Gerolamo Mengozzi Colonna

Last updated

Gerolamo Mengozzi Colonna (1688 – Venice, 27 October 1774) was an Italian painter, mostly of frescoed quadratura.

Contents

Biography

Born in Ferrara, Gerolamo was a pupil of the painters of architectural perspective painters Antonio Felice Ferrari and Francesco Scala in Emilia-Romagna. He moved to Venice by 1716, where he began collaborations that spanned over four decades with Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and his son Giandomenico.

By 1716, he signs a contract with Mattia Bortoloni to decorate in fresco the Villa Cornaro in Piombino Dese for the patrician Andrea Cornaro. [1] It is presumed that the two latter artists collaborated in decorating the octagonal room of the Villa Morosini Vendramin Calergi in Fiesso Umbertiano.

Mengozzi's first collaboration with Tiepolo was the decoration of the hall on the first floor (1719-1720) of the Villa Baglioni in Massanzago, depicting the Myth of Phaeton on the walls and the Triumph of Aurora on the ceiling. This was followed by the Apotheosis of Santa Teresa (1724-1725) in the vault of a chapel of the church of Santa Maria degli Scalzi. He also collaborated with Tiepolo in paintings for the church of the Cappucini in the sestiere of Castello. [2] The products of these collaborations featured Mengozzi in the quadratura or painted architectural vistas, and Tiepolo painting the figures.

In 1726, he worked with Tiepolo in the gallery of the archbishop's palace and the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament in the Cathedral of Udine. This work was commissioned by the patrician Dionisio Dolfin. The frescoed scenes of Dream of Jacob, Sacrifice of Isaac, Hagar in the Desert, Rachel and the Idols, Abraham and the Angels, and Sarah and the Angel were all completed in collaboration with Mengozzi [3]

Together with the Tiepolo, Mengozzi helped decorate the Venetian Palazzo Labia in 1745-1747 . [4] The ceiling depicts Bellerophon on Pegasus in flight toward the Glory and Eternity, while the walls are frescoed with the Meeting and Banquet of Anthony and Cleopatra. The quadratura painted frames the events. [5]

Mengozzi's contribution to the fresco of Bellerophon is the Trompe-l'oeil architecture around scenes, doorways and framing this oval Giovanni Battista Tiepolo - Bellerophon on Pegasus - WGA22315.jpg
Mengozzi's contribution to the fresco of Bellerophon is the Trompe-l'œil architecture around scenes, doorways and framing this oval

During most of the years between 1720 and 1743, Mengozzi is a member of the Venetian painters' guild. He journeyed to Rome in 1724. He entered the Academy of St. Luke, gave lectures in perspective in 1725-26. Returning to Venice, in 1727 he became a member of the newly formed Accademia of Fine Arts in Venice, and became a professor by 1766.

Between 1728 and 1733, he also worked as a scenic designer, a common pursuit for quadraturistas. He painted sets for the theaters of San Samuele and of San Giovanni Grisostomo. Between 1749-1750 he also worked with sets of Teatro Regio in Turin. He was employed in decoration of the Palazzina di Caccia of Stupinigi.

Mengozzi also collaborated with the son of Giovanni Battista, Giandomenico Tiepolo. In 1754 he completed architectural perspective for scenes filled with figures by Giandomenico in the church of Santi Faustino e Giovita in Brescia. In 1757, with father and son Tiepolo, he painted the walls of the Palazzo Valmarana at Vicenza. Later that year, he collaborated with the elder Tiepolo in decorating certain salons in Ca' Rezzonico. [6] In the Palazzo Rezzonico, Tiepolo and Mengozzi were commissioned to decorate rooms for the wedding of Louis and Faustina Savorgnan. In the wedding room ceiling, we see the couple carried on Apollo's chariot, drawn by four white horses, preceded by Cupid, blindfolded and surrounded by allegorical figures: the three Graces, Fame, Wisdom, bearing the flag of Merit with the heraldic arms of the Rezzonico and Savorgnan family. Again Tiepolo made the figures, while Mengozzi frames the scenes. In the Throne Room, they depicted the Triumph of Merit, which ascends to the temple of glory. Between 1760 and 1762 and Mengozzi and the elder Tiepolo collaborated in the massive Glory of the Pisani family on the ceiling of the central hall in the Villa Pisani at Stra.

With the departure of Tiepolo for Spain in 1762, Mengozzi began a collaboration with Jacopo Guarana, a pupil of Tiepolo, in the chapel of the ducal palace. In addition, Mengozzi's son, Agostino (Venice, c. 1725-1792), also became well known as a quadraturista. Among his pupils was Giovanni Giacomo Monti. [7]

Sources

  1. Treccani Encyclopedia, entry by Nicolette Mandarano
  2. Boni, page 640
  3. "Udine City Hall Website". Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  4. The Glory of Venice: Art in the Eighteenth Century (1994), by Jane Martineau, Andre Robison. page 194
  5. Enciclopedia Treccani
  6. Enciclopedia Treccani
  7. Gli artisti italiani e stranieri negli stati estensi catalogo storico ... By Giuseppe Campori, page 324.

Related Research Articles

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo 18th-century Italian painter

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, also known as GiambattistaTiepolo, was an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice who painted in the Rococo style, considered an important member of the 18th-century Venetian school. He was prolific, and worked not only in Italy, but also in Germany and Spain.

Ca Rezzonico Art museum, Historic site in Venice, Italy

Ca' Rezzonico is a palazzo on the Grand Canal in the Dorsoduro sestiere of Venice, Italy. It is a particularly notable example of the 18th century Venetian baroque and rococo architecture and interior decoration, and displays paintings by the leading Venetian painters of the period, including Francesco Guardi and Giambattista Tiepolo. It is a public museum dedicated to 18th-century Venice and one of the 11 venues managed by the Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia.

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo

Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo was an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. He was the son of artist Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and elder brother of Lorenzo Baldissera Tiepolo.

Illusionistic ceiling painting Artistic tradition

Illusionistic ceiling painting, which includes the techniques of perspective di sotto in sù and quadratura, is the tradition in Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo art in which trompe-l'œil, perspective tools such as foreshortening, and other spatial effects are used to create the illusion of three-dimensional space on an otherwise two-dimensional or mostly flat ceiling surface above the viewer. It is frequently used to create the illusion of an open sky, such as with the oculus in Andrea Mantegna's Camera degli Sposi, or the illusion of an architectural space such as the cupola, one of Andrea Pozzo's frescoes in Sant'Ignazio, Rome. Illusionistic ceiling painting belongs to the general class of illusionism in art, designed to create accurate representations of reality.

Sebastiano Ricci Italian painter

Sebastiano Ricci was an Italian painter of the late Baroque school of Venice. About the same age as Piazzetta, and an elder contemporary of Tiepolo, he represents a late version of the vigorous and luminous Cortonesque style of grand manner fresco painting.

Angelo Michele Colonna

Angelo Michele Colonna was an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active in Bologna, northern and central Italy and Spain. He is sometimes referred to as Michelangelo Colonna.

Domenico Ambrogi Italian painter

Domenico Ambrogi was an Italian painter from Bologna of the 17th century, also called Menichino or Menghino del Brizio, after a master. Mainly known as a decorator of quadratura. He is also known as Domenico degli Ambrogi. He trained with Francesco Brizio, Bernardino Baldi, and Denis Calvaert.

Tommaso Aldrovandini Italian painter (1653–1736)

Tommaso Aldrovandini was an Italian painter of the Baroque period. He mainly painted perspective views and architectural subjects (quadratura), in which the figures were painted by Marcantonio Franceschini and Carlo Cignani. He decorated churches, palaces, and theaters in Forlì, Verona, Venice, Parma, Turin, Ferrara, and Genoa, and especially in his native Bologna. Among his pupils was Giovanni Benedetto Paolazzi.

Rinaldo Botti was an Italian painter active in the Baroque period. He was a pupil of Jacopo Chiavistelli, and specialized in quadratura. He collaborated with Andrea Landini in frescoing some salons of Villas belonging to the Corsini family. He painted the ceiling of Santa Elisabetta delle Convertite.

Francesco Zugno

Francesco Zugno was an Italian painter of the Rococo period who had a successful career in Venice.

Palazzo Barbarigo Minotto

The Palazzo Barbarigo Minotto is a 15th-century palace on the Grand Canal in Venice, northern Italy, next to the much larger Palazzo Corner. Built in the Venetian Gothic style, it was originally two palaces, Palazzo Barbarigo and Palazzo Minotto, later joined together. The Barbarigo palace was owned by the Barbarigo family for several centuries and was the birthplace of Gregorio Barbarigo, who once refused the Papal Crown. It was later owned by the Minotto and Martinengo families.

Scalzi, Venice

Santa Maria di Nazareth is a Roman Catholic Carmelite church in Venice, northern Italy. It is also called Church of the Scalzi being the seat in the city of the Discalced Carmelites religious order. Located in the sestiere of Cannaregio, near Venezia Santa Lucia railway station, it was built in the mid-17th century to the designs of Baldassarre Longhena and completed in the last decades of that century.

Jacopo Guarana

Jacopo Guarana was a Venetian painter of the late Baroque period who was born in Verona. He was active mainly in Venice and its mainland territories.

Pietro Anderlini Italian painter

Pietro Anderlini, also Andorlini, (1687–1755) was an Italian painter of the Rococo period.

Giovanni Zanardi

Giovanni Zanardi was an Italian painter of quadratura during the late Baroque period.

Vincenzo Guarana was an Italian painter, active mainly in Venice and its mainland territories.

Giovanni Battista Mengardi Italian painter

Giovanni Battista Mengardi, or Giambattista Mengardi was an Italian painter and art restorer.

Fabio Canal

Fabio Canal or Canale was an Italian painter of the late Baroque era, active mainly depicting history and sacred subjects in his native Venice.

Giovanni Battista Canal or Canale was an Italian painter of the late Baroque and early Neoclassical era, active mainly depicting history and sacred subjects in his native Venice.

Giovanni Battista Crosato

Giovanni Battista Crosato was an Italian painter of quadratura, active in the 18th century in Piedmont.