Gers

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Gers
Auch - Prefecture -1.jpg
Prefecture building in Auch
Flag of Gers.svg
Blason departement fr Gers.svg
Gers-Position.svg
Location of Gers in France
Coordinates: 43°39′N0°35′E / 43.650°N 0.583°E / 43.650; 0.583 Coordinates: 43°39′N0°35′E / 43.650°N 0.583°E / 43.650; 0.583
Country France
Region Occitanie
Prefecture Auch
Subprefectures Condom
Mirande
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Philippe Dupouy [1] (PS)
Area
1
  Total6,257 km2 (2,416 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Total191,377
  Rank 90th
  Density31/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 32
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 461
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Gers (French pronunciation:  [ʒɛʁ(s)] ; Occitan : Gers or Gerç, [dʒɛɾs] ) is a department in the region of Occitania, Southwestern France. [3] Named after the Gers River, its inhabitants are called the Gersois and Gersoises in French. In 2019, it had a population of 191,377. [4]

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, the Lordship of L'Isle-Jourdain was nearby.

Gers is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony. It is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. In 1808 it lost Lavit on its north-eastern side to the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne. [5]

Culture

The culture is largely agricultural, with great emphasis on the local gastronomical specialties such as:

Also, some prominent cultivated crops are corn, colza, sunflowers and grain.

The Gascon language is a dialect of Occitan, but it is not widely spoken. The department is characterised by sleepy bastide villages and rolling hills with the Pyrenees visible to the south. Alexandre Dumas, père created the famous Gersois d'Artagnan, the fourth musketeer of The Three Musketeers . A museum to d'Artagnan is found in the Gersois village of Lupiac.

A horse race at the Auteuil Hippodrome has been named after André Boingnères, a notable local race-horse owner and the successful Mayor of Termes-d'Armagnac between 1951 and 1976.

Politics

Departmental Council of Gers

The President of the Departmental Council of Gers is Philippe Dupouy of the Socialist Party since 2022. [1] He succeeded Philippe Martin, who had been in office since 2014. The assembly comprises 34 seats, allocated as follow since the 2015 departmental elections:

PartySeats
Socialist Party 22
The Republicans 12

Members of the National Assembly

Gers elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Gers's 1st constituency Jean-René Cazeneuve La République En Marche!
Gers's 2nd constituency Gisèle Biémouret Socialist Party

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801257,609    
1806287,021+2.19%
1821301,336+0.32%
1831312,160+0.35%
1841311,447−0.02%
1851307,479−0.13%
1861298,931−0.28%
1872284,717−0.44%
1881281,532−0.12%
1891261,084−0.75%
1901238,448−0.90%
1911221,994−0.71%
1921194,406−1.32%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931193,134−0.07%
1936192,451−0.07%
1946190,431−0.11%
1954185,111−0.35%
1962182,264−0.19%
1968181,577−0.06%
1975175,366−0.50%
1982174,154−0.10%
1990174,587+0.03%
1999172,335−0.14%
2006181,375+0.73%
2011188,893+0.82%
2016190,664+0.19%
source: [7] [8]

Located in Southwestern France, Gers is often referred to as amongst the least densely populated (30.5 people/km2 in 2016), [8] least urban, or most rural, areas in all of Western Europe. List of the 10 most populous communes of the department: [4]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Auch 22,173
L'Isle-Jourdain 9,072
Condom 6,493
Fleurance 5,924
Eauze 3,975
Lectoure 3,672
Vic-Fezensac 3,546
Mirande 3,450
Gimont 3,016
Pavie 2,501

Climate

The annual rain varies from more than 900 mm in the south-west of the department, to less than 700 mm in the North-East (Auch, Condom, Lectoure).

The winters vary, with only occasional freezing temperatures, but the climate remains mild and dry. The amount of sunshine is about 1950 hours/years.

The summers are hot and dry. Auch is, together with Toulouse, Nîmes, Carpentras, Ajaccio, Marseille, Toulon and Perpignan, one of the hottest cities in France.

Tourism

According to recent data tourism represents annually:

See also

Related Research Articles

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Gascony Former French territory

Gascony was a province of southwestern France that succeeded the Duchy of Gascony. From the 17th century until the French Revolution, it was part of the combined Province of Guyenne and Gascony. The region is vaguely defined, and the distinction between Guyenne and Gascony is unclear; by some they are seen to overlap, while others consider Gascony a part of Guyenne. Most definitions put Gascony east and south of Bordeaux.

Lot (department) Department of France in Occitanie

Lot is a department in the Occitanie region of France. Named after the Lot River, it lies in the southwestern part of the country and had a population of 174,094 in 2019. Its prefecture is Cahors; its subprefectures are Figeac and Gourdon.

Hautes-Pyrénées Department of France in Occitanie

Hautes-Pyrénées is a department in the region Occitanie, southwestern France. In 2019, its population was 229,567; its prefecture is Tarbes. It is named after the Pyrenees mountain range.

Tarn-et-Garonne Department of France

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department in the Occitanie region of France. It is traversed by the rivers Tarn and Garonne, from which it takes its name. This area was originally part of the former provinces of Quercy and Languedoc. The department was created in 1808 by Napoleon, with territory being taken from the departments of Lot, Haute-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers and Aveyron.

Landes (department) Department of France

Landes is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France, with a long coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It borders Gers to the east, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, to the south, Lot-et-Garonne to the north-east, and Gironde to the north. It also borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Located on the Atlantic coast, it had a population of 413,690 as of 2019. Its prefecture is Mont-de-Marsan.

Pyrénées-Atlantiques Department of France

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Haute-Garonne Department of France in Occitanie

Haute-Garonne is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the river Garonne, which flows through the department. Its prefecture and main city is Toulouse, the country's fourth-largest. In 2019, it had a population of 1,400,039.

Lot-et-Garonne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

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Midi-Pyrénées Region of France

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The County of Armagnac, situated between the Adour and Garonne rivers in the lower foothills of the Pyrenées, was a historic county of the Duchy of Gascony, established in 601 in Aquitaine. In 960, the title of 'Count of Armagnac' was established, and thus the County of Armagnac was created. In 1751, following the death of childless Charles de Lorraine, Comte d'Armagnac, the county was absorbed into the Crown lands of France and the King, then Louis XV took the title of 'Count of Armagnac'. In 1791, following the Decree dividing France into departments, the county was disestablished, but remains an important natural region of France.

Communes of the Gers department Wikimedia list article

The following is a list of the 461 communes of the Gers department of France.

Lectoure Commune in Occitania, France

Lectoure is a commune in the Gers department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France.

Saint-Orens-Pouy-Petit Commune in Occitania, France

Saint-Orens-Pouy-Petit is a commune in the Gers department in southwestern France.

Côtes de Gascogne

Côtes de Gascogne is a wine-growing district in Gascony producing principally white wine. It is mainly located in the département of the Gers in the former Midi-Pyrénées region, and it belongs to the wine region South West France. The designation Côtes de Gascogne is used for a Vin de Pays produced in the Armagnac area. The decree of 13 September 1968 created the difference between a Vin de Pays and simpler table wine, the so-called Vin de table. The designation Côtes de Gascogne obliges the producers to respect the stricter rules and production standards, which were adopted with the decree of 25 January 1982.

Castelmayran Commune in Occitania, France

Castelmayran is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

The canton of Montréal is a former administrative division in the Gers department, which is itself a component of the region Occitanie, in the area formerly called Gascony, France. It had 4,967 inhabitants (2012). It was disbanded following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. It consisted of nine communes, which joined the canton of Armagnac-Ténarèze in 2015.

Occitania (administrative region) Administrative region of France

Occitania is the southernmost administrative region of metropolitan France excluding Corsica, created on 1 January 2016 from the former regions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. The Council of State approved Occitania as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, coming into effect on 30 September 2016.

Bastir!

"Bastir!", originally the "Manifeste Occitaniste", now "Bastir Occitanie", is a pan-Occitanist movement mainly involved in French municipal elections of 2014, in French departmental elections of 2015, in French legislative elections of 2017 and in French regional elections of 2021.

French Great South-West

The French Great South-West is a geographical, sociological, economic and cultural entity bringing together the administrative regions of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and Occitanie, resulting from the merger on January 1, 2016, of five previous regions; in these two regions combined, it covers 156,000 km2, or 29% of the territory of metropolitan France. It is a grouping devoid of its own political or administrative structures, set up, with the objective of an interregional reflection on spatial planning at the level of new European issues, at the initiative of the Interministerial Delegation at territory planning and regional attractiveness.

References

  1. 1 2 "Philippe Dupouy succède à Philippe Martin à la tête du département du Gers". France 3 . 25 January 2022.
  2. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gers"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 904.
  4. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 32 Gers, INSEE
  5. The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: Tai-Wan to Titlarks, Volume 24. London: Charles Knight and Co. 1842. pp. 63–64.
  6. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.
  7. "Historique du Gers". Le SPLAF.
  8. 1 2 "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.