Gian Maria Visconti

Last updated

Gian Maria Visconti
Duke of Milan
Giovanni Maria Visconti - Le vite de i dodeci visconti che signoreggiarono Milano (1645).jpg
Gian Maria Visconti
Coat of arms Coat of arms of the House of Visconti (1395).svg
Duke of Milan
Reign3 September 1402 – 16 May 1412
Predecessor Gian Galeazzo
Successor Filippo Maria
Noble family Visconti
Spouse(s) Antonia Malatesta of Cesena
Father Gian Galeazzo Visconti
Mother Caterina Visconti

Gian Maria Visconti (or Giovanni Maria; 7 September 1388 in Abbiategrasso – 16 May 1412) was the second Visconti Duke of Milan, the son of Gian Galeazzo Visconti and Caterina Visconti. [1]

Abbiategrasso Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Abbiategrasso, formerly written Abbiate Grasso, is a comune and town in the Metropolitan City of Milan, Lombardy, northern Italy, situated in the Po valley approximately 22 kilometres from Milan and 38 kilometres from Pavia.

Gian Galeazzo Visconti first Duke of Milan

Gian Galeazzo Visconti, son of Galeazzo II Visconti and Bianca of Savoy, was the first Duke of Milan (1395) and ruled the late-medieval city just before the dawn of the Renaissance. He was the founding patron of the Certosa di Pavia, completing the Visconti Castle at Pavia begun by his father and furthering work on the Duomo of Milan.

Caterina Visconti Duchess of Milan (1361 – 1404), second wife of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, first Duke of Milan

Caterina Visconti was Duchess of Milan as the second spouse of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, the first Duke of Milan, and was the mother of two succeeding Dukes of Milan, Gian Maria and Filippo Maria Visconti. Caterina served as Regent of Milan from 1402 to 1404, during her elder son's minority, but due to Gian Maria's suspicion of her alleged treason, he had his mother arrested and imprisoned in the castle of Monza, where she was presumably poisoned in 1404.



Gian Galeazzo Visconti, with his three sons, presents a model of the Certosa di Pavia to the Virgin (Certosa di Pavia). Borgognone fresk.jpg
Gian Galeazzo Visconti, with his three sons, presents a model of the Certosa di Pavia to the Virgin (Certosa di Pavia).

He assumed the title at thirteen, under his mother's regency. The Duchy of Milan soon disintegrated: among the various parties contending its lands, the condottiero Facino Cane prevailed.

Duchy of Milan former duchy in Italy (1395–1447; 1450–1535)

The Duchy of Milan was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in northern Italy. It was created in 1395, when it included twenty-six towns and the wide rural area of the middle Padan Plain east of the hills of Montferrat. During much of its existence, it was wedged between Savoy to the west, Venice to the east, the Swiss Confederacy to the north, and separated from the Mediterranean by Genoa to the south. The Duchy eventually fell to Habsburg Austria with the Treaty of Baden (1714), concluding the War of the Spanish Succession. The Duchy remained an Austrian possession until 1796, when a French army under Napoleon Bonaparte conquered it, and it ceased to exist a year later as a result of the Treaty of Campo Formio, when Austria ceded it to the new Cisalpine Republic.

Facino Cane Italian condottiero

Facino Cane da Casale, born Bonifacio Cane, was an Italian condottiero.

Taking advantage of Gian Maria's cruelty, he managed to create in him doubts about Caterina, who was imprisoned in Monza, where she died on 17 October 1404, probably murdered. [2] The duke was famous for his dogs, which were trained to slaughter men.

Monza Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Monza is a city and comune on the River Lambro, a tributary of the Po in the Lombardy region of Italy, about 15 kilometres north-northeast of Milan. It is the capital of the Province of Monza and Brianza. Monza is best known for its Grand Prix motor racing circuit, the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, which hosts the Formula One Italian Grand Prix with a massive Italian support tifosi for the Ferrari team.

In 1408, Gian Maria married Antonia Malatesta of Cesena, daughter of Carlo I, lord of Rimini. [1] [2] [3] They had no issue. [4]

Antonia Malatesta of Cesena, also known as Antonia Malatesta of Rimini, was the daughter of Carlo I Malatesta, Lord of Cesena, Fano, Pesaro, and Rimini. To help ally himself with the House of Malatesta, Giovanni Maria Visconti, the Duke of Milan married Antonia in the city of Brescia in 1408. They had no issue. After Giovanni Maria’s assassination in 1412, the succeeding Duke of Milan, Filippo Maria Visconti, permitted Antonia to continue sharing the governance of the duchy for a few months. Although she soon retired to Cesena, she retained her title, Duchess of Milan.

Carlo I Malatesta was an Italian condottiero during the Wars in Lombardy and lord of Rimini, Fano, Cesena and Pesaro. He was a member of the powerful House of Malatesta.

Rimini Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Rimini is a city of 150.590 inhabitants in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. It is located on the Adriatic Sea, on the coast between the rivers Marecchia and Ausa. It is one of the most famous seaside resorts in Europe, thanks to its 15-kilometre-long (9 mi) sandy beach, over 1,000 hotels, and thousands of bars, restaurants and discos. The first bathing establishment opened in 1843. An art city with ancient Roman and Renaissance monuments, Rimini is the hometown of the famous film director Federico Fellini as well.

A plot by a party of Milanese Ghibellines was raised against the Duke when Facino Cane was ill in Pavia, and Gian Maria was assassinated in front of the church of San Gottardo in Milan. [2] The dying Facino had his officers swear to support Filippo Maria, Gian Maria's brother, who in fact succeeded him.

Milan Italian city

Milan is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,372,810 while its metropolitan city has a population of 3,245,308. Its continuously built-up urban area has a population estimated to be about 5,270,000 over 1,891 square kilometres. The wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan, is a polycentric metropolitan region that extends over central Lombardy and eastern Piedmont and which counts an estimated total population of 7.5 million, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy and the 54th largest in the world. Milan served as capital of the Western Roman Empire from 286 to 402 and the Duchy of Milan during the medieval period and early modern age.

Pavia Comune in Lombardy, Italy

Pavia is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, 35 kilometres south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its confluence with the Po. It has a population of c. 73,000. The city was the capital of the Kingdom of the Lombards from 572 to 774.

San Gottardo, Milan church in Milan

San Gottardo in Corte or San Gottardo a Palazzo is a church in Milan, northern Italy.

In literature


Related Research Articles

Visconti of Milan Milanese noble family

Visconti is the family name of important Italian noble dynasties of the Middle Ages. The Visconti of Milan rose to power in their city, where they ruled from 1277 to 1447, initially as Lords then as Dukes and where several collateral branches still exist. The effective founder of the Visconti lordship of Milan was Ottone, who wrested control of the city from the rival Della Torre family in 1277.

Filippo Maria Visconti Duke of Milan

Filippo Maria Visconti was the duke of Milan from 1412 to 1447.

Francesco Bussone, often called Count of Carmagnola, was an Italian condottiero.

Valentina Visconti, Duchess of Orléans Wife of Louis de Valois, Duke of Orléans, a younger brother of Charles VI of France

Valentina Visconti was a Sovereign Countess of Vertus, and Duchess consort of Orléans as the wife of Louis de Valois, Duke of Orléans, the younger brother of King Charles VI of France.

Bernabò Visconti Lord of Milan

Bernabò or Barnabò Visconti was an Italian soldier and statesman, who was Lord of Milan.

Caterina Sforza Lady of Imola and Countess of Forlì

Caterina Sforza was an Italian noblewoman and Countess of Forlì and Lady of Imola firstly with her husband Girolamo Riario, and after his death as a regent of her son Ottaviano.

Bellarion the Fortunate, published in 1926, is an historical novel by Rafael Sabatini. Set at the beginning of the 15th century in northern Italy, it takes place first in the Marquessate of Montferrat and later in the Duchy of Milan. Most of its characters, including Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Gian Maria Visconti, Facino Cane, Filippo Maria Visconti, and Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola, were real historical figures; the scheming title character is the notable exception.

The Battle of Casalecchio took place on 26 June 1402 near the town of Casalecchio di Reno, near Bologna, in northern Italy.

Theodore II Palaeologus was the Margrave of Montferrat from 1381.

Andrea Malatesta was an Italian condottiero, a member of the Malatesta family of Romagna. He is also known as Malatesta da Cesena, a city he had inherited in 1385 from his father, Galeotto, together with Cervia and Bertinoro. In 1388 he was also recognized lord of Fossombrone.

Agnese del Maino Milanese noblewoman and the mistress of Filippo Maria Visconti

Agnese del Maino was a Milanese noblewoman and the mistress of Filippo Maria Visconti, the last legitimate Duke of Milan of the Visconti dynasty. Agnese was the mother of Bianca Maria Visconti, who succeeded to the title of Duchess of Milan in 1450, despite her illegitimacy.

Lucrezia Landriani was the mistress of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, and the mother of his renowned illegitimate daughter, Caterina Sforza, Lady of Imola, Countess of Forlì. Lucrezia had three other children by the Duke, and two by her husband.

Elisabetta Visconti, also known as Elisabeth or Elizabeth, was a younger child of Bernabò Visconti and his wife, Beatrice Regina della Scala. Elisabetta was a member of the House of Visconti.

Beatrice Lascaris di Tenda Duchess of Milan

Beatrice Lascaris di Tenda or Beatrice de Tende or Beatrix, was an Italian noblewoman who was the wife of Facino Cane, Count of Biandrate and a condottiero, and then wife to Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan, who caused her death.

Jacopo Dal Verme

Jacopo Dal Verme was an Italian condottiero.


  1. 1 2 Vogt-Luerssen, Maike; Luerssen, Holger (29 November 2008). "Giangaleazzo Visconti". Maike's History of Women and the History of Everyday Life. Blackwood, Australia. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 Adams, John (1794). A defence of the constitutions of government of the United States of America, against the attack of M. Turgot in his letter to Dr. Price, dated the twenty-second day of March, 1778. London: John Stockdale. pp. 153–155. OCLC   2678599 . Retrieved 6 November 2010. ... the duke John Maria grew every day more cruel: he imprisoned his own mother, Catharine Visconre, in the castle of Monza, and caused her to be there strangled. ... John Maria Visconte, duke of Milan, while he was at mass, was murdered by Trivulcio, Guerrino, and Baruchino, and other conspirators of several conspicuous families, ...
  3. Tonini, Luigi (1884). Rimini (in Italian). Volume 5. Rimini: Orfanelli e Grandi. p. 22. OCLC   35300205 . Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  4. Rossi, Antonio Domenico (1830). Ristretto di storia patria ad uso de'Piacentini (in Italian). Maino. p. 245. OCLC   163149045 . Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  5. Sabatini, Raphael (1926). Bellarion the fortunate: a romance . Boston: Houghton Mifflin. OCLC   1170948.

Italian nobility
Preceded by
Gian Galeazzo Visconti
Duke of Milan
Succeeded by
Filippo Maria Visconti