Globe, Arizona

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Globe
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Motto(s): 
"City of Hospitality"
Gila County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Globe Highlighted 0428030.svg
Location of Globe in Gila County, Arizona
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Globe
Location in Arizona
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Globe
Location in United States
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Globe
Location in North America
Coordinates: 33°23′59″N110°46′54″W / 33.39972°N 110.78167°W / 33.39972; -110.78167 Coordinates: 33°23′59″N110°46′54″W / 33.39972°N 110.78167°W / 33.39972; -110.78167
Country United States
State Arizona
County Gila
Foundedc. 1875
Incorporated1907 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total18.23 sq mi (47.23 km2)
  Land18.22 sq mi (47.20 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
3,510 ft (1,070 m)
Population
 (2010) [3]
  Total7,532
  Estimate 
(2017) [4]
7,356
  Density404.76/sq mi (156.28/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
85501-85502
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-28030
Website www.globeaz.gov

Globe (Western Apache : Bésh Baa Gowąh "Place of Metal") [5] [6] is a city in Gila County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 7,532. [3] The city is the county seat of Gila County. [7] Globe was founded c. 1875 as a mining camp. Mining, tourism, government and retirees are most important in the present-day Globe economy.

The Western Apache language is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken among the 14,000 Western Apaches living primarily in east central Arizona as well as Texas and New Mexico. There are approximately 6,000 speakers living on the San Carlos Reservation and 7,000 living on the Ft. Apache Reservation. Goodwin (1938) claims that Western Apache can be divided into five dialect groupings:

Gila County, Arizona County in the United States

Gila County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 53,597. The county seat is Globe.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

The Globe Downtown Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.

Globe Downtown Historic District

The Globe Downtown Historic District encompasses a group of commercial, religious, and governmental buildings related to the status of Globe as the economic and governmental center of Gila County. Globe was designated as the County Seat of Gila County and grew into the primary economic and commercial center of the Globe mining region. The district also includes three prominent churches and the Globe Post Office and Courthouse, indicative of the area's being the core of civic life in the community. Primary growth of the community occurred between 1880 and 1935, which is considered the period of significance for the district.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Geography

Globe is in southern Gila County at 33°23′59″N110°46′54″W / 33.39972°N 110.78167°W / 33.39972; -110.78167 (33.399858, −110.781570), [8] in the valley of Pinal Creek, a north-flowing tributary of the Salt River. U.S. Route 60 passes through the city, leading northeast through the Fort Apache Indian Reservation 87 miles (140 km) to Show Low, and west 87 miles (140 km) to Phoenix. The western terminus of U.S. Route 70 is in Globe at US 60 on the east side of town; US 70 leads southeast through the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation 77 miles (124 km) to Safford and 2,385 miles (3,838 km) to its eastern terminus at Atlantic, North Carolina. Arizona State Route 77 leads south from Globe 36 miles (58 km) to Winkelman, and Roosevelt is 31 miles (50 km) to the northwest via State Route 188.

Salt River (Arizona) stream in the U.S. state of Arizona

The Salt River is a stream in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is the largest tributary of the Gila River. The river is about 200 miles (320 km) long. Its drainage basin is about 13,700 square miles (35,000 km2) large. The longest of the Salt River's many tributaries is the 195-mile (314 km) Verde River. The Salt's headwaters tributaries, the Black River and East Fork, increase the river's total length to about 300 miles (480 km). The name Salt River comes from the fact that the river flows over large salt deposits shortly after the merging of the White and Black Rivers.

U.S. Route 60 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 60 or U.S. Highway 60 (US 60) is an east–west major United States highway, traveling 2,670 mi (4,300 km) from southwestern Arizona to the Atlantic coast in Virginia. Despite the final "0" in its number, indicating a transcontinental designation, the 1926 route formerly ended in Springfield, Missouri, at its intersection with the majorly famous and now defunct US 66. In fact, US 66 was almost given the US 60 number.

Fort Apache Indian Reservation

The Fort Apache Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in Arizona, United States, encompassing parts of Navajo, Gila, and Apache counties. It is home to the federally recognized White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, a Western Apache tribe. It has a land area of 2,627 square miles (6,800 km2) and a population of 12,429 people as of the 2000 census. The largest community is in Whiteriver.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Globe has a total area of 18.2 square miles (47.1 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.07%, is water. [3] The town of Miami, Arizona, is 6 miles (10 km) west of Globe's downtown. Globe, Miami, and the unincorporated areas nearby (including Inspiration, Claypool and Central Heights-Midland City) are commonly called "Globe-Miami".

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Miami, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Miami is a town in Gila County, Arizona, United States. Miami is a classic Western copper boom-town. Miami's old downtown has been partly renovated, and the Bullion Plaza Museum features the cultural, mining and ranching history of the Miami area.

Claypool, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

Claypool is a census-designated place (CDP) in Gila County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,538 at the 2010 census, down from 1,794 at the 2000 census.

Transportation

Globe is served by the Arizona Eastern Railway. In December 2008, weekend excursion service under the name Copper Spike began operating from Globe to the Apache Gold Hotel Casino near San Carlos. [9] [10] Trains operated four daily round-trips on Thursdays through Sundays (autumn through spring) until 2011, when the Copper Spike Excursions were discontinued. [11]

Arizona Eastern Railway

The Arizona Eastern Railway is a Class III railroad that operates 265 miles (426 km) of railroad between Clifton, Arizona, and Miami, Arizona, in the United States. This includes trackage rights over the Union Pacific Railroad between Lordsburg, New Mexico, and Bowie, Arizona. The railroad serves the copper mining region of southeastern Arizona, and the agricultural Gila River Valley. Primary commodities are sulfuric acid, copper concentrate, copper anode and cathode, and copper rod and other copper processing materials. AZER also handles minerals, chemicals, building supplies and lumber. The railroad offers a transload location for lumber, building materials and other consumer commodities at Globe, Arizona.

San Carlos, Arizona Census-designated place in Arizona, United States

San Carlos is a census-designated place (CDP) in Gila County, Arizona, United States. The population was 4,038 at the 2010 census, up from 3,716 at the 2000 census.

The San Carlos Apache Airport is a public-use general aviation airport located seven nautical miles (8 miles, 13 km) southeast of the city's central business district. [12]

San Carlos Apache Airport airport

San Carlos Apache Airport is a public use airport located 8 miles, southeast of the central business district of Globe, a city in Gila County, Arizona, United States. The airport is owned by the San Carlos Apache Tribe. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a general aviation airport.

General aviation civil use of aircraft excluding commercial transportation

General Aviation (GA) represents the 'private transport' and recreational flying component of aviation.

Climate

Globe has a semi-arid climate, characterized by hot summers and moderate to warm winters. Globe's arid climate is somewhat tempered by its elevation, however, leading to slightly cooler temperatures and slightly more precipitation than Phoenix or Yuma.

Summers in Globe are hot, with daytime highs generally between 90 °F (32 °C) and 100 °F (38 °C). High temperatures topping 100 °F (38 °C) are not uncommon in July and August for Globe. Summertime lows are generally right around 65 °F (18 °C).

Wintertime highs usually average between 55 °F (13 °C) and 65 °F (18 °C), and lows tend to be right at or above freezing (32 °F/0 °C).

The all-time highest recorded temperature in Globe is 111 °F (44 °C), and it occurred on both June 27, 1990, and July 29, 1995. The lowest recorded temperature in the city is 12 °F (−11 °C), which occurred the same year the first time the record high was reached—December 23, 1990.

Climate data for Globe, Arizona
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)74
(23)
80
(27)
90
(32)
91
(33)
104
(40)
111
(44)
111
(44)
106
(41)
100
(38)
97
(36)
85
(29)
75
(24)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C)57.3
(14.1)
62.2
(16.8)
67.4
(19.7)
76.2
(24.6)
84.9
(29.4)
95.3
(35.2)
96.7
(35.9)
93.7
(34.3)
89.2
(31.8)
80.2
(26.8)
67.4
(19.7)
57.8
(14.3)
77.4
(25.2)
Average low °F (°C)34.1
(1.2)
36.1
(2.3)
39.8
(4.3)
45.7
(7.6)
53.7
(12.1)
63.0
(17.2)
69.3
(20.7)
67.5
(19.7)
62.0
(16.7)
51.3
(10.7)
40.3
(4.6)
32.6
(0.3)
49.6
(9.8)
Record low °F (°C)11
(−12)
17
(−8)
23
(−5)
30
(−1)
33
(1)
46
(8)
58
(14)
54
(12)
48
(9)
30
(−1)
20
(−7)
11
(−12)
10
(−12)
Average rainfall inches (mm)2.00
(51)
1.96
(50)
1.55
(39)
.39
(9.9)
.63
(16)
.13
(3.3)
2.04
(52)
2.30
(58)
1.23
(31)
.86
(22)
.91
(23)
1.29
(33)
15.29
(388.2)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)76533198533558
Source: Western Regional Climate Center [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1910 7,083
1920 7,044−0.6%
1930 7,1571.6%
1940 6,141−14.2%
1950 6,4194.5%
1960 6,217−3.1%
1970 7,33318.0%
1980 6,708−8.5%
1990 6,062−9.6%
2000 7,48623.5%
2010 7,5320.6%
Est. 20177,376 [4] −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,486 people, 2,814 households, and 1,871 families residing in the city. The population density was 415.5 people per square mile (160.4/km²). There were 3,172 housing units at an average density of 176.0 per square mile (68.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.60% White, 1.15% Black or African American, 3.10% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.59% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. 32.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Unusual azurite specimen from the Blue Ball mine near Globe. About 1.5 inches (3.5 cm) wide. Azurite-57066.jpg
Unusual azurite specimen from the Blue Ball mine near Globe. About 1.5 inches (3.5 cm) wide.

There were 2,814 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,071, and the median income for a family was $42,280. Males had a median income of $31,404 versus $21,952 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,128. About 8.8% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

In 1875, prospectors found silver in the San Carlos Apache Reservation, including an unusual globe-shaped silver nugget. In just four years, the silver began to give out, but by then copper deposits were discovered. In the 1900s, the Old Dominion Copper Company in Globe ranked as one of the world's richest. The Old Dominion closed in 1931, and mining operations moved to nearby Miami. [15]

Globe's economy remains heavily dependent on the service industry, and the mining industry, and as of 2008 the city was home to one of the few operating copper smelters in the United States. [16]

History

Globe az.jpg
Globe, Arizona panorama, 1917

Besh-Ba-Gowah, about one mile south of Globe, was occupied by Salado populations between AD 1225 and AD 1400.

The plans for an incorporated Globe were established in July 1876, with retail stores, banks, and Globe's first newspaper printing its first issue on May 2, 1878. By February 1881, Globe was the Gila County seat. Coming with Globe's new importance as the county seat came a stagecoach line linking it to Silver City, New Mexico.

Due to Globe's relative isolation from the rest of Arizona and its proximity to the San Carlos Apache reservation, Globe remained a frontier town. Globe's history is laced with many historic events such as murders, stagecoach robberies, outlaws, lynchings, and Apache raids. Natiotish, a San Carlos Apache, left the reservation with a group of about 50 men and continued to attack ranchers and miners.

In 1884 the surviving Clanton brothers Ike and Phineas arrived in Apache County after the infamous gunfight at the OK Corral in Tombstone. Ike was eventually killed by a local deputy sheriff, and Phineas, after serving prison time for a stage robbery, moved to Globe, where he died of pneumonia and was buried in 1906.

The Old Dominion mine was the principal copper producer in the Globe District. In retirement, the old mine workings serve as the water supply for Globe-Miami and the district mines. Photo courtesy Jerry Willis. Old Dominion Mine, Globe AZ.jpg
The Old Dominion mine was the principal copper producer in the Globe District. In retirement, the old mine workings serve as the water supply for Globe-Miami and the district mines. Photo courtesy Jerry Willis.
Specimen of malachite from the Old Dominion mine Malachite-Calcite-282263.jpg
Specimen of malachite from the Old Dominion mine

Globe is also known for having links to Geronimo and the Apache Kid. On October 23, 1889, the Apache Kid's trial was held in the Globe Courthouse. After he was convicted, it was the responsibility of Sheriff Glenn Reynolds to transport him to the Arizona Territorial Prison in Yuma. Sheriff Reynolds, his deputy, and their prisoners set out in an armored stagecoach holding the Apache Kid inside. At an incline in the road, known as the Kelvin Grade, near present-day Kearny, Sheriff Reynolds let some of the prisoners out of the stagecoach seeing as they were on an uphill climb and he wanted to ease the burden on the horses. The prisoners were able to overcome and murder Sheriff Reynolds as well as one other man. A third was left for dead. In response, the United States Army launched a campaign to track down the renegades.

Old Dominion copper mine

The Old Dominion Mining Company was incorporated in 1880, and ran "on a financial roller-coaster" for the next twenty years. In 1894, the mine was sold to the Lewisohn Brothers of New York. The arrival of the railroad in 1898 dramatically lowered shipping costs. In 1904, the mine was acquired by Phelps-Dodge, who appointed Louis D. Ricketts as General Manager. From 1904 to 1908, Phelps-Dodge spent $2.5 million on expanding and modernizing the mine and plant. As the mine grew, so did Globe. World War 1 brought increased copper demand; the mine and town both prospered. 1917 was a year of labor unrest in the copper mines nationwide. A strike on the Globe mines was called on July 1, 1917. Federal troops were called in to restore order, miners began returning to work, and the mine was back to normal production by October. [17]

In the postwar years, the Old Dominion never returned to its former glory. Neglected maintenance, declining ore grades, and flooding underground all took their toll. The mine closed during the recession of 1921-22, and the mine closed permanently in 1931. In its half-century of operation, the mine produce some 800 million pounds of copper, and returned gross earnings of $134 million to shareholders. It was the economic mainstay for the Globe community for most of this half-century. [17]

The property was sold to the Miami Copper Company as a water supply in 1941, and continues to supply both industrial and domestic water to the area. [17]

Historic buildings

Holy Angels Catholic Church, built in 1918 Holy Angels Church, Globe.jpg
Holy Angels Catholic Church, built in 1918
Globe Post Office, built in 1928, still in use. 1928 photo from National Archives. AZ-Globe 1928 Ref.jpg
Globe Post Office, built in 1928, still in use. 1928 photo from National Archives.
Globe-Miami Mine Rescue Station GM-MineRescue.jpg
Globe-Miami Mine Rescue Station

(Buildings that burned or no longer stand are listed in italics)

Notable people

Malachite crystals in a matrix of quartz and chrysocolla. Old specimen from the Globe Hills. Malachite-Quartz-Chrysocolla-159841.jpg
Malachite crystals in a matrix of quartz and chrysocolla. Old specimen from the Globe Hills.

Nearest cities and towns

Nearby cities and towns include Claypool, Cutter, Miami, Pinal, Top-of-the-World, and Superior.[ citation needed ]

See also

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Besh-Ba-Gowah

Besh-Ba-Gowah is a 200-room prehistoric Salado masonry pueblo located atop a broad ridge overlooking Pinal Creek. The site is situated one mile southwest from Globe, Arizona and surrounded by a small city park and adjacent museum with excavated items including prehistoric pottery, stone and woven artifacts. The site is operated by the city as Besh Ba Gowah Archaeological Park and Museum.

Pinal Mountains

The Pinal Mountains are a mountain range located in Gila County, Arizona. They have a maximum elevation of 7,848 ft (2,392 m) at Pinal Peak and a prominence of over 4,000 ft (1,200 m). The closest city is the Globe, Arizona/Miami, Arizona area, which is just a few miles north of the mountain range. The mountains are located within the Tonto National Forest, and their recreational facilities are maintained by the USDA's United States Forest Service. The San Carlos Indian Reservation is very close to the mountain range, with its boundaries being just a few miles east/northeast of the range. The mountains are covered with Ponderosa Pine and white fir and experience cooler weather than the Globe/Miami area, so that they are a popular recreation area in the summer. The maintained facilities include a maintained dirt road that goes all the way to the summit of Pinal Peak, a campsite and recreational area, many hiking trails, as well as some radio towers near both Pinal and Signal peaks. The mountain range covers an area of 45,760 acres.

The Mescal Mountains are a series of connected mountain ridges in southern Gila County, Arizona. Their highest point is El Capitan Mountain, which has an elevation of 6,568 ft and a prominence of 1,828 ft. The highest point has a topographic isolation of 5.98 miles, with the nearest point of equal or greater elevation being to the north west in the Pinal Mountains. The mountain ridges are visible in the east from Arizona State Route 77 between Globe and Winkelman.The range is approximately 10 miles west of San Carlos Lake, which lies in the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation; the ridges themselves also mostly fall within the boundary of the reservation, with the exception of the western section and the high point. As such, hiking the ridge may require special permission from San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, although no trails exist on the mountains themselves or leading to them. The ridge's relative proximity to the more visually dominant Pinal Mountains, make it an often-overlooked feature. The range is one of many to occur in the Arizona transition zone.

The Sevenmile Mountains are a mountain range in central Gila County in the U.S. state of Arizona. The range has a maximum elevation of 6,629 ft (2,021 m) and a prominence of 989 ft (301 m). The unnamed peak has a topographic isolation of 13.35 miles. The majority of the southern end of the range is located on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. While the high point and the northern tip of the range is in the Tonto National Forest and is open to free range hiking. The mountains' high point is located just 3 miles east from a section of the U.S. Route 60 in Arizona in between Globe, Arizona and Show Low, Arizona. The southern end of the range that is inside the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation should only be hiked with permission from the Reservation. The range is one of many that occur in the Arizona transition zone.

References

  1. http://www.globeaz.gov/files/pdf/city-code/CHAPTER-2.pdf
  2. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Globe city, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
  4. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved September 7, 2018.
  5. William J. de Reuse (2006), A Practical Grammar of the San Carlos Apache Language, Lincom Europa
  6. BESH-BA-GOWAH ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK
  7. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. "Globe tourist train will offer round trips to Apache casino". Arizona Daily Star. December 10, 2008. Archived from the original on March 24, 2009.
  10. Lockhart, Larry (December 30, 2008). "Trip back in time: Excursion train offers look at travel of another era". Tri-Valley Dispatch. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012..
  11. "Experience a Journey Back in Time". Copper Spike Railroad. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
  12. FAA Airport Master Record for P13 ( Form 5010 PDF ). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective August 25, 2011.
  13. GLOBE 2, ARIZONA
  14. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  15. Gila County Historical Museum website
  16. Rudolf, John Collin. "Copper's Every Dip Is Felt in Arizona." New York Times. November 27, 2008.
  17. 1 2 3 The Old Dominion Copper Mine by Wilbur A. Haak, 1989, in History of Mining in Arizona (Volume 3)
  18. http://www.cvarts.org/
  19. "South Mountain Park and Preserve - BEST PLACE TO GET YOUR ZEN ON". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  20. http://hillstreetmall.com/
  21. Globe School District history.
  22. http://www.globeaz.gov/visitors/besh-ba-gowah
  23. Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN   0-02-578970-8.
  24. "James Michael Lopez". projects.militarytimes.com. Military Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014.

Further reading