Gironde

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Gironde

Gironda  (Occitan)
Bordeaux Hotel de prefecture de la Gironde.JPG
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Gironde.svg
Coat of arms
Gironde-Position.svg
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667 Coordinates: 44°50′N0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Bordeaux
Subprefectures Arcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
   President of the General Council Jean-Luc Gleyze
Area
1
  Total10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,566,679
  Rank 7th
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 33
Arrondissements 6
Cantons 33
Communes 535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Gironde ( /ʒɪˈrɒnd/ zhi-ROND, [1] US usually /ɪˈ-/ ji-, [2] [3] French:  [ʒiʁɔ̃d] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France. It is named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway. The Bordeaux wine region is in the Gironde.

Contents

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801502,723    
1806522,371+0.77%
1821522,041−0.00%
1831554,225+0.60%
1841568,034+0.25%
1851614,387+0.79%
1861667,193+0.83%
1872705,149+0.50%
1881748,703+0.67%
1891793,528+0.58%
1901821,131+0.34%
1911829,095+0.10%
1921819,128−0.12%
1931852,768+0.40%
1936850,567−0.05%
1946858,381+0.09%
1954896,517+0.54%
1962935,448+0.53%
19681,009,390+1.28%
19751,061,480+0.72%
19821,127,546+0.87%
19901,213,499+0.92%
19991,287,532+0.66%
20061,393,758+1.14%
20161,566,679+1.18%
source: [4]

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.

Geography

Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe. [5]

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party 45
The Republicans 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre La République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Gironde estuary Largest estuary in Western Europe

Operation

Lot-et-Garonne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Lot River and Garonne River, it had a population of 332,833 in 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.

Pauillac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Pauillac is a municipality in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The city is mid-way between Bordeaux and the Pointe de Grave, along the Gironde, the largest estuary in western Europe.

Saint-Estèphe, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Estèphe is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Listrac-Médoc Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Listrac-Médoc is a commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

Arcachon Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Arcachon is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde. It is a popular seaside resort on the Atlantic coast 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Bordeaux, in the Landes forest. It has a sandy beach and a mild climate said to be favourable for invalids suffering from pulmonary complaints. Arcachon is twinned with:* Aveiro, Portugal

La Teste-de-Buch Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

La Teste-de-Buch is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Andernos-les-Bains Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Andernos-les-Bains is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

Arrondissement of Bordeaux Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bordeaux is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 82 communes. Its population is 950,099 (2016), and its area is 1,521.8 km2 (587.6 sq mi).

Blanquefort, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Blanquefort (French) or Blancafòrt (Gascon) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Blanquefort is an outlying commune of the Bordeaux metropolitan area.

Podensac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Podensac is a commune in the Gironde department. It is located in the famous Bordeaux wine region in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Arrondissement of Arcachon Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Arcachon is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 150,979 (2016), and its area is 1,469.8 km2 (567.5 sq mi).

Dune of Pilat tallest sand dune in Europe

The Dune of Pilat, also called Grande Dune du Pilat) is the tallest sand dune in Europe. It is located in La Teste-de-Buch in the Arcachon Bay area, France, 60 km from Bordeaux.

Côte dArgent seaside resort

Côte d’Argent is a tourist name given to a section of the French Atlantic coast.

Arcachon Bay bay

Arcachon Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest coast of France, situated in Pays de Buch between the Côte d'Argent and the Côte des Landes, in the region of Aquitaine. The bay covers an area of 150 km² at high tide and 40 km² at low tide. Some of its geological features are natural preservation areas.

Pays de Buch is one of several areas that make up the Landes forest in France. It extends across seventeen towns around the Arcachon Bay and the valley of the Eyre River. The village of Porge is at the north end and La Teste de Buch at the south, with Belin-Béliet to the east.

Fronsac, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Fronsac is a commune in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The town gave its name to the Fronsac AOC wine.

Bourg, Gironde Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bourg, also less formally known as Bourg-sur-Gironde, is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Les Lèves-et-Thoumeyragues Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Les Lèves-et-Thoumeyragues is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is sometimes referred to as Les Lèves.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,061 km2 (32,456 sq mi) – or ​18 of the country – and has approximately 5,800,000 inhabitants.. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

References

  1. "Gironde". Oxford Dictionaries . Oxford University Press . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  2. "Gironde". Collins English Dictionary . HarperCollins . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  3. "Gironde". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  5. C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine . (in French)
  6. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/