Glassboro–Camden Line

Last updated

Glassboro–Camden Line
Overview
Type Tram-train, light rail
System NJ Transit
Locale Camden, Burlington, and Mercer counties, New Jersey
Termini Walter Rand Transportation Center
Glassboro
Stations15
Services1
Technical
Line length18 mi (29 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Route map

Contents

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Walter Rand Trans. Center
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Cooper–Campbell
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South Camden
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Gloucester City
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Crown Point Road
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Red Bank Avenue
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Woodbury
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Woodbury Heights
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Wenonah
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Mantua Boulevard
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Sewell
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Mantua/Pitman
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Pitman
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Rowan University
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Glassboro
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Vineland Secondary

The Glassboro–Camden Line is an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system planned for the southwestern part of New Jersey in the United States. [1] [2] At its northern end in Camden it will connect with the River Line with which its infrastructure and vehicles will be compatible. At the northern terminus, the Walter Rand Transportation Center, paid transfers will be possible to the PATCO Speedline. The route will generally follow the right of way (ROW) of Conrail's South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Operations Vineland Secondary freight rail line which continues beyond the light rail terminus in Glassboro. The project is part of a greater plan to expand public transportation in the Delaware Valley metro area. [3]

The Glassboro-Camden Line will use vehicles similar to the River Line with which converge near the Walter Rand Transportation Center in Camden Riverline At Walter Rand.jpg
The Glassboro–Camden Line will use vehicles similar to the River Line with which converge near the Walter Rand Transportation Center in Camden

Background

In the early 1990s, NJT commissioned a major investment study to look examine mass transit options for the South Jersey region in Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester. A rail connection from Glassboro was proposed in the report released in 1996. [4]

In May 2009, New Jersey Governor Jon S. Corzine and the Delaware River Port Authority announced the project. [3] It was expected to cost $1.8 billion and be completed in 2019. [5]

Route

Located within Camden County and Gloucester County the line would include fourteen stations in Camden, Gloucester City, Westville, Brooklawn, Woodbury, Woodbury Heights, Wenonah, Mantua, Sewell, Pitman, and Glassboro.

In a non-binding referendum, Wenonah citizens voted against allowing a station in town. The town council also passed such a resolution. [6]

Vineland Secondary right-of-way and freight rail

The West Jersey Railroad (WJ) was granted its charter by the state on February 5, 1853, to build a line from Camden to Cape May. The line was built with the backing of the Camden and Amboy Railroad from Camden to Glassboro, with the first 8.2 miles of the line using the abandoned ROW built by the Camden and Woodbury Railroad to Woodbury.

In 1896 the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) consolidated all its railroads and several smaller properties in southern New Jersey into the West Jersey and Seashore Railroad (WJ&S). In 1932, the PRR and Reading Company (RDG) merged their southern New Jersey railroad lines into one company, the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines (PRSL). The line was electrified between 1906–1949. [7] In 1968 New York Central Railroad was merged into the PRR becoming Penn Central, which was bankrupt by 1970. The last passenger train ran in 1971. [7]

The line came under the auspices of Conrail. Following the purchase and division of Conrail it was designated part of the South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets Area. Known as the Vineland Secondary it is owned, operated and maintained by Conrail, the terminal railroad, for the exclusive benefit of CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern Railway. The Vineland Secondary begins at Pavonia Yard in Camden and heads south. It has a spur serving the Port of Camden. It continues another 19 miles (30.58 km) to Millville. [8]

Regional rail and bus rapid transit

The Glassboro–Camden Line is part of a broader plan to expand a regional multimodal transportation network in Delaware Valley metro area including service across the Delaware River to Philadelphia. [3] Other elements of network would include additions and adjustments to PATCO Hi-Speed Line and Atlantic City Line and the development of new system of bus rapid transit in New Jersey. The region is served by NJT buses 400499.

The bus rapid transit component would be developed along the heavily traveled corridor comprising I-676, Route 42, and Route 55 [9] The southern end of the system would be a newly constructed park and ride in Deptford on Route 55 and an expanded one in Winslow with peak hour buses running at 10–15 minute intervals. [10] Travelling northwest the two lines would converge to pass through downtown Camden, where transfers would be possible for other components of the network, including at the Walter Rand Transportation Center. [11] They would then continue over the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, equipped with reversible or contra-flow lanes to a point near Philadelphia City Hall. [10] Depending on approval and funding, the BRT system could be completed by 2020. [10]

Funding

In July 2012, NJT received $2.6 million in federal funding to advance the project. [12]

In July 2014 the Federal Transit Administration said it would not proceed with a required environmental study because no owner or operator has been identified. While the Delaware River Port Authority is overseeing the $8.1 million environmental study, the agency has not agreed to build or run it. New Jersey Transit has agreed to fund the $8.1 million study, but has also not committed to building or running it. [13] [14] As of 2016, there was no funding for the project. [15]

As New Jersey raised its gas taxes in 2016, the line was targeted to receive funding for construction. As of September 2019 an environmental impact report is expected by the end of the year. As of May 2020, the study has not been completed and the study team has shut down its website which had not been updated for several years. Any possible advancement of the project is unlikely to take place until after 2025 according to the vice chairman of the Delaware River Port Authority. [16] It is expected that engineering work, if ever approved, would take a minimum of 18 months. [17]

See also

Related Research Articles

Route 55 is a state highway in the southern part of the U.S. state of New Jersey that is built to freeway standards. Also known as the Veterans Memorial Highway, it runs 40.54 miles (65.24 km) from an intersection with Route 47 in Port Elizabeth north to an interchange with Route 42 in Gloucester County. The Route 55 freeway serves as a main road through Cumberland and Gloucester counties, serving Millville, Vineland, and Glassboro. It is used as a commuter route north to Philadelphia and, along with Route 47, as a route from the Delaware Valley to the Jersey Shore resorts in Cape May County. Route 55 has a posted speed limit of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) for most of its length.

SEPTA organization operating a transportation system in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) is a regional public transportation authority that operates bus, rapid transit, commuter rail, light rail, and electric trolleybus services for nearly 4 million people in five counties in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It also manages projects that maintain, replace and expand its infrastructure, facilities and vehicles.

NJ Transit public transit authority in the U.S. state of New Jersey

New Jersey Transit Corporation, branded as NJ Transit, and often shortened to NJT, is a state-owned public transportation system that serves the US state of New Jersey, along with portions of New York State and Pennsylvania. It operates bus, light rail, and commuter rail services throughout the state, connecting to major commercial and employment centers both within the state and in the adjacent major cities of New York and Philadelphia.

PATCO Speedline rapid transit system between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden County, New Jersey

The Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO) Speedline is a rapid transit system operated by the Port Authority Transit Corporation, which runs between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden County, New Jersey. The Speedline runs underground in Philadelphia, crosses the Delaware River on the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, runs underground in Camden, then runs above ground in New Jersey until the east end of the line. The Port Authority Transit Corporation and the Speedline are owned and operated by the Delaware River Port Authority. The line transports over 38,000 people daily. In 2012, ridership reached a ten-year high, with the system having carried 10,612,897 passengers, but dipped to 10,007,256 in 2014.

River Line (NJ Transit) tram-train light rail system in southern New Jersey

The River Line is a diesel tram-train light rail system in southern New Jersey, United States, that connects the cities of Camden and Trenton, New Jersey's capital. It is operated for New Jersey Transit by the Southern New Jersey Rail Group (SNJRG), which originally included Bechtel Group and Bombardier. Now that the project is in its operational phase, Bombardier is the only member of SNJRG. The River Line is so named because the path between those two cities runs more or less parallel to the Delaware River.

Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines railroad that operated in southern New Jersey

The Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines was a railroad that operated in southern New Jersey in the 20th century. It was created in 1933 as a joint consolidation venture between two competing railroads in the region.

Conrail Shared Assets Operations or CSAO is the commonly used name for modern-day Conrail. Conrail is an American railroad company. It operates three networks—the North Jersey, South Jersey/Philadelphia, and Detroit Shared Assets Areas, where it serves as a contract local carrier and switching company for its owners, CSX Transportation and the Norfolk Southern Railway. When most of the former Conrail's track was split between these two railroads, the three shared assets areas were kept separate to avoid giving one railroad an advantage in those areas. The company operates using its own employees and infrastructure, but owns no equipment outside MOW equipment.

Atlantic City Line NJ Transit commuter rail line

The Atlantic City Line (ACL) is a commuter rail line operated by NJ Transit (NJT) in the United States between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Atlantic City, New Jersey, operating along the corridor of the White Horse Pike. It runs over trackage that was controlled by both the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines. It shares trackage with SEPTA and Amtrak on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) until it crosses the Delaware River on its own Delair Bridge into New Jersey. The Atlantic City Line also shares the right-of-way with the PATCO Speedline between Haddonfield and Lindenwold, New Jersey. There are 14 departures each day in each direction. Conrail also uses short sections of the line for freight movements, including the NEC-Delair Bridge section to its main freight yard in Camden, New Jersey. Unlike all other NJT railway lines, the Atlantic City line does not have traditional rush hour service. The Atlantic City line is colored dark blue on New Jersey Transit's system maps, and the line's symbol is a lighthouse.

Lindenwold station Railway station in New Jersey

Lindenwold is a train station in Lindenwold, New Jersey, United States, served by the NJ Transit Atlantic City Line regional rail service and the rapid transit PATCO Lindenwold Line. Lindenwold is the eastern terminus of PATCO; the system's headquarters and maintenance facility are located adjacent to the station in neighboring Voorhees. The station is also served by NJ Transit buses. The station opened in 1969 and also served Amtrak from 1989 to 1994.

Trenton Transit Center train station in Trenton, New Jersey

Trenton Transit Center is the main passenger train station in Trenton, New Jersey. It is the southernmost stop in New Jersey on the Northeast Corridor. It is the terminus for NJ Transit trains to and from New York City and SEPTA Trenton Line Regional Rail trains to and from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and an intermediate station for Amtrak trains traveling between the two cities along the Northeast Corridor.

Delair Bridge railroad bridge

The Delair Bridge is a railroad bridge with a vertical-lift section that crosses the Delaware River between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Pennsauken Township, New Jersey, just south of the Betsy Ross Bridge. The two-track bridge is part of Conrail Shared Assets Operations and is jointly used by Norfolk Southern Railway and CSX Transportation freight trains, as well as by the New Jersey Transit Atlantic City Line service.

Roebling station train station in Roebling, New Jersey

Roebling is a station on the River Line light rail system, located in Roebling, New Jersey. The station opened on March 15, 2004 together with the line. A previous station, operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad, was located at the site from around 1907 until the 1950s. The station consists of one side platform serving the single-track line; an adjacent parking lot originally intended to support nearby developments is used by local commuters.

Walter Rand Transportation Center Transportation center in Camden, New Jersey

The Walter Rand Transportation Center is a transportation hub located at Martin Luther King Boulevard and Broadway in Camden, New Jersey. It is served by the River Line, the Broadway station of the PATCO Speedline, New Jersey Transit buses and Greyhound intercity buses.

Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal

The Philadelphia Greyhound Terminal is the primary intercity bus station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located at 1001 Filbert Street in Center City Philadelphia, near the SEPTA Regional Rail Jefferson Station and the Fashion District Philadelphia shopping mall, a few hundred feet east of the Pennsylvania Convention Center and Reading Terminal Market, a few hundred feet south of the Trocadero Theatre and the south edge of Philadelphia's Chinatown district, and within 1/2 mile of Independence Mall, the U.S. Mint, and City Hall. The station building, which underwent an interior remodeling in early 2007, is relatively small and nondescript, belying its importance as one of the busiest, long distance, bus-only terminals in the United States. As of 2013 the terminal was the 4th busiest Greyhound bus station in the U.S.

Light rail in New Jersey is provided by New Jersey Transit, a corporation which also provides bus and commuter rail services.

West Jersey and Seashore Railroad Wikimedia category

The West Jersey and Seashore Railroad (WJ&S) was a Pennsylvania Railroad subsidiary that became part of Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines in 1933. At the end of 1925 it operated 379 miles (610 km) of road on 717 miles (1,154 km) of track; that year it reported 166 million ton-miles of revenue freight and 332 million passenger-miles.

Penns Grove Secondary is a rail freight line in the Delaware Valley in the southwestern part of New Jersey in the United States. Part of Conrail's South Jersey/Philadelphia Shared Assets it runs for approximately 20 miles (32 km) between its it southern terminus at Penns Grove and Woodbury at the north where it joins the Vineland Secondary about 8.5 miles (13.7 km) south of Pavonia Yard in Camden. At its southern end the Deepwater Point Running Track continues another 3.7 miles (6 km) through Carneys Point to Deepwater.

Salem Branch

The Salem Branch is a rail freight line in the southwestern part of New Jersey in the United States between the Port of Salem and Woodbury Junction where it and the Penns Grove Secondary converge with the Vineland Secondary approximately 8.5 miles (13.7 km) south of Pavonia Yard in Camden.

The Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line (MOM) is a passenger rail project in the US state of New Jersey, proposed by NJ Transit Rail Operations (NJT) to serve the Central New Jersey counties of Monmouth, Ocean, and Middlesex. The line would originate/terminate around Lakehurst at its southern end. It would junction with either the Northeast Corridor Line or North Jersey Coast Line to provide service north to Newark Penn Station, with potential connecting or continuing service to Hoboken Terminal or New York Penn Station.

References

  1. "Fact Sheet 2013" (PDF). Glassboro-Camden Line. DVPA & PATCO. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  2. "NJ Transit Board Advances South Jersey Transportation Projects" (Press release). New Jersey Transit. December 9, 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 Baldwin, Zoe (May 22, 2009). "South Jersey Transit Improvements on Tap". Tri-State Transportation Campaign. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
  4. Dooley, Tara; Dalan, Matthew (July 26, 1996). "NJ Transit Study Explores S. Jersey Rail-line Options Burlco Officials Are Pleased With The Report. Gloucester County Residents Are Not". Philadelphia. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
  5. Nussbaum, Paul (May 23, 2013). "Big ifs loom over Camden-Glassboro rail plan". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 22, 2013.
  6. "Glassboro-Camden Line support mixed with project put on hold". NJ.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  7. 1 2 Gambardello, Joseph A. (February 12, 1999). "The End Of The Line For A 1906 Landmark Conrail Has Decided To Tear Down The Five-story Westville Building. It Was Erected As A Power Plant". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 22, 2013. Electric service on the line ended in 1949 when the state banned the use of wooden passenger cars, Schopp said. The last passenger train – a diesel-powered Budd – ran from Millville to Camden in 1971.
  8. "Whatever happened to Millville train service by 2019?". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  9. "Route 55,42,767 study area map" (PDF). Alternative Analysis. southjerseytransit.com. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  10. 1 2 3 Nussbaum, Paul (March 12, 2012). "NJ Transit eyes Philadelphia-South Jersey rapid-bus system". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  11. "Alternatives Analysis". southjerseytransit.com. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  12. Nussbaum, Paul (July 24, 2012). "NJ Transit receives $2.6 million for rapid-bus system". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  13. Nussbaum, Paul (October 9, 2014). "Glassboro-Camden light-rail plan hits a snag". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
  14. "Glassboro-Camden light rail still on hold with 'no timeline' while officials debate transportation funding". NJ.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  15. "Glassboro-Camden light rail still on hold with 'no timeline' while officials debate transportation funding". NJ.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  16. Duhart, Bill (September 24, 2019). "Camden-Gloucester light rail line could start construction in 'a couple of years,' Sweeney says". nj.com. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  17. https://www.nj.com/bergen/2019/09/see-the-record-breaking-roller-coasters-at-american-dreams-theme-park.html

Coordinates: 39°58′41″N75°03′44″W / 39.9781°N 75.0623°W / 39.9781; -75.0623