Gironde

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Gironde
Bordeaux Hotel de prefecture de la Gironde.JPG
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Gironde.svg
Coat of arms
Gironde-Position.svg
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667 Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Bordeaux
Subprefectures Arcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
   President of the General Council Jean-Luc Gleyze
Area
1
  Total10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
  Total1,566,679
  Rank 7th
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 33
Arrondissements 6
Cantons 33
Communes 535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Gironde (French pronunciation:  [ʒiʁɔ̃d] ; in Occitan Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway. The Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,061 km2 (32,456 sq mi) – or ​18 of the country – and has approximately 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

Regions of France France top-level territorial subdivision

France is divided into 18 administrative regions, which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions, located on the European continent, and 5 overseas regions, located outside the European continent. The 13 metropolitan regions are each further subdivided into 2 to 13 departments, while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". The current legal concept of region was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18. The overseas regions should not be confused the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status.

Contents

History

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

French Revolution social and political revolution in France and its colonies occurring from 1789 to 1798

The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in 1789. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.

The Kingdom of France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department system superseded provinces. The provinces of France were roughly equivalent to the historic counties of England. They came into their final form over the course of many hundreds of years, as many dozens of semi-independent fiefs and former independent countries came to be incorporated into the French royal domain. Because of the haphazard manner in which the provinces evolved, each had its own sets of feudal traditions, laws, taxation systems, courts, etc., and the system represented an impediment to effective administration of the entire country from Paris. During the early years of the French Revolution, in an attempt to centralize the administration of the whole country, and to remove the influence of the French nobility over the country, the entirety of the province system was abolished and replaced by the system of departments in use today.

Guyenne medieval Duchy in Kingdom of France

Guyenne or Guienne was an old French province which corresponded roughly to the Roman province of Aquitania Secunda and the archdiocese of Bordeaux.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.

Landes (department) Department of France

The Landes is a department in southwestern France.

Lot-et-Garonne Department of France

Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers.

Dordogne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Dordogne is a department in Southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. The department is located in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees and is named after the river Dordogne that runs through it. It corresponds roughly with the ancient county of Périgord. It had a population of 416,909 in 2013.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

Côte dArgent seaside resort

Côte d’Argent is a tourist name given to a section of the French Atlantic coast.

Lacanau Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Lacanau is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Lacanau is a surfing area.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe. [1]

Arcachon Bay bay

Arcachon Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest coast of France, situated in Pays de Buch between the Côte d'Argent and the Côte des Landes, in the region of Aquitaine. The bay covers an area of 150 km² at high tide and 40 km² at low tide. Some of its geological features are natural preservation areas.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party 45
The Republicans 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre La République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Pomerol Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Pomerol is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Saint-Estèphe, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Estèphe is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Saint-Julien-Beychevelle Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Julien-Beychevelle is a commune on the left bank of the Garonne estuary in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Moulis-en-Médoc Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Moulis-en-Médoc is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Listrac-Médoc Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Listrac-Médoc is a commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

Blaye Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Blaye is a commune and subprefecture in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

La Teste-de-Buch Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

La Teste-de-Buch is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Andernos-les-Bains Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Andernos-les-Bains is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

Arrondissement of Bordeaux Arrondissement in Nouvelle Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bordeaux is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region. It has 82 communes. Originally much larger, it lost the four cantons of Arcachon, Audenge, Belin-Béliet and La Teste-de-Buch to the new arrondissement of Arcachon in December 2006. In 2009 it lost the canton of Saint-André-de-Cubzac to the arrondissement of Blaye, the cantons of Cadillac and Podensac to the arrondissement of Langon and the canton of Castelnau-de-Médoc to the arrondissement of Lesparre-Médoc.

Podensac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Podensac is a commune in the Gironde department. It is located in the famous Bordeaux wine region in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Arrondissement of Arcachon Arrondissement in Nouvelle Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Arcachon is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle Aquitaine region. It has 17 communes. It was created in December 2006 from the four cantons of Arcachon, Audenge, Belin-Béliet and La Teste-de-Buch, that were previously part of the arrondissement of Bordeaux.

Pays de Buch is one of several areas that make up the Landes forest in France. It extends across seventeen towns around the Arcachon Bay and the valley of the Eyre River. The village of Porge is at the north end and La Teste de Buch at the south, with Belin-Béliet to the east.

Fronsac, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Fronsac is a commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The town gave its name to the Fronsac AOC wine.

Le Barp Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Le Barp is a municipality in the Southwest of France that has 5410 inhabitants. It is located in the Department of Gironde in the Region of Nouvelle Aquitaine. It is also located in the Landes Forest, on the territory of the Landes de Gascogne Regional Nature Park. Le Barp has a special geographic situation because it is located between Bordeaux and Arcachon Bay which are two highly tourist destinations. The inhabitants are called the «Barpais».

Les Lèves-et-Thoumeyragues Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Les Lèves-et-Thoumeyragues is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is sometimes referred to as Les Lèves.

Naujan-et-Postiac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Naujan-et-Postiac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

References

  1. C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine . (in French)
  2. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/