Gironde

Last updated
Gironde
Gironda  (Occitan)
Bordeaux Hotel de prefecture de la Gironde.JPG
Prefecture building in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde.svg
Blason departement fr Gironde.svg
Gironde-Position.svg
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667 Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Bordeaux
Subprefectures Arcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Jean-Luc Gleyze [1] (PS)
Area
1
  Total10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Total1,623,749
  Rank 6th
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 33
Arrondissements 6
Cantons 33
Communes 535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Gironde ( /ʒɪˈrɒnd/ zhi-ROND [3] US usually, /ɪˈ-/ ji-, [4] [5] French:  [ʒiʁɔ̃d] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Gironda, pronounced  [dʒiˈɾundo] ) is the largest department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway, its prefecture is Bordeaux. In 2019, it had a population of 1,623,749. [6] The famous Bordeaux wine region is in Gironde. It has six arrondissements, making it one of the departments with the most arrondissements (Nord also has six, while Pas-de-Calais has the most of any department, with seven).

Contents

History

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the Girondist political party of the French Revolution.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km2, Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km2 of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe. [7]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801502,723    
1806522,371+0.77%
1821522,041−0.00%
1831554,225+0.60%
1841568,034+0.25%
1851614,387+0.79%
1861667,193+0.83%
1872705,149+0.50%
1881748,703+0.67%
1891793,528+0.58%
1901821,131+0.34%
1911829,095+0.10%
1921819,128−0.12%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931852,768+0.40%
1936850,567−0.05%
1946858,381+0.09%
1954896,517+0.54%
1962935,448+0.53%
19681,009,390+1.28%
19751,061,480+0.72%
19821,127,546+0.87%
19901,213,499+0.92%
19991,287,532+0.66%
20061,393,758+1.14%
20111,463,662+0.98%
20161,566,679+1.37%
source: [8] [9]

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Bordeaux, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 7 communes with more than 30,000 inhabitants: [6]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Bordeaux 260,958
Mérignac 72,197
Pessac 65,245
Talence 43,820
Villenave-d'Ornon 36,754
Saint-Médard-en-Jalles 31,808
Bègles 30,642

Politics

The President of the Departmental Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party 45
The Republicans 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [10] Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre La République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

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Landes (department) Department of France

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Pauillac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

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Moulis-en-Médoc Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Moulis-en-Médoc is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Arcachon Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Arcachon is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde. It is a popular seaside resort on the Atlantic coast 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Bordeaux, in the Landes forest. It has a sandy beach and a mild climate said to be favourable for invalids suffering from pulmonary complaints. Arcachon is twinned with five cities.

Arrondissements of the Gironde department

The 6 arrondissements of the Gironde department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Arcachon, with 17 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 150,979 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Blaye, with 62 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 90,090 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Bordeaux, with 82 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 950,099 in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Langon, with 196 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 132,346 in 2016.
  5. Arrondissement of Lesparre-Médoc, with 49 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 89,098 in 2016.
  6. Arrondissement of Libourne, with 129 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 154,067 in 2016.
La Teste-de-Buch Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

La Teste-de-Buch is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Arrondissement of Bordeaux Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bordeaux is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 82 communes. Its population is 950,099 (2016), and its area is 1,521.8 km2 (587.6 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Arcachon Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Arcachon is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 150,979 (2016), and its area is 1,469.8 km2 (567.5 sq mi).

Gujan-Mestras Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Gujan-Mestras is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is twinned with Santa María de Cayón, Spain

Vienne Department of France

Vienne is a landlocked department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne. It had a population of 438,435 in 2019.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine, is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. "Gironde". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. "Gironde". Collins English Dictionary . HarperCollins . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  5. "Gironde". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  6. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 33 Gironde, INSEE
  7. C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine . (in French)
  8. "Historique de la Gironde". Le SPLAF.
  9. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  10. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.