|Cardinal, Archbishop emeritus of Genoa|
|Appointed||6 July 1987|
|Term ended||20 April 1995|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Sant’Andrea della Valle|
|Ordination||12 April 1941|
by Luigi Traglia
|Consecration||30 July 1961|
by Luigi Traglia
|Created cardinal||28 June 1988|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Giovanni Canestri|
|Born||30 September 1918|
Castelspina, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||29 April 2015 (aged 96)|
|Motto||Opus Tuum Nos O Maria|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Giovanni Canestri (30 September 1918 – 29 April 2015) was an Italian Catholic cardinal, who served as Archbishop of Cagliari from 1984 until 1987 and as Archbishop of Genoa from 1987 until 1995.
The Archdiocese of Genoa is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Italy. Erected in the 3rd century, it was elevated to an archdiocese on 20 March 1133. The archdiocese of Genoa was, in 1986, united with the diocese of Bobbio-San Colombano, forming the Archdiocese of Genoa-Bobbio; however a split in 1989 returned it to the Archdiocese of Genoa.
Born in Castelspina, province of Alessandria, he was ordained priest on 12 April 1941.
Castelspina is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Alessandria in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Turin and about 14 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Alessandria.
The Province of Alessandria is an Italian province, with a population of some 425,000, which forms the southeastern part of the region of Piedmont. The provincial capital is the city of Alessandria.
Canestri studied at the Minor Seminary of Alessandria from 1929 (secondary studies); then, at the Episcopal Seminary of Alessandria, where he obtained the maturità classica. In 1937, he went to Rome to study at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome. Concurrently he studied at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in theology; and later, a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon law and civil law; and at the Rome State University, where he earned a doctorate in letters. In August 1959 he was nominated spiritual director of the Pontifical Roman Seminary and was member of the commission for the first diocesan synod of Rome. He also served as Apostolic examiner of the clergy.
The Pontifical Lateran University, also sometimes referred to as the Pontifical University of Apollinaire, is a university by pontifical right based in Rome. The university also hosts the central session of the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family. The university is known as "The Pope's University". Its Grand Chancellor is the Vicar General to the Holy Father for the Diocese of Rome. Four of its graduates have been canonized. As of 2014 the Pontifical Lateran university had students from more than a hundred countries.
A licentiate is a degree below that of a PhD given by universities in some countries. The term is also used for a person who holds this degree. The term derives from Latin licentia, "freedom", which is applied in the phrases licentia docendi meaning permission to teach and licentia ad practicandum signifying someone who holds a certificate of competence to practise a profession. Many countries have degrees with this title, but they may represent different educational levels.
On 8 July 1961 he was named Titular Bishop of Tenedo, and auxiliary of the Cardinal vicar of Rome. He participated in the general congregations of Vatican II on the themes of ecumenism and religious liberty.
The term "ecumenism" refers to efforts by Christians of different Church traditions to develop closer relationships and better understandings. The term is also often used to refer to efforts towards the visible and organic unity of different Christian denominations in some form.
On 7 January 1971 he was transferred to the see of Tortona. On 8 February 1975 he was transferred to titular see of Monterano, with personal title of archbishop, and appointed vicegerent of the Diocese of Rome. During this time he was very dedicated to the growth and development of the community, defending the values of the human person, especially the value of life.
In Christianity, an archbishop is a bishop of higher rank or office. In some cases, such as the Lutheran Church of Sweden and the Church of England, the title is borne by the leader of the denomination. Like popes, patriarchs, metropolitans, cardinal bishops, diocesan bishops, and suffragan bishops, archbishops are in the highest of the three traditional orders of bishops, priests, and deacons. An archbishop may be granted the title or ordained as chief pastor of a metropolitan see or another episcopal see to which the title of archbishop is attached.
Vicegerent is the official administrative deputy of a ruler or head of state: vice and gerere.
The Diocese of Rome is a diocese of the Catholic Church in Rome. The Bishop of Rome is the Pope, the Supreme Pontiff and leader of the Catholic Church. As the Holy See, the papacy is a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations, and civil jurisdiction over the Vatican City State located geographically within Rome. The Diocese of Rome is the metropolitan diocese of the Province of Rome, an ecclesiastical province in Italy. The first Bishop of Rome was Saint Peter in the first century. The incumbent since 13 March 2013 is Pope Francis.
On 22 March 1984 he was nominated Archbishop of Cagliari. On 6 July 1987 he was transferred to the metropolitan see of Genoa.
Canestri was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Andrea della Valle by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 28 June 1988.
He became Archbishop Emeritus of Genoa on 20 April 1995.
His brother Carlo Canestri (1920–2004) was Vicar general of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Alessandria.
Cardinal Canestri died on Wednesday, 29 April 2015. His Funeral Mass was celebrated on Sunday, 2 May 2015, at 8:30 AM, by Angelo Cardinal Sodano, the incumbent Dean of the College of Cardinals, together with other prelates and other Cardinals; Pope Francis presided at the rites of Final Commendation and Valediction.He is buried in the Cathedral of Genoa.
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|Catholic Church titles|
| Archbishop of Genoa |
6 July 1987 – 20 April 1995