Gers

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Gers
Auch - Prefecture -1.jpg
Prefecture building in Auch
Flag of Gers.svg
Blason departement fr Gers.svg
Gers-Position.svg
Location of Gers in France
Coordinates: 43°39′N0°35′E / 43.650°N 0.583°E / 43.650; 0.583 Coordinates: 43°39′N0°35′E / 43.650°N 0.583°E / 43.650; 0.583
Country France
Region Occitanie
Prefecture Auch
Subprefectures Condom
Mirande
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Philippe Martin (PS)
Area
1
  Total6,257 km2 (2,416 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total190,664
  Rank 90th
  Density30/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 32
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 461
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Gers (French:  [ʒɛʁ(s)] ; Occitan:  [dʒɛɾs] ) is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. [1] Named after the Gers River, its inhabitants are called the Gersois and Gersoises in French. In 2016, it had a population of 190,664.

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, the Lordship of L'Isle-Jourdain was nearby.

Gers is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony. It is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. In 1808 it lost Lavit on its north-eastern side to the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne. [2]

Culture

The culture is largely agricultural, with great emphasis on the local gastronomical specialties such as:

Also, some prominent cultivated crops are corn, colza, sunflowers and grain.

The Gascon language is a dialect of Occitan, but it is not widely spoken. The department is characterised by sleepy bastide villages and rolling hills with the Pyrenees visible to the south. Alexandre Dumas, père created the famous Gersois d'Artagnan, the fourth musketeer of The Three Musketeers . A museum to d'Artagnan is found in the Gersois village of Lupiac.

A horse race at the Auteuil Hippodrome has been named after André Boingnères, a notable local race-horse owner and the successful Mayor of Termes-d'Armagnac between 1951 and 1976.

Politics

Departmental Council of Gers

The President of the Departmental Council of Gers Philippe Martin of the Socialist Party since 2014. The assembly comprises 34 seats, allocated as follow since the 2015 departmental elections:

PartySeats
Socialist Party 22
The Republicans 12

Members of the National Assembly

Gers elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Gers's 1st constituency Jean-René Cazeneuve La République En Marche!
Gers's 2nd constituency Gisèle Biémouret Socialist Party

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801257,609    
1806287,021+2.19%
1821301,336+0.32%
1831312,160+0.35%
1841311,447−0.02%
1851307,479−0.13%
1861298,931−0.28%
1872284,717−0.44%
1881281,532−0.12%
1891261,084−0.75%
1901238,448−0.90%
1911221,994−0.71%
1921194,406−1.32%
1931193,134−0.07%
1936192,451−0.07%
1946190,431−0.11%
1954185,111−0.35%
1962182,264−0.19%
1968181,577−0.06%
1975175,366−0.50%
1982174,154−0.10%
1990174,587+0.03%
1999172,335−0.14%
2006181,375+0.73%
2011188,893+0.82%
2016190,664+0.19%
source: [4]

Located in Southwestern France, Gers is often referred to as amongst the least densely populated, least urban, or most rural, areas in all of Western Europe. List of the 10 most important cities of the department:

#MunicipalityPopulation (2016)
1 Auch 21 911
2 L'Isle-Jourdain 8 012
3 Condom 7 003
4 Fleurance 6 280
5 Lectoure 3 730
6 Eauze 3 877
7 Mirande 3 572
8 Vic-Fezensac 3 563
9 Gimont 2 871
10 Pavie 2 426

Climate

The annual rain varies from more than 900 mm in the south-west of the department, to less than 700 mm in the North-East (Auch, Condom, Lectoure).

The winters vary, with only occasional freezing temperatures, but the climate remains mild and dry. The amount of sunshine is about 1950 hours/years.

The summers are hot and dry. Auch is, together with Toulouse, Nîmes, Carpentras, Ajaccio, Marseille, Toulon and Perpignan, one of the hottest cities in France.

Tourism

According to recent data tourism represents annually:

See also

Related Research Articles

Gascony Former French territory

Gascony was a province of southwestern France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution. The region is vaguely defined, and the distinction between Guyenne and Gascony is unclear; by some they are seen to overlap, while others consider Gascony a part of Guyenne. Most definitions put Gascony east and south of Bordeaux.

Tarn-et-Garonne Department of France

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department Southwestern France. It is traversed by the rivers Tarn and Garonne, from which it takes its name. This area was originally part of the former provinces of Quercy and Languedoc. The department was created in 1808 by Napoleon, with territory being taken from the departments of Lot, Haute-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers and Aveyron.

Landes (department) Department of France

Landes is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Located on the Atlantic coast, it had a population of 405,010 as of 2016. Its prefecture is Mont-de-Marsan.

Haute-Garonne Department of France in Occitanie

Haute-Garonne is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the Garonne River, which is flows over the department. its prefecture and main city is Toulouse, the country's fourth-largest. In 2016, it had a population of 1,348,183.

Lot-et-Garonne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Lot River and Garonne River, it had a population of 332,833 in 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.

Condom, Gers Subprefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Condom, also known as Condom-en-Armagnac, is a commune in southwestern France in the department of Gers, of which it is a subprefecture.

Midi-Pyrénées Region of France

Midi-Pyrénées is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region Occitanie. It was the largest region of Metropolitan France by area, larger than the Netherlands or Denmark.

Auch Prefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Auch is a commune in southwestern France. Located in the region of Occitanie, it is the capital of the Gers department. Auch is the historical capital of Gascony.

Armagnac (province)

The county of Armagnac, situated between the Adour and Garonne rivers in the lower foothills of the Pyrenées, is a historic county of the Duchy of Gascony, established in 601 in Aquitaine. It is a region in southwestern France that includes parts of the Departments of Gers, Landes, and Lot-et-Garonne.

Communes of the Gers department

The following is a list of the 461 communes of the Gers department of France.

LIsle-en-Dodon Commune in Occitanie, France

L'Isle-en-Dodon is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France. The commune has the short border with the neighbouring department, Gers.

Lectoure Commune in Occitanie, France

Lectoure is a commune in the Gers department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France.

La Bastide or Labastide is the name or part of the name of many communes in France:

Saint-Orens-Pouy-Petit Commune in Occitanie, France

Saint-Orens-Pouy-Petit is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Côtes de Gascogne

Côtes de Gascogne is a wine-growing district in Gascony producing principally white wine. It is mainly located in the département of the Gers in the former Midi-Pyrénées region, and it belongs to the wine region South West France. The designation Côtes de Gascogne is used for a Vin de Pays produced in the Armagnac area. The decree of 13 September 1968 created the difference between a Vin de Pays and simpler table wine, the so-called Vin de table. The designation Côtes de Gascogne obliges the producers to respect the stricter rules and production standards, which were adopted with the decree of 25 January 1982.

Floc de Gascogne

The Floc de Gascogne is a regional apéritif from the Côtes de Gascogne and Armagnac regions of Sud-Ouest wine region of France. It is a vin de liqueur fortified with armagnac, the local brandy. It has had Appellation d'origine contrôlée status since 1990. Elsewhere in France analogous drinks are made.

The canton of Montréal is a former administrative division in the Gers department, which is itself a component of the region Occitanie, in the area formerly called Gascony, France. It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of nine communes, which joined the canton of Armagnac-Ténarèze in 2015.

Occitanie Administrative region of France

Occitanie, Occitany or Occitania is the southernmost administrative region of metropolitan France excluding Corsica, created on 1 January 2016 from the former regions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. The Conseil d'État approved Occitanie as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, coming into effect on 30 September 2016.

Cuisine of Gascony

The cuisine of Gascony is one of the pillars of French cuisine. Its originality stems from its use of regional products and from an age-old tradition, typical of the Aquitane and the Midi-Pyrenees, of cooking in fat, in particular goose and duck fat, whereas the cuisine of the south of France favours frying in oil and the cuisine of Normandy contains more dishes that are simmered or cooked in butter. The long life expectancy of Gascons, despite a rich diet, is a classic example of the French paradox.

Bastir!

"Bastir!", originally the "Manifeste Occitaniste", now "Bastir Occitanie", is a pan-Occitanist movement mainly involved in French municipal elections of 2014, in French departmental elections of 2015, in French legislative elections of 2017 and in French regional elections of 2021.

References

  1. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gers"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 904.
  2. The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: Tai-Wan to Titlarks, Volume 24. London: Charles Knight and Co. 1842. pp. 63–64.
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
  4. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France