Gilford Island

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Gilford Island (centre left) among the islands of the Broughton Archipelago Carte baie Knight.png
Gilford Island (centre left) among the islands of the Broughton Archipelago

Gilford Island is an island in British Columbia, Canada, located between Tribune Channel and Knight Inlet. [1] The island has an area of 384 square kilometres (148 sq mi). [2] Turnour Island is to the south across Tribune Channel, the entrance to Thompson Sound to the east.

Contents

Port Elizabeth is a large bay or port on the south side of the island at 50°40′26″N126°28′29″W / 50.67389°N 126.47472°W / 50.67389; -126.47472 (Port Elizabeth) , named by Captain Pender about 1867 for Elizabeth Henrietta, wife of Lord Gilford and daughter or Sir Arthur E. Kennedy, Governor of Vancouver Island at the time HMS Tribune was assigned to the Pacific Station, 1862–1864, under Lord Gilford's command. Gilford Point at 50°39′06″N126°26′26″W / 50.65167°N 126.44056°W / 50.65167; -126.44056 (Gilford Point) marks the south side of the entrance to Port Elizabeth. [3] Duck Cove at 50°39′42″N126°31′18″W / 50.66167°N 126.52167°W / 50.66167; -126.52167 (Duck Cove) is at the head of the port. [4] Maple Cove, formerly Maple Bay, is on the north side of the port at 50°40′43″N126°27′45″W / 50.67861°N 126.46250°W / 50.67861; -126.46250 (Maple Cove) [5]

Indian reserves and other settlements

All Indian reserves on Gilford Island are under the administration of the Kwikwasut'inuxw Haxwa'mis First Nation.

There is on the island an historic indigenous community of the Kwakwaka'wakw people called Gwayasdums or Gwa'yasdams, which was destroyed by the Nuxalk in 1856 though today has been reoccupied. [6]

Another former village, Metap, was at the head of Viner Sound on the island's northwest coast, though today there is only an Indian reserve, officially named "Meetup Indian Reserve No. 2". [7] [8]

Another Indian reserve on Gilford Island, Dakiulis Indian Reserve No. 7, is at the tip of Islet Point on the northwest side of the island, 0.70 ha. at 50°44′00″N126°34′00″W / 50.73333°N 126.56667°W / 50.73333; -126.56667 (Dakiulis IR No. 7) [9]

Kyimla Indian Reserve No. 11 is on the east side of the island at Trafford Point. It is 1.10 ha. in size and is located at 50°44′00″N126°09′00″W / 50.73333°N 126.15000°W / 50.73333; -126.15000 (Kyimla IR No. 11) . [10]

Another settlement on the island is Scott Cove, at the bay of the same name on the northwest side of the island. [11]

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The Gwa'Sala-Nakwaxda'xw Nations are a union of two Kwakwaka'wakw peoples in a band government based on northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada, whose main reserve community is near the town of Port Hardy in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. The band government is a member of the Kwakiutl District Council and, for treaty negotiation purposes, the Winalagalis Treaty Group which includes three other members of the Kwakiutl District Council.

Ḵwiḵwa̱sut'inux̱w Ha̱xwa'mis, formerly the Kwicksutaineuk-ah-kwa-mish First Nation is a First Nations band government based on northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada, in the Queen Charlotte Strait region. It is a member of the Musgamagw Tsawataineuk Tribal Council, along with the ‘Namgis First Nation and the Tsawataineuk First Nation. The Kwikwasut'inuxw and Haxwa'mis are two of the many subgroups of the peoples known as Kwakwaka'wakw, which means "speakers of Kwak'wala", their language, and were combined into one band by the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs.

The Mamalilikulla Band is a First Nations band government based on northern Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada. The home territory of the Mamalilikulla and Qwe-Qwa'Sot'Em groups of Kwakwaka'wakw was in the maze of islands and inlets of the eastern Queen Charlotte Strait region around the opening of Knight Inlet, mainly on Village Island, where their principal village Memkumlis is.

Thompson Sound is a sound on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, located on the east side of Tribune Channel and to the east of Gilford Island, part of the Broughton Archipelago. The headland on the north side of the sound's entrance is London Point at 50°46′09″N126°07′07″W. The south side of the entrance is demarcated by Cleave Point at 50°44′35″N126°07′28″W.

The Tlowitsis Nation, formerly the Klowitsis Tribe, the Turnour Island Band and the Tlowitsis-Mumtagila First Nation, is the Indian Act band government of the Ławit'sis (Tlowitsis) tribe of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples, located in the Queen Charlotte Strait-Johnstone Strait area in the Discovery Islands between Vancouver Island and the British Columbia mainland in Canada. Ławit'sis territory covers parts of northern Vancouver Island, Johnstone Strait, and adjoining inlets of the mainland. Kalugwis, on Turnour Island, was their principal community in times past, but the band's offices are in the city of Campbell River to the southeast. Hanatsa IR No. 6 on Port Neville is the most populated of the band's Indian reserves.

Havannah Channel is a marine passageway in the South Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, leading off of the north side of Johnstone Strait leading to Chatham Channel and Call Inlet, south of East Cracroft Island. Havannah Channel is entered from Johnstone Strait at the Broken Islands. Hull Island is located in the channel, to the southeast of East Cracroft and south of the opening of Call Inlet.

Scott Cove is a locality on the west side of Gilford Island in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, located at the cove of the same name.

Metap, also mit'ap and Meetup and Mit'apdzi and big mit'ap ] is a former Kwakwaka'wakw village at the head of Viner Sound on the northwest coast of Gilford Island in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. There is an Indian reserve, Meetup Indian Reserve No. 2, at the location today.

Tribune Channel is a channel or strait on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, separating Gilford Island on the west and north from the mainland. The channel bends around Gilford Island, with the mouth of Thompson Sound at the elbow of the bend, opening eastwards to the mouth of the Kakweiken River.

Broughton Island (British Columbia)

Broughton Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait area of the Central Coast of British Columbia, located northwest of Gilford Island.

Turnour Island

Turnour Island is an island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, located between Gilford Island and West Cracroft Island. On the other side Canoe Passage on its northwest is Village Island, while to its south and southwest is Beware Passage, across from which is Harbledown Island. Gilford Island is to the north across Tribune Channel. Separating Turnour from West Cracroft is Clio Channel.

East Cracroft Island

East Cracroft Island is an island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. It is the smaller of the two Cracroft Islands, and at low tide is really one island with its larger neighbour, West Cracroft Island. On the south side of the shallows that form an isthmus between them at low tide is Port Harvey, which is a short, wide inlet or bay. On its east shore is Keecekiltum Indian Reserve No. 2, 11.7 ha., which is under the governance of the Tlowitsis Nation of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples. at 50°33′00″N126°16′00″W.

Port Harvey

Port Harvey is a port on the south side of the Cracroft Islands in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, forming a small bay or inlet south of the shallows that link West Cracroft and East Cracroft Islands. On its east shore is Keecekiltum Indian Reserve No. 2, 11.7 ha., which is under the governance of the Tlowitsis Nation of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples. at 50°33′00″N126°16′00″W. It was named by Captain Richards for Captain Harvey of HMS Havannah.

Gwayasdums is a village of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples on the west side of Gilford Island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The village, located on Retreat Pass, is on Gwayasdums Indian Reserve No. 1. Other spellings of the name are Kwaustums and gwa'yasdams and Gwa'yasdams and Gwa’yasdams.

Kye-yaa-la Indian Reserve No. 1, officially Kye-yaa-la 1, is an Indian reserve, comprising the whole of Sail Island and including three small islands, in Retreat Passage to the west of Gilford Island, and east of Bonwick Island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The reserve is 9.6 ha. in size and is under the administration of the Kwikwasut'inuxw Haxwa'mis First Nation band government.

Apsigiyu or Apsigayu or Apsagayu is a village site of the Kwikwasut'inuxw and Mamalilikulla groups of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples, located at the head of Shoal Harbour on the northwest side of Gilford Island, in the Queen Charlotte Strait-Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The village, whose name means "otherside forehead" in Kwak'wala, is used for clam and salmon harvesting, and also for timber harvesting. The village's site is an Indian reserve, Apsagayu Indian Reserve No. 1A, 2.2 ha., and is under the administration of the Mamalilikulla-Qwe'Qwa'Sot'Em Band, along with two others, Compton IR No. 6 and Mahmalillikullah Indian Reserve No. 1, which is the site of Memkumlis, the main village site of the Mamalillikula, which is often referred to as Mamalillikulla.

The Kakweiken River, also spelled Kakweken River, is a river in the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, flowing southwest out of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains into the head of Thompson Sound, which lies to the east of Gilford Island and to the north of lower Knight Inlet. Located at the mouth of the river is Kakweken Indian Reserve No. 4, which is under the administration of the Kwikwasut'inuxw Haxwa'mis First Nation.

Drury inlet is an inlet in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, extending west from Wells Passage to the northwest of North Broughton Island, northwest of the town of Port Hardy. Branching off to the northeast from the north side of the head of the inlet is Actaeon Sound.

Bonwick Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago in Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. The archipelago is located on the northeast side of Queen Charlotte Strait and lies northwest of the Village of Alert Bay and immediately to the west of Gilford Island, separated from it by Retreat Pass. Arrow Passage is on the island's northwest, separating it from Mars Island.

Kamla, meaning "to cut on rock" in Kwak'wala, is a village of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples, located on the southeast side of Gilford Island on Tribune Channel. The village site is on Kumlah Island, and was a camp of the Dlidligit and Kwicksutaineuk. It is under the administration of the Kwikwasut'inuxw Haxwa'mis First Nation, as Kyimla Indian Reserve No. 11.

References

  1. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Gilford Island"
  2. "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  3. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Gilford Point"
  4. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Duck Cove"
  5. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Maple Cove"
  6. "Gwa'yasdams" EmilyCarr.org website
  7. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Metap (Former First Nations village"
  8. BCNames/GeoBC entry "Meetup 2 (Indian reserve)"
  9. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Dakiulis 7 (Indian reserve)"
  10. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Kyimla 11 (Indian reserve)"
  11. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Scott Cove (locality)"

Coordinates: 50°43′45″N126°22′41″W / 50.72917°N 126.37806°W / 50.72917; -126.37806