Goodwick

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Goodwick
Main Street, Goodwick - geograph.org.uk - 54550.jpg
Main Street, Goodwick
Pembrokeshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Goodwick
Location within Pembrokeshire
Population(recorded under Fishguard)
OS grid reference SM945381
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GOODWICK
Postcode district SA64
Dialling code 01348
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
52°00′11″N4°59′31″W / 52.003°N 4.992°W / 52.003; -4.992 Coordinates: 52°00′11″N4°59′31″W / 52.003°N 4.992°W / 52.003; -4.992

Goodwick ( /ˈɡʊdɪk/ ; Welsh : Wdig) is a coastal town in Pembrokeshire, Wales, immediately west of its twin town of Fishguard.

Contents

Fishguard and Goodwick form a community that wraps around Fishguard Bay. As well as the two towns, it consists of Dyffryn, Stop-and-Call, Harbour Village, Lower Town, and Penyraber. A Goodwick electoral ward exists covering the town with a total population of 1,988 at the 2011 census. [1]

History

During the Viking Age, the coasts of Wales were subjected to raids in the latter 10th century. Norse trading posts and settlements were established. The name probably derives from a combination of the old Norse forms: góðr (good) and vik (bay or cove) giving góðrvik. [2] Compare formation with Reykjavík (Smoking Bay) where reykr = 'smoke'. [3] The southeast facing hillside of Goodwick is sheltered from prevailing and salty SW winds and therefore naturally well tree-covered compared with the exposed headland above and the wet land of the bay. Many older developments in Goodwick have the name 'Goedwig' meaning forest - Goedwig Terrace, Villas, Chapel etc. Thus an alternative explanation for the name may be that it was Goedwig and Goorvik may just have been a happy coincidence for the invaders.

Goodwick Square (c. 1850) Goodwick Square Old.jpg
Goodwick Square (c. 1850)

Goodwick was a small fishing village in the parish of Llanwnda, but in 1887 work commenced on a railway connection and harbour, and the village grew rapidly to service this. The main industry is now tourism although in the town's industrial past brick making was once an important industry. Some fishing still takes place on a small scale but most activity is centered on Milford Haven.

Goodwick Sands, the local beach, is where the defeated French invasion force assembled prior to their unconditional surrender on 24 February 1797.

Goodwick
Map of Goodwick and Fishguard Bay

Fishguard Harbour

Certificate of the Fishguard and Rosslare Railways and Harbours Company Fishguard & Rosslare Railways and Harbours Company Cerificate.jpg
Certificate of the Fishguard and Rosslare Railways and Harbours Company
Ferry port at Goodwick The quay at Fishguard ferryport - geograph.org.uk - 310263.jpg
Ferry port at Goodwick

The harbour was constructed by blasting 1.6 million tonnes of rock from the hillside to make a 1,000 yards (910 m) long breakwater. The quarried-out area became the quay. The harbour was finally opened on 30 August 1906. Planned to be the end of the Great Western Railway's line and its major sea port, replacing Neyland, problems with the harbour (known as Fishguard Harbour) prevented larger ocean liners from docking. Accordingly, the harbour has a smaller inner breakwater protecting the remaining open side.

The Great Western Railway ordered three new steamers for its service to Rosslare, St David, St George and St Patrick. [4]

In 1909, when the RMS Mauretania visited, the passengers had to disembark and board by tender when transferring to and from the London train. The smaller breakwater was built as part of the preparations for the visit of the RMS Mauretania and is sometimes known as the "Mauretania Mole". The breakwater led to unanticipated silting, and the prospect of future visits from larger liners was abandoned. Directly above the harbour is a small estate known as "Harbour Village", built to house workers during the construction of the harbour.

The port now accommodates a ferry service to Rosslare operated by Stena Line.

The RNLI, from Fishguard Lifeboat Station operates an all weather Trent class lifeboat, the Blue Peter VII, and a class D inshore lifeboat from within the harbour. [5]

In October 2011, plans for Fishguard & Goodwick Marina were revealed in the Western Telegraph. The developers Conygar who hope to invest £100 million into the project have submitted plans to Pembrokeshire County Council for a 450 berth marina, 253 new residential flats and a 19-acre platform for the potential expansion of the existing Stena Line port. The scheme would also create a publicly accessible promenade and waterfront, and visitor parking as well as workshops, stores and ancillary facilities. If approved most of the proposed new developments will be sited by reclaiming land from the sea bed within the two existing breakwaters mainly near the current 'Ocean Lab' and alongside the existing ferry terminal access roads. Conygar have also exchanged contracts to acquire an eleven-acre site for a lorry stop and distribution park on the perimeter of the Stena Line owned port. [6] [7] In January 2018, however, Stena announced it had withdrawn from the project, meaning Conygar could not continue with their plans. [8]

Stop-and-Call

Originally a separate settlement, Stop-and-Call has now become contiguous with Goodwick. It is at the point where Goodwick Hill levels out after climbing 330 feet (100 m) about 34 mile (1.2 km) from the centre of Goodwick. [9] The 1841 Census for the Parish of Llanwnda indicates the presence of three inhabited houses in 'Stop and Call'. [10] However, it does not appear on a map which dates from ca. 1850. The will of Margaret Llewelin Lewis of Goodwick, dated 1878, leaves property at 'Stopancall'. The Ordnance Survey six inch map of Pembrokeshire published 1888 (surveyed 1887) shows the settlement of 'Stop & Call' comprising only three substantial buildings. A map dating from 1891 shows the area as being moorland, with very few buildings; [11] Kelly's Directory for 1895 does not mention the Stop-and-Call [12]

Transport

Newly-opened station; passengers alight the train for the first time in 48 years (14 May 2012) Fishguard & Goodwick Train Station reopened 14-05-2012.jpg
Newly-opened station; passengers alight the train for the first time in 48 years (14 May 2012)

Fishguard & Goodwick railway station served local rail travellers from the town, and from nearby Fishguard, until the line was effectively closed to such passengers by the reduction in service to boat trains only in 1964. After this, trains only served Fishguard Harbour and the station fell into disrepair. Following investment from Network Rail and Pembrokeshire County Council the station has now been re-built and was reopened for passengers again, on 14 May 2012. It is served by the boat trains and the newly introduced local trains.

The harbour is used by Stena Line ferries to Rosslare Europort in Ireland. In 2013, the conventional ferry MS Stena Europe has two sailings each way per day, one around lunch time and one in the early hours of the morning. The Stena Lynx III fast ferry operated in the summer only until the end of the 2011 season. Her schedule, for instance in the 2010 season consisted of a morning departure to Rosslare and a late afternoon arrival into Fishguard Harbour.

The town is served by the Fishguard town service bus, which runs alternately from Harbour Village or Stop-and-Call to Fishguard town hall. Two Fishguard - St Davids bus routes also pass through the town.

Early aviation

The first successful flight from Britain to Ireland was made from Goodwick's Harbour Village on 22 April 1912 by Denys Corbett Wilson, flying a Bleriot XI. The flight lasted one hour 40 minutes, with landfall near Enniscorthy, Ireland. The achievement was commemorated in Centenary Celebrations held in Fishguard and Goodwick on the weekend of 21/22 April 2012 and in a specially commissioned stage play by Derek Webb, called '100 Minutes' which was performed in Fishguard and Wexford the same week. [13]

Related Research Articles

Fishguard Town in Pembrokeshire, Wales

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North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway transport company

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Jordanston Halt railway station

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Fishguard and Goodwick Human settlement in Wales

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The Great Western Railway was a railway company that was dominant in West Wales, in the United Kingdom.

References

  1. "Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  2. Wales Place Names: Pembrokeshire (ed. D C Robinson) (Kindle edition ASIN: B07345LDJ4).
  3. "Linguistic Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin".
  4. "Irish Channel Steamers" . Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. Manchester. 15 January 1906. Retrieved 13 October 2015 via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. "Fishguard Lifeboat Station" . Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  6. "Planning submitted for £100m Fishguard marina plan". Western Telegraph.
  7. "marina plans". County Echo.
  8. "Plan for Fishguard marina shelved after Stena pulls out". BBC News. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  9. Photograph at Geograph
  10. '1841 England, Wales & Scotland Census', The National Archives, London, England
  11. Ordnance Survey, 6 inch map of Pembrokeshire, 1891
  12. Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire & S Wales, 1895
  13. "Denys Corbett Wilson's 100 minutes of aviation in 1912". BBC News. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2020.

Bibliography