Gloria Parker

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Gloria Parker
Gloria Parker.jpg
Parker in a 1944 advertisement
Background information
Birth nameGloria Rosenthal
Born(1921-08-20)August 20, 1921
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
DiedApril 13, 2022(2022-04-13) (aged 100)
Syosset, New York, U.S.
Genres Jazz
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • bandleader
  • composer
  • actress
  • radio host
Instruments
  • Marimba
  • organ
  • glass harp
Years active1940s–1984
Associated actsSwingphony

Gloria Parker (née Rosenthal; August 20, 1921 April 13, 2022) was an American musician and bandleader who had a radio show during the big band era. The Gloria Parker Show was broadcast nightly from 1950 to 1957, coast to coast on WABC. She played the marimba, organ, and singing glasses (glass harp). Dubbed Princess of the Marimba, [1] she conducted the 21-piece Swingphony from the Kelly Lyceum Ballroom in Buffalo, New York. This was the largest big band led by a female bandleader. Edgar Battle and Walter Thomas were arrangers for the Swingphony.

Contents

Early life

Parker was born in Brooklyn on August 20, 1921. [2] Her father, Jack, was the owner of a garage; her mother, Rose (Glickman), was a violinist with Mark Warnow & the Hit Parade Orchestra. [2] [3] Her grandfather immigrated to the United States from the modern-day Czech Republic, [4] and taught her how to play glasses. She started learning the violin at the age of four or five, [2] playing a quarter-sized version of the instrument at the Brooklyn Academy of Music during the latter year. [5]

Career

Parker worked as a songwriter, bandleader and musician. She performed with her orchestras playing the marimba, glass harp or musical glasses, piano, organ, violin, viola, vibraphone, xylophone, guitar, drums and all Latin percussion instruments. [2] [6]

The big band era included a musicians' recording ban from August 1942 to November 1944. The union that a majority of musicians belonged to did not allow its members to record until the record companies such as CBS agreed to pay them each time their music was played on the radio. This happened after an earlier ban of ASCAP songs from radio stations which led to the demise of this style of swing music. [7] [8] Parker emerged as a spokesperson for musicians and earned the title "Famous One Share Stockholder" in her battle for musician rights with CBS, RCA, and Time Inc. The national media would anxiously await Parker's head to head confrontations with CBS founder William S. Paley and RCA chairman of the board David Sarnoff at the annual stockholder meetings. [3] [9]

Starting in 1952, Parker had her own program, The Gloria Parker Show , on WJZ-TV in New York City. [10] It featured her all-female Swingphony, the largest big band led by a woman. During the early 1950s, she hosted a radio program with Vincent Lopez from the Taft Hotel in Manhattan called Shake the Maracas. [6] [11] She hosted an evening broadcast on WOR from the New York City Hotel Edison. Parker would open the show with the glass harp or musical glasses and feature the popular latin sound on her marimba with her orchestra. [3]

Parker was also known for her starring roles in music films (Soundies), such as Broadway and Main with Stepin Fetchit, [12] Four Letters, [13] Here Comes the Fattest Man in Town with comedic personality Mel Blanc as Santa Claus, [14] Penthouse Party featuring Parker playing the glass harp, [15] and Wise Men Say, [16] all produced and directed by William Forest Crouch. She composed the music and wrote the lyrics for the films. Soundies were viewed on a Panoram, a coin-operated film jukebox in bars, nightclubs, restaurants, amusement parks, and community centers. [2]

Personal life

Parker was engaged to Barney Young until his death during the late 1960s. He was her manager and co-wrote several songs with her. [3] She resided in Laurel Hollow on Long Island at the time of her death. [2] [4]

Parker died on April 13, 2022, at a hospital in Syosset, New York. She was 100 years old. [2]

Select discography

Filmography

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Sandomir, Richard (May 11, 2022). "Gloria Parker, Maestra of the Musical Glasses, Dies at 100". The New York Times . Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 York, Elizabeth (March 2017). "Barney and Gloria: Revisiting Tin Pan Alley". Notes. Music Library Association. 73 (3): 484. doi:10.1353/not.2017.0002. JSTOR   26397655. S2CID   164891578 . Retrieved May 11, 2022.(registration required)
  4. 1 2 McShane, Larry (June 11, 2012). "Long Island glasspiel virtuoso Gloria Parker still has the magic touch". New York Daily News . New York. Retrieved July 3, 2016.
  5. Delatiner, Barbara (March 25, 1984). "The Lively Arts – 'Heifetz' of the Singing Glasses". The New York Times . p. 23. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  6. 1 2 Behrens, John (March 2011). America's Music Makers: Big Bands & Ballrooms 1912-2011. AuthorHouse. pp. 36–. ISBN   978-1-4567-2952-3 . Retrieved September 1, 2017.
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  8. Haslam, Gerald; Haslam Russell, Alexandra; Chon, Richard (2012). Workin' Man Blues: Country Music in California. University of California Press. p. 107. ISBN   978-0-520-27505-8.
  9. Annual Report of Stockholders Activities at Corporation Meetings. Corporate Democracy Inc. 1960. p. 35.
  10. "The Gloria Parker Show". Ross Reports on Television including The Television Index. October 19, 1952. p. 3. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
  11. 1 2 Butterfield, C. E. (December 11, 1953). "Radio And Television Highlights". The Times Herald . Port Huron, Michigan. Associated Press. p. 18. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
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  14. Richards, Larry (September 17, 2015). African American Films Through 1959: A Comprehensive, Illustrated Filmography. McFarland. ISBN   978-1-4766-1052-8.
  15. Penthouse Party 1945 Soundie with Miss Gloria Parker. YouTube. August 21, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  16. "Movie Machine Reviews". Billboard. Vol. 58, no. 6. New York Media, LLC. February 9, 1946. p. 91. ISSN   0006-2510.
  17. 1 2 Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third series. United States Copyright Office. 1949. p. 576.
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  21. "'Memories' Still Leads on MOA Radio Program". Billboard. New York Media, LLC. February 4, 1956. p. 100. ISSN   0006-2510.
  22. "'Wind' Holds Lead on MOA Program". Billboard. Vol. 68, no. 24. New York Media, LLC. June 16, 1956. p. 82. ISSN   0006-2510.
  23. Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third series. United States Copyright Office. 1952. p. 668.
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