Glendale, Arizona

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Glendale
Glendale-Downtown Glendale.jpg
Downtown Glendale
Flag of Glendale, Arizona.svg
Logo of Glendale, Arizona.svg
Maricopa County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Glendale Highlighted 0427820.svg
Location in Maricopa County, Arizona
USA Arizona location map.svg
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Glendale
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Glendale
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Glendale
Coordinates: 33°32′19″N112°11′11″W / 33.53861°N 112.18639°W / 33.53861; -112.18639
CountryUnited States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Founded by William John Murphy
Government
  Mayor Jerry Weiers (Non-Partisan)
  Vice mayorJamie Aldama
Area
[1]
  Total65.09 sq mi (168.59 km2)
  Land64.68 sq mi (167.53 km2)
  Water0.41 sq mi (1.06 km2)
Elevation
[2]
1,152 ft (351 m)
Population
 (2020) [3]
  Total248,325
  RankUS: 89th
  Density3,839.17/sq mi (1,482.30/km2)
Demonym Glendalian
Time zone UTC−7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP code
85301-85318
Area code(s) 623 and 602
FIPS code 04-27820
GNIS feature ID5060 [2]
Website www.glendaleaz.com

Glendale ( /ˈɡlɛndl/ ) is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. Located about nine miles northwest of the state capital Phoenix, Glendale is known for State Farm Stadium, which is the home of the Arizona Cardinals football team. The city also contains the Arrowhead Towne Center shopping mall. As of the 2020 census, Glendale had a population of 248,325. [3]

Contents

History

In the late 1800s the area that is now Glendale was all desert. William John Murphy, a native of New Hartford, New York, who resided in the town of Flagstaff in what was then the territory of Arizona, was in charge of building the 40-mile-long (64 km) Arizona Canal from Granite Reef to New River for the Arizona Canal Company. In 1885, he completed the canal, which would bring water to the desert land. [4] Murphy was deep in debt, since he had agreed to be paid in Arizona Canal Company stock and bonds and land instead of cash. [5]

William John Murphy - founder of Glendale William John Murphy.jpg
William John Murphy – founder of Glendale

In 1887, Murphy formed the Arizona Improvement Company. His objective was to sell the land and water rights south of the canal. Murphy raised capital from out of state sources in order to meet payroll and construction expenses. [5] Murphy decided to refer to this land as "Glendale". In order to develop and interest potential investors and settlers in this new town, Murphy decided to provide a better way of access from Phoenix to Glendale and ending in the town of Peoria by building an 18-mile-long (29 km) diagonal road which he named Grand Avenue.

In 1891, Burgess Hadsell worked with Murphy to bring 70 Brethren and River Brethren families to Glendale to form a temperance colony. Soon settlers, attracted by the town's ban on alcoholic beverages, continued to arrive. In 1895, Murphy platted the original town site and amended the plat to include a town park and some business lots. It was bounded by Lamar Road on the south, 55th Avenue on the east, Myrtle Avenue on the north, and 59th Avenue on the west. [6] The construction of a railroad from Prescott to Phoenix was made possible with an exchange of the right-of-way made by Murphy along Grand Avenue. [4] The railroad allowed Glendale settlers to transport goods to the north and easily receive building materials.

The construction and commercial applications of the Beet Sugar Factory in 1906 also contributed to the growth of Glendale. Though the operations of the factory only lasted until 1913, it played an important role in the increase of immigrant and migrant settlers in the city. [7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.1 square miles (169 km2), of which 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 0.63%, are is water. [1] The New River and Agua Fria River flow southward through the western extremities of the city.

Climate

Glendale has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) typical of Southern Arizona, with very hot and dry summers and mild winters. [8]

Climate data for Phoenix Int'l, Arizona (1991–2020 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1895–present) [lower-alpha 2]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)88
(31)
92
(33)
100
(38)
105
(41)
114
(46)
122
(50)
121
(49)
117
(47)
116
(47)
107
(42)
99
(37)
87
(31)
122
(50)
Mean maximum °F (°C)78.2
(25.7)
82.1
(27.8)
90.4
(32.4)
99.0
(37.2)
105.7
(40.9)
112.7
(44.8)
114.6
(45.9)
113.2
(45.1)
108.9
(42.7)
100.7
(38.2)
88.9
(31.6)
77.7
(25.4)
115.7
(46.5)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C)67.6
(19.8)
70.8
(21.6)
78.1
(25.6)
85.5
(29.7)
94.5
(34.7)
104.2
(40.1)
106.5
(41.4)
105.1
(40.6)
100.4
(38.0)
89.2
(31.8)
76.5
(24.7)
66.2
(19.0)
87.1
(30.6)
Daily mean °F (°C)56.8
(13.8)
59.9
(15.5)
66.3
(19.1)
73.2
(22.9)
82.0
(27.8)
91.4
(33.0)
95.5
(35.3)
94.4
(34.7)
89.2
(31.8)
77.4
(25.2)
65.1
(18.4)
55.8
(13.2)
75.6
(24.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C)46.0
(7.8)
49.0
(9.4)
54.5
(12.5)
60.8
(16.0)
69.5
(20.8)
78.6
(25.9)
84.5
(29.2)
83.6
(28.7)
78.1
(25.6)
65.6
(18.7)
53.7
(12.1)
45.3
(7.4)
64.1
(17.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C)36.0
(2.2)
40.0
(4.4)
44.4
(6.9)
50.1
(10.1)
58.4
(14.7)
69.4
(20.8)
74.4
(23.6)
74.2
(23.4)
68.3
(20.2)
53.8
(12.1)
42.0
(5.6)
35.4
(1.9)
33.8
(1.0)
Record low °F (°C)16
(−9)
24
(−4)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
39
(4)
49
(9)
63
(17)
58
(14)
47
(8)
34
(1)
27
(−3)
22
(−6)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.87
(22)
0.87
(22)
0.83
(21)
0.22
(5.6)
0.13
(3.3)
0.02
(0.51)
0.91
(23)
0.93
(24)
0.57
(14)
0.56
(14)
0.57
(14)
0.74
(19)
7.22
(183)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)3.84.13.11.51.00.53.94.62.52.22.24.033.4
Average relative humidity (%)50.944.439.327.821.919.431.636.235.636.943.851.836.6
Average dew point °F (°C)32.4
(0.2)
32.2
(0.1)
32.9
(0.5)
31.6
(−0.2)
34.3
(1.3)
39.0
(3.9)
56.1
(13.4)
58.3
(14.6)
52.3
(11.3)
43.0
(6.1)
35.8
(2.1)
33.1
(0.6)
40.1
(4.5)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 256.0257.2318.4353.6401.0407.8378.5360.8328.6308.9256.0244.83,871.6
Percent possible sunshine 81848690939586878988827987
Average ultraviolet index 3.14.46.68.59.710.911.010.18.35.63.72.77.0
Source 1: NOAA (dew points, relative humidity, and sun 1961–1990) [9] [10] [11] , Weather.com [12]
Source 2: UV Index Today (1995 to 2022) [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1910 1,000
1920 2,737173.7%
1930 3,66533.9%
1940 4,85532.5%
1950 8,17968.5%
1960 15,89394.3%
1970 36,228127.9%
1980 97,172168.2%
1990 147,86452.2%
2000 218,81248.0%
2010 226,7213.6%
2020 248,3259.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

2020 census

Glendale, Arizona – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic)Pop 2000 [15] Pop 2010 [16] Pop 2020 [17] % 2000% 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)141,462116,866107,69564.65%51.55%43.37%
Black or African American alone (NH)9,81812,76617,8724.49%5.63%7.20%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)2,4602,7073,0301.12%1.19%1.22%
Asian alone (NH)5,8608,61811,2722.68%3.80%4.54%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)2303554920.11%0.16%0.20%
Other race alone (NH)2893291,1710.13%0.15%0.47%
Mixed race or Multiracial (NH)4,3504,5799,1761.99%2.02%3.70%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)54,34380,50197,61724.84%35.51%39.31%
Total218,812226,721248,325100.00%100.00%100.00%

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 226,710 people, 79,114 households, and 54,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,929.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,517.2/km2). There were 79,667 housing units at an average density of 1,430.7 per square mile (552.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 6% Black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 16.95% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. 35.5% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 79,114 households, out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, 30.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 10.8% was from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.4% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,015, and the median income for a family was $51,162. Males had a median income of $35,901 versus $27,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,124. About 8.8% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Top employers

#Employer# of Employees
1 Luke Air Force Base 5,100
2 Banner Health 3,000
3 Arrowhead Towne Center 2,650
4 Walmart 2,175
5 Glendale Union High School District 1,974
6 Glendale Community College 1,948
7The City of Glendale1,693
8 Deer Valley Unified School District 1,594
9 Glendale Elementary School District 1,400
10 Tanger Outlets 1,200

Source: AZCentral.com [18]

Arts and culture

Attractions

Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas Glendale Glitters by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Downtown Glendale with Glendale Glitters around Christmas
The fountain area of the Westgate Entertainment District WestgateAtNight.jpg
The fountain area of the Westgate Entertainment District

Shopping

Glendale is noted for its retail sales of antiques. [22]

The Arrowhead Towne Center mall is located here.

Historic sites

Concerts

Glendale was temporarily renamed as Swift City on March 17 and 18, 2023, [23] as per the mayor and the city council's proclamation, [24] to celebrate the opening concerts of the Eras Tour, the sixth concert tour by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, at State Farm Stadium. [25] The Westgate Entertainment District, a mixed-use complex in the city, additionally put up welcoming messages, with the local restaurants offering Swift-themed menu items. [26] [27] State Farm also hosted the Super Bowl LVII halftime show, headlined by Barbadian singer Rihanna, shortly before the tour. [28]

Sports

State Farm Stadium State Farm Stadium 2022.jpg
State Farm Stadium
Desert Diamond Arena Glendale-arena.jpg
Desert Diamond Arena

Glendale is the site of two major sports venues: State Farm Stadium and Desert Diamond Arena. Both venues are part of the Glendale Sports and Entertainment District development plan, meant to spur growth in the sparsely inhabited Yucca district. Both venues are owned by the City of Glendale.

State Farm Stadium has been the home field of the Arizona Cardinals in the National Football League since 2006, and the annual Fiesta Bowl college football game since 2007. Both the Cardinals and bowl game moved from Sun Devil Stadium on the Arizona State University campus in Tempe. Since opening, the facility has hosted three Super Bowls, three college football national championship games, the NCAA Men's Basketball Final Four, WrestleMania XXVI and International Champions Cup soccer to Glendale. Designed by architect Peter Eisenman, the stadium was featured on The History Channel TV series, Modern Marvels because of its roll-out natural grass field.

Desert Diamond Arena (formerly Glendale Arena, then Jobing.com Arena and Gila River Arena) and Westgate City Center is adjacent to State Farm Stadium, and was the home of the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL). It was also the home of the now defunct Arizona Sting of the National Lacrosse League (NLL). The inaugural Street League Skateboarding event was held in the summer of 2010 in Glendale at the Gila River Arena. This street skateboarding competition returns to Glendale annually. Currently, the arena hosts the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League.

In 2009, the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Chicago White Sox of Major League Baseball began to share the new Camelback Ranch-Glendale spring training complex and stadium in Glendale owned and operated by the City of Glendale.

Education

There are a number of higher education campuses in Glendale. Glendale Community College and Glendale Community College North, just across the border in northwestern Phoenix, are members of the Maricopa County Community College District. Arizona State University’s Thunderbird School of Global Management was founded in Glendale at Thunderbird Field after World War II and recently relocated its campus to the downtown location of ASU after joining the university as an independent unit dedicated to international business education. West campus is just across the border from Glendale in west Phoenix. Midwestern University is a graduate college of medicine located in Glendale.

Many school districts serve the city of Glendale.

The following school districts serve the city:

Grace Lutheran School is a Pre-K-8 Christian school of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) in Glendale. [30]

New Gains Academy is a grade 5-12 Microschool in Glendale. with academics, business entrepreneurship, piano, voice, dance and art programs.

Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic School is a Pre-K-8 Catholic school of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Phoenix in Glendale. [31]

Arrowhead Christian Academy is a K-12 Christian school associated with Northwest Valley Baptist Church in Glendale. [32]

Infrastructure

Transportation

The city of Glendale has a roughly average percentage of households without a car. In 2015, 8.4 percent of Glendale households lacked a car, and increased slightly to 9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Glendale averaged 1.72 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8. [33]

Glendale Municipal Airport serves the city but it does not offer commercial air services. The closest commercial airport is Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, located about 30 minutes away by car.

Highways

Notable people

Sister cities

Glendale has two sister cities:

See also

Notes

  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. Official records for Phoenix kept at downtown August 1895 to September 1953, and at Sky Harbor Int'l since October 1953. For more information see ThreadEx.

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  23. Attributed to wide media coverage:
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    2. "Glendale changes name to Swift City for Taylor Swift tour". 12news.com. March 13, 2023. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
    3. Ragas, Lindsey (March 9, 2023). "'Swift City': Glendale to temporarily change its name for Taylor Swift". FOX 10 Phoenix. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
    4. Curto, Justin (March 13, 2023). "Is This the Best Glendale Could Do for Taylor Swift?". Vulture. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
    5. "Swift City, AZ: Glendale rebrands in honor of Taylor Swift's Eras Tour launch this weekend". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved March 14, 2023.
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