Giovanni Antonio Medrano (1703–1760) was an Italian architect.
Born in Sciacca, Sicily, he became a brigadier in the army of Charles of Bourbon, while he was king of the Two Sicilies. Following the Battle of Bitonto in 1734, Charles had Medrano construct a commemorative obelisk in Bitonto.
In 1737, Charles commissioned Medrano to design the new San Carlo opera house in Naples.Medrano then went on to design the Museo di Capodimonte, Charles's new palace and museum in Naples. Medrano started work on this, with others, in 1738, but the building was not finally completed until 1840.
In 1741 he was accused, along with an associate Angelo Carasale, with fraud on taxes in the conduct of business at Capodimonte. After eighteen months in prison, he was dismissed and exiled. He was pardoned by the corresponding reduction of sentence and returned to Italy in 1746, but his professional work was severely criticized by the Neapolitan engineers of the time. Marginalized from public office, he obtained few private commissions. In probability he died in 1760.
Charles III was King of Spain (1759–1788), after ruling Naples as Charles VII and Sicily as Charles V (1734–1759). He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, and the eldest son of Philip's second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. A proponent of enlightened absolutism, he succeeded to the Spanish throne on 10 August 1759, upon the death of his half-brother Ferdinand VI, who left no heirs.
Luca Giordano was an Italian late Baroque painter and printmaker in etching. Fluent and decorative, he worked successfully in Naples and Rome, Florence and Venice, before spending a decade in Spain.
Museo di Capodimonte is an art museum located in the Palace of Capodimonte, a grand Bourbon palazzo in Naples, Italy. The museum is the prime repository of Neapolitan painting and decorative art, with several important works from other Italian schools of painting, and some important ancient Roman sculptures. It is one of the largest museums in Italy.
The Battle of Bitonto was a Spanish victory over Austrian forces near Bitonto in the Kingdom of Naples in the War of Polish Succession. The battle ended organized Austrian resistance outside a small number of fortresses in the kingdom.
The House of Bove is an ancient noble patrician family of Ravello, Maritime Republic of Amalfi that held royal appointments in the Kingdom of Naples, and presided over feudal territories. After the dissolution of noble seats of the Kingdom of Naples in 1800 they were ascribed in the Libro d'Oro of Ravello. The Bove coat of arms is prominently displayed in the Duomo of Ravello.
Maria Amalia of Saxony was Queen consort of Naples and Sicily from 1738 till 1759 and then Queen consort of Spain from 1759 until her death in 1760, by marriage to Charles III of Spain. A popular consort, she oversaw the construction of the Caserta Palace outside Naples as well as various other projects, and she is known for her influence upon the affairs of state. Moving to Spain in 1759, she then set about the improvements to the Royal Palace of Madrid but died before its completion. Maria Amalia was politically active and openly participated in state affairs in both Naples and Spain.
The Royal Palace of Capodimonte is a grand Bourbon palazzo in Naples, Italy, formerly the summer residence and hunting lodge of the kings of the Two Sicilies, and was one of the two Royal Palaces in Napoli. It today houses the National Museum of Capodimonte and art gallery of the city. "Capodimonte" means "top of the hill", and the palace was originally just outside the city, which has now expanded to surround it, and somewhat cooler than the city in summer.
Giovanni II Ventimiglia y Moncada, 6th Marquis of Geraci, 6th Marquis since 1545, deceased 1553, was the grandfather of another Giovanni Ventimiglia, erroneously described till now in the lists of Viceroys of Sicily as Giovanni II, but who perhaps should be better described as Giovanni III Ventimiglia e Ventimiglia, (1559–1619), who was President of Sicily Kingdom, 1595, 1598 and 1608, from the noble Sicilian House of Ventimiglia family.
Real Fábrica del Buen Retiro was a porcelain manufacturing factory in Spain. It was located in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiro, Madrid on a site near the Fuente del Ángel Caído.
Drunken Silenus is a painting by Jusepe de Ribera, produced in 1626 in Naples and now in the Museo di Capodimonte in Naples.
Niccolò di Tommaso was an Italian painter active in Florence, Naples and Pistoia.
Harvest Time at Carditello is a 1791 oil on canvas painting by Jakob Philipp Hackert, who had become a painter to the royal court at Naples. In 1791 he was commissioned to paint frescoes in the 'salottino' of the manorhouse at Carditello, but the cycle was partly destroyed by anti-Bourbon figures following the unification of Italy.
Charles of Bourbon Visiting Pope Benedict XIV at the Coffee House del Quirinale is a painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini, commissioned by Charles of Bourbon in 1746 and completed the same year. It showed and commemorated Charles' visit to Rome after the Bourbon victory over the Austrians at the Battle of Velletri in 1744 - he and pope Benedict XIV were already friends and had signed a Concordat in 1741.
Charles of Bourbon Hunting Coots on Lake Licola is a painting by Claude Joseph Vernet, commissioned by Charles III of Spain during Vernet's second stay in Naples in 1746. A slightly larger copy now in the Palace of Versailles was commissioned by the Marquis de L'Hôpital, French ambassador to Naples. The prime version was moved from the palace at Caserta in 1938 to the Capodimonte Palace in Naples and now hangs in the National Museum of Capodimonte.
Francis I and His Family is an 1820 oil on canvas painting by Giuseppe Cammarano, now in the National Museum of Capodimonte in Naples.
Portrait of Princess Maria Christina is an oil on canvas painting by Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun of Maria Christina, commissioned by her parents Maria Carolina of Austria and Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies between 1775 and 1800. Vigée Le Brun had fled Paris in 1789 after the French Revolution and taken refuge in Naples. It is now in the National Museum of Capodimonte in Naples.
Portrait of Charles of Bourbon in Hunting Dress is an oil on canvas painting by Antonio Sebastiani, likely produced in the 1730s either whilst Charles was still in the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza or at the latest during the early years of his rule of Naples and Sicily - Sebastiani was the court painter. It is now in Room 32 of the National Museum of Capodimonte in Naples, part of the building's former royal apartments.
Portrait of Maria Luisa of Parma is a portrait of Maria Luisa of Parma, wife of Charles IV of Spain, produced as a pendant painting to a portrait of her husband. Both works were long thought to be a copy after an autograph work by Francisco Goya, but they have now been definitively reattributed as autograph works by Goya himself, produced late in the 18th century. Goya was a court artist to the royal family, though most of his paintings of them are still in the Prado Museum. The two works were commissioned by the couple's daughter Maria Isabella of Spain. They were sent to Maria Isabella and they are both now in the National Museum of Capodimonte in Naples.
Portrait of Ferdinand I is an oil on canvas painting by Anton Raphael Mengs, now in the National Museum of Capodimonte. It shows Ferdinand and was commissioned by his mother Maria Amalia of Saxony to celebrate Ferdinand's accession to the throne of the Two Sicilies aged only eight after his father Charles of Bourbon's abdicated that throne to be king of Spain. This makes it the first official painting of the new king, produced by the artist in October 1759 in around a month, though it was critiqued by the other court artists Luigi Vanvitelli, Giuseppe Bonito and Francesco Liani, who had been passed over for the commission. Mengs also produced a lower-quality second copy the following year which is now in the Prado Museum in Madrid.
Portrait of Philip II is an oil on canvas portrait by Titian of Philip II of Spain wearing the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece. It is in the collection of the Museo di Capodimonte in Naples, Italy.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Giovanni Antonio Medrano .|
|This article about an Italian architect or firm of architects is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|