Town hall in Gniewkowo
|• Mayor||Adam Roszak|
|• Total||9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)|
|• Density||790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+48 52|
Gniewkowo [ɡɲefˈkɔvɔ] (German : Argenau) is a town in Inowrocław County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland with a population of 7,301 (2005). It is located within the historic region of Kuyavia.
Gniewkowo is located to the south of the Bydgoszcz forest on route 52, 15 km northeast of Inowrocław and 23 km southwest of Toruń.
Archaeological excavations have shown that the site was already populated by the Bronze Age. The first historical mention of the town dates from 1185. In 1268 the town was granted city rights. In 1314 Siemomysł of Inowrocław’s larger Kuyavia duchy was divided among his three sons; Casimir III of Kuyavia inherited the Gniewkowo region which became a small autonomous duchy. The Teutonic Knights laid siege to Gniewkowo in 1332 during their war with Poland. To avoid capture Casimir set fire to his stronghold and abandoned the town. He would not regain control of the duchy until the Treaty of Kalisz in 1343.
In 1364/1365, Władysław the White mortgaged Gniewkowo to Polish King Casimir III the Great. In 1408 the city hosted a meeting between Polish King Władysław II Jagiełło and the Teutonic Knights over the disputed Dobrzyń Land. From 1409 to 1411 Gniewkowo played an important role in the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War. Administratively it was located in the Inowrocław Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown.
Gniewkowo was ravaged by several fires during the 16th century, limiting its development. During the 17th and the 18th centuries, wars with Sweden and subsequent outbreaks of diseases laid waste to the town.
Gniewkowo was annexed by Prussia in 1772 after the first partition of Poland (but from 1807 to 1815 Gniewkowo was part of the Duchy of Warsaw), during which time the economy began to develop. Starting in 1843, a road linked the city to Inowrocław and Toruń. Jews and Germans became more and more prominent, while the local Polish population suffered from an official policy of discrimination and forced Germanisation. Part of Germany from 1871, in 1879 the German Imperial administration, following the Otto von Bismarck's policy of forced Germanisation of ancient Polish territories and their Slavic peoples, changed the name of the town to a German Argenau. A general strike broke out after German became the required official language for religious classes. Electricity became available citywide in 1908.
After World War I, in 1918, Poland regained independence, and afterwards the Greater Poland Uprising broke out, which goal was to reintegrate the region and town with the reborn Polish state. On January 17, 1920, after over a year of fighting, Gniewkowo was finally recaptured by Poles, and thus rejoined Poland.The town suffered greatly during the Polish economic crisis that followed World War I. On the eve of World War II the unemployment rate was 70%.
During the German invasion of Poland, which started World War II, the town was captured by Germany on September 2, 1939.During the subsequent German occupation the local Polish population was subjected to various crimes, including massacres, expulsions, deportations to forced labour and to Nazi concentration camps. Already in September 1939, the Germans destroyed the pre-war monument to the Greater Poland Uprising participants. Around 4,000 Polish civilians taken from Gniewkowo and the nearby cities of Inowrocław, Bydgoszcz and Toruń were executed by the Nazi Germans in the woods surrounding the town. Among the victims were Polish teachers, principals, farmers, musicians, railwaymen, local officials (see Intelligenzaktion ). Inhabitants of Gniewkowo were also among 56 Poles massacred in a prison in Inowrocław on October 22–23, 1939. In 1944–1945, the Germans also operated a female subcamp of the Stutthof concentration camp in the town. Polish and Soviet troops took Gniewkowo on January 21, 1945. The town was restored to Poland, although with a Soviet-installed communist regime, and thus begun the 44 years of Communist Poland.
In 1989 first, since 1939, free and democratic electione were held in Gniewkowo as in the rest of democratic Republic of Poland. Between 1978 and 1998 Gniewkowo belonged to Bydgoszcz Voivodeship and since the 1998 administrative reform belongs to Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Bydgoszcz is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers.
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, also known as Cuiavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship or simply Kujawsko-Pomorskie, or Kujawy-Pomerania Province (Polish: województwo kujawsko-pomorskie[vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ kuˈjafskɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ]; German: Woiwodschaft Kujawien-Pommern is one of the 16 voivodeships into which Poland is divided. It was created on 1 January 1999 and is situated in mid-northern Poland, on the boundary between the two historic regions from which it takes its name: Kuyavia and Pomerania. Its two chief cities, serving as the province's joint capitals, are Bydgoszcz and Toruń.
Inowrocław is a city in north-central Poland with a total population of 72,561 in December 2019. It is situated in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, previously in the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is one of the largest and historically most significant cities within Kuyavia.
Świeciepronounced [ˈɕfʲɛt͡ɕɛ] is a town in northern Poland with 25,968 inhabitants (2006), situated in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship ; it was in Bydgoszcz Voivodeship from 1975 to 1998. It is the capital of Świecie County.
Kuyavia, also referred to as Cuyavia, is a historical region in north-central Poland, situated on the left bank of Vistula, as well as east from Noteć River and Lake Gopło. It is divided into three traditional parts: north-western, central, and south-eastern.
Inowrocław Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from the 14th century to the First Partition of Poland in 1772. Together with the neighbouring Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship it was part of the Kuyavia region and the Greater Polish prowincja.
Koronowo is a town on the Brda River in Poland, located in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, 25 km from Bydgoszcz, with 11,029 inhabitants (2010). It is located in the historic region of Kuyavia.
Solec Kujawski is a town with 15,505 inhabitants and an area of 176 km², situated 14 kilometres southeast of Bydgoszcz in Poland at. Solec Kujawski belongs to the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. The town features Saint Stanislaus in its coat of arms. It is located within the historic region of Kuyavia.
Sępólno Krajeńskiepronounced ['sɛmˈpulnɔ kraˈjɛɲskʲɛ] is a town in northern Poland, in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, about 63 kilometres northwest of Bydgoszcz. It is the capital of Sępólno County and Gmina Sępólno Krajeńskie and has a population of 9,258 (2006).
Radziejów is a town in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, about 45 km south of Toruń. It is the capital of Radziejów County. Its population is 5,804 (2004).
Dobrzyń Land is a historic region, with the capital in the town of Dobrzyń nad Wisłą, in central-northern Poland, within the Greater Poland, between Mazovia and Prussia. It lies northeast of the Vistula River, south of the Drwęca, and west of the Skrwa. The territory approximately corresponds with the present-day powiats of Lipno, Rypin, and half of Golub-Dobrzyń within the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, although it encompasses parts of other counties as well. Totally, it has about 3,000 km2 and 200,000 inhabitants.
Inowrocław County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, north-central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Inowrocław, which lies 36 km (22 mi) south-west of Toruń and 40 km (25 mi) south-east of Bydgoszcz. The county contains four other towns: Kruszwica, lying 14 km (9 mi) south of Inowrocław, Janikowo, lying 12 km (7 mi) south-west of Inowrocław, Gniewkowo, 16 km (10 mi) north-east of Inowrocław, and Pakość, 13 km (8 mi) west of Inowrocław.
Kowalewo Pomorskie is a town in Golub-Dobrzyń County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. It is the capital of the Gmina Kowalewo Pomorskie. From 1975–1998 the city belonged to the Toruń Voivodeship.
Łobżenica is a town in Piła County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,211 inhabitants (2004).
Ostrowo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Gniewkowo, within Inowrocław County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Gniewkowo, 11 km (7 mi) north-east of Inowrocław, 26 km (16 mi) south-west of Toruń, and 40 km (25 mi) south-east of Bydgoszcz.
Karnkowo is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Lipno, within Lipno County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) east of Lipno and 47 km (29 mi) south-east of Toruń.
Ziemomysł of Inowrocław, was a Polish prince, member of the House of Piast, duke of Inowrocław during 1267-1271 and 1278-1287, and ruler over Bydgoszcz during 1267-1269 and 1278-1287.
Chełmno land is a historical region, located in central-northern Poland.
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