Germany women's national football team

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Germany
DFBWomen.svg
Nickname(s) Die Nationalelf
(The National Eleven)
Association German Football Association
(Deutscher Fußball-Bund, DFB)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Martina Voss-Tecklenburg
Captain Alexandra Popp
Most caps Birgit Prinz (214)
Top scorer Birgit Prinz (128)
FIFA code GER
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First colours
Kit left arm gerwomen19a.png
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Kit body gerwomen19a.png
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Kit right arm gerwomen19a.png
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Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 2 Steady2.svg(12 July 2019) [1]
Highest1 (October 2003 – 2007, December 2014 – June 2015, March 2017)
Lowest3 (March 2018)
First international
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 5–1 Switzerland   Flag of Switzerland.svg
(Koblenz, West Germany; 10 November 1982)
Biggest win
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 17–0 Kazakhstan  Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
(Wiesbaden, Germany; 19 November 2011)
Biggest defeat
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6–0 Germany  Flag of Germany.svg
(Decatur, United States; 14 March 1996)
World Cup
Appearances8 (first in 1991 )
Best resultChampions (2003, 2007)
European Championship
Appearances10 (first in 1989 )
Best resultChampions (1989, 1991, 1995, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013)
German national team in 2012 Deutsche Nationalmannschaft.JPG
German national team in 2012

The Germany women's national football team (German : Deutsche Fußballnationalmannschaft der Frauen) is governed by the German Football Association (DFB).

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium and Liechtenstein. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages that are most similar to the German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

German Football Association governing body of association football in Germany

The German Football Association is the governing body of football in Germany. A founding member of both FIFA and UEFA, the DFB has jurisdiction for the German football league system and is in charge of the men's and women's national teams. The DFB headquarters are in Frankfurt am Main. Sole members of the DFB are the German Football League, organising the professional Bundesliga and the 2. Bundesliga, along with five regional and 21 state associations, organising the semi-professional and amateur levels. The 21 state associations of the DFB have a combined number of more than 25,000 clubs with more than 6.8 million members, making the DFB the single largest sports federation in the world.

Contents

The German national team is one of the most successful in women's football. They are two-time world champions, having won the 2003 and 2007 tournaments. Germany is also the only nation to have won both the women's and men's tournament. The team has won eight of the twelve UEFA European Championships, claiming six consecutive titles between 1995 and 2013. Germany is one of the two nations to win both the women's and men's European tournament, along with the Netherlands. Germany has won Olympic gold in 2016, after three consecutive bronze medals at the Women's Olympic Football Tournament, finishing third in 2000, 2004 and 2008. Birgit Prinz holds the record for most appearances and is the team's all-time leading goalscorer. Prinz has also set international records; she has received the FIFA World Player of the Year award three times and is the joint second overall top goalscorer at the Women's World Cup.

FIFA Womens World Cup Association football competition for womens national teams

The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's international governing body. The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the FIFA Women's World Championship, was held in China. Under the tournament's current format, national teams vie for 23 slots in a three-year qualification phase. The host nation's team is automatically entered as the 24th slot. The tournament proper, alternatively called the World Cup Finals, is contested at venues within the host nation(s) over a period of about one month.

2003 FIFA Womens World Cup 2003 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup was the fourth edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, the quadrennial championship of women's association football teams organized by FIFA. It was held in the United States from 20 September to 12 October 2003 at six venues in six cities across the country. The tournament was won by Germany, who became the first country to win both men's and women's World Cup.

2007 FIFA Womens World Cup 2007 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, the fifth edition of the FIFA Women's World Cup, was an international association football competition for women held in China from 10 to 30 September 2007. Originally, China was to host the 2003 edition, but the outbreak of SARS in that country forced that event to be moved to the United States. FIFA immediately granted the 2007 event to China, which meant that no new host nation was chosen competitively until the voting was held for the 2011 Women's World Cup.

Women's football was long met with skepticism in Germany, and official matches were banned by the DFB until 1970. However, the women's national team has grown in popularity since winning the World Cup in 2003, as it was chosen as Germany's Sports Team of the Year. As of July 2019, Germany is ranked 2nd in the FIFA Women's World Rankings.

The FIFA Women's World Rankings for football were introduced in 2003, with the first rankings published in March of that year, as a follow-on to the existing Men's FIFA World Rankings. They attempt to compare the strength of internationally active women's national teams at any given time.

History

Early history

In 1955, the DFB decided to forbid women's football in all its clubs in West Germany. In its explanation, the DFB cited that "this combative sport is fundamentally foreign to the nature of women" and that "body and soul would inevitably suffer damage". Further, the "display of the body violates etiquette and decency". [2] In spite of this ban, more than 150 unofficial international matches were played in the 1950s and 1960s. On 30 October 1970, the ban on women's football was lifted at the DFB annual convention. [3]

West Germany Federal Republic of Germany in the years 1949–1990

West Germany was the informal name for the Federal Republic of Germany, a country in Central Europe, in the period between its formation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990. During this Cold War period, the western portion of Germany was part of the Western Bloc. The Federal Republic was created during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Its (provisional) capital was the city of Bonn. The Cold War era West Germany is unofficially historically designated the Bonn Republic.

Other football associations had already formed official women's national teams in the 1970s, the DFB long remained uninvolved in women's football. In 1981, DFB official Horst R. Schmidt was invited to send a team to the unofficial women's football world championship. Schmidt accepted the invitation but hid the fact that West Germany had no women's national team at the time. [3] To avoid humiliation, the DFB sent the German club champions Bergisch Gladbach 09, who went on to win the tournament. [4] Seeing a need, the DFB established the women's national team in 1982. DFB president Hermann Neuberger appointed Gero Bisanz, an instructor at the Cologne Sports College, to set up the team. [5]

Horst Rudolf Schmidt is a German football official.

The Women's World Invitation Tournament was a triennial global invitational tournament for national and club teams in women's association football. It was held four times, in Taipei, Taiwan. It was one of the most prestigious women's football events, prior to the advent of the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football. The competitions were organised by the Chinese Taipei Football Association and their success brought pressure on the global governing body FIFA to organise its own women's football tournaments. SSG Bergisch Gladbach of West Germany was the most successful participant, with two titles. They signed Taiwan's Chou Tai-ying after the 1987 tournament.

Gero Bisanz was a German football coach.

1982–1994: Difficult beginnings and first European titles

In September 1982, Bisanz organised two scouting training courses from which he selected a squad of 16 players. [6] The team's first international match took place on 10 November 1982 in Koblenz. Following the tradition of the men's team, Switzerland was chosen as West Germany's first opponent. Doris Kresimon scored the first international goal in the 25th minute. In the second half, 18-year-old Silvia Neid contributed two goals to the 5–1 victory; Neid later became the assistant coach in 1996 and the head coach in 2005. [5]

Koblenz Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Koblenz, spelled Coblenz before 1926, is a German city situated on both banks of the Rhine where it is joined by the Moselle.

The Switzerland women's national football team represents Switzerland in international women's football. The team played its first match in 1972.

Silvia Neid association football player

Silvia Neid is a retired professional German football player and manager. She is one of the most successful players in German women's football, having won seven national championships and six DFB-Pokal trophies. Between 2005 and 2016, Neid served as the head coach of the Germany women's national football team. She was the FIFA World Women's Coach of the Year in 2010, 2013 and 2016.

With five draws and one defeat, West Germany failed to qualify for the inaugural 1984 European Championship, finishing third in the qualifying group. [7] In the beginning, Bisanz's primary objective was to close the gap to the Scandinavian countries and Italy  – then the strongest teams in Europe. He emphasized training in basic skills and the need for an effective youth programme. [8] Starting in 1985, Bisanz increasingly called-up younger players, but at first had little success with this concept, as West Germany again failed to qualify for the 1987 European Championship finals. [9]

Undefeated and without conceding a goal, the German team qualified for the European Championship for the first time in 1989; the tournament was played on home soil in West Germany. The semi-final against Italy was the first international women's football match shown live on German television. [10] The game was decided by a penalty shootout, in which goalkeeper Marion Isbert saved three penalty kicks and scored the winning penalty herself. On 2 July 1989 in Osnabrück, West Germany played Norway in the final. Before a crowd of 22,000, they beat favourites Norway and won 4–1 with goals from Ursula Lohn, Heidi Mohr and Angelika Fehrmann. This victory marked the team's first international title. [11]

After the German reunification, the East German football association joined the DFB. The East German women's national football team had played only one official international match, losing 0–3 to Czechoslovakia in a friendly match on 9 May 1990. The unified German team defended their title successfully at the 1991 European Championship. After winning all games in the qualifying group, Germany again met Italy in the semi-final, this time winning 3–0. On 14 July 1991, the German team once more faced Norway in the final. The game went to extra time, during which Heidi Mohr and Silvia Neid scored for Germany and secured the 3–1 victory. [12]

In November 1991, Germany participated in the first Women's World Cup in China. Following victories over Nigeria, Taiwan and Italy, the German team reached the quarter-final without conceding a single goal. Silvia Neid scored the first German World Cup goal on 17 November 1991 against Nigeria. Germany won the quarter-final against Denmark 2–1 after extra time, but lost 2–5 in the semi-final to the United States, who went on to win the tournament. Following a 0–4 defeat in the third-place match against Sweden, Germany finished fourth in the tournament. [13]

The German team failed to defend their title at the 1993 European Championship, suffering a semi-final defeat to Italy in a penalty shootout, and later losing 1–3 against Denmark in the third-place playoff. [14] Despite the disappointing result, new talents such as Steffi Jones, Maren Meinert and Silke Rottenberg made their tournament debut and later became key players for the German team. [10]

1995–2002: Olympic and World Cup disappointments

Birgit Prinz scored in a major tournament for the first time in 1995. In 1995, Germany won its third European Championship. After winning all qualification matches, scoring 55 goals, the German team defeated England 6–2 over two legs in the semi-final. Germany met Sweden in the final, which was played at the Fritz Walter Stadion in Kaiserslautern, Germany, on 26 March 1995. The Swedish team managed to score early, but Germany came back to win 3–2 with goals from Maren Meinert, Birgit Prinz and Bettina Wiegmann. [15]

At the 1995 Women's World Cup in Sweden, the German team lost against the Scandinavian hosts, but still succeeded in winning their group by beating Japan and Brazil. Germany won the quarter-final against England 3–0, and defeated China 1–0 with a late goal by Bettina Wiegmann in the semi-final. On 18 June 1995 in Stockholm, the German team appeared in their first Women's World Cup final. Facing Norway, they lost the match 0–2, but as runners-up achieved their best World Cup result until then. [16]

Women's football was first played as an Olympic sport at the 1996 Summer Olympics. Bettina Wiegmann scored the first Olympic goal in the opening match against Japan, which Germany won 3–2. After losing their second group game against Norway 2–3, and drawing with Brazil 1–1, Germany was eliminated, finishing third in the group with four points from three matches. [17] Head coach Gero Bisanz resigned after the tournament and his assistant since 1983, Tina Theune, took over as the new national coach. Silvia Neid ended her playing career and was appointed the new assistant coach. [18]

The 1997 European Championship was the first test for new coach Theune. Following a defeat against Norway, Germany finished second in the qualifying group and only secured qualification by beating Iceland in a relegation play-off. After drawing with Italy and Norway, a victory over Denmark in the last group game saw the German team go through to the knockout stage. They beat Sweden 1–0 in the semi-final, and on 12 July 1997, claimed their fourth European championship with a 2–0 win over Italy, with goals from Sandra Minnert and Birgit Prinz. [19]

At the 1999 Women's World Cup in the United States, the German team also failed to qualify directly, but managed to beat the Ukraine in a qualifying play-off. Germany started their World Cup campaign by drawing with Italy and winning 6–0 over Mexico. In the last group game, Germany drew 3–3 against Brazil; by conceding a last minute equalizer, Germany failed to win the group and subsequently had to face the hosts in the quarter-final. With 54,642 people in attendance, among them U.S. President Bill Clinton, the crowd at the Jack Kent Cooke Stadium was the biggest the German team had ever played in front of. Despite leading twice, they lost 2–3 to the eventual World Cup winners. [20]

Germany competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics, winning all three group games against Australia, Brazil and Sweden. The German team dominated the semi-final against Norway, but lost the game 0–1 after an own goal by Tina Wunderlich in the 80th minute. [21] They beat Brazil 2–0 in the third place match with goals from Birgit Prinz and Renate Lingor, and won the bronze medal. [22] It was the first Olympic medal for the German Football Associations since 1988 when the men's team also won bronze. [23]

In 2001, Germany hosted the European Championship. Following victories over Sweden, Russia and England in the group stage, the German team beat Norway 1–0 in the semi-final courtesy of a diving header by Sandra Smisek. On 7 July 2001 in Ulm, they met Sweden in the final, which was played in heavy rain. The game was scoreless after 90 minutes and went to extra time, where Claudia Müller scored a golden goal and secured the fifth European title for Germany. [24]

2003–present: Two consecutive World Cup titles

Germany playing Sweden in the 2003 Women's World Cup final. FIFA Women's World Cup 2003 - Germany vs Sweden.jpg
Germany playing Sweden in the 2003 Women's World Cup final.

At the 2003 Women's World Cup in the United States, Germany was drawn in a group with Canada, Japan and Argentina. After winning all three group games, the German team defeated Russia 7–1 in the quarter-final, which set up another clash with the United States. Germany's Kerstin Garefrekes scored after 15 minutes and goalkeeper Silke Rottenberg made several key saves. In the dying minutes of the semi-final, Maren Meinert and Birgit Prinz sealed the 3–0 win. On 12 October 2003, Germany met Sweden in the World Cup final in Los Angeles. The Scandinavians went ahead before half time, but Maren Meinert equalized shortly after the break. The game went to extra time, where Nia Künzer headed the winning golden goal in the 98th minute to claim Germany's first Women's World Cup title. [25] Birgit Prinz was honoured as the tournament's best player and top goalscorer. [26]

With wins over China and Mexico, the German team finished first in their group at the 2004 Summer Olympics. They beat Nigeria 2–1 in the quarter-final, but suffered a 1–2 semi-final loss to the United States after extra time. In the third place match, Germany defeated Sweden 1–0 with a goal by Renate Lingor, winning the teams's second Olympic bronze medal. [27]

The 2005 European Championship was held in England. With wins over Norway, Italy and France in Round 1, the German team advanced to the semi-final, where they defeated Finland 4–1. On 19 June 2005, they met Norway for the third time in the European championship final. Germany won 3–1 with goals from Inka Grings, Renate Lingor and Birgit Prinz and added a sixth European title. [28] Head coach Tina Theune stepped down after the tournament and her assistant Silvia Neid took over as national coach. [18] In 2006, Germany won the annual Algarve Cup for the first time. [29]

Nadine Angerer saved a penalty in the 2007 Women's World Cup final. Nadine Angerer 01.jpg
Nadine Angerer saved a penalty in the 2007 Women's World Cup final.

As reigning world champion, Germany played the opening game at the 2007 Women's World Cup in China, outclassing Argentina 11–0. After a goalless draw against England and a 2–0 win over Japan, the German team defeated North Korea 3–0 in the quarter-final. They beat Norway by the same result in the semi-final, with goals from Kerstin Stegemann, Martina Müller and a Norwegian own goal. On 30 September 2007, Germany faced Brazil in the World Cup final in Shanghai. Birgit Prinz put Germany in front after half time and goalkeeper Nadine Angerer saved a penalty by Brazilian Marta. Simone Laudehr scored a second goal after 86 minutes, which sealed the German 2–0 victory. Germany was the first team (men's and women's game) to win the World Cup without conceding a goal and the first to successfully defend the Women's World Cup title. [30] With 14 goals, Prinz became the tournament's overall top goalscorer. [31]

In a replay of the 2007 World Cup final, the German team drew 0–0 with Brazil in the opening game at the 2008 Summer Olympics. They then beat both Nigeria and North Korea to advance to the quarter-final, where they defeated Sweden 2–0 after extra time. In the semi-final, Germany again met Brazil. Birgit Prinz scored in the 10th minute, but the German team lost 1–4 after conceding three goals to Brazilian counter-attacks in the second half. They beat Japan 2–0 for the bronze medal, with Fatmire Bajramaj scoring both goals. [32] The third consecutive semi-final loss at the Olympics was seen as a disappointment by both the players and the German press. [33] The team's overall performance and head coach Silvia Neid were harshly criticised in the media. [34]

Germany qualified for the 2009 European Championship in Finland winning all eight games and scoring 34 goals. They beat Norway, France and Iceland in the group stage to advance to the quarter-final, where they won 2–1 against Italy. After trailing Norway at half-time in the semi-final, the German team fought back to a 3–1 victory. On 10 September 2009, they defeated England 6–2 for their seventh European trophy. Birgit Prinz and Inka Grings scored twice, with Melanie Behringer and Kim Kulig also scoring. [35] Grings retained her award as the tournament's top scorer from 2005, while Germany extended their winning streak at the European Championship finals to a 19-match run dating back to 1997. [36]

Fara Williams calmly slots a penalty beyond Nadine Angerer at the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, to inflict Germany's first ever defeat by England FIFA Women's World Cup Canada 2015 - Edmonton (18821505113).jpg
Fara Williams calmly slots a penalty beyond Nadine Angerer at the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, to inflict Germany's first ever defeat by England

Germany hosted the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup and won the three games on the group stage, over Canada, France and Nigeria. On the quarterfinals, the team suffered an upset by Japan, who won on overtime with a goal by Karina Maruyama. The defeat broke the Germans' streak of sixteen undefeated games at the World Cup. [37] By failing to finish among the top two UEFA teams, Germany was unable to qualify for the 2012 Summer Olympics. [38]

At the 2013 European Championship in Sweden, the Germans won their sixth straight continental title, with the decisive game being a 1–0 victory over Norway. Goalkeeper Nadine Angerer, who stopped two penalties during the final, was chosen as the tournament's best player. [39] The 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup had Germany again reaching the top four. In the semi-final against the United States, Célia Šašić, who wound up as the tournament's top scorer, missed a penalty, and afterwards goals by Carli Lloyd and Kelley O'Hara lead to an American victory. [40] The third place match saw the Germans lose their first ever match to England after 21 contests, due to a penalty kick by Fara Williams during extra time. [41]

At the 2019 Women's World Cup Germany were in Group B with China PR, South Africa, and Spain. They topped the group with three wins and defeated Nigeria in the Round of 16. [42] Germany was eliminated by Sweden in the quarter-finals, losing to them for the first time in 24 years and conceding their only goals of the tournament and so failed to qualify for the Olympic football tournament of Tokyo 2020. [43]

Tournament record

World Cup

Germany is one of the most successful nations at the FIFA Women's World Cup, having won the tournament twice and finishing runner-up once. [44] The German team won the World Cup in 2003 and 2007. [25] [30] At the first World Cup in 1991, they finished in fourth place. [13] In 1995, Germany reached the World Cup final, but were defeated by Norway. [16] The team's worst results were quarter-final losses to the United States in 1999, [20] , Japan in 2011 [37] and Sweden in 2019. Overall, the German team has appeared in three Women's World Cup finals, and is a five-time semi-finalist. They have participated in every Women's World Cup and have a 30–5–9 win–draw–loss record. [31]

YearResultMatchesWinsDraws*LossesGFGA
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1991 Fourth place64021310
Flag of Sweden.svg 1995 Runners-up6402136
Flag of the United States.svg 1999 Quarter-finals4121127
Flag of the United States.svg 2003 Champions6600254
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2007 Champions6510210
Flag of Germany.svg 2011 Quarter-finals430174
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 2015 Fourth place7322206
Flag of France.svg 2019 Quarter-finals5401102
Total8/844305*912139
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Olympic Games

Women's football debuted at the 1996 Summer Olympics and Bettina Wiegmann scored the first Olympic goal in the opening game of the tournament. However, Germany failed to progress to the knockout stage and was eliminated after Round 1. [17] Four years later the German team won the bronze medal at the 2000 Summer Olympics. [22] They again finished third at both the 2004 and the 2008 Summer Olympics. [27] [32]

The German team has qualified for all Women's Olympic Football Tournaments until 2008. However, they failed to qualify for the 2012 tournament as UEFA used the 2011 World Cup for qualification, and Germany ended below France and Sweden. [45] The German team beat Sweden in the Olympics final in Rio in 2016 to obtain their first Olympic gold medal. [46]

YearResultMatchesWinsDrawsLossesGFGA
Flag of the United States.svg 1996 Round 1311166
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 2000 Third place540182
Flag of Greece.svg 2004 Third place5401143
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2008 Third place641174
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 2012 Did not qualify
Flag of Brazil.svg 2016 Champions6411146
Flag of Japan.svg 2020 Did not qualify
Total5/72517354921

European Championship

Germany failed to qualify for the first two UEFA European Championships in 1984 and 1987. [7] [9] Since 1989, the German team has participated in every tournament and is the record European champion with eight titles. Germany has won six consecutive championships from 1995 to 2013 and has an overall 31–6–3 win–draw–loss record. [28] The worst German result at the European championship finals was finishing fifth in 2017.

YearResultMatchesWinsDraws*LossesGFGA
1984****Did not qualify
Flag of Norway.svg 1987 Did not qualify
Flag of Germany.svg 1989 Champions211052
Flag of Denmark.svg 1991 Champions220061
Flag of Italy.svg 1993 Fourth place201124
Flag of England.svg Flag of Germany.svg Flag of Norway.svg Flag of Sweden.svg 1995 Champions3300144
Flag of Norway.svg Flag of Sweden.svg 1997 Champions532061
Flag of Germany.svg 2001 Champions5500131
Flag of England.svg 2005 Champions5500152
Flag of Finland.svg 2009 Champions6600215
Flag of Sweden.svg 2013 Champions641161
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2017 Quarter-finals421153
Total10/1240316*39324
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
****Missing flag indicates no host country; tournament was played in two-leg knockout rounds (with the exception of the 1995 final).

Coaches

Former German international Martina Voss-Tecklenburg is the current head coach of the German women's national football team. The coach's official title is DFB-Trainer and he or she is employed by the German Football Association. [47]

Head coach Martina Voss-Tecklenburg Martina Voss-Tecklenburg 2010 1.jpg
Head coach Martina Voss-Tecklenburg

Statistical summary

NameTenurePWDL%Achievements
Flag of Germany.svg Gero Bisanz 1982–1996127831727065.35 1984 European Championship – failed to qualify
1987 European Championship – failed to qualify
1989 European Championshipchampion
1991 European Championshipchampion
1991 Women's World Cup – fourth place
1993 European Championship – fourth place
1995 European Championshipchampion
1995 Women's World Cup – runner-up
1996 Summer Olympics – group stage
Flag of Germany.svg Tina Theune 1996–2005135931824068.89 1997 European Championshipchampion
1999 Women's World Cup – quarter-final
2000 Summer Olympics – bronze medal
2001 European Championshipchampion
2003 Women's World Cupchampion
2004 Summer Olympics – bronze medal
2005 European Championshipchampion
Flag of Germany.svg Silvia Neid 2005–20161691252222073.96 2007 Women's World Cupchampion
2008 Summer Olympics – bronze medal
2009 European Championshipchampion
2011 Women's World Cup – quarter-final
2012 Summer Olympics – failed to qualify
2013 European Championshipchampion
2015 Women's World Cup – fourth place
2016 Summer Olympicschampion
Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Jones 2016–2018221345059.09 2017 European Championship – quarter-final
Flag of Germany.svg Horst Hrubesch (interim)20188710087.50
Flag of Germany.svg Martina Voss-Tecklenburg 2019–11911081.82 2019 Women's World Cup – quarter-final
2020 Summer Olympics – failed to qualify
Total4713296379069.85
*Key: P–games played, W–games won, D–games drawn; L–games lost, %–win percentage. Statistics as of 3 September 2019. [54] [55]

Venues

The German national football team has no national stadium. Like the men, the women's team play their home matches in different stadiums throughout the country. As of June 2011, they have played in 87 different German cities. Most home games have been held in Osnabrück with six matches, followed by Ulm (five games), and Bochum, Kaiserslautern, Koblenz, Lüdenscheid, Rheine, Siegen and Weil am Rhein (three games each). [54] The first home match in former East Germany was played in Aue in May 1991. [56]

Germany playing Brazil before a crowd of 44,825 in Frankfurt. Germany-Brazil.jpg
Germany playing Brazil before a crowd of 44,825 in Frankfurt.

In the 1980s and 1990s, home matches were mostly played in smaller towns with no professional football clubs. As the team became more successful, especially after the World Cup win in 2003, the number of spectators rose accordingly. Today, the team usually plays in stadiums with 10,000 to 25,000 seats. [57] The ten largest German cities have only hosted five international matches. The team have played twice in Frankfurt and Berlin, and once Hamburg. Bremen, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Essen, Cologne, Munich and Stuttgart have never hosted an international match of the women's team. [54]

Outside Germany, they have played the most games in Faro, Portugal (10 matches), and Guangzhou, China (six matches), the host cities of the annual Algarve Cup and the Four Nations Tournament respectively. They have also played five games in Albufeira, Portugal (also an Algarve Cup venue), and four times in Minneapolis in the United States. [54]

The record attendance for Germany was 73,680 in the 2011 Women's World Cup opening game against Canada at the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. [58] That game also set a new European record in women's football. Away from home, the team's crowd record was 54,642 in the 1999 Women's World Cup quarter-final against the United States at the Jack Kent Cooke Stadium in Landover. [59]

Colours

Emblem for the Olympic Games Coat of Arms of Germany.svg
Emblem for the Olympic Games

The German women's national football team wears white shirts with black shorts and white socks, following the tradition of the German men's team  – black and white are the colours of Prussia. [60] The current change kit is red and black, with black shorts and red socks. [61] In the past, Germany also used green shirts with white shorts and green socks as the away kit. [62]

The women's national team originally played with the emblem of the German men's team, a variation of the DFB logo with the Federal Eagle of Germany (Bundesadler) and three stars at the top for the men's 1954, 1974 and 1990 World Cup titles. Since their first Women's World Cup win in 2003, the team displays its own World Cup titles; initially with one star, [63] and since 2007, with two stars at the top of the emblem. [64] While being reigning world champions, Germany also displayed the newly created "FIFA Women's World Champions Badge" on their shirts from 2009 until 2011 when they were succeeded by Japan. [65]

Verse of the national anthem on the collar. BluehImGlanzeDiesesGlueckes.jpg
Verse of the national anthem on the collar.

In accordance with the rules of the International Olympic Committee, [66] Germany does not wear its official uniform with the logo of the German Football Association while competing at the Summer Olympics. Instead, the DFB badge is replaced by the coat of arms of Germany. [64] Like all DFB squads, the women's national team is supplied by Adidas, [61] which had provided a specifically designed female football jersey since 1999. [67] The team's main sponsor is the German insurance company Allianz. [68]

Acceptance and popularity

For most of the 20th century, women's football was a niche sport in Germany and was frowned upon. When the DFB appointed Gero Bisanz to coach the newly founded women's national team, he was initially very reluctant about his assignment and feared it would harm his reputation. [57] Winning the 1989 European Championship was the team's first international success, but it had little lasting effect on their popularity. As a gift for the first European trophy, every player received a tea set, which is often cited as an example of male chauvinism and general lack of interest in the women's national team at that time. [57] This attitude within the German Football Association has changed considerably in the last two decades, in particular during the term of Theo Zwanziger as DFB president, an outspoken supporter of women's football. [69] Each member of the 2003 Women's World Cup squad received a prearranged bonus of 15,000 euros for winning the tournament; four years later the players received 50,000 euros for their successful title defense. [70] In 2009, one million of the 6.7 million DFB members were female. [71]

The 2003 World Cup title marked the breakthrough for the women's national football team in Germany. The final was watched by 10.48 million viewers on German television (a 33.2 percent market share) [72] and the German team was welcomed home by almost 10,000 fans at Frankfurt's city hall. [73] Later that year, they were honoured as the 2003 German Sports Team of the Year. [74] Nia Künzer's World Cup winning golden goal was voted Germany's 2003 Goal of the Year, the first time the award was won by a female player. [75] Since 2005, almost all of the women's national football team's matches have been shown live on German television. [76]

Arrival in Frankfurt after winning the 2007 Women's World Cup Roemerbalkon-weltmeisterinnen-empfang2007-001.jpg
Arrival in Frankfurt after winning the 2007 Women's World Cup

The final of the 2007 Women's World Cup was seen by 9.05 million television viewers (a 50.5 percent market share). [72] After the team returned to Germany, they were celebrated by a crowd of 20,000 in Frankfurt. [73] In December 2007, all players of the World Cup squad received the Silberne Lorbeerblatt (Silver Laurel Leaf), the highest state decoration for athletes in Germany. National coach Silvia Neid was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon by German president Horst Köhler. [77]

In 2009, the team's six home matches had an average attendance of 22,753. [78] In a survey of German football fans, 65 percent of the male and 62 percent of the female respondents said they were interested in women's football. [79] However, this popularity is mostly limited to international matches. Although the number of spectators in the women's Bundesliga has more than doubled since 2003, [80] the average attendance in the 2007–08 season (887) [81] was still less than three percent of that of the men's Bundesliga (38,612). [82]

Today, women's football is socially accepted in Germany, although one of the main points of criticism remains the alleged lack of quality compared to the men's game. The German women's national team has played several exhibition matches against male teams, most notably losing 0–3 to the VfB Stuttgart Under-17 squad in preparation for the 2003 World Cup. [69] Most German players dismiss comparisons between the quality of men's and women's football; Renate Lingor has said they are "two entirely different sports". [83] Players such as Simone Laudehr, Ariane Hingst and Melanie Behringer have stated that men's football is played at a much faster pace, but also has more interruptions and brutal tackling than the women's game. [67] [84] Linda Bresonik has said she generally prefers to watch men's football. [84]

Results and fixtures

2018

2019

2020

Team

Current squad

The following 23 players were named to the squad for the UEFA Women's Euro 2021 qualifying matches against Montenegro and Ukraine on 31 August and 3 September 2019. [85]

Caps and goals as of 31 August 2019. [86]

Head coach: Martina Voss-Tecklenburg

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Merle Frohms (1995-01-28) 28 January 1995 (age 24)60 Flag of Germany.svg SC Freiburg
32 DF Kathrin Hendrich (1992-04-06) 6 April 1992 (age 27)314 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
42 DF Leonie Maier (1992-09-29) 29 September 1992 (age 26)7111 Flag of England.svg Arsenal
53 MF Felicitas Rauch (1996-04-30) 30 April 1996 (age 23)101 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg
63 MF Lena Oberdorf (2001-12-19) 19 December 2001 (age 17)91 Flag of Germany.svg SGS Essen
74 FW Lea Schüller (1997-11-12) 12 November 1997 (age 21)1810 Flag of Germany.svg SGS Essen
84 FW Pauline Bremer (1996-04-10) 10 April 1996 (age 23)173 Flag of England.svg Manchester City
93 MF Svenja Huth (1991-01-25) 25 January 1991 (age 28)519 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg
103 MF Dzsenifer Marozsán (1992-04-18) 18 April 1992 (age 27)9432 Flag of France.svg Lyon
114 FW Alexandra Popp (C) (1991-04-06) 6 April 1991 (age 28)10351 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg
121 GK Laura Benkarth (1992-10-14) 14 October 1992 (age 26)80 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
133 MF Sara Däbritz (1995-02-15) 15 February 1995 (age 24)6716 Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain
142 DF Johanna Elsig (1992-11-01) 1 November 1992 (age 26)120 Flag of Germany.svg Turbine Potsdam
153 MF Giulia Gwinn (1999-07-02) 2 July 1999 (age 20)152 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
163 MF Linda Dallmann (1994-09-02) 2 September 1994 (age 25)256 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
172 DF Verena Schweers (1989-05-22) 22 May 1989 (age 30)473 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
183 MF Sandra Starke (1993-07-31) 31 July 1993 (age 26)00 Flag of Germany.svg SC Freiburg
194 FW Klara Bühl (2000-12-07) 7 December 2000 (age 18)72 Flag of Germany.svg SC Freiburg
203 MF Lina Magull (1994-08-15) 15 August 1994 (age 25)3810 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich
211 GK Lisa Schmitz (1992-05-04) 4 May 1992 (age 27)20 Flag of France.svg Montpellier HSC
223 MF Turid Knaak (1991-01-24) 24 January 1991 (age 28)102 Flag of Germany.svg SGS Essen
232 DF Sara Doorsoun (1991-11-17) 17 November 1991 (age 27)321 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg

Recent call-ups

The following players were named to a squad in the last 12 months.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Almuth Schult (1991-02-09) 9 February 1991 (age 28)640 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup
GK Carina Schlüter (1996-11-08) 8 November 1996 (age 22)10 Flag of Germany.svg SC Sand v. Flag of Japan.svg  Japan, 9 April 2019
GK Meike Kämper (1994-04-23) 23 April 1994 (age 25)00 Flag of Germany.svg MSV Duisburg v. Flag of France.svg  France, 28 February 2019
GK Ann-Katrin Berger (1990-10-09) 9 October 1990 (age 28)00 Flag of England.svg Chelsea v. Flag of Spain.svg  Spain, 13 November 2018

DF Carolin Simon (1992-11-24) 24 November 1992 (age 26)203 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich v. Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro, 31 August 2019
DF Marina Hegering (1990-04-17) 17 April 1990 (age 29)80 Flag of Germany.svg SGS Essen 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup
DF Janina Hechler (1999-01-28) 28 January 1999 (age 20)00 Flag of Germany.svg 1. FFC Frankfurt v. Flag of Spain.svg  Spain, 13 November 2018
DF Maximiliane Rall (1993-11-18) 18 November 1993 (age 25)20 Flag of Germany.svg TSG Hoffenheim v. Flag of Spain.svg  Spain, 13 November 2018
DF Joelle Wedemeyer (1996-08-12) 12 August 1996 (age 23)10 Flag of Germany.svg VfL Wolfsburg v. Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands, 4 September 2018

MF Melanie Leupolz (1994-04-14) 14 April 1994 (age 25)629 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich v. Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro, 31 August 2019
MF Lena Lattwein (2000-05-02) 2 May 2000 (age 19)40 Flag of Germany.svg TSG Hoffenheim v. Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro, 31 August 2019
MF Sydney Lohmann (2000-06-19) 19 June 2000 (age 19)10 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup PRE
MF Kristin Demann (1993-04-07) 7 April 1993 (age 26)201 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich v. Flag of Chile.svg  Chile, 30 May 2019 INJ

FW Lena Petermann (1994-02-05) 5 February 1994 (age 25)195 Flag of Germany.svg Turbine Potsdam v. Flag of Spain.svg  Spain, 13 November 2018
FW Nicole Rolser (1992-02-07) 7 February 1992 (age 27)20 Flag of Germany.svg Bayern Munich v. Flag of Spain.svg  Spain, 13 November 2018

Notes:

Records

Birgit Prinz is the most capped German player with 214 caps, and the top ever scorer with 128. Birgit Prinz.jpg
Birgit Prinz is the most capped German player with 214 caps, and the top ever scorer with 128.

Birgit Prinz, a former team captain who retired after the 2011 World Cup, [87] holds the record for Germany and European appearances, having played 214 times from 1994 to 2011. She is one of 21 German players to have reached 100 caps. [88] Kerstin Stegemann is second, having played 191 times. Bettina Wiegmann, Germany's team captain during the 2003 World Cup win, comes fourth with 154 games. [88] Prinz exceeded Wiegmann's record as the most capped player in November 2006. [89] Wiegmann is the only honorary captain of the German women's national football team. [90]

The title of Germany's highest goalscorer is also held by Prinz. She scored her first goal in July 1994 against Canada and finished her career with 128 goals (averaging 0.60 goals per game). [91] Heidi Mohr, as well as being the second-highest scorer, is also the most prolific with 83 goals coming from 104 games (averaging 0.80 goals per game). [91] Two players share the record for goals scored in one match: Conny Pohlers scored five goals in October 2001 against Portugal, [92] and Inka Grings scored five times in February 2004, again facing Portugal. [93] Silvia Neid, the former German national coach, is the sixth highest goalscorer with 48 goals in 111 games. [91]

The largest margin of victory achieved by Germany is 17–0 against Kazakhstan during a European Championship qualifying game in November 2011. [94] The record defeat, a 0–6 deficit against the United States, occurred during a friendly match in March 1996. [95]

Former goalkeeper Nadine Angerer has the most appearances for a goalkeeper, with 145 games as goal keeper (89 without conceding a goal) and one game as a substitute as defender. [96] Silke Rottenberg is second with 126 caps and 68 games without conceding a goal. [97] Bettina Wiegmann holds the record of 14 goals from penalty kicks; Renate Lingor comes in second with 8 goals. [98] Tina Wunderlich scored the team's only own goal in the semi-final of the 2000 Summer Olympics against Norway; it was the game's only goal. [99]

The German team also holds several international records. In 2007, they were the first to win two consecutive Women's World Cup titles and they achieved the then-biggest win in tournament history by beating Argentina 11–0, [31] Germany is also the only team to win either the men's or women's World Cup without conceding a goal and the only country to win both World Cups. [30] [100] With 14 goals, Prinz became the overall top goalscorer at the Women's World Cup in 2007, [31] and she and Brazilian Marta are the only women to have received the FIFA World Player of the Year award at least three times. [101]

Most capped players

#NameGermany careerCaps
1 Birgit Prinz 1994–2011214
2 Kerstin Stegemann 1995–2009191
3 Ariane Hingst 1996–2011174
4 Anja Mittag 2004–2017158
5 Bettina Wiegmann 1989–2003154
6 Renate Lingor 1995–2008149
7 Sandra Minnert 1992–2007147
8 Nadine Angerer 1996–2015146
9 Doris Fitschen 1986–2001144
10 Annike Krahn 2007–2016137
*Active players in bold, statistics as of 3 September 2019. [91] [88]

Top goalscorers

#NameGermany careerGoalsCapsGoals per game
1 Birgit Prinz 1994–20111282140.60
2 Heidi Mohr 1986–1996831040.80
3 Inka Grings 1996–201264960.67
4 Célia Šašić 2005–2015631110.57
5 Alexandra Popp 2010–511030.50
Bettina Wiegmann 1989–2003511540.33
7 Anja Mittag 2004–2017501580.32
8 Silvia Neid 1982–1996481110.43
9 Kerstin Garefrekes 2001–2011431300.33
10 Martina Müller 2001–2014371010.37

Titles

Achievements
Preceded by
1999 United States  Flag of the United States.svg
World Champions
2003 (first title)
2007 (second title)
Succeeded by
2011 Japan  Flag of Japan.svg
Preceded by
2012 United States  Flag of the United States.svg
Olympic champions
2016 (first title)
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
1987 Norway  Flag of Norway.svg
European Champions
1989 (first title)
1991 (second title)
Succeeded by
1993 Norway  Flag of Norway.svg
Preceded by
1993 Norway  Flag of Norway.svg
European Champions
1995 (third title)
1997 (fourth title)
2001 (fifth title)
2005 (sixth title)
2009 (seventh title)
2013 (eighth title)
Succeeded by
2017 Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg

See also

Related Research Articles

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