Giuseppe Verdi Monument

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Giuseppe Verdi Monument
Giuseppe Verd Monument-detail.jpg
Verdi Monument in Verdi Square Park
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USA New York location map.svg
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Location Verdi Square, New York City
Coordinates 40°46′45″N73°58′54″W / 40.77917°N 73.98167°W / 40.77917; -73.98167 Coordinates: 40°46′45″N73°58′54″W / 40.77917°N 73.98167°W / 40.77917; -73.98167
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Built 1906
Architect Pasquale Civiletti
NRHP reference # 90002223 [1]
Added to NRHP October 4, 1990

The Giuseppe Verdi Monument is a sculpture in honor of composer Giuseppe Verdi located in Verdi Square Park (between West 72nd and West 73rd streets, between Amsterdam Avenue and Broadway) in Manhattan, New York City. [2] The statue, by Pasquale Civiletti (1858–1952), [3] depicts Verdi flanked by four of his most popular characters: Falstaff (on the west side of the statue of Verdi), Leonora of La forza del destino (south side), Aida (north side), and Otello (east side).

Giuseppe Verdi 19th-century Italian opera composer

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian opera composer. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history.

Verdi Square

Verdi Square is a small triangle of land enclosed by a railing, located on Manhattan's Upper West Side, between 72nd Street and 73rd Street on the south and north, and Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue on the west and east. On the south the square fronts West 72nd Street; across the street to the south lies Sherman Square. On the north side, the park is enclosed by the Florentine Renaissance palazzo of the Central Savings Bank, now Apple Bank for Savings; that trapezoidal structure, with a vast vaulted Roman banking hall 65 feet high, was designed by York and Sawyer and built in 1926–28.

Manhattan Borough in New York City and county in New York, United States

Manhattan, often referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, and historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

The monument was dedicated on Columbus Day, October 12, 1906, by the Verdi Monument Committee chaired by Carlo Barsotti (1850–1927), an Italian-American who hoped to inspire young Italian Americans. He was the founding editor of the Il Progresso Italo-Americano Italian-American newspaper, and used its pages to raise funds for this and several other memorials including the Columbus Circle monument, an 1888 monument to Giuseppe Garibaldi in Washington Square Park, a monument to Giovanni da Verrazzano (1909) and the 1921 monument to Dante Alighieri in Dante Square. [2]

Columbus Day anniversary of Christopher Columbus arrival in the Americas

Columbus Day is a national holiday in many countries of the Americas and elsewhere which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who set sail across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a faster route to the The Far East only to land at the New World. His first voyage to the New World on the Spanish ships the Santa María, Niña, and La Pinta took approximately three months. Columbus and his crew's arrival to the New World initiated the Columbian Exchange which introduced the transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, and technology between the new world and the old.

Carlo Barsotti was an Italian-American newspaper and bank owner. He was born in Pisa, Italy in 1850 and died in New Jersey, United States in 1927.

Il Progresso Italo-Americano was an Italian-language daily newspaper in the United States, published in New York City from 1880 to 1988, when it was shut down due to a union dispute. In 1989, most journalists of "Il Progresso" reunited to create a new daily, America Oggi. In the early 20th century "Il Progresso" was the most popular of New York's Italian newspapers, selling anywhere from 90,000 to 100,000 copies every day.

A permanent maintenance endowment for the monument has been established by Bertolli USA. [4] The monument is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

A financial endowment is a donation of money or property to a nonprofit organization which uses the resulting investment income for a specific purpose. Usually the endowment is structured so that the principal amount is kept intact, while the investment income is available for use, or part of the principal is released each year, which allows for their donation to have an impact over a longer period than if it were spent all at once. An endowment may come with stipulations regarding its usage.

Bertolli trademark

Bertolli is a brand of Italian food products. Originating as a brand of extra-virgin olive oil, in which it was the global market leader, but has now widened its range to include pasta sauces and ready meals.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

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References

  1. National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. 1 2 "Verdi Monument – Historical Sign". City of New York, Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
  3. "Civiletti, Pasquale" by Carol Bradley in Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani , vol. 26 (1982) (in Italian)
  4. "Verdi Square", City of New York, Parks & Recreation