Gironde

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Gironde

Gironda  (Occitan)
Bordeaux Hotel de prefecture de la Gironde.JPG
Prefecture building in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Gironde.svg
Coat of arms
Gironde-Position.svg
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667 Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Bordeaux
Subprefectures Arcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Jean-Luc Gleyze (PS)
Area
1
  Total10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,566,679
  Rank 7th
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 33
Arrondissements 6
Cantons 33
Communes 535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Gironde ( /ʒɪˈrɒnd/ zhi-ROND [1] US usually, /ɪˈ-/ ji-, [2] [3] French:  [ʒiʁɔ̃d] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Gironda, pronounced  [dʒiˈɾundo] ) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway, its prefecture is Bordeaux. In 2016, it had a population of 1,566,679. The famous Bordeaux wine region is in Gironde. It has 6 arondissements, Making it was the Department with Most arrondissements.

Contents

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801502,723    
1806522,371+0.77%
1821522,041−0.00%
1831554,225+0.60%
1841568,034+0.25%
1851614,387+0.79%
1861667,193+0.83%
1872705,149+0.50%
1881748,703+0.67%
1891793,528+0.58%
1901821,131+0.34%
1911829,095+0.10%
1921819,128−0.12%
1931852,768+0.40%
1936850,567−0.05%
1946858,381+0.09%
1954896,517+0.54%
1962935,448+0.53%
19681,009,390+1.28%
19751,061,480+0.72%
19821,127,546+0.87%
19901,213,499+0.92%
19991,287,532+0.66%
20061,393,758+1.14%
20161,566,679+1.18%
source: [4]

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe. [5]

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party 45
The Republicans 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre La République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Charente-Maritime Department of France

Charente-Maritime is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region on the southwestern coast of France. Named after the river Charente, its prefecture is La Rochelle. As of 2016, it had a population of 642,191 with an area of 6,864 square kilometres.

Gironde estuary Largest estuary in Western Europe

Gironde is a navigable estuary in southwest France and is formed from the meeting of the rivers Dordogne and Garonne just downstream of the centre of Bordeaux. Covering around 635 km2 (245 sq mi), it is the largest estuary in western Europe.

Charente Department of France

Charente is a department in the administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, western France. It is named after the Charente River, the most important river in the department, and also the river beside which the department's two largest towns, Angoulême and Cognac, are sited. The Charente River is the longest in the Charente.

Landes (department) Department of France

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Lot-et-Garonne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Lot River and Garonne River, it had a population of 332,833 in 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.

Pauillac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Pauillac is a municipality in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The city is mid-way between Bordeaux and the Pointe de Grave, along the Gironde, the largest estuary in western Europe.

Arcachon Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Arcachon is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde. It is a popular seaside resort on the Atlantic coast 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Bordeaux, in the Landes forest. It has a sandy beach and a mild climate said to be favourable for invalids suffering from pulmonary complaints. Arcachon is twinned with 5 cities.

La Teste-de-Buch Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

La Teste-de-Buch is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Andernos-les-Bains Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Andernos-les-Bains is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

Arrondissement of Blaye Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Blaye is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 62 communes. Its population is 90,090 (2016), and its area is 782.4 km2 (302.1 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Bordeaux Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bordeaux is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 82 communes. Its population is 950,099 (2016), and its area is 1,521.8 km2 (587.6 sq mi).

Podensac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Podensac is a commune in the Gironde department. It is located in the famous Bordeaux wine region in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Arrondissement of Arcachon Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Arcachon is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 150,979 (2016), and its area is 1,469.8 km2 (567.5 sq mi).

Dune of Pilat

The Dune of Pilat, also called Grande Dune du Pilat, is the tallest sand dune in Europe. It is located in La Teste-de-Buch in the Arcachon Bay area, France, 60 km (37.2 mi) southwest of Bordeaux.

Côte dArgent

Côte d’Argent is a name given to part of the Atlantic coast of the Aquitaine region in France.

Arcachon Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest coast of France, situated in Pays de Buch between the Côte d'Argent and the Côte des Landes, in the region of Aquitaine. The bay covers an area of 150 square kilometres (60 sq mi) at high tide and 40 km2 (15 sq mi) at low tide. Some of its geological features are natural preservation areas.

Pays de Buch is one of several areas that make up the Landes forest in France. It extends across seventeen towns around the Arcachon Bay and the valley of the Eyre River. The village of Porge is at the north end and La Teste de Buch at the south, with Belin-Béliet to the east.

Gujan-Mestras Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Gujan-Mestras is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is twinned with Santa María de Cayón, Spain

Vienne Department of France

Vienne is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

References

  1. "Gironde". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  2. "Gironde". Collins English Dictionary . HarperCollins . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  3. "Gironde". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  5. C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine . (in French)
  6. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/