Location of Gironde in France
|Subprefectures|| Arcachon |
|• President of the Departmental Council||Jean-Luc Gleyze (PS)|
|• Total||10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2.|
Gironde ( // zhi-ROND US usually, /-/ ji-, French: [ʒiʁɔ̃d] ( listen ); Occitan : Gironda, pronounced [dʒiˈɾundo] ) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway, its prefecture is Bordeaux. In 2016, it had a population of 1,566,679. The famous Bordeaux wine region is in Gironde. It has 6 arondissements, Making it was the Department with Most arrondissements.
Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.
From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the revolutionary party, the Girondists.
Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.
Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe.
The President of the General Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.
|•||French Communist Party||3|
|Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition||1|
|Gironde's 1st constituency||Dominique David||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 2nd constituency||Catherine Fabre||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 3rd constituency||Loïc Prud'homme||La France Insoumise|
|Gironde's 4th constituency||Alain David||Socialist Party|
|Gironde's 5th constituency||Benoît Simian||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 6th constituency||Éric Poulliat||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 7th constituency||Bérangère Couillard||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 8th constituency||Sophie Panonacle||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 9th constituency||Sophie Mette||MoDem|
|Gironde's 10th constituency||Florent Boudié||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 11th constituency||Véronique Hammerer||La République En Marche!|
|Gironde's 12th constituency||Christelle Dubos||La République En Marche!|
Charente-Maritime is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region on the southwestern coast of France. Named after the river Charente, its prefecture is La Rochelle. As of 2016, it had a population of 642,191 with an area of 6,864 square kilometres.
Gironde is a navigable estuary in southwest France and is formed from the meeting of the rivers Dordogne and Garonne just downstream of the centre of Bordeaux. Covering around 635 km2 (245 sq mi), it is the largest estuary in western Europe.
Charente is a department in the administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, western France. It is named after the Charente River, the most important river in the department, and also the river beside which the department's two largest towns, Angoulême and Cognac, are sited. The Charente River is the longest in the Charente.
Landes is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Located on the Atlantic coast, it had a population of 405,010 as of 2016. Its prefecture is Mont-de-Marsan.
Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Lot River and Garonne River, it had a population of 332,833 in 2016. Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.
Pauillac is a municipality in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The city is mid-way between Bordeaux and the Pointe de Grave, along the Gironde, the largest estuary in western Europe.
Arcachon is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde. It is a popular seaside resort on the Atlantic coast 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Bordeaux, in the Landes forest. It has a sandy beach and a mild climate said to be favourable for invalids suffering from pulmonary complaints. Arcachon is twinned with 5 cities.
La Teste-de-Buch is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Andernos-les-Bains is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
The arrondissement of Blaye is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 62 communes. Its population is 90,090 (2016), and its area is 782.4 km2 (302.1 sq mi).
The arrondissement of Bordeaux is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 82 communes. Its population is 950,099 (2016), and its area is 1,521.8 km2 (587.6 sq mi).
Podensac is a commune in the Gironde department. It is located in the famous Bordeaux wine region in Nouvelle-Aquitaine.
The arrondissement of Arcachon is an arrondissement of France in the Gironde department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 150,979 (2016), and its area is 1,469.8 km2 (567.5 sq mi).
The Dune of Pilat, also called Grande Dune du Pilat, is the tallest sand dune in Europe. It is located in La Teste-de-Buch in the Arcachon Bay area, France, 60 km (37.2 mi) southwest of Bordeaux.
Côte d’Argent is a name given to part of the Atlantic coast of the Aquitaine region in France.
Arcachon Bay is a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the southwest coast of France, situated in Pays de Buch between the Côte d'Argent and the Côte des Landes, in the region of Aquitaine. The bay covers an area of 150 square kilometres (60 sq mi) at high tide and 40 km2 (15 sq mi) at low tide. Some of its geological features are natural preservation areas.
Pays de Buch is one of several areas that make up the Landes forest in France. It extends across seventeen towns around the Arcachon Bay and the valley of the Eyre River. The village of Porge is at the north end and La Teste de Buch at the south, with Belin-Béliet to the east.
Gujan-Mestras is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is twinned with Santa María de Cayón, Spain
Vienne is a department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.