Glendale, Arizona

Last updated

Glendale, Arizona
Glendale-Downtown Glendale.jpg
Downtown Glendale
Glendalelogo.jpg
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Glendale Highlighted 0427820.svg
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona
USA Arizona location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Glendale
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Glendale
North America laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Glendale
Coordinates: 33°32′19″N112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639 Coordinates: 33°32′19″N112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Arizona.svg Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
   Mayor Jerry Weiers (Non-Partisan)
   Vice Mayor Jamie Aldama
Area
[1]
  Total65.09 sq mi (168.59 km2)
  Land64.68 sq mi (167.53 km2)
  Water0.41 sq mi (1.06 km2)
Elevation
[2]
1,152 ft (351 m)
Population
 (2020) [3]
  Total248,325
  RankUS: 89th
  Density3,839.17/sq mi (1,482.30/km2)
Demonym Glendalian
Time zone UTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85301-85318
Area code(s) 623 and 602
FIPS code 04-27820
Website www.glendaleaz.com

Glendale ( /ˈɡlɛndl/ ) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located approximately 9 miles (14 km) northwest of Downtown Phoenix. As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 248,325. [3]

Contents

History

In the late 1800s the area that is now Glendale was all desert. William John Murphy, a native of New Hartford, New York, who resided in the town of Flagstaff in what was then the territory of Arizona, was in charge of building the 40-mile-long (64 km) Arizona Canal from Granite Reef to New River for the Arizona Canal Company. In 1885, he completed the canal, which would bring water to the desert land. [4] Murphy was deep in debt, since he had agreed to be paid in Arizona Canal Company stock and bonds and land instead of cash. [5]

William John Murphy - founder of Glendale William John Murphy.jpg
William John Murphy – founder of Glendale

In 1887, Murphy formed the Arizona Improvement Company. His objective was to sell the land and water rights south of the canal. Murphy raised capital from out of state sources in order to meet payroll and construction expenses. [5] Murphy decided to refer to this land as "Glendale". In order to develop and interest potential investors and settlers in this new town, Murphy decided to provide a better way of access from Phoenix to Glendale and ending in the town of Peoria by building an 18-mile-long (29 km) diagonal road which he named Grand Avenue.

In 1891, Burgess Hadsell worked with Murphy to bring 70 Brethren and River Brethren families to Glendale to form a temperance colony. Soon settlers, attracted by the town's ban on alcoholic beverages, continued to arrive. In 1895, Murphy platted the original town site and amended the plat to include a town park and some business lots. It was bounded by Lamar Road on the south, 55th Avenue on the east, Myrtle Avenue on the north, and 59th Avenue on the west. [6] The construction of a railroad from Prescott to Phoenix was made possible with an exchange of the right-of-way made by Murphy along Grand Avenue. [4] The railroad allowed Glendale settlers to transport goods to the north and easily receive building materials.

The construction and commercial applications of the Beet Sugar Factory in 1906 also contributed to the growth of Glendale. Though the operations of the factory only lasted until 1913, it played an important role in the increase of immigrant and migrant settlers in the city. [7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.1 square miles (169 km2), of which 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 0.63%, are is water. [1] The New River and Agua Fria River flow southward through the western extremities of the city.

Climate

Climate data for Phoenix Int'l, Arizona (1991–2020 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1895–present) [lower-alpha 2]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)88
(31)
92
(33)
100
(38)
105
(41)
114
(46)
122
(50)
121
(49)
117
(47)
116
(47)
107
(42)
99
(37)
87
(31)
122
(50)
Mean maximum °F (°C)78.2
(25.7)
82.1
(27.8)
90.4
(32.4)
99.0
(37.2)
105.7
(40.9)
112.7
(44.8)
114.6
(45.9)
113.2
(45.1)
108.9
(42.7)
100.7
(38.2)
88.9
(31.6)
77.7
(25.4)
115.7
(46.5)
Average high °F (°C)67.6
(19.8)
70.8
(21.6)
78.1
(25.6)
85.5
(29.7)
94.5
(34.7)
104.2
(40.1)
106.5
(41.4)
105.1
(40.6)
100.4
(38.0)
89.2
(31.8)
76.5
(24.7)
66.2
(19.0)
87.1
(30.6)
Daily mean °F (°C)56.8
(13.8)
59.9
(15.5)
66.3
(19.1)
73.2
(22.9)
82.0
(27.8)
91.4
(33.0)
95.5
(35.3)
94.4
(34.7)
89.2
(31.8)
77.4
(25.2)
65.1
(18.4)
55.8
(13.2)
75.6
(24.2)
Average low °F (°C)46.0
(7.8)
49.0
(9.4)
54.5
(12.5)
60.8
(16.0)
69.5
(20.8)
78.6
(25.9)
84.5
(29.2)
83.6
(28.7)
78.1
(25.6)
65.6
(18.7)
53.7
(12.1)
45.3
(7.4)
64.1
(17.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C)36.0
(2.2)
40.0
(4.4)
44.4
(6.9)
50.1
(10.1)
58.4
(14.7)
69.4
(20.8)
74.4
(23.6)
74.2
(23.4)
68.3
(20.2)
53.8
(12.1)
42.0
(5.6)
35.4
(1.9)
33.8
(1.0)
Record low °F (°C)16
(−9)
24
(−4)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
39
(4)
49
(9)
63
(17)
58
(14)
47
(8)
34
(1)
27
(−3)
22
(−6)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.87
(22)
0.87
(22)
0.83
(21)
0.22
(5.6)
0.13
(3.3)
0.02
(0.51)
0.91
(23)
0.93
(24)
0.57
(14)
0.56
(14)
0.57
(14)
0.74
(19)
7.22
(183)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)3.84.13.11.51.00.53.94.62.52.22.24.033.4
Average relative humidity (%)50.944.439.327.821.919.431.636.235.636.943.851.836.6
Average dew point °F (°C)32.4
(0.2)
32.2
(0.1)
32.9
(0.5)
31.6
(−0.2)
34.3
(1.3)
39.0
(3.9)
56.1
(13.4)
58.3
(14.6)
52.3
(11.3)
43.0
(6.1)
35.8
(2.1)
33.1
(0.6)
40.1
(4.5)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 256.0257.2318.4353.6401.0407.8378.5360.8328.6308.9256.0244.83,871.6
Percent possible sunshine 81848690939586878988827987
Source: NOAA (dew points, relative humidity, and sun 1961–1990) [8] [9] [10] , Weather.com [11]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 1,000
1920 2,737173.7%
1930 3,66533.9%
1940 4,85532.5%
1950 8,17968.5%
1960 15,89394.3%
1970 36,228127.9%
1980 97,172168.2%
1990 147,86452.2%
2000 218,81248.0%
2010 226,7213.6%
2020 248,3259.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the census of 2010, there were 226,710 people, 79,114 households, and 54,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,929.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,517.2/km2). There were 79,667 housing units at an average density of 1,430.7 per square mile (552.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 6% Black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 16.95% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. 35.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 79,114 households, out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,015, and the median income for a family was $51,162. Males had a median income of $35,901 versus $27,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,124. About 8.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Top employers

#Employer# of Employees
1 Luke Air Force Base 5,100
2 Banner Health 3,000
3Arrowhead Town Center2,650
4 Walmart 2,175
5Glendale Union High School District1,974
6 Glendale Community College 1,948
7The City of Glendale1,693
8Deer Valley Unified School District1,594
9Glendale Elementary School District1,400
10 Tanger Outlets 1,200

[13]

Arts and culture

Attractions

Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas Glendale Glitters by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas
The fountain area of the Westgate Entertainment District WestgateAtNight.jpg
The fountain area of the Westgate Entertainment District

Shopping

Glendale is noted for its retail sales of antiques. [17]

The Arrowhead Towne Center mall is located here.

Historic sites

Sports

State Farm Stadium State Farm Stadium 2022.jpg
State Farm Stadium
Gila River Arena Glendale-arena.jpg
Gila River Arena

Glendale is the site of two major sports venues: State Farm Stadium and Gila River Arena. Both venues are part of the Glendale Sports and Entertainment District development plan, meant to spur growth in the sparsely inhabited Yucca district. Both venues are owned by the City of Glendale.

State Farm Stadium has been the home field of the Arizona Cardinals in the National Football League since 2006, and the annual Fiesta Bowl college football game since 2007. Both the Cardinals and bowl game moved from Sun Devil Stadium on the Arizona State University campus in Tempe. Since opening, the facility has brought two Super Bowls, three college football national championship games, the NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four, WrestleMania XXVI and International Champions Cup soccer to Glendale. Designed by architect Peter Eisenman, the stadium was featured on The History Channel TV series, Modern Marvels because of its roll-out natural grass field.

Gila River Arena (formerly Glendale Arena, then Jobing.com Arena) and Westgate City Center is adjacent to State Farm Stadium, and was the home of the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL). It was also the home of the now defunct Arizona Sting of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). The inaugural Street League Skateboarding event was held in the summer of 2010 in Glendale at the Gila River Arena. This street skateboarding competition returns to Glendale annually.

In 2009, the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Chicago White Sox of Major League Baseball began to share the new Camelback Ranch-Glendale spring training complex and stadium in Glendale owned and operated by the City of Glendale.

Education

There are a number of higher education campuses in Glendale. Glendale Community College and Glendale Community College North, just across the border in northwestern Phoenix, are members of the Maricopa County Community College District. Arizona State University’s Thunderbird School of Global Management was founded in Glendale at Thunderbird Field after World War II and recently relocated its campus to the downtown location of ASU after joining the university as an independent unit dedicated to international business education. West campus is just across the border from Glendale in west Phoenix. Midwestern University is a graduate college of medicine located in Glendale.

Many school districts serve the city of Glendale.

The following school districts serve the city:

Grace Lutheran School is a Pre-K-8 Christian school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) in Glendale. [19]

Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic School is a Pre-K-8 Catholic school of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Phoenix in Glendale. [20]

Infrastructure

Transportation

The city of Glendale has a roughly average percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 8.4 percent of Glendale households lacked a car, and increased slightly to 9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Glendale averaged 1.72 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8. [21]

Glendale Municipal Airport serves the city but it does not offer commercial air services. The closest commercial airport is Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, located about 30 minutes away by car.

Highways

Notable people

Sister cities

Glendale has two sister cities:

See also

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. Official records for Phoenix kept at downtown August 1895 to September 1953, and at Sky Harbor Int'l since October 1953. For more information see ThreadEx.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Phoenix, Arizona</span> Capital and largest city of Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Arizona, with 1,608,139 residents as of 2020. It is the fifth-most populous city in the United States, and one of only two U.S. state capitals with a population of more than one million residents, along with Austin, Texas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Show Low, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Show Low is a city in Navajo County, Arizona. It lies on the Mogollon Rim in east central Arizona, at an elevation of 6,345 feet. The city was established in 1870 and incorporated in 1953. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city was 10,660.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maricopa County, Arizona</span> County in Arizona, United States

Maricopa County is in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2020 census, the county's population was 4,420,568, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States. It contains about 62% of Arizona's population, making Arizona one of the most centralized states in the nation. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Globe, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Globe is a city in Gila County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 7,532. The city is the county seat of Gila County. Globe was founded c. 1875 as a mining camp. Mining, tourism, government and retirees are most important in the present-day Globe economy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thatcher, Arizona</span> Town in Graham County, Arizona

Thatcher is a town in Graham County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the town is 4,865. It is part of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Avondale, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Avondale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, adjacent to Phoenix. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 89,334, up from 76,238 in 2010 and 35,883 in 2000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buckeye, Arizona</span> City in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States

Buckeye is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, and is the westernmost suburb in the Phoenix metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census the population was 91,502, up from 50,876 in 2010 and 6,537 in 2000. It was the fastest-growing city in the United States for both 2017 and 2018.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chandler, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, and a suburb in the Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). It is bordered to the north and west by Tempe, to the north by Mesa, to the west by Phoenix, to the south by the Gila River Indian Community, and to the east by Gilbert. As of the 2020 census, the population of Chandler was 275,987, up from 236,123 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gila Bend, Arizona</span> Town in Maricopa County, Arizona

Gila Bend, founded in 1872, is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. The town is named for an approximately 90-degree bend in the Gila River, which is near the community's current location. As of the 2020 census, the population of the town was 1,892.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gilbert, Arizona</span> City in Maricopa County, Arizona

Gilbert is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, located southeast of Phoenix within the city's metropolitan area. Incorporated on July 6, 1920, Gilbert was once known as the "Hay Shipping Capital of the World". It is the fifth-largest municipality in Arizona, and the fourth-largest in the Phoenix metro area. It covers an area of nearly 69 square miles (179 km2).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goodyear, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Goodyear is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is a suburb of Phoenix and at the 2020 census had a population of 95,294, up from 65,275 in 2010 and 18,911 in 2000. It was the third-fastest-growing city in Arizona between 1990 and 2000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mesa, Arizona</span> City in Maricopa County, Arizona

Mesa is a city in Maricopa County, in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is the most populous city in the East Valley section of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. It is bordered by Tempe on the west, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler and Gilbert on the south along with Queen Creek, and Apache Junction on the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peoria, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Peoria is a city in Maricopa and Yavapai counties in the state of Arizona. Most of the city is located in Maricopa County, while a portion in the north is in Yavapai County. It is a major suburb of Phoenix. As of the 2020 census, the population of Peoria was 190,985, up from 154,065 in 2010. It is currently the sixth-largest city in Arizona in land area and the ninth-largest in population. It was named after Peoria, Illinois. The word peoria is a corruption of the Miami-Illinois word for "prairie fire". It is the spring training home of the San Diego Padres and Seattle Mariners, who share the Peoria Sports Complex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tempe, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Tempe is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with the Census Bureau reporting a 2020 population of 180,587. The city is named after the Vale of Tempe in Greece. Tempe is located in the East Valley section of metropolitan Phoenix; it is bordered by Phoenix and Guadalupe on the west, Scottsdale and the Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community on the north, Chandler on the south, and Mesa on the east. Tempe is also the location of the main campus of Arizona State University.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tolleson, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Tolleson is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the population of the city was 7,216 as of the 2020 census, up from 6,545 in 2010.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Youngtown, Arizona</span> Town in Maricopa County, Arizona

Youngtown is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the town was 7,056, up from 6,156 in 2010. It is part of the Phoenix metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eloy, Arizona</span> City in Pinal County, Arizona

Eloy is a city in Pinal County, Arizona, United States, approximately 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Tucson and about 65 miles (105 km) southeast of Phoenix. According to the U.S. Census estimates in 2019, the population of the city is 19,625.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maricopa, Arizona</span> City in Arizona, United States

Maricopa is a city in the Gila River Valley in Pinal County, Arizona, United States. With 62,720 residents as of 2021, Maricopa is the largest incorporated municipality in Pinal County which forms part of the Phoenix metropolitan area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tulare, California</span> City in the state of California, United States

Tulare is a city in Tulare County, California. The population was 69,200 at the 2020 census. It is located in the heart of the San Joaquin Valley, eight miles south of Visalia and sixty miles north of Bakersfield. The city is named for the Tulare Lake, once the largest freshwater lake west of the Great Lakes.

William John Murphy Founder of Glendale, Arizona (1839–1923)

William John Murphy was an American businessman, contractor, land developer and founder of the Arizona Improvement Company. He is also remembered as the "Founder of Glendale, Arizona" and an important contributor to much of the early development in the Phoenix area.

References

  1. 1 2 "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Arizona". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  2. "Glendale". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  3. 1 2 "Glendale city, Arizona: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  4. 1 2 "William J. Murphy Historical Marker". www.hmdb.org.
  5. 1 2 "WaterHistory.org". www.waterhistory.org.
  6. "Glendale City Center Master Plan" (PDF). glendaleaz.com.
  7. "Beet Sugar Factory History, Glendale, Arizona". molokane.org.
  8. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  9. "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  10. "WMO Climate Normals for PHOENIX/SKY HARBOR INTL, AZ 19611990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
  11. "Monthly Averages for Phoenix, AZ – Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. "Top 10 largest employers in Glendale". AZCentral.com.
  14. 1 2 3 "Glendale, AZ – Events and Festivals". www.glendaleaz.com.
  15. Hwang, Kellie. "3/23–24: Glendale Folk & Heritage Festival". azcentral.com.
  16. "The Sweetest Tour in Glendale, Arizona". TripSavvy.
  17. "Phoenix antiques".
  18. "District Overview" Archived July 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  19. "School". Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church.
  20. "School". Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic School.
  21. "Car Ownership in U.S. Cities Data and Map". Governing. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  22. "Interactive City Directory: Glendale, Arizona". glendaleazsistercities.org. Archived from the original on May 5, 2022.
  23. "Interactive City Directory: Glendale, Arizona". glendaleazsistercities.org. Archived from the original on May 5, 2022.