Givet

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Givet
Givet2.JPG
Around St. Hilary's Church and Charlemont Fort
Blason de la ville de Givet (Ardennes).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Givet
Givet
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Givet
Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine region location map.svg
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Givet
Coordinates: 50°08′20″N4°49′30″E / 50.1389°N 4.825°E / 50.1389; 4.825 Coordinates: 50°08′20″N4°49′30″E / 50.1389°N 4.825°E / 50.1389; 4.825
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Ardennes
Arrondissement Charleville-Mézières
Canton Givet
Intercommunality Ardennes Rives de Meuse
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Claude Wallendorff
Area
1
18.41 km2 (7.11 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
6,749
  Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
08190 /08600
Elevation103–124 m (338–407 ft)
(avg. 124 m or 407 ft)
Website givet.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Givet (French pronunciation:  [ʒi.vɛ] ) (German:Gibet) is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France very close to the Belgian border. It lies on the river Meuse where Emperor Charles V built the fortress of Charlemont. It borders the French municipalities of Fromelennes to the east and Rancennes to the south and Foisches to the southeast.

Contents

Later on, another building was added to the fort, the Caserne Rougé, the longest barracks of France at that time, named after Pierre François, Marquis de Rougé, general of the French armies k.a. 1761.

The Pointe de Givet National Nature Reserve is partly located on the commune.

History

The town's history claims that Saint Hubert lived there in 720 ) and performed a miracle. The town has changed hands several times since the Roman era before becoming part of France in 1678, and was later invaded by Russians and Germans.

During the Napoleonic Wars, the French maintained a camp here for British naval prisoners of war from 1805 to 1814. One of the officer prisoners, Captain Jahleel Brenton, Royal Navy, and Naval Chaplain the Reverend Robert B. Wolfe, also a prisoner, established a school of navigation for the imprisoned British sailors. This was a successful unofficial initiative for teaching navigation that also provided a center for the growth of religious piety in the Royal Navy. [2] An example of student work in the navigation school is preserved in the notebook by British seaman William Carter. [3]

In World War II, Givet was occupied by the Germans on May 12, 1940 and liberated by the allies on September 7, 1944. By December 1944, 11,000 American soldiers were billeted in the ancient Charlemont fortress. The German Ardennes Offensive targeted Givet and its crossing of the Meuse. The British, under General Montgomery, organized a last-ditch defense, and on 24 December, the German drive was stopped about 10 kilometres (6 mi) from Givet.

Givet is also the birthplace of writer Henry Bidou (1873 – 1943) and oboist Gilles Silvestrini (born 1961).

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17934,100    
18003,643−11.1%
18063,879+6.5%
18214,068+4.9%
18314,220+3.7%
18364,293+1.7%
18415,689+32.5%
18465,855+2.9%
18515,639−3.7%
18665,801+2.9%
18725,104−12.0%
18765,575+9.2%
18816,972+25.1%
18867,820+12.2%
18917,083−9.4%
18967,100+0.2%
19016,947−2.2%
19067,468+7.5%
19117,759+3.9%
19215,519−28.9%
19266,803+23.3%
19316,826+0.3%
19366,923+1.4%
19465,524−20.2%
19546,656+20.5%
19627,444+11.8%
19687,865+5.7%
19757,804−0.8%
19827,587−2.8%
19907,775+2.5%
19997,372−5.2%
20086,736−8.6%

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. Mark J. Gabrielson, “Enlightenment in the Darkness: The British Prisoner of War School of Navigation. Givet, France. 1805–1814,” Northern Mariner, vol. 25 (2015), pp. 7-41. https://www.cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mariner/vol25/tnm_25_7-41.pdf
  3. William Carter Navigation Journal, MSC-364- File MSI 21, Naval Historical Collection, Naval War College, Newport, RI. The document is online at