Around St. Hilary's Church and Charlemont Fort
|Intercommunality||Ardennes Rives de Meuse|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Claude Wallendorff|
|18.41 km2 (7.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||370/km2 (950/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||103–124 m (338–407 ft) |
(avg. 124 m or 407 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Givet (French pronunciation: [ʒi.vɛ] ) (German:Gibet) is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France very close to the Belgian border. It lies on the river Meuse where Emperor Charles V built the fortress of Charlemont. It borders the French municipalities of Fromelennes to the east and Rancennes to the south and Foisches to the southeast.
Later on, another building was added to the fort, the Caserne Rougé, the longest barracks of France at that time, named after Pierre François, Marquis de Rougé, general of the French armies k.a. 1761.
The Pointe de Givet National Nature Reserve is partly located on the commune.
The town's history claims that Saint Hubert lived there in 720 ) and performed a miracle. The town has changed hands several times since the Roman era before becoming part of France in 1678, and was later invaded by Russians and Germans.
During the Napoleonic Wars, the French maintained a camp here for British naval prisoners of war from 1805 to 1814. One of the officer prisoners, Captain Jahleel Brenton, Royal Navy, and Naval Chaplain the Reverend Robert B. Wolfe, also a prisoner, established a school of navigation for the imprisoned British sailors. This was a successful unofficial initiative for teaching navigation that also provided a center for the growth of religious piety in the Royal Navy.An example of student work in the navigation school is preserved in the notebook by British seaman William Carter.
In World War II, Givet was occupied by the Germans on May 12, 1940 and liberated by the allies on September 7, 1944. By December 1944, 11,000 American soldiers were billeted in the ancient Charlemont fortress. The German Ardennes Offensive targeted Givet and its crossing of the Meuse. The British, under General Montgomery, organized a last-ditch defense, and on 24 December, the German drive was stopped about 10 kilometres (6 mi) from Givet.
Givet is also the birthplace of writer Henry Bidou (1873 – 1943) and oboist Gilles Silvestrini (born 1961).
The Meuse or Maas is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea from the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta. It has a total length of 925 km.
Ardennes is a department in the Grand Est region of northeastern France named after the Ardennes area.
The Ardennes, also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes, is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges. Geologically, the range is a western extension of the Eifel, and both were raised during the Givetian age of the Devonian, as were several other named ranges of the same greater range.
Sedan is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France. It is also the chef-lieu of the arrondissement of the same name.
Rethel is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France. It is a sub-prefecture and third-most important city and economic center in the department. It is situated on the river Aisne, near the northern border of Champagne and 37 km from Reims.
Sir Jahleel Brenton, 1st Baronet, KCB was a British admiral born in Newport, Rhode Island, British North America.
Maubeuge is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Fumay is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France, very close to the Belgian border. The engineer Charles-Hippolyte de Paravey was born in Fumay.
The arrondissement of Charleville-Mézières is an arrondissement of France in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region. It has 157 communes. Its population is 158,005 (2016), and its area is 1,825.3 km2 (704.8 sq mi).
Hierges is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region in northern France.
Apremont is a commune in the department of Ardennes in the Grand Est region of northern France.
Autruche is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.
Autrecourt-et-Pourron is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.
Authe is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.
Anchamps is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.
Bogny-sur-Meuse is a commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France. Bogny-sur-Meuse is known for multiple sites linked to the medieval legend of The Four Sons of Aymon, such as the Hermitage, the statue of Bayard the horse, and the four peaks symbolizing the four brothers. Situated in the Ardennes mountains, the commune extends along the banks of the Meuse.
The Canal de la Meuse is the current name of what used to be the northern branch of the Canal de l'Est. It is a canal in northeastern France, predominantly made up of the canalised river Meuse. The Canal de l'Est was built from 1874 to 1887 to provide a waterway inside the new border with Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War, Overall, the canal had a total length of 394 kilometres (245 mi). In 2003, the northern and southern branches were officially renamed Canal de la Meuse and Canal des Vosges respectively.
The canton of Givet is an administrative division of the Ardennes department, northern France. Its borders were not modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Givet.
The Fortress of Charlemont is a French stronghold located near the Belgian border on the Meuse. It is a citadel, surrounded by a network of outworks, including the connecting forts. It dominates the town of Givet and when in use as a working fortress controlled the valley of the Meuse.
The Pointe de Givet National Nature Reserve (RNN145) is a national nature reserve of the Grand Est region. Established in 1999, it spreads over 354 hectares and protects a group of sites recognised for their rich geology, flora and fauna.
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