|Glagolev-Shipunov-Gryazev GShG-7.62 rotary machine gun|
|Type||Gatling-type Multiple-barrel firearm|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Russia, Warsaw Pact|
|Designer||KBP Instrument Design Bureau|
|Manufacturer||KBP Instrument Design Bureau|
|Rate of fire||3,500 or 6,000 RPM[ citation needed ]|
|Muzzle velocity||820–850 m/s|
|Maximum firing range||1000 m|
The Glagolev-Shipunov-Gryazev GShG-7.62 is four-barreled rotary machine gun designed in the Soviet Union, similar to firearms such as the M134 Minigun. It is a gas operated, self-powered weapon, which is in contrast with most other rotary guns (that are usually externally powered). It was developed in 1968–1970 for the Mi-24 helicopter together with YakB 12.7mm machine gun,and is currently used in GUV-8700 gun pods, and flexible mounts on Kamov Ka-29.
The Gatling gun is one of the best-known early rapid-fire spring loaded, hand cranked weapons, and a forerunner of the modern machine gun and rotary cannon. Invented by Richard Gatling, it saw occasional use by the Union forces during the American Civil War in the 1860s, which was the first time it was employed in combat. It was later used in numerous military conflicts, including the Boshin War, the Anglo-Zulu War, and the assault on San Juan Hill during the Spanish–American War. It was also used by the Pennsylvania militia in episodes of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, specifically in Pittsburgh.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire rifle cartridges in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine. Not all fully automatic firearms are machine guns. Submachine guns, rifles, assault rifles, battle rifles, shotguns, pistols or cannons may be capable of fully automatic fire, but are not designed for sustained fire. As a class of military rapid-fire guns, machine guns are fully automatic weapons designed to be used as support weapons and generally used when attached to a mount or fired from the ground on a bipod or tripod. Many machine guns also use belt feeding and open bolt operation, features not normally found on rifles.
The M61 Vulcan is a hydraulically, electrically or pneumatically driven, six-barrel, air-cooled, electrically fired Gatling-style rotary cannon which fires 20 mm rounds at an extremely high rate. The M61 and its derivatives have been the principal cannon armament of United States military fixed-wing aircraft for sixty years.
A revolver cannon is a type of autocannon, commonly used as an aircraft gun. It uses a cylinder with multiple chambers, like those of a revolver handgun, to speed up the loading-firing-ejection cycle. Some examples are also power-driven, to further speed the loading process. Unlike a rotary cannon, a revolver cannon has only a single barrel, thus its spun weight is lower. Automatic revolver cannons have been produced by many different manufacturers.
The M134 Minigun is a 7.62×51mm NATO six-barrel rotary machine gun with a high, sustained rate of fire. It features a Gatling-style rotating barrel assembly with an external power source, normally an electric motor. The "Mini" in the name is in comparison to larger-caliber designs that use a rotary barrel design, such as General Electric's earlier 20 mm M61 Vulcan, and "gun" for the use of rifle ammunition as opposed to autocannon shells.
The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-23 is a six-barreled 23 mm rotary cannon used by some modern Soviet/Russian military aircraft.
The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23 ) is a twin-barreled 23 mm autocannon developed in the Soviet Union, primarily for military aircraft use. It entered service in 1965, replacing the earlier Nudelman-Rikhter NR-23 cannon.
The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-2 (ГШ-30-2) or GSh-2-30 is a Soviet dual-barrel autocannon developed for use on certain ground attack military aircraft and helicopters.
The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-30 is a Russian 30 mm rotary cannon aircraft-mounted and naval autocannon used by Soviet and later CIS military aircraft. The GSh-6-30 fires a 30×165mm, 390 g projectile.
A gun pod is a detachable pod or pack containing machine guns, autocannons or rotary cannons and ancillaries, mounted externally on a vehicle such as a military aircraft which may or may not also have its own guns.
A rotary cannon, rotary autocannon, or Gatling-type cannon is a rapid-firing weapon that uses multiple barrels in a rotating cluster to provide a sustained rate of fire and saturation greater than single-barreled autocannons of equivalent caliber. The loading, firing, and unloading functions are performed simultaneously in different barrels as they rotate, and the rotation also permits the barrels some time to cool. The rotating barrel cluster on most Gatling-type guns is powered by an external force such as an electric motor, although gas-operated versions have also been developed.
A heavy machine gun or HMG is a class of machine gun implying greater characteristics than general purpose or medium machine guns.
The XM214 is an American prototype 5.56 mm rotary-barreled machine gun. It was designed and built by General Electric. Also known as Microgun, the XM214 was a scaled-down smaller and lighter version of the M134 minigun, firing M193 5.56×45mm ammunition.
The Kortik close-in weapon system (CIWS) is a modern naval air defence gun-missile system deployed by the Russian Navy. Its export version is known as Kashtan, with the NATO designation CADS-N-1 Kashtan.
The GAU-19/A, is an electrically-driven heavy machine gun that fires the .50 BMG (12.7×99mm) cartridge.
The Yakushev-Borzov YakB-12.7 mm is a remotely controlled 12.7×108mm caliber four-barrel rotary cannon developed by the Soviet Union in 1973 for the Mil Mi-24 attack gunship and low-capacity troop transporter, with 1470 rounds, which can also be mounted in GUV-8700 machine-gun pods with 750 rounds. It has a high rate of fire and is also one of the few self-powered guns of the Gatling type.
A multiple barrel firearm is a firearm of any type with more than one barrel, usually to increase the rate of fire/hitting probability and to reduce barrel erosion/overheating.
The Fokker-Leimberger was an externally powered, 12-barrel rifle-caliber rotary gun developed in Germany during the First World War. The action of the Fokker-Leimberger differed from that of a Gatling in that it employed a rotary split-breech design, also known as a "nutcracker".
The Hua Qing Minigun is a Chinese Gatling-type machine gun. The weapon is chambered in the 7.62×54mmR round and was introduced at the 2009 Anti Terrorist Trade Show at Beijing.
Eli gun is an Indonesian six-barrel rotary machine gun made by local manufacturer PT. Komodo Armament Indonesia. It can be used for various land, air, and sea vehicles. As a modular system, it is easily adapted to any existing platform. It uses the 7.62x51 mm NATO ammunition. The first prototype was unveiled in Indo Defence 2014 Expo & Forum. The weapon was a result of cooperation between Indonesia and Italy.