Giresun Province

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Giresun Province

Giresun ili
Giresun in Turkey.svg
Location of Giresun Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region East Black Sea
Subregion Trabzon
Government
   Electoral district Giresun
  GovernorEnver Ünlü
Area
  Total6,934 km2 (2,677 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total453,912
  Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0454
Vehicle registration 28
Cimakli village in the Espiye district, Giresun Cimakli Village in Espiye, Giresun Turkey.jpg
Çımaklı village in the Espiye district, Giresun

Giresun Province (Turkish : Giresun ili) is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the southeast, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the southwest, and Ordu to the west. Its license-plate code is 28.

Contents

The provincial capital is Giresun.

Geography

Giresun is an agricultural region and its lower areas, near the Black Sea coast. It is Turkey's second largest producer of hazelnuts and it is famously home to the best quality hazelnuts in the world; a Giresun folk song tells "I will not eat a single hazelnut, unless you are by my side," [2] while another tells of a lover shot dead under a hazelnut tree. [3]

Forests and pasture cover the high mountainous regions, and in places there is mining of copper, zinc, iron and other metals. The mountain villages are remote, with poor roads and little else in the way of infrastructure. The hillsides are too steep for most forms of agriculture, and as a result, cornbread is the traditional meal, as wheat cannot be grown.

The climate is typical of this stretch of the Black Sea coast, i.e. very wet. Local flora includes bilberries (Turkish "taflan").

Demographics

The province is traditionally inhabited mostly by Chepni Turks as well as a minority of Cheveneburi Georgians in select rural villages and towns.

Due to migration, more Giresunians live outside of Giresun than inside it.

Districts

Giresun province is divided into 16 districts (capital district in bold):

Culture

Giresun province is culturally divided into two regions from north to south. North Giresun having virtually the same culture as the neighbouring Ordu and Trabzon, while south Giresun (aka. the Şebinkarahisar region) being much closer to the neighbouring Sivas province and the Central Anatolia region. Because of the northern part dominating much of the province's economic and demographic sides, south of the province is more often than not ignored.

Handcrafts

Due to the dense forestry in Giresun, woodwork is among the common handcrafts in the region. Some small wooden handcrafts peculiar to the city are churns, külek (a storing pot for cheese), and spoons. One of the oldest handcrafts in the city is weaving. Wool, linen threads and similar raw materials are spun in handlooms to produce various local clothes, heybe (shoulder bags) and bags. Strong threads and knitted threads are also produced in handlooms.

Cuisine

Some of the dishes peculiar to the city are corn soup (Mısır çorbası), kale soup (kara lahana çorbası or pancar çorbası), cabbage leaves stuffed with a meat filling (etli lahana sarması or pancar sarması/dolması), black cabbage dish (karalahana yemeği or pancar yemeği), pilaf with anchovy (hamsili pilav), pilaf with cabbage (dible), kaygana, kuymak (made of cheese, cornmeal and butter) [4]

Places of interest

Notable residents

Aksu stream, Giresun Aksu Deresi (Aksu Stream).JPG
Aksu stream, Giresun

Politicians

Writers and artists

Musicians

Giresun province shares the folk music of the Black Sea region and is the birthplace of:

Other musicians include:

Sports people

See also

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Yağlıdere Town in Black Sea, Turkey

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Şebinkarahisar is a town in and the administrative seat for Şebinkarahisar District, Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of northeastern Turkey.

Gelevara Deresi is one of two main streams of Espiye, a district of Giresun province in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Its two main tributaries arise in the highlands of Espiye district of Giresun and Torul district of Gümüşhane.

Aksu is the name of a small village, located in the upper basin of the Aksu Deresi stream in Dereli district of Giresun Province.

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References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. bir fındığın içini yar senden ayrı yemem
  3. Giresun'un içinde yeşil fındık tarlası vurdular feride'mi yere düştü bohçası
  4. "Giresun cuisine - Karadeniz mutfağı". Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2008-05-10.

Coordinates: 40°34′47″N38°35′40″E / 40.57972°N 38.59444°E / 40.57972; 38.59444