Giovanni Francesco Guidi di Bagno

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Giovanni Francesco Guidi di Bagno
Giovanni Guidi di Bagno.jpg
Born4 October 1578
Died24 July 1641(1641-07-24) (aged 62)
NationalityItalian
Other namesGian Francesco Guidi di Bagno, Gianfrancesco Guidi di Bagno, Giovanni Francesco Bagni, Gianfrancesco de' Conti Guidi di Bagno
Citizenship Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Education Doctor utriusque juris
Parent(s)Fabrizio Guidi di Bagno, Marquess of Montebello and Laura Colonna, Duchy of Zagarolo
RelativesBrother of cardinal Nicola Guidi di Bagno, nephew of cardinal Girolamo Colonna
ReligionRoman Catholic
ChurchRoman Catholic
Offices held
Papal Legate; Nuncio
TitleCardinal

Giovanni Francesco Guidi di Bagno (1578–1641) (also known as Gian Francesco Guidi di Bagno, Gianfrancesco Guidi di Bagno, Giovanni Francesco Bagni or Gianfrancesco de' Conti Guidi di Bagno) [1] [2] was an Italian cardinal, brother of cardinal Nicola Guidi di Bagno and nephew of cardinal Girolamo Colonna.

Nicola Guidi di Bagno or Nicolò Guidi di Bagno was a titular archbishop of Atenia, bishop of Senigallia, and a cardinal. He descended from a noble family. His brother Gianfrancesco Guidi di Bagno and his uncle Girolamo Colonna were also cardinals.

Girolamo Colonna Catholic cardinal

Girolamo Colonna was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and member of the noble Colonna family.

Biography

He was born in Florence (Grand Duchy of Tuscany) 4 October 1578, eldest son of Fabrizio Guidi di Bagno, Marquess of Montebello, Province of Rimini, and Laura Colonna from the Duchy of Zagarolo.

Florence Capital and most populous city of the Italian region of Tuscany

Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.

Grand Duchy of Tuscany former Italian state (1599–1831; 1803–1859)

The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was a central Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Duchy of Florence. The grand duchy's capital was Florence. Tuscany was nominally a state of the Holy Roman Empire until the Treaty of Campo Formio in 1797.

Guidi di Bagno

Guidi di Bagno is an old Italian noble family which moved first into Romagna and then into Mantua from the 14th century.

Giovanni Francesco Guidi di Bagno studied law at the universities of Pisa and Bologne, literature and philosophy at the universities of Pisa and Florence and acquired a doctorate in both civil law and church law ( Doctor utriusque juris ). [3]

University of Pisa Italian public research university located in Pisa

The University of Pisa is an Italian public research university located in Pisa, Italy. It was founded in 1343 by an edict of Pope Clement VI. It is the 19th oldest extant university in the world and the 10th oldest in Italy. The university is ranked within the top 10 nationally and the top 400 in the world according to the ARWU and the QS. It houses the Orto botanico di Pisa, Europe's oldest academic botanical garden, which was founded in 1544.

University of Bologna university in Bologna, Italy

The University of Bologna, founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students, is the oldest university of the world, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe. It is one of the most prestigious Italian universities, commonly ranking in the first places of national rankings.

University of Florence university in Italy

The University of Florence is an Italian public research university located in Florence, Italy. It comprises 12 schools and has about 60,000 students enrolled.

In 1596, he went to Rome and was named papal prelate, then he accompanied Pope Clement VIII to Ferrara. In 1597, he was appointed Protonotary apostolic, member of the college of protonotarii apostolici de numero participantium then in 1600 referendary in the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura.

Pope Clement VIII 17th-century Catholic pope

Pope Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was Pope from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605. Born in Fano, Italy to a prominent Florentine family, he initially came to prominence as a canon lawyer before being made a Cardinal-Priest in 1585. In 1592 he was elected Pope and took the name of Clement. During his papacy he effected the reconciliation of Henry IV of France to the Catholic faith and was instrumental in setting up an alliance of Christian nations to oppose the Ottoman Empire in the so-called Long War. He also successfully adjudicated in a bitter dispute between the Dominicans and the Jesuits on the issue of efficacious grace and free will. In 1600 he presided over a jubilee which saw a large number of pilgrimages to Rome. He had little pity for his opponents, presiding over the trial and execution of Giordano Bruno and implementing strict measures against Jewish residents of the Papal States. He may have been the first pope to drink coffee. Clement VIII died at the age of 69 in 1605 and his remains now rest in the Santa Maria Maggiore.

Ferrara Comune in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Ferrara is a city and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara. As of 2016 it had 132,009 inhabitants. It is situated 44 kilometres northeast of Bologna, on the Po di Volano, a branch channel of the main stream of the Po River, located 5 km north. The town has broad streets and numerous palaces dating from the Renaissance, when it hosted the court of the House of Este. For its beauty and cultural importance, it has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Protonotary apostolic position

In the Roman Catholic Church, protonotary apostolic is the title for a member of the highest non-episcopal college of prelates in the Roman Curia or, outside Rome, an honorary prelate on whom the Pope has conferred this title and its special privileges. An example is Prince Georg of Bavaria (1880–1943), who became in 1926 Protonotary by papal decree.

Vice-Legate in the Marches and in Fermo from 1601 to 1606, Giovanni Francesco Guidi di Bagno was Governor of Orvieto (1607), Fano (1608), Fermo (1610) and of the Campagne and Maritime Province (1611).

Papal legate a personal representative of the pope

A papal legate or apostolic legate is a personal representative of the pope to foreign nations, or to some part of the Catholic Church. He is empowered on matters of Catholic faith and for the settlement of ecclesiastical matters.

Marche Region of Italy

Marche, or the Marches, is one of the twenty regions of Italy. The name of the region derives from the plural name of marca, originally referring to the medieval March of Ancona and nearby marches of Camerino and Fermo. Marche is well known for its shoemaking tradition, with the finest and most luxurious Italian footwear being manufactured in this region.

Fermo Comune in Marche, Italy

Fermo[ˈfermo]listen  is a town and comune of the Marche, Italy, in the Province of Fermo.

In 1614, he was elected titular archbishop of Patras and appointed vice-legate of Avignon. The same year he became referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. [1] He was elevated cardinal and reserved in pectore in 1627 and installed in 1631. [2]

Patras Place in Peloponnese, Greece

Patras is Greece's third-largest city and the regional capital of Western Greece, in the northern Peloponnese, 215 km (134 mi) west of Athens. The city is built at the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras.

Avignon Prefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Avignon is a commune in south-eastern France in the department of Vaucluse on the left bank of the Rhône river. Of the 90,194 inhabitants of the city, about 12,000 live in the ancient town centre enclosed by its medieval ramparts.

In pectore is a term used in the Catholic Church for an action, decision, or document which is meant to be kept secret. It is most often used when there is a papal appointment to the College of Cardinals without a public announcement of the name of that cardinal. The pope reserves that name to himself. The Italian language version of the phrase – in petto – is sometimes used. When the name of a new cardinal is announced or made public, it is sometimes said to be published.

Twice nuncio extraordinary in France in the pontificates of Pope Gregory XV and Pope Urban VIII, he was also nuncio at the Brussels court of the Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia, 1621–1627. [4]

In 1630 in Paris, Cardinal Guidi di Bagno met Gabriel Naudé who became his librarian and secretary and accompanied him in 1631 to Italy, [5] and René Descartes highly appreciated him. [1]

He was appointed bishop of Rieti in 1631 and resigned in 1639. [2]

He died on 24 July 1641(1641-07-24) (aged 62) in Rome. He was buried in the church Santi Bonifacio e Alessio.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church Florida International University Libraries
  2. 1 2 3 The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church
  3. Giampiero Brunelli, Guidi di Bagno, Niccolò, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani , vol. 61 (2004).
  4. Guidi di Bagno's correspondence as Apostolic Nuncio to Flanders has been calendared in the Analecta Vaticano-Belgica as Correspondance du nonce Giovanni-Francesco Guidi di Bagno, 1621-1627, edited by Bernard De Meester (2 vols., Brussels, 1938).
  5. Paul Oskar Kristeller (1993). Studies in Renaissance Thought and Letters. Ed. di Storia e Letteratura. pp. 615–. ISBN   978-88-8498-333-6.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Alessandro Piccolomini
Titular Archbishop of Patrae
1614–1641
Succeeded by
Ciriaco Rocci
Preceded by
Lucio Sanseverino
Apostolic Nuncio to Flanders
1621–1627
Succeeded by
Fabio Lagonissa
Preceded by
Bernardino Spada
Apostolic Nuncio to France
1627–1630
Succeeded by
Alessandro Bichi
Preceded by
Bonifazio Bevilacqua Aldobrandini
Bishop of Cervia
1627–1635
Succeeded by
Francesco Maria Merlini
Preceded by
Roberto Ubaldini
Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Alessio
1631–1641
Succeeded by
Mario Theodoli
Preceded by
Gregorio Naro
Bishop of Rieti
1635–1639
Succeeded by
Giorgio Bolognetti