German association Deutscher Fußball-Verband acceded to the DFB in November, while the 1990–91 seasons would continue, with the restructuring of leagues scheduled for 1991–92. The first game with a unified German team was against Sweden on 10 October. [54]

In Euro 1992, Germany reached the final, but lost 0–2 to underdogs Denmark. [55] In the 1994 World Cup, they were upset 1–2 in the quarterfinals by Bulgaria. [56] [57]

Reunified Germany won its first major international title at Euro 1996, becoming European champions for the third time. [58] They defeated hosts England in the semifinals, [59] and the Czech Republic 2–1 in the final on a golden goal in extra time. [60]

However, in the 1998 World Cup, Germany were eliminated in the quarterfinals in a 0–3 defeat to Croatia, all goals being scored after defender Christian Wörns received a straight red card. [61] Vogts stepped down afterwards and was replaced by Erich Ribbeck. [62]

Oliver Kahn and Michael Ballack era (2000–2006)

In Euro 2000, the team went out in the first round, drawing with Romania, then suffering a 1–0 defeat to England and were routed 3–0 by Portugal (which fielded their backup players, having already advanced). [63] Ribbeck resigned, and was replaced by Rudi Völler. [64]

Coming into the 2002 World Cup, expectations of the German team were low due to poor results in the qualifiers and not directly qualifying for the finals for the first time. The team advanced through group play, and in the knockout stages they produced three consecutive 1–0 wins against Paraguay, [65] the United States, [66] and co-hosts South Korea. Oliver Neuville scored two minutes from time against Paraguay and Michael Ballack scored both goals in the USA and South Korea games, although he picked up a second yellow card against South Korea for a tactical foul and was suspended for the subsequent match. [67] This set up a final against Brazil, the first World Cup meeting between the two. Germany lost 0–2 thanks to two Ronaldo goals. [68] Nevertheless, German captain and goalkeeper Oliver Kahn won the Golden Ball, [69] the first time in the World Cup that a goalkeeper was named the best player of the tournament. [70]

Fans watching Germany battle Argentina in the 2006 World Cup match at the Donau Arena in Regensburg Germany-Argentina DonauArena Regensburg.jpg
Fans watching Germany battle Argentina in the 2006 World Cup match at the Donau Arena in Regensburg

Germany again exited in the first round of Euro 2004, drawing their first two matches and losing the third to the Czech Republic (who had fielded a second-string team). [71] Völler resigned afterwards, and Jürgen Klinsmann was appointed head coach. [72] [73]

Klinsmann's main task was to lead the national team to a good showing at the 2006 World Cup in Germany. Klinsmann relieved goalkeeper Kahn of the captaincy and announced that Kahn and longtime backup Jens Lehmann would be competing for the position of starting goaltender, a decision that angered Kahn and Lehmann eventually won that contest. [74] Expectations for the team were low, which was not helped by veteran defender Christian Wörns being dropped (after Wörns criticised Klinsmann for designating him only as a backup player on the squad), a choice roundly panned in Germany. Italy routed Germany 4–1 in a March exhibition game, and Klinsmann bore the brunt of the criticism as the team was ranked only 22nd in the world entering the 2006 FIFA World Cup. [75]

As World Cup hosts, Germany won all three group-stage matches to finish top of their group. The team defeated Sweden 2–0 in the round of 16. [76] Germany faced Argentina in the quarter-finals. The match ended 1–1, and Germany won the penalty shootout 4–2. [77] In the semi-final against Italy, the match was scoreless until near the end of extra time when Germany conceded two goals. [78] In the third place match, Germany defeated Portugal 3–1. [79] Miroslav Klose was awarded the Golden Boot for his tournament-leading five goals. [80]

New orientation under Löw (2006–present)

Germany's entry into the Euro 2008 qualifying round was marked by the promotion of Joachim Löw to head coach, since Klinsmann resigned. [81] At UEFA Euro 2008, Germany won two out of three matches in group play to advance to the knockout round. [82] They defeated Portugal 3–2 in the quarterfinal, [83] and won their semifinal against Turkey. [84] Germany lost the final against Spain 0–1, finishing as the runners-up. [85]

In the 2010 World Cup, Germany won the group and advanced to the knockout stage. In the round of 16, Germany defeated England 4–1. [86] The game controversially had a valid goal by Frank Lampard disallowed. [87] [88] [89] In the quarterfinals, Germany defeated Argentina 4–0, [90] and Miroslav Klose tied German Gerd Müller's record of 14 World Cup goals. [91] In the semi-final, Germany lost 1–0 to Spain. [92] Germany defeated Uruguay 3–2 to take third place (their second third place after 2006). [93] German Thomas Müller won the Golden Boot and the Best Young Player Award. [94] [95]

Germany during Euro 2012 qualifiers Deutsche Fussballnationalmannschaft 2011-06-03 (01).jpg
Germany during Euro 2012 qualifiers

In Euro 2012, Germany was placed in group B along with Portugal, Netherlands, and Denmark. Germany won all three group matches. Germany defeated Greece in the quarter-final and set a record of 15 consecutive wins in all competitive matches. [96] In the semi-finals, Germany lost to Italy, 1–2.

2014 World Cup victory

Germany lifting the World Cup trophy in 2014 Germany lifts the 2014 FIFA World Cup.jpg
Germany lifting the World Cup trophy in 2014

Germany finished first in their qualification group for the 2014 World Cup. The draw for the 2014 World Cup finals placed Germany in Group G, [97] with Portugal, Ghana, and United States. They first faced Portugal in a match billed by some as the "team of all the talents against the team of The Talent (Cristiano Ronaldo)", routing the Portuguese 4–0 thanks to a hat-trick by Thomas Müller. [98] [99] In their match with Ghana, they led the game with Götze's second half goal, but then conceded two consecutive goals, then at the 71st minute Klose scored a goal to help Germany to draw 2–2 with Ghana. With that goal, Klose also nudged home his 15th World Cup goal to join former Brazil striker Ronaldo at the pinnacle of World Cup Finals scorers. They then went on to defeat the United States team 1–0, securing them a spot in the round of sixteen against Algeria.

The round of sixteen knockout match against Algeria remained goalless after regulation time, resulting in extra time. In the 92nd minute, André Schürrle scored a goal from a Thomas Müller pass. Mesut Özil scored Germany's second goal in the 120th minute. Algeria managed to score one goal in injury time and the match ended 2–1. Germany secured a place in the quarter-final, where they would face France.

In the quarter-final match against France, Mats Hummels scored in the 13th minute. Germany won the game 1–0 to advance to a record fourth consecutive semi-finals. [100]

Germany posing with Champions banner after 2014 FIFA World Cup Final Germany champions 2014 FIFA World Cup.jpg
Germany posing with Champions banner after 2014 FIFA World Cup Final

The semi-final win (7–1) against Brazil was a major accomplishment. Germany scored four goals in just less than seven minutes and were 5–0 up against Brazil by the 30th minute with goals from Thomas Müller, Miroslav Klose, Sami Khedira and two from Toni Kroos. Klose's goal in the 23rd minute, his 16th World Cup goal, gave him sole possession of the record for most goals scored during World Cup Finals, dethroning former Brazilian national Ronaldo.

In the second half of the game, substitute André Schürrle scored twice for Germany to lead 7–0, the highest score against Brazil in a single game. Germany did, however, concede a late goal to Brazil's Oscar. It was Brazil's worst ever World Cup defeat, [101] whilst Germany broke multiple World Cup records with the win, including the record broken by Klose, the first team to reach four consecutive World Cup semi-finals, the first team to score seven goals in a World Cup Finals knockout phase game, the fastest five consecutive goals in World Cup history (four of which in just 400 seconds), the first team to score five goals in the first half in a World Cup semi-final as well as being the topic of the most tweets ever on Twitter about a certain subject when the previous social media record was smashed after Germany scored their fourth goal. Also, Germany's seven goals took their total tally in World Cup history to 223, surpassing Brazil's 221 goals to first place overall. [102]

The World Cup Final was held at the Maracana in Rio de Janeiro on 13 July, and billed as the world's best player (Lionel Messi) versus the world's best team (Germany). [103] [104] Mario Götze's 113th-minute goal helped Germany beat Argentina 1–0, becoming the first-ever European team to win a FIFA World Cup in the Americas and the second European team to win the title outside Europe. [105] [106]

Euro 2016 to 2017 Confederations Cup

After several players retired from the team following the 2014 World Cup win, including Philipp Lahm, Per Mertesacker and Miroslav Klose, the team had a disappointing start in the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifiers. They defeated Scotland 2–1 at home, then suffered a 2–0 loss at Poland (the first in their history), a 1–1 draw against the Republic of Ireland, and a 4–0 win over Gibraltar. The year ended with an away 0–1 friendly win against Spain, the reigning European champions of 2008 and 2012.

Troubles during qualifying for the 2016 European Championship continued, drawing at home, as well as losing away, to Ireland; the team also only narrowly defeated Scotland on two occasions, but handily won the return against Poland and both games against Gibraltar (who competed for the first time). Eventually, however, topping their group and qualifying for the tournament through a 2–1 victory against Georgia on 11 October 2015 (having won the first match against them).

On 13 November 2015, the team was playing a friendly match against France in Paris when a series of terrorist attacks took place in the city, some in the direct vicinity of the Stade de France, where the game was held. [107] For security reasons, the team needed to spend the night inside the stadium, accompanied by the French squad who stayed behind in an act of comradery. [108] Four days later, on 17 November 2015, the German team was scheduled to face the Netherlands at Hanover's HDI-Arena, also in a friendly. After initial security reservations, the DFB decided to play the match on 15 November. [109] However, after reports about a concrete threat to the stadium, the match was cancelled ninety minutes before kickoff. [110]

Germany began their preparations for Euro 2016 in March with friendlies against England and Italy. They gave up a 2–0 lead to England, and ended up losing 2–3. They bounced back in their match with Italy, however, winning by a score of 4–1. It was their first win against the Italians in 21 years. [111]

Germany began their campaign for a fourth European title with a 2–0 win against Ukraine on 12 June. Against Poland, Germany was held to a 0–0 draw but concluded Group C with a 1–0 win against Northern Ireland. In the Round of 16, Germany faced Slovakia and earned a comfortable 3–0 win. Germany then faced off against rivals Italy in the quarter-finals. Mesut Özil opened the scoring in the 65th minute for Germany, before Leonardo Bonucci drew even after converting a penalty in the 78th minute. The score remained 1–1 after extra time and Germany beat Italy 6–5 in a penalty shootout. It was the first time Germany had overcome Italy in a major tournament. [112] [113] In the semi-finals Germany played the host nation France. Germany's hopes of securing a fourth European championship were put on hold however as France ended Germany's run by eliminating them by a score of 0–2. It was France's first competitive win against Germany in 58 years. [114]

On 2 July 2017, Germany won the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup after a 1–0 win against Chile in the final at the Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg, it was their first FIFA Confederations Cup title. [115]

Disappointment at the 2018 World Cup and 2018–19 UEFA Nations League

Fans watching the match between Germany and South Korea Public Viewing Fussball-Weltmeisterschaft 2018 - Sudkorea - Deutschland - Fan Park Hamburg 07.jpg
Fans watching the match between Germany and South Korea

Despite winning all their qualifying matches and the Confederations Cup the previous year, Germany started their 2018 World Cup campaign with a defeat to Mexico. This was their first loss in an opening match since the 1982 World Cup. [116] Germany defeated Sweden 2–1 in their second game via an injury-time winner from Toni Kroos, but was subsequently eliminated following a 2–0 loss to South Korea, their first exit in the first round since 1938 and first ever in group stage since the format had been introduced. [117] [118]

Following the World Cup, Germany's struggles continued into the UEFA Nations League. After a 0–0 draw at home against France, they lost 3–0 against the Netherlands [119] and 1–2 in the rematch against France three days later; the latter result being their fourth loss in six competitive matches. [120] These results mean that Germany cannot advance to the 2019 UEFA Nations League Finals and faced the prospect of possible relegation to League B in the next Nations League. [120]

After the Netherlands' win against France, the relegation to League B was confirmed. [121]

Team image

Kits and crest

The 2006 World Cup saw a widespread public display of the German national flag. World Cup 2006 German fans at Bochum.jpg
The 2006 World Cup saw a widespread public display of the German national flag.

The national team's home kit has always been a white shirt, black shorts, and white socks. The colours are derived from the 19th-century flag of the North German State of Prussia. Since 1988, many of the home kit's designs incorporate details patterned after the modern German flag (with the noted exception of the 2002 World Cup kit, which was a reversion to the pure black-and-white scheme). For the 2014 World Cup, the German team used white shorts rather than the traditional black due to FIFA's kit clashing rule for the tournament. [122] The away shirt colour has changed several times. Historically, green shirt with white shorts is the most often used alternative colour combination, derived from the DFB colours – though it is often erroneously reported that the choice is in recognition of the fact that Ireland, whose home shirts are green, were the first nation to play Germany in a friendly game after World War II. However, the first team to play Germany after WWII, as stated above, was actually Switzerland. [123] Other colours such as red, grey and black have also been used.

A change from black to red came in 2005 on the request of Jürgen Klinsmann, [124] but Germany played every game at the 2006 World Cup in its home white colours. In 2010, the away colours then changed back to a black shirt and white shorts, but at the tournament, the team dressed up in the black shorts from the home kit. The German team next resumed the use of a green shirt on its away kit, but then changed again to red-and-black striped shirts with white stripes and letters and black shorts.

Adidas AG is the longstanding kit provider to the national team, a sponsorship that began in 1954 and is contracted to continue until at least 2022. [125] In the 70s, Germany wore Erima kits (a German brand, formerly a subsidiary of Adidas). [126] [127]

Kit suppliers

Kit supplierPeriodNotes
Flag of Germany.svg Adidas 1954–presentIn 1970s, Germany wore Erima kits
(German brand, formerly a subsidiary of Adidas). [128] [127]

Kit deals

Kit supplierPeriodContract
Flag of Germany.svg Adidas 1954–present
2019–2022 (4 years) [129] Total 250 million / Total $283.5 million
(50 million per year / $56.7 million per year) [130] [131]
2023–2026 (4 years)Undisclosed [132]

Home stadium

Olympic Stadium (Berlin) Olympicstadium2.jpg
Olympic Stadium (Berlin)

Germany plays its home matches among various stadiums, in rotation, around the country. They have played home matches in 43 different cities so far, including venues that were German at the time of the match, such as Vienna, Austria, which staged three games between 1938 and 1942.

National team matches have been held most often (46 times) in the stadiums of Berlin, which was the venue of Germany's first home match (in 1908 against England). Other common host cities include Hamburg (34 matches), Stuttgart (32), Hanover (28) and Dortmund. Another notable location is Munich, which has hosted numerous notable matches throughout the history of German football, including the 1974 FIFA World Cup Final, which Germany won against the Netherlands.

Media coverage

Germany's qualifying and friendly matches are televised by privately owned RTL; Nations League by public broadcasters ARD and ZDF. World Cup & European Championships matches featuring the German national team are among the most-watched events in the history of television in Germany.

Results and fixtures

Recent results and scheduled matches according to the DFB, [133] [134] UEFA [135] and FIFA [136] websites.



Competition records

Germany has won the World Cup four times, behind only Brazil (five titles). [137] It has finished as runners-up four times. [137] In terms of semi-final appearances, Germany leads with 13, two more than Brazil's 11, which had participated in two more tournaments. [137] From 1954 to 2014 (16 tournament editions), Germany always reached at least the stage of the last eight teams, before being eliminated in the group stage in 2018. [137] Germany has also qualified for every one of the 18 World Cups for which it has entered – it did not enter the inaugural competition in Uruguay of 1930 for economic reasons, and could not qualify for or compete in the post-war 1950 World Cup as the DFB was reinstated as a FIFA member only two months after this tournament. Germany also has the distinction of having an Elo football rating of 2196 following their victory in the 2014 World Cup, which was higher than any previous champion. [138]

Germany has also won the European Championship three times (Spain and France are the only other multiple-time winners with three and two titles respectively), and finished as runners-up three times as well. [139] The Germans have qualified for every European Championship tournament except for the very first European Championship they entered in 1968. [139] For that tournament, Germany was in the only group of three teams and thus only played four qualifying games. The deciding game was a scoreless draw in Albania which gave Yugoslavia the edge, having won in their neighbour country. The team finished out of top eight only in two occasions, the tournaments of 2000 [140] and 2004. [141] In the other ten editions Germany participated in they reached nine times at least the semi-finals, an unparalleled record in Europe.

See also East Germany and Saarland for the results of these separate German teams, and Austria for the team that was merged into the German team from 1938 to 1945.

FIFA World Cup record

    Champions      Runners-up       Third place       Fourth place  

FIFA World Cup finals record Qualifications record
Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1934 Third place3rd4301118 Squad 110091 1934
Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg 1938 First round10th201135 Squad 3300111 1938
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg 1950 Banned from entering 1950
Flag of Switzerland.svg 1954 Champions1st65012514 Squad 4310123 1954
Flag of Sweden.svg 1958 Fourth place4th62221214 Squad Qualified as defending champions 1958
Flag of Chile.svg 1962 Quarter-finals7th421142 Squad 4400115 1962
Flag of England.svg 1966 Runners-up2nd6411156 Squad 4310142 1966
Flag of Mexico.svg 1970 Third place3rd65011710 Squad 6510203 1970
Flag of Germany.svg 1974 Champions1st7601134 Squad Qualified as hosts 1974
Flag of Argentina.svg 1978 Second group stage6th6141105 Squad Qualified as defending champions 1978
Flag of Spain.svg 1982 Runners-up2nd73221210 Squad 8800333 1982
Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 Runners-up2nd732287 Squad 8521229 1986
Flag of Italy.svg 1990 Champions1st7520155 Squad 6330133 1990
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg 1994 Quarter-finals5th531197 Squad Qualified as defending champions 1994
Flag of France.svg 1998 Quarter-finals7th531186 Squad 10640239 1998
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg Flag of Japan.svg 2002 Runners-up2nd7511143 Squad 106311912 2002
Flag of Germany.svg 2006 Third place3rd7511146 Squad Qualified as hosts 2006
Flag of South Africa.svg 2010 Third place3rd7502165 Squad 10820265 2010
Flag of Brazil.svg 2014 Champions1st7610184 Squad 109103610 2014
Flag of Russia.svg 2018 Group stage22nd310224 Squad 101000434 2018
Flag of Qatar.svg 2022 To be decided-------------- 2022
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of Mexico.svg Flag of the United States.svg 2026 To be decided-------------- 2026
Total19/214 titles1096720*22226125947418229270Total
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Red border indicates tournament was held on home soil.

FIFA Confederations Cup record

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1992 Did not enter [142]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1995 Did not qualify
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1997 Did not enter [143]
Flag of Mexico.svg 1999 Group stage5th310226 Squad
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg Flag of Japan.svg 2001 Did not qualify
Flag of France.svg 2003 Did not enter [144]
Flag of Germany.svg 2005 Third place3rd53111511 Squad
Flag of South Africa.svg 2009 Did not qualify
Flag of Brazil.svg 2013
Flag of Russia.svg 2017 Champions 1st5410125 Squad
Total1 title3/10138232922

UEFA European Championship record

UEFA European Championship recordQualification record
Flag of France.svg 1960 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1964
Flag of Italy.svg 1968 Did not qualify421192 1968
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1972 Champions 1st220051 Squad 8530133 1972
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1976 Runners-up 2nd211*064 Squad 8440175 1976
Flag of Italy.svg 1980 Champions 1st431063 Squad 6420171 1980
Flag of France.svg 1984 Group stage5th311122 Squad 8512155 1984
Flag of Germany.svg 1988 Semi-finals3rd421163 Squad Qualified as hosts
Flag of Sweden.svg 1992 Runners-up 2nd521278 Squad 6501134 1992
Flag of England.svg 1996 Champions 1st642*0103 Squad 108112710 1996
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2000 Group stage15th301215 Squad 8611204 2000
Flag of Portugal.svg 2004 12th302123 Squad 8530134 2004
Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Switzerland.svg 2008 Runners-up 2nd6402107 Squad 12831357 2008
Flag of Poland.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg 2012 Semi-finals3rd5401106 Squad 101000347 2012
Flag of France.svg 2016 Semi-finals3rd632*173 Squad 10712249 2016
Flag of Europe.svg 2020 To be determined110032 2020
Flag of Germany.svg 2024 Qualified as hostsQualified as hosts
Total3 titles13/15492612*117248986920923761Total
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

UEFA Nations League

UEFA Nations League record
2018–19 A Group stage
2020–21 B To be determined
TotalGroup stage
League A
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.


CompetitionGold medal icon.svgSilver medal icon.svgBronze medal icon.svgTotal
FIFA World Cup 44412
UEFA European Championship 3339
FIFA Confederations Cup 1012

FIFA ranking history

Source: [145]



Joachim Low, the current manager of the Germany national football team Joachim Low 2017.jpg
Joachim Löw, the current manager of the Germany national football team

Current technical staff

Head coach Flag of Germany.svg Joachim Löw
Assistant coach Flag of Germany.svg Marcus Sorg
Fitness coach Flag of Germany.svg Yann-Benjamin Kugel
Goalkeeping coach Flag of Germany.svg Andreas Köpke
Team doctor Flag of Germany.svg Hans-Wilhelm Müller-Wohlfahrt
Business manager Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Bierhoff
Sporting director Flag of Germany.svg Hans-Dieter Flick


Current squad

The following players were selected for the friendly game against Serbia and the Euro 2020 qualifiying game against the Netherlands on 20 and 24 March 2019. [146]
Caps and goals correct as of:24 March 2019, after the match against the Netherlands. [147]

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Manuel Neuer (captain) (1986-03-27) 27 March 1986 (age 33)860 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
121 GK Kevin Trapp (1990-07-08) 8 July 1990 (age 28)30 Flag of Germany.svg Eintracht Frankfurt
221 GK Marc-André ter Stegen (1992-04-30) 30 April 1992 (age 27)220 Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona

22 DF Thilo Kehrer (1996-09-21) 21 September 1996 (age 22)60 Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain
32 DF Marcel Halstenberg (1991-09-27) 27 September 1991 (age 27)20 Flag of Germany.svg RB Leipzig
42 DF Matthias Ginter (1994-01-19) 19 January 1994 (age 25)240 Flag of Germany.svg Borussia Mönchengladbach
52 DF Jonathan Tah (1996-02-11) 11 February 1996 (age 23)50 Flag of Germany.svg Bayer Leverkusen
62 DF Joshua Kimmich (1995-02-08) 8 February 1995 (age 24)403 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
142 DF Nico Schulz (1993-04-01) 1 April 1993 (age 26)62 Flag of Germany.svg 1899 Hoffenheim
152 DF Niklas Süle (1995-09-03) 3 September 1995 (age 23)181 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
162 DF Antonio Rüdiger (1993-03-03) 3 March 1993 (age 26)301 Flag of England.svg Chelsea
172 DF Niklas Stark (1995-04-14) 14 April 1995 (age 24)00 Flag of Germany.svg Hertha BSC

73 MF Maximilian Eggestein (1996-12-08) 8 December 1996 (age 22)00 Flag of Germany.svg Werder Bremen
83 MF Toni Kroos (vice-captain) (1990-01-04) 4 January 1990 (age 29)9214 Flag of Spain.svg Real Madrid
103 MF Julian Brandt (1996-05-02) 2 May 1996 (age 23)242 Flag of Germany.svg Bayer Leverkusen
113 MF Marco Reus (1989-05-31) 31 May 1989 (age 29)3910 Flag of Germany.svg Borussia Dortmund
183 MF Leon Goretzka (1995-02-06) 6 February 1995 (age 24)217 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
193 MF Leroy Sané (1996-01-11) 11 January 1996 (age 23)193 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
203 MF Serge Gnabry (1995-07-14) 14 July 1995 (age 23)65 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
213 MF İlkay Gündoğan (1990-10-24) 24 October 1990 (age 28)314 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
233 MF Kai Havertz (1999-06-11) 11 June 1999 (age 19)30 Flag of Germany.svg Bayer Leverkusen

94 FW Timo Werner (1996-03-06) 6 March 1996 (age 23)249 Flag of Germany.svg RB Leipzig

Recent call-ups

The following players have also been called up to the Germany squad within the last 12 months and are still available for selection.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Bernd Leno (1992-03-04) 4 March 1992 (age 27)60 Flag of England.svg Arsenal v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 19 November 2018

DF Lukas Klostermann (1996-06-03) 3 June 1996 (age 22)10 Flag of Germany.svg RB Leipzig v. Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia , 20 March 2019
DF Jonas Hector (1990-05-27) 27 May 1990 (age 28)423 Flag of Germany.svg 1. FC Köln v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 19 November 2018
DF Marvin Plattenhardt (1992-01-26) 26 January 1992 (age 27)70 Flag of Germany.svg Hertha BSC 2018 FIFA World Cup

MF Sebastian Rudy (1990-02-28) 28 February 1990 (age 29)271 Flag of Germany.svg Schalke 04 v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 19 November 2018
MF Julian Draxler (1993-09-20) 20 September 1993 (age 25)496 Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain v. Flag of Russia.svg  Russia , 15 November 2018
MF Emre Can (1994-01-12) 12 January 1994 (age 25)211 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus v. Flag of France.svg  France , 16 October 2018
MF Sami Khedira (1987-04-04) 4 April 1987 (age 32)777 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus 2018 FIFA World Cup

FW Mark Uth (1991-08-24) 24 August 1991 (age 27)10 Flag of Germany.svg Schalke 04 v. Flag of Russia.svg  Russia , 15 November 2018

Previous squads

Famous past players


Fritz Szepan 1934–1939
Paul Janes 1939–1942
Fritz Walter 1951–1956First official captain of the West Germany national football team
World Cup winning captain (1954)
Hans Schäfer 1952–1962First West German player to play in three World Cup tournaments
(1954, 1958, (1962)
Helmut Rahn 1958–1959
Herbert Erhardt 1959–1962
Hans Schäfer 1962
Uwe Seeler 1962–1970
Wolfgang Overath 1970–1972
Franz Beckenbauer 1972–1977European Championship winning captain (1972)
World Cup winning captain (1974)
Berti Vogts 1977–1978
Sepp Maier 1978–1979
Bernard Dietz 1979–1981European Championship winning captain (1980)
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge 1981–1986
Harald Schumacher 1986
Klaus Allofs 1986–1987
Lothar Matthäus 1988–1994World Cup winning captain (1990)
First captain of the unified Germany national football team
Jürgen Klinsmann 1994–1998European Championship winning captain (1996)
Oliver Bierhoff 1998–2001
Oliver Kahn 2001–2004
Michael Ballack 2004–2010
Philipp Lahm 2010–2014World Cup winning captain (2014)
Bastian Schweinsteiger 2014–2016
Manuel Neuer 2016–2017
Julian Draxler 2017Confederations Cup winning captain (2017)
Manuel Neuer 2017–present

Player of the Year


Most capped players

Below is a list of the 10 players with the most caps for Germany, as of 22 March 2017. [12] (Bold denotes players still available for selection). Players who had played for the separate East German Team (in the scope of this list: Streich 102) do not appear in this list.

Lothar Matthaus is Germany's most capped player with 150 caps. Lothar Matthaeus 2002.jpg
Lothar Matthäus is Germany's most capped player with 150 caps.
1 Lothar Matthäus 1980–200015023
2 Miroslav Klose 2001–201413771
3 Lukas Podolski 2004–201713049
4 Bastian Schweinsteiger 2004–201612124
5 Philipp Lahm 2004–20141135
6 Jürgen Klinsmann 1987–199810847
7 Jürgen Kohler 1986–19981052
8 Per Mertesacker 2004–20141044
9 Franz Beckenbauer 1965–197710314
10 Thomas Häßler 1988–200010111

Top goalscorers

Below is a list of the top 10 goalscorers for Germany, as of 27 June 2018. [13] (bold denotes players still available for selection). Former East Germany player Joachim Streich, who scored 55 goals, is not included in this Wikipedia list, though he is included in DFB records.

Miroslav Klose is Germany's all-time top scorer with 71 goals. FIFA WC-qualification 2014 - Austria vs. Germany 2012-09-11 - Miroslav Klose 01.JPG
Miroslav Klose is Germany's all-time top scorer with 71 goals.
1 Miroslav Klose (list)2001–2014711370.52
2 Gerd Müller (list)1966–197468621.10
3 Lukas Podolski 2004–2017491300.38
4 Rudi Völler 1982–199447900.52
Jürgen Klinsmann 1987–19981080.44
6 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge 1976–198645950.47
7 Uwe Seeler 1954–197043720.60
8 Michael Ballack 1999–201042980.43
9 Thomas Müller 2010–381000.38
10 Oliver Bierhoff 1996–200237700.53

See also


  1. In Germany, the team is typically referred to as Die Nationalmannschaft (the national team), DFB-Elf (DFB eleven), DFB-Auswahl (DFB selection) or Nationalelf (national eleven). Whereas in foreign media, they are regularly described as Die Mannschaft (The Team). [1] As of June 2015, this was acknowledged by the DFB as official branding of the team. [2]

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