Gerroa, New South Wales

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Gerroa
New South Wales
Gerroa with rainforest hill.jpg
Gerroa, rainforest hill and the Crooked River
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Gerroa
Coordinates 34°46.194′S150°48.788′E / 34.769900°S 150.813133°E / -34.769900; 150.813133 Coordinates: 34°46.194′S150°48.788′E / 34.769900°S 150.813133°E / -34.769900; 150.813133
Population673 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2534
Location
LGA(s) Municipality of Kiama
County Camden
Parish Broughton
State electorate(s) Kiama
Federal Division(s) Gilmore
Localities around Gerroa:
Toolijooa Gerringong
Berry Gerroa Tasman Sea
Berry
Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith CEKSmith.jpg
Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith

Gerroa is a coastal town in the Municipality of Kiama, in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia [2] 133 kilometres south of Sydney. It is considered to be the southernmost town in the Illawarra region. Nearby towns are Gerringong, Kiama and Berry.

Contents

Situated at the northern end of Seven Mile Beach and the head of Crooked River, the original village was once a retreat for various religious orders. Today it is a popular holiday town, and residence for retirees. Many houses have impressive views of the beach and Mount Coolangatta. At the 2016 census, the population was 673, [1] although the population swells, particularly at Easter and the Christmas−New Year break. Many holiday makers stay at the caravan park, by the Crooked River.

Outdoors

Nearby is Seven Mile Beach National Park, a well regarded area for bird watching, walking and fishing. Hang gliding, paragliding, sailing, windsurfing, [3] and surfing are also enjoyed here. [4] Black Head is suited to rock fishing, though it may be dangerous in high seas. A golf course is situated just north of the town. The rainforest remnants on the hill above the town and behind the beach contain interesting sub-tropical species, such as Snow-wood, Illawarra Plum and Camphorwood. [5] [6] The original vegetation was littoral (seaside) rainforest. Possums, wombats and falcons as well as many other indigenous animals may be seen near the town. Whales are commonly spotted in winter months heading north.

History

Indigenous history

The Aboriginal Wodi Wodi people of the language group Dharawal had been using the land for around 20,000 years. They moved to different locations every six weeks or so in family groups. The fertile bushland would have provided a good supply of food.

European history

The first white people to visit the area were probably survivors of the shipwreck of Sydney Cove. They passed through this area in 1797. As early as 1814, cedar cutters explored the area around nearby Gerringong. The cedar cutters or "sawyers" as they called themselves were so described:

"... the true pioneers of European civilisation. Long and before the farmer or grazier had set foot in those wilds-years prior to the novelty of clearing off and fencing in-the tent of the sawyer was a familiar object to the local blacks. With but few exceptions, the earlier cedar-cutters were convicts out on ticket of leave. Many of the blackest-dyed ruffians of their time were to be found in the ranks of the Illawarra sawyers."

In August 1824, the colonial Governor Thomas Brisbane instructed surveyor James McBrien to survey the land surrounding "Long Nose Point", now known as Black Head Point at Gerroa.

In 1929, Wizard Smith set an Australian land speed record at Seven Mile Beach. [7] The first recording of a car speed of a hundred miles an hour in Australia was recorded on the beach.

On 11 January 1933 Sir Charles Kingsford Smith undertook his historic first commercial flight from Seven Mile Beach to New Zealand. The Southern Cross took 14 hours and ten minutes to make the journey to New Plymouth. The flight commenced at 2.50 am, watched by a crowd of thousands of visitors and local residents. Some had their car headlights turned on to assist Kingsford-Smith in his take off. A memorial plaque and lookout at Gerroa marks the event. [7]

Population

In the 2016 Census, there were 673 people in Gerroa. 77.2% of people were born in Australia and 84.3% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 27.3%, No Religion 24.5% and Anglican 18.1%. [1]

Climate

Gerroa has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with humid and warm summers and cool wet winters. Maximum summer temperatures usually range from 23 to 35 degrees C. Though temperatures of 40 degrees are not unknown. In winter, temperatures can be as low as 5 degrees. The annual average rainfall at nearby Kiama is 1258 mm. [8] The town is occasionally exposed to strong southerly and westerly winds. Westerly gusts of 140 km/h have been measured on two occasions in the past 10 years, the most recent occurrence causing some roof damage to houses near Black Head.

Geology

Soils in the area are based on the Gerringong Volcanics, of Permian latite. As well as the volcanically based Budgong Sandstone, both of which produce relatively fertile red/brown soils. [9] South of the town, by the river and beach the soils are alluvial are sandy.

Notable residents of Gerroa

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gerroa (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "Gerroa". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 19 February 2011. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  3. Winner, Ken (1995). Windsurfing . Human Kinetics. pp.  94. ISBN   0-87322-760-3. Gerroa.
  4. Thornley, Mark; Dante, Veda; Wilson, Peter (2003). Surfing Australia: A Guide to the Best Surfing Down Under. Tuttle Publishing. p. 108. ISBN   962-593-774-9.
  5. Floyd, A. G. (2008). Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia (2nd, Revised ed.). Lismore, New South Wales: Terania Rainforest Publishing. ISBN   978-0-958943-67-3 . Retrieved 26 August 2011.
  6. Leon Fuller & Kevin Mills - Native Trees of Central Illawarra ISBN   0-9594711-2-X page 167
  7. 1 2 "Gerringong History". Gerringong: TravellerTV. 2002. Archived from the original on 11 September 2004.
  8. "Kiama: Climate statistics for Australian locations". Kiama.
  9. Leon Fuller & Kevin Mills - Native Trees of Central Illawarra ISBN   0-9594711-2-X page 24
  10. "Hansard". NSW Parliament. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2011.