Golubac

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Golubac

Голубац (Serbian)
Golubac centar2.JPG
Town Center
Golubac-grb.png
Coat of arms
Municipalities of Serbia Golubac.png
Location of the municipality of Golubac within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°39′N21°38′E / 44.650°N 21.633°E / 44.650; 21.633 Coordinates: 44°39′N21°38′E / 44.650°N 21.633°E / 44.650; 21.633
Country Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Braničevo
Settlements24
Government
  MayorNebojša Miović (SNS)
Area
[1]
  Town41.74 km2 (16.12 sq mi)
  Municipality367.29 km2 (141.81 sq mi)
Elevation
72 m (236 ft)
Population
 (2011 census) [2]
  Town
1,653
  Town density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
  Municipality
8,331
  Municipality density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12223
Area code +381(0)12
Car plates PO
Climate Cfb
Website www.golubac.org.rs

Golubac (Serbian Cyrillic : Голубац, pronounced  [ɡǒlubats] ; Romanian : Golubăț) is a village and municipality located in the Braničevo District of the eastern Serbia. Situated on the right side of the Danube river, it is bordered by Romania to the east, Veliko Gradište to the west and Kučevo to the south. The population of the village is 1,655 and the population of the municipality is 8,161. Due to many nearby archeological sites and the Đerdap national park, the village is a popular tourist, fishing and sailing destination.

Contents

Name

View of Golubac fortress from Danube Golubac.JPG
View of Golubac fortress from Danube

In Serbian, the town is known as Golubac (Голубац), derived from golub ("pigeon" or "dove") and is therefore often translated as "the town of doves." Other names: Romanian : Golubăț (also known as Golumbacu Mare or Columbacu), Hungarian : Galambóc, German : Taubenberg and Turkish : Güvercinlik meaning "dovecote."

Historically, it was known as Columbria in Latin, a contraction of (castrum) Columbaria meaning "city of pigeons" (Latin: Columba, Greek: kòlymbos), and as a city derived from Cuppae during pre-Roman times.

History

It was a stronghold called Cuppae during Roman and Early Byzantine times (1-6th century) and turned into a city (Columbria) in 554/5 AD. [3]

Archeological sites include the remnants of one of Roman Emperor Trajan's tables near Trajan's Bridge, found along his road through the Danube's Iron Gates; and the Roman fortress Diana. Golubac fortress, 4 km downstream, is from the 14th century and also of interest. The fortress was the scene of a battle against the Turks in 1428, where the Polish knight Zawisza Czarny was captured and executed by the Turks.

Charles I of Hungary conquered the castle in 1334. In 1387 Lazar of Serbia sieged it. Becoming a Hungarian ally in 1403–04, he received large possessions, including the important Belgrade and Golubac Fortress. The Turkish occupied it for the first time in 1391, but after that, Péter Perényi recaptured it. King Sigismund of Hungary acquired Golubac by a contract in 1427, but its Serbian captain sold it to the Turks for twelve thousand golds. Sigismund sieged the fortress in spring 1428 in response, but the mission was a failure, the King himself was almost killed by the Turks. In 1458, Matthias Corvinus tried to recapture it, but the siege was interrupted by Hungarian internal conflicts.

From 1929 to 1941, Golubac was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Golubac has a population of 8,331 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality: [4]

Ethnic groupPopulation%
Serbs 7,57690.94%
Vlachs 4245.09%
Romani 520.62%
Romanians 470.56%
Yugoslavs 130.16%
Montenegrins 90.11%
Macedonians 70.08%
Croats 60.07%
Hungarians 50.06%
Others1922.30%
Total8,331

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017): [5]

ActivityTotal
Agriculture, forestry and fishing47
Mining45
Processing industry183
Distribution of power, gas and water1
Distribution of water and water waste management36
Construction39
Wholesale and retail, repair182
Traffic, storage and communication30
Hotels and restaurants90
Media and telecommunications3
Finance and insurance5
Property stock and charter-
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities38
Administrative and other services39
Administration and social assurance114
Education116
Healthcare and social work70
Art, leisure and recreation25
Other services30
Total1,091

Tourism

The Iron Gate national park is noted for its natural environment and its hunting grounds, as well as its hiking trails.[ citation needed ] The village's quay along the Danube river is popular for more relaxed hiking.[ citation needed ]

Sailing

Golubac has become a well-known sailing site.[ citation needed ] The Sailing Center of the Sailing Association of Serbia, which the Serbian National Team uses for ground preparations before major sailing events, is located in Golubac. One of the events is a sailing Regatta, which is traditionally held in August. During the summer, the Center holds an Optimist Class sailing camp, where beginners can learn from the best Serbian sailors and their international guests.[ citation needed ]

See also

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Golubac Fortress

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Siege of Golubac

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References

  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN   978-86-6161-109-4 . Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. Notitia Dignitatum, the Synekdêmos and Prokopios’s Buildings IV.v.-vii, x
  4. "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  5. "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia . Retrieved 16 March 2019.