Gioacchino Failla

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Gioacchino Failla
Gioacchino Failla (1891-1961).jpg
Failla in 1937
Born(1891-07-19)July 19, 1891
DiedDecember 15, 1961(1961-12-15) (aged 70)
Downers Grove near
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Nationality United States
Alma mater Columbia University
Known for Biophysics
AwardsPulitzer Scholarship
Leonard Prize
Janeway Medal
Caldwell Medal
Gold Medal of the
Radiological Society of North America
Ewing Society Medal
American Cancer Society
Annual National Award
Judd Cancer Award
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Health Physics
Medical Physics
Institutions Memorial Hospital (New York City, New York)
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Argonne National Laboratory
Doctoral advisor Marie Curie

Gioacchino Failla (19 July 1891 15 December 1961) was an Italian-born American physicist. A pioneer in both biophysics and radiobiology, he was particularly noted for his work on the role of radiation as a cause of cancer and genetic mutation. He was born in Castelbuono in the Province of Palermo and emigrated with his family to the United States in 1906. After his retirement from Columbia University's Center for Radiological Research in 1960, he was appointed Senior Scientist Emeritus in the Radiological Physics Division of the Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois. He was killed in a car accident near the laboratory at the age of 70. [1] [2]


Professional service

Honorary memberships

Awards and honors

Failla Memorial Lecture


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  1. Marinelli, L. M. (1962). "Gioacchino Failla (1891–1961)". Radiation Research, Vol. 16, pp. 619–622
  2. Columbia University Center for Radiological Research. "Gioacchino Failla"
  3. "Janeway Lectures". American Radium Society. Archived from the original on 27 April 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  4. Failla, Gioacchino. (14 April 1925). Stopcock. U.S. Patent No. 1,533,793. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  5. Failla, Gioacchino. (8 April 1930). Method and means for applying radium emanation. U.S. Patent No. 1,753,287. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  6. Rose, John Ernest & Gioacchino Failla. (17 April 1934). Method and means for treatment by radiations. U.S. Patent No. 1,954,868. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  7. Failla, Gioacchino. (30 July 1935). Means for effecting therapeutic implantations. U.S. Patent No. 2,009,393. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  8. Failla, Gioacchino. (29 September 1937). Methods and means for testing radiant energy. U.S. Patent No. 2,094,318. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  9. Failla, Gioacchino. (2 November 1937). Testing method and apparatus. U.S. Patent No. 2,097,760. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  10. Failla, Gioacchino. (17 November 1953). Radiation measuring device. U.S. Patent No. 2,659,826. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  11. Failla, Gioacchino. (6 July 1954). Radiation meter." U.S. Patent No. 2,683,222. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  12. Failla, Gioacchino. (17 January 1956). Radiation detection device. U.S. Patent No. 2,731,568. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
  13. Rose, John Ernest, Failla, Gioacchino, & Francis Rudolph Shonka. (24 October 1961). Method of using and manufacturing plastic equivalent to organic materials. U.S. Patent No. 3,005,794. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Filed: 8 August 1958.