|Senator of Italian Parliament|
29 April 2008 –15 March 2013
|Born||28 January 1934|
Rome, Lazio, Italy
|Died||14 April 2019 (aged 85)|
Rome, Lazio, Italy
|Political party|| The People of Freedom |
Giuseppe Ciarrapico (28 January 1934 – 14 April 2019)was an Italian entrepreneur, publisher and politician. He was president of the football club AS Roma from 1991 and 1993, and a senator of Italy for Silvio Berlusconi's The People of Freedom party in 2008-2012. Ciarrapico was convicted and imprisoned several times due to his involvement in financial scandals.
Silvio Berlusconi is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments.
The People of Freedom was a centre-right political party in Italy.
Ciarrapico was born in Rome, but grew up in Ciociaria. A supporter of Fascism in his youth, he was the printer for the manifestoes of the Italian neo-Fascist party, MSI, in his printing plant at Cassino.[ citation needed ] His publishing house also released revisionist books and pamphlets. Later in his life became nearer to Giulio Andreotti's right-wing current within Democrazia Cristiana (then Italy's major centre party).[ citation needed ]
Rome is the capital city and a special comune of Italy. Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,872,800 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4,355,725 residents, thus making it the most populous metropolitan city in Italy. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.
Ciociaria is an area of Central Italy roughly corresponding to the province of Frosinone, Lazio, but without a defined border nor historical identity. The name was adopted by a fascist movement of Frosinone as an ethnic denomination for the province of Frosinone, when it was created in 1927. In the Middle Ages, this region was referred to as Campagna. The local dialect, now known as ciociaro, was earlier referred to as campanino. In more recent times, the term Campagna Romana, or Roman Campagna, a favorite subject of countless painters from all over Europe, has referred to the adjoining region to the north of Ciociaria, but part of the Province of Rome.
Fascism is a form of radical, right-wing, authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries. Opposed to liberalism, Marxism, and anarchism, fascism is placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.
Ciarrapico was also the owner of the large mineral water plants at Fiuggi, [ citation needed ]as well as of a series of private hospitals in Rome, of the aerotaxi company Air Capitol and of the Roman restaurant Casina Valadier. His holding Italfin '80, under which his properties were collected, went bankrupt in the early 1990s: after being prosecuted for bankruptcy in 1993, Ciarrapico was forced to abandon the presidency of Rome's football club AS Roma, which he had acquired in April 1991. Ciarrapico was tried and sentenced to 4 and a half years imprisonment, later reduced to 3 years. He was also involved in the Samif-Italsanità healthcare scandal, after which he was imprisoned at Regina Coeli on 21 March 1993; in the same year he was again accused and imprisoned for illegal financing of political parties. He was also sentenced 5.5 years (later reduced to 4.5) in the trial for the Banco Ambrosiano bankrupt.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds. Mineral water may be classified as "still" or "sparkling" (carbonated/effervescent) according to the presence or absence of added gases.
Fiuggi is a comune (municipality) in the province of Frosinone in the region of Lazio in central Italy. The town of Fiuggi became famous for its Acqua di Fiuggi which flows from its natural springs and mountains. The water has been used in Italy since as early as the 14th century and is famous for its natural healing properties.
Aerotaxi was a state-owned Cuban charter airline. It had operated basic services within Cuba, as well as some Caribbean charters.
In 1997 he founded a newspaper, Oggi Sicilia , which was closed in 2000. Ciarrapico's chain of local newspapers also included Ciociaria Oggi , Latina Oggi and Nuovo Oggi Molise. In 2012 Ciarrapico's publishing company was sold because of financial difficulties.[ citation needed ]
In 2010, when he was a senator for Silvio Berlusconi's party, part of his properties were confiscated by the Guardia di Finanza due to Ciarrapico's illegal acquisition of state contributions for a total of 20 million euros between 2002 and 2007.
The Guardia di Finanza (GdF) (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɡwardja di fiˈnantsa]; is an Italian law enforcement agency under the authority of the Minister of Economy and Finance. It is a militarized police force, forming a part of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, not the Ministry of Defence. Guardia di Finanza is essentially responsible for dealing with financial crime and smuggling; it has also evolved into Italy's primary agency for suppressing the illegal drug trade. It maintains over 600 boats and ships and more than 100 aircraft to serve in its mission of patrolling Italy's territorial waters.
National Alliance was a conservative political party in Italy.
Licio Gelli was an Italian financier, liaison officer between the Italian government and Nazi Germany, chiefly known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal. He was revealed in 1981 as being the Venerable Master of the clandestine lodge Propaganda Due (P2).
Banco Ambrosiano was an Italian bank that collapsed in 1982. At the center of the bank's failure was its chairman, Roberto Calvi, and his membership in the illegal former Masonic Lodge Propaganda Due. The Institute for the Works of Religion, commonly known as the Vatican Bank, was Banco Ambrosiano's main shareholder. The Vatican Bank was also accused of funneling covert United States funds to the Polish trade union Solidarity and to the Contras through Banco Ambrosiano.
Antonio Di Pietro is an Italian politician and lawyer. He was a minister in government of Romano Prodi, a Senator, and a Member of the European Parliament. He was a prosecutor in the Mani Pulite corruption trials in the early 1990s.
la Repubblica is an Italian daily general-interest newspaper. It was founded in 1976 in Rome by Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso and led by Eugenio Scalfari, Carlo Caracciolo and Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. Born as a radical leftist newspaper, it has since moderated to a milder centre-left political stance.
Marcello Dell'Utri is a convicted mafia criminal and a former Italian politician and senior advisor to Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. Formerly Senator in the Italian Senate for The People of Freedom political party, he was also member of the Italian Parliamentary Delegation to the Council of Europe and of the Italian Parliamentary Delegation to the Western European Union (WEO). He was appointed artistic director of the now closed Teatro Lirico in Milan by the then mayor Letizia Moratti his appointment has been strongly criticized by art critic and then Head of Culture Department of the Municipality of Milan Vittorio Sgarbi.
Trials and allegations involving Silvio Berlusconi have been extensive and include abuse of office, defamation, extortion, child sexual abuse, perjury, mafia collusion, false accounting, embezzlement, money laundering, tax fraud, witness tampering, corruption and bribery of police officers, judges and politicians.
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The Banda della Magliana is an Italian criminal organization based in Rome founded in 1975. Given by the media, the name refers to the original neighborhood, the Magliana, of some of its members.
A snap national general election was held in Italy on 27 March 1994 to elect members of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Silvio Berlusconi's centre-right alliance won a large majority in the Chamber, but just missed winning a majority in the Senate. The Italian People's Party, the renamed Christian Democrats, which had dominated Italian politics for almost half a century, was decimated. It took only 29 seats versus 206 for the DC two years earlier-easily the worst defeat a sitting government in Italy has ever suffered, and one of the worst ever suffered by a Western European governing party.
Giuseppe Graviano is an Italian mafioso from the Brancaccio quarter in Palermo. He is currently serving several life sentences.
Giovanni "Gianni" Alemanno is an Italian politician who from April 2008 until June 2013 was Mayor of Rome for the centre-right People of Freedom.
Gaspare Spatuzza, is a Sicilian mafioso from the Brancaccio quarter in Palermo. He was an assassin for the brothers Filippo and Giuseppe Graviano who headed the Mafia family of Brancaccio. After the arrest of the Gravianos in January 1994, he apparently succeeded them as the regent of the Mafia family. He was arrested in 1997 and started to cooperate with the judicial authorities in 2008. In his testimony he claimed that media tycoon and prime minister Silvio Berlusconi made a deal with the Sicilian Mafia in 1993 that put the country "in the hands" of Cosa Nostra.
Aldo Brancher is an Italian politician. He served as a minister without portfolio in the Government of Silvio Berlusconi for 17 days in June/July 2010, but was forced to resign due to a pending court case.
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Silvio Berlusconi, a former Prime Minister of Italy, was found not guilty on appeal, formerly accused and convicted of paying 17-year old Moroccan prostitute Karima El Mahroug, also known by the stage name Ruby Rubacuori – for sexual services between February and May 2010 when she was under the age of 18. He was found not guilty on appeal also, formerly convicted of malfeasance in office by arranging to have El Mahroug released from police detention during an incident in which she was briefly held on claims of theft. On 24 June 2013, the Court of First Instance sentenced Berlusconi to seven years in prison, and banned him from public office for life. Berlusconi appealed the sentence, and on 18 July 2014, an appeals court overturned Berlusconi's conviction, thus making him once again eligible to hold elected office.
Giuseppe Tatarella was an Italian politician who served as deputy prime minister in the first cabinet of Silvio Berlusconi from 1994 to 1995.
Umberto Bossi is an Italian politician, former leader of the Northern League, a party seeking autonomy or independence for Northern Italy or Padania. He is married to Manuela Marrone and has four sons.