Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu

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Goodwill Zwelithini
King Goodwill Zwelithini.jpg
King of the Zulus
Reign17 September 1968 – present
Coronation 3 December 1971
Predecessor Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon
Born (1948-07-14) July 14, 1948 (age 70)
Nongoma, Union of South Africa
Wives
  • Mantfombi Dlamini (great wife)
  • Sibongile Winifred Dlamini
  • Buthle MaMathe
  • Thandekile Jane Ndlovu
  • Nompumelelo Mchiza
  • Zola Zelusiwe Mafu
Issue
Full name
Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu
House House of Zulu
Father Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon

Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu (born 14 July 1948 at Nongoma) is the reigning King of the Zulu nation under the Traditional Leadership clause of South Africa's republican constitution.

Nongoma Place in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Nongoma is a town in Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. It is the seat of the Nongoma Local Municipality. It is situated 300 km north of Durban and 56 km from Ulundi; it is surrounded by the Ngome Forest. It is a busy market town that serves a large surrounding area. It is assigned registration plate NND.

A paramount chief is the English-language designation for the highest-level political leader in a regional or local polity or country administered politically with a chief-based system. This term is used occasionally in anthropological and archaeological theory to refer to the rulers of multiple chiefdoms or the rulers of exceptionally powerful chiefdoms that have subordinated others. Paramount chiefs were identified by English-speakers as existing in Native American confederacies and regional chiefdoms, such as the Powhatan Confederacy and Piscataway Native Americans encountered by English colonists in the Chesapeake Bay area of North America.

The Zulu are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Small numbers also live in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique.

Contents

He became king on the death of his father, King Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon, in 1968. Prince Israel Mcwayizeni kaSolomon acted as the regent from 1968 to 1971 while the King took refuge in St. Helena for three years to avoid assassination.[ by whom? ] After his 21st birthday and his first marriage, Zwelithini was installed as the eighth monarch of the Zulus at a traditional ceremony at Nongoma on 3 December 1971, attended by 20,000 people.

Cyprian Bhekuzulu Nyangayezizwe kaSolomon was the king of the Zulu nation from 1948 until his death at Nongoma in 1968. He succeeded his father, king Solomon kaDinuzulu, after a lengthy succession dispute which was only resolved in 1944. His uncle, Arthur Mshiyeni kaDinuzulu, functioned as regent during the succession dispute and Cyprian's minority.

Saint Helena island in the South Atlantic Ocean

Saint Helena is a volcanic tropical island in the South Atlantic Ocean, 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) east of Rio de Janeiro and 1,950 kilometres (1,210 mi) west of the mouth of the Cunene River, which marks the border between Namibia and Angola in southwestern Africa. It is part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Saint Helena measures about 16 by 8 kilometres and has a population of 4,534. It was named after Saint Helena of Constantinople.

A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy. A monarch may exercise the highest authority and power in the state, or others may wield that power on behalf of the monarch. Typically a monarch either personally inherits the lawful right to exercise the state's sovereign rights or is selected by an established process from a family or cohort eligible to provide the nation's monarch. Alternatively, an individual may become monarch by conquest, acclamation or a combination of means. A monarch usually reigns for life or until abdication.

Political role

In the power vacuum created in the 1990s as Apartheid and the domination of the country by White South Africans was abolished, the King was sometimes unable to avoid being drawn into partisan politics. The Zulu-dominated Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) initially opposed parts of the new constitution advocated by the African National Congress (ANC) regarding the internal governance of KwaZulu. In particular, the IFP campaigned aggressively for an autonomous and sovereign Zulu king, as constitutional head of state. As a result, the IFP abstained from registering its party for the 1994 election (a necessity in order to receive votes) in opposition. However, once it became obvious that its efforts were not going to stop the election (the IFP's desired goal), the party was registered. It demonstrated its political strength by taking the majority of the provincial votes for KwaZulu-Natal.

Apartheid system of racial segregation enforced through legislation in South Africa

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap, which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population. The economic legacy and social effects of apartheid continue to the present day.

White South Africans Ethnic group

White South Africans are South Africans descended from any of the white racial or ethnic groups of Europe. In linguistic, cultural and historical terms, they are generally divided into the Afrikaans-speaking descendants of the Dutch East India Company's original settlers, known as Afrikaners, and the Anglophone descendants of predominantly British colonists. In 2016, 57.9% were native Afrikaans speakers, 40.2% were native English speakers, and 1.9% spoke another language as their mother tongue, such as Portuguese or German. White South Africans are by far the largest European-descended population group in Africa.

Inkatha Freedom Party political party in South Africa

The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa. Since its founding, it has been led by Mangosuthu Buthelezi. It is currently the fourth largest party in the National Assembly of South Africa, having lost almost half its seats and votes in the 2014 general election and yielding third place to the newly formed Economic Freedom Fighters.

Although the constitution makes the role of the King largely ceremonial, and it is incumbent upon him to act on the official advice of the provincial premier, on occasion South African President Nelson Mandela made efforts to bypass the IFP in negotiating with the Zulus, instead making direct overtures to the King (Mandela's daughter, Zeni, is married to Prince Thumbumuzi Dlamini, a brother of Zwelithini's Great Wife, Queen Mantfombi). [1] Nonetheless, the IFP remained in power in the province until 2003.

Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments. A second in command to a premier is designated as a vice-premier or deputy premier.

Nelson Mandela President of South Africa, anti-apartheid activist

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

Great Wife is an honorific applied to contemporary royal and aristocratic consorts in states throughout modern Africa.

During most of the King's reign his cousin (uncle in Zulu African reckoning), Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Prince of KwaPhindangene and founder/head of IFP, was the Zulu prime minister. But in September 1994 tension between the previously allied kinsmen peaked publicly as the annual Shaka Zulu celebration approached. Rumors that the King was maneuvering to replace Buthelezi as Zulu prime minister with former regent Prince Mcwayizeni, who had joined the ANC in 1990, seemed likely after the King announced that Buthelezi would no longer be his chief advisor, and simultaneously cancelled the holiday ceremony. [1] For his safety, federal troops escorted Zwelithini by helicopter to Johannesburg. [2] Although Buthelezi was then serving as Home Affairs minister in South Africa's Cabinet, President Mandela's efforts to broker a reconciliation failed. Buthelezi moved the event from Nongoma to Stanger, and addressed a throng of 10,000 of his Zulu supporters.

A reign is the period of a person's or dynasty's occupation of the office of monarch of a nation, of a people or of a spiritual community. In most hereditary monarchies and some elective monarchies there have been no limits on the duration of a sovereign's reign or incumbency, nor is there a term of office. Thus, a reign usually lasts until the monarch dies, unless the monarchy itself is abolished or the monarch abdicates or is deposed.

Africa The second largest and second most-populous continent, mostly in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km2 including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Mangosuthu Buthelezi South African politician

Mangosuthu Buthelezi is a South African politician and Zulu tribal leader who founded the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) in 1975 and was Chief Minister of the KwaZulu bantustan until 1994. He was Minister of Home Affairs of South Africa from 1994 to 2004. His praise name is Shenge. He was also previously called Gatsha.

Subsequently, the King's spokesman, Prince Sifiso Zulu, was being interviewed on television at the South African Broadcasting Corporation's studio when Buthelezi and his bodyguards forcibly interrupted the programme, physically intimidating Chief Sifiso. The televised incident drew national attention and a public rebuke from Mandela, prompting Buthelezi to apologize to the Zulu Royal Family, Cabinet and nation for his behavior. [2] Relations between Zwelithini and Buthelezi later improved.

South African Broadcasting Corporation company

The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is the public broadcaster in South Africa, and provides 19 radio stations (AM/FM) as well as five television broadcasts to the general public. It is one of largest of South Africa's state owned enterprises.

King Zwelithini has cooperated as the law requires with the ANC since it took over the reins of government in KwaZulu-Natal. The King's finances are controlled by KwaZulu-Natal provincial authorities.

In 1989 he criticized the ANC leadership for not inviting him and Buthelezi to a rally welcoming back the Rivonia Trial defendants, who had been released after almost three decades of imprisonment.

As the constitutional monarch of the kingdom of KwaZulu-Natal, he is head of the Ubukhosi, the state-recognized institution of Traditional Leadership that consists of local chiefs. His leadership role also entails chairmanship of the Usuthu Tribal Authority and Nongoma Regional Authority, both established under the provisions of the KwaZulu Amakhosi and Iziphakanyiswa Act. In his address upon the opening of the Provincial Parliament on September 28, 2003, the King advised the government and legislators to give more heed to the Ubukhosi:

Traditional Leaders are neither consulted nor involved in the process of formulating policies that have a direct bearing on their day to day activities. The institution of Ubukhosi has been in existence from time immemorial and has survived many hardships under past colonial regimes. From the point of view of the ordinary citizen, an Inkosi's most important role may lie in his symbolizing of community solidarity. So any notion that the institution of Ubukhosi, now that we have a democratic government in place, can just be wished away, remains a pipe-dream. Some countries just across our borders had decided to do away with the institution of traditional leadership immediately after attaining independence from colonial rulers. However, they have since realised that they had committed gross mistakes and were now re-inventing these institutions at great costs. As King of the Zulu Nation I am proud of the role played by the Prime Minister of the Zulu Nation, Prince of KwaPhindangene, Dr MG Buthelezi who had singlehandedly championed the cause of the Institution of Traditional Leadership in this country. [3]

Cultural role

The King is chairman of the Ingonyama Trust, a corporate entity established to administer the land traditionally owned by the king for the benefit, material welfare and social well-being of the Zulu nation. This land consists of 32% of the area of KwaZulu/Natal.

As the custodian of Zulu traditions and customs, King Zwelithini has revived cultural functions such as the Umhlanga, the colourful and symbolic reed dance ceremony which, amongst other things, promotes moral awareness and AIDS education among Zulu women, [4] [ not in citation given ] and the Ukweshwama, the first fruits ceremony, which is a traditional function involving certain traditional rituals including the killing of a bull. The latter ceremony was subject to a lawsuit brought in November 2009 by Animal Rights Africa, alleging that the method of killing the animal was cruel and barbaric. [5] He has also traveled abroad extensively to promote tourism and trade in the West for KwaZulu-Natal, and to fundraise for Zulu-supported charities, often accompanied by one of his queens consort. On such occasions he is frequently officially hosted by local Zulu organizations, and grants audiences to Zulus living abroad.

In June, 1994, the University of Zululand conferred an honorary doctorate in agriculture upon the King. He is Chancellor of the South African branch of the American-based Newport University. In March 1999 Coker College of South Carolina awarded him an honorary doctorate in law. During the first half of 2001 he was inaugurated as Chancellor of the M L Sultan Technikon in KwaZulu-Natal.

The King's authorized biography, King of Goodwill, was published in 2003. The musical dramatization of this work premiered at the Market Theatre, Johannesburg on 16 March 2005. [6]

The King spoke at The Synagogue Church Of All Nations in Lagos, Nigeria, in 2004 regarding the importance of trade and peace. [7]

Controversy

In January, 2012, while speaking at an event commemorating the 133rd anniversary of the Battle of Isandlwana, the King caused controversy with his statement that same-sex relations were "rotten". His statements were condemned by the South African Human Rights Commission as well as LGBT rights groups. President Jacob Zuma rebuked the king for his comments. The Zulu Royal Household later said that the King's comments had been mistranslated and that he had not condemned same-sex relations, only expressed concern about a state of moral decay in South Africa that has led to widespread sexual abuse, including male-on-male sexual abuse. [8]

In September 2012, King Goodwill Zwelithini asked the KwaZulu-Natal government for R18m to build new property, including a new R6m palace for his youngest wife Queen Mafu and upgrades to Queen MaMchiza's palace. [9] [10] The King's royal household department CFO, Mduduzi Mthembu, told a parliamentary committee that the money was needed. The department also requested USD1.4m for improvements to Queen MaMchiza's palace. [11] The government had already budgeted around USD6.9m for the royal family during 2012, not for the first time prompting accusations of lavish spending; in 2008, opposition parties criticised King Zwelithini's wives for spending around USD24,000 on linen, designer clothes and expensive holidays. [11]

Speaking at a Pongolo community meeting in March 2015, Zwelithini acknowledged that while other nations had participated in efforts which led to South Africa's liberation, that should not be considered an excuse for foreigners to cause inconvenience in the country now by competing with locals for scarce economic opportunities. [12] Contending that he was free to say what politicians were not, he asked that foreigners please return to their native lands since, he maintained, South African nationals in diaspora had not gone on to open businesses in host countries. [12] These observations were made during a time of growing unease between South Africans and non-nationals, violence having erupted in Soweto in January and spread to KwaZulu-Natal, resulting in three deaths. [12] The Democratic Alliance's spokesman, calling for a public retraction and apology, criticised the remarks as "highly irresponsible", while a SAHRC official labelled them xenophobic in light of recent attacks on foreigners. [12] Alleged to have sparked violence against non-nationals, although Zwelithini's remarks about anti-social behaviour and the desirability of foreigners believed responsible leaving South Africa did not distinguish between legal and illegal immigrants, his spokesman subsequently said that he was referring only to those present in the country illegally. [13]

Zwelithini has been criticized for buying Mercedes Benz motor cars and other expensive vehicles for his wives when a majority of the people of KwaZulu-Natal live in poverty.

Wives and children

As of 2018, King Goodwill Zwelithini has six wives and 28 children. [14] . These include:

  1. maDlamini (born Sibongile Winifred Dlamini), married 27 December 1969] at St Margaret's Church, Nongoma. [15]
    1. Prince Lethukuthula Zulu (by Queen Sibongile MaDlamini), born 1970.
    2. Princess Nombuso Zulu (by Queen Sibongile MaDlamini) owner of Durban-based, Ilembe Catering Services,born 1973.
    3. Ntombizosuthu Ka Zwelithini Duma (by Queen Sibongile MaDlamini) a businesswoman who co-owns Strategic Persuasions and Zamalwandle Transport Logistics with her husband. Born 1979, Married to Mbongiseni Duma, a Johannesburg-based business man. [16] [17] [18]
    4. Princess Ntandoyenkosi Ka Zwelithini Ngcaweni (by Queen Sibongile MaDlamini), an Asset Manager at the Public Investment Corporation(PIC), born 1982. Married to Busani Ngcaweni, who headed the office of the former Deputy President of the Republic Of South Africa, Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe.
    5. Princess Snethemba Bati Zulu (by Queen Sibongile Dlamini), born 1989, currently pursuing a degree in International Relations, at the University of Witwatersrand.
  2. Buhle KaMathe, born c1951. In May 1996, she and her daughter were seriously wounded in an assault during which they were clubbed, stabbed and shot.
    1. Princess Sibusile Zulu (by Queen Buhle KaMathe), born 1972.
    2. Princess Nandi Zulu (by Queen Buhle KaMathe), born 1977, married (civil) 6 December 2002 in St John's Cathedral, Mthatha, by Bishop Sitembele Mzamane and (traditional) 7 December at the Thembu Great Place near Qunu, to Chief Mfundo Bovulengwa Mtirara, born 25 March 1973, Acting Deputy Paramount Chief of the Thembu from 2000, Chief of the Matye'ngqina Traditional Authority Area.
    3. Prince Phumuzuzulu (by Queen Buhle KaMathe - Phumuza, named after his Great Grandfather King Phumuzululu kaDinuzulu, son King kaCetshwayo
    4. Prince Shlobosenkosi Zulu (by Queen Buhle KaMathe), born 1988, studied at Kearsney College in Botha's Hill, Durban.
  3. Mantfombi Dlamini, the Great Wife, born 1956, daughter of Sobhuza II of Swaziland and sister of King Mswati III, married 1973. The Queen is also a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church [19]
    1. Prince Misuzulu Zulu (by Queen Mantfombi), born 23 September 1974 in Kwahlabisa, KwaZulu-Natal, is currently pursuing a degree in International Studies in Jacksonville, Florida, and is a strong candidate for Zwelethini's successor. [15] He is unmarried but has one son.
    2. Princess Ntandoyesizwe Zulu (by Queen Mantfombi), born 1976, married 13 April 2002 at Enyokeni Royal Palace, Nongoma, to Kgosi Oupa Moilwa, Chief of the Bahurutse Bagamoilwa. Civil ceremony July 11, 2004, in Pongola.
    3. Princess Lomkhosi (by Queen Mantfombi), born 1982, fiancee Melusi Moyo [20]
    4. Princess Bukhosibemvelo, (by Queen Mantfombi), born 1985, married Sipho Nyawo, who paid 120 cows as part of the ilobolo for her. [21]
    5. Prince Lungelo (by Queen Mantfombi), a student at Michaelhouse boarding school
    6. Prince Mandlesizwe (by Queen Mantfombi)
    7. Prince Bizwekhaya (by Queen Mantfombi)
    8. Prince Masikomahle (by Queen Mantfombi)
  4. Thandi (born Thandekile Jane Ndlovu).
  5. Nompumelelo Mchiza, married 25 July 1992.
  6. Zola Zelusiwe Mafu, born c 1986, [22] betrothed 2006, married 2014. [23]
    1. Prince Nhlendla (by Queen LaMafu) [24]
Styles of
King Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken styleYour Majesty
Alternative styleSir

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Keller, Bill (1994-09-21). "Zulu King Breaks Ties To Buthelezi". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  2. 1 2 Wade, Peter (1994-10-12). "SA Newsletter". University of Pennsylvania-African Studies Center. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
  3. "Speech by His Majesty King Goodwill Zwelithini". KwaZulu-Natal Parliament. Archived from the original on October 5, 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-23.
  4. Keller, Bill (1994-09-21). "Zulu King Breaks Ties To Buthelezi". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-29. ...a kind of debutantes' ball where Zulu maidens present themselves to the King
  5. "Bid to stop 'cruel' Zulu ritual". BBC News. 24 November 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  6. Revisiting the legacy of a legend Archived 2015-04-18 at Archive.today , City Press, 3 April 2005.
  7. Okpanku, Justina (2004-01-16). "Tourism In Nigeria Needs To Be Prioritised - Zulu King". This Day.
  8. Mdletse, Canaan (2012-01-24). "Gay Slur uproar". The Times.
  9. Zulu king wants R18m for more palaces News24
  10. Zulu King Zwelithini's sixth wife 'needs palace' BBC
  11. 1 2 Zulu King Zwelithini's sixth wife 'needs palace', United Kingdom: BBC News, 2012, retrieved 10 September 2012
  12. 1 2 3 4 Foreigners must go home – King Zwelithini Nehanda'. Retrieved 15 April 2015.'
  13. enca.com. Listen in English: King Goodwill Zwelithini lays into foreigners. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  14. https://www.thesouthafrican.com/goodwill-zwelithini-five-quick-facts-about-zulu-king/
  15. 1 2 Right royal row divides King Zwelithini's court
  16. Strategic Persuasions
  17. Zamalwandle Transport Logistics
  18. Wedding Images
  19. Visit to the Royal Palace Southern Africa-Indian Ocean Division Retrieved November 1, 2018
  20. Swazi royalty praised for Zwelithini's virgins Swazi Observer
  21. More than 100 cows paid for Zulu princess IOL
  22. Reed Dance keeps traditions alive Mail & Guardian
  23. "King Zwelithini marries sixth wife: report". The New Age. South Africa. 27 July 2014. Archived from the original on 1 August 2014.
  24. He was born in 2005 to the king’s youngest wife, Queen Zola Mafu, amid much controversy. The Queen fell pregnant in 2004 when she was just 17 years old. Mngoma, Sphumelele (28 July 2013). "Who will be the next Zulu king?". City Press. South Africa. Archived from the original on 1 August 2014.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon
King of the Zulu Nation
1968–present
Incumbent