Goosnargh

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Goosnargh
Goosnargh Parish Church 238-37.jpg
Goosnargh Parish Church, St Mary the Virgin
Location map United Kingdom City of Preston.svg
Red pog.svg
Goosnargh
Village shown within the City of Preston district
Lancashire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Goosnargh
Location within Lancashire
Population1,072 
OS grid reference SD557367
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR3
Dialling code 01772
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°49′26″N2°40′26″W / 53.824°N 2.674°W / 53.824; -2.674 Coordinates: 53°49′26″N2°40′26″W / 53.824°N 2.674°W / 53.824; -2.674
Bushell House, retirement home The Bushell Hospital, Goosnargh - geograph.org.uk - 551088.jpg
Bushell House, retirement home

Goosnargh ( /ˈɡznər/ GOOZ-nər) is a village and civil parish in the City of Preston district of Lancashire, England.

Contents

The village lies between Broughton and Longridge, and mostly lies in the civil parish of Whittingham, although the ancient centre lies in the civil parish of Goosnargh. The parish of Goosnargh had a population of 1,204 recorded in the 2001 census, [1] increasing to 1,316 at the 2011 Census. [2] The village population in 2011 was 1,072. [3]

Toponymy

The name, meaning "Gosan's or Gusan's hill pasture", derives from Gosan or Gusan (an Old Irish personal name) and erg (Norse for "hill pasture"). The name appeared in the Domesday Book as Gusansarghe but by 1212 had changed to Gosenargh, closer to today's pronunciation. [4] However, one reference suggested Gusansarghe was from Old Norse gudhsins hörgi (related to hörgr ), meaning "at the idol's (god's) temple." [5]

Goosnargh village

The Anglican parish church of St Mary the Virgin is situated on Church Lane. Trinity Methodist Church, originally dating from the early 1880s, is situated on Whittingham Lane. [6]

Goosnargh has two public houses, The Grapes located on Church Lane and The Stags Head on Whittingham Lane. The Bushells Arms, also located on Church Lane, closed in 2010 and is now a private residence. [7]

There is also a Post Office, hairdresser, pharmacy, village hall and a fish and chip shop in the village. There used to be a gift shop and an estate agent in the village but these have recently closed down. The village is also the location of the Whittingham and Goosnargh Social Club.

The village holds an annual festival on the first Saturday after the Spring Bank Holiday Monday during which there is a procession through the village. The procession includes decorated floats, fancy dress, maypole dancing and marching bands.

The village gave its name to the Goosnargh Cake, a type of caraway seed shortcake biscuit. Goosnargh Cornfed Chicken and Duck is championed by chefs including Gordon Ramsay. [8]

The oldest house in Goosnargh is Stone Cottage on Goosnargh Lane.[ citation needed ] It is now 339 years old. The beams in the 900-year-old local church have traces of sea salt in them. People believe they were from old Viking long boats.

The village itself has a population of 1,540, much of which is included in the civil parish of Whittingham. [9]

The number 4 bus runs through Goosnargh about every hour and goes to Preston in one direction and Chipping in the other. It is the only bus service to Goosnargh, except for school buses (584, 585 and 678).

Goosnargh village has a primary school: Goosnargh Oliversons C of E. Broughton High School, Longridge High School and St Cecilia's RC High School are the three high schools whose catchment areas include Goosnargh.

The footballers Lily Parr [ citation needed ] and Peter Corr [10] both died in Goosnargh.

Bushell House, formerly known as Bushell's Hospital, on Mill Lane, is a retirement home and a Grade II listed building dating from 1722. [11]

Goosnargh parish

Goosnargh
Civil parish
St Francis Church, Hill Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 914369.jpg
St. Francis Church
CountryEngland
Primary council Preston
County Lancashire
Region North West England
StatusParish
SettlementsGoosnargh, Inglewhite and Whitechapel
Area
  Total33.68 km2 (13.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total1,316
  Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Website http://www.goosnarghpc.co.uk/

Goosnargh parish includes the small villages of Inglewhite and Whitechapel, and Beacon Fell Country Park. The northernmost part of the parish, including Whitechapel and Beacon Fell, lies within the Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The River Brock forms part of the parish boundary on the northwest and north sides.

The parish contains the Roman Catholic church of St Francis, Hill Chapel, and an adjoining Catholic primary school of the same name. The sixteenth-century Catholic martyr George Beesley was born at the site. [12]

Waddecar Scout Activity Centre (formerly Waddecar Scout Camp), on Snape Rake Lane on the southern bank of the River Brock, was established in the mid-20th century. [13] [ failed verification ]

Only one side of one road in Goosnargh village, including the parish church, lies within Goosnargh parish; almost all of the village lies within adjacent Whittingham parish. This may explain why the village is sometimes referred to as "Goosnargh and Whittingham", as if there were two villages. Some road signs on entering the village display "Goosnargh and Whittingham". The website of the local "Goosnargh & Whittingham Whitsuntide Festival" refers to "the twin villages of Goosnargh and Whittingham". [14] An article in a local newspaper also refers to "the villages of Whittingham and Goosnargh". [15] However, no modern maps show a village marked "Whittingham" and the website of Whittingham Parish Council [16] refers only to the village of Goosnargh.

The parish was part of Preston Rural District throughout its existence from 1894 to 1974. [17] In 1974 the parish became part of the Borough of Preston, which became a city in 2002.

Local businesses

Ye Horn's Inn Ye Horn's Inn - geograph.org.uk - 603489.jpg
Ye Horn's Inn

Two miles out of Goosnargh village is Ye Horn's Inn, noted for its roast duck and incorporating the Goosnargh Brewing Company. The brewery produces a number of beers including Goosnargh Gold, Goosnargh Truckle and Real Goosnargh Bitter (RGB).

Five of the 10 Lancashire cheese dairies listed on the British Cheese Board's website in 2009 are located in Goosnargh parish: Butler's, Greenfields, Mrs Kirkham's, Shorrocks and Carron Lodge. [18]

In July 2015 an outbreak of bird flu was officially confirmed at Field Foot Farm on Eaves Green Lane in the parish and a 6-mile (10 km) exclusion zone was established, within which movement of poultry, birds and mammals was forbidden without licence. The strain of flu was identified as H7N7, and there was little risk to public health. 170,000 birds were expected to be culled. [19]

The parish is the home of Goosnargh Gin which is inspired by the nearby Bowland Fells. [20] [21]

Fallout bunker

During the Second World War the operations bunker of RAF Barton Hall was located at a site on Langley Lane on the border of the parishes of Goosnargh and Whittingham. After the war the Royal Observer Corps 21 Group Headquarters and the Western Sector Control of the United Kingdom Warning and Monitoring Organisation took over the bunker.

In the bunker was the standby national control of the famous "four-minute warning" air-raid warning system for the UK. The ROC and UKWMO were disbanded between 1991 and 1995 and the nuclear bunker was closed. [22] [23] The premises are now used as a veterinary practice.

The name "Goosnargh" appears in the works of Douglas Adams. In So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish , it is a Betelgeusian word used by Ford Prefect "when he knew he should say something but didn't know what it should be."

Alternatively, in The Meaning of Liff , his comic dictionary based on British place names, it is defined as "Something left over from preparing or eating a meal, which you store in the fridge despite the fact that you know full well you will never ever use it."

See also

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References

  1. "Parish headcount" (PDF). Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2009.
  2. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Goosnargh Parish (E04005236)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  3. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Goosnargh Built-up area (E34001397)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  4. Lancashire Towns and Villages Retrieved on 29 October 2008
  5. Taylor, Isaac (1896). Names and Their Histories: Alphabetically Arranged as a Handbook of Historical Geography and Topographical Nomenclature. London: Rivington, Percival & Co. pp.  390.
  6. "Trinity Methodist Church Goosnargh". trinitygoosnargh.org.uk. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  7. "Bushells Arms, Goosnargh". whatpub.com.
  8. Gordon Ramsay's Claridge's menu, retrieved on 29 October 2008
  9. Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Archived 8 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-08-26
  10. June 2001, "Tributes to a star - and a devoted family man", Lancashire Evening Post, accessed 27 June 2009
  11. Stuff, Good. "Bushells Hospital, Goosnargh, Lancashire". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk.
  12. Camm, B. (1907), "Ven. George Beesley", The Catholic Encyclopedia, New York: Robert Appleton Company, retrieved 27 June 2009
  13. Waddecar Activity Centre official website
  14. Goosnargh & Whittingham Whitsuntide Festival: 2008 Festival Archived 14 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine , accessed 5 November 2007
  15. "Sports association up off the blocks", Longridge News, 3 May 2007, accessed online 6 November 2007
  16. Lancashire Parish Portal: Whittingham Parish Council Archived 27 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine , accessed 5 November 2007
  17. Preston RD, Vision of Britain, accessed 9 June 2014
  18. The Lancashire Dairies, British Cheese Board, accessed 27 June 2009
  19. Bird Flu case confirmed in Lancashire, Lancashire Evening Post, 13 July 2015, accessed 13 July 2015
  20. Barker, PHOTOGRAPHY: Glynn Ward & Elizabeth. "Goosnargh Gin - the spirit of Bowland". Lancashire Life.
  21. "How Richard and Rachel created a new artisan Goosnargh Gin". www.lep.co.uk.
  22. Hunt, D. (2003), The Wharncliffe Companion to Preston An A to Z of Local History, Wharncliffe Books, Barnsley, ISBN   1-903425-79-4, p.151
  23. Subterranea Britannica: Royal Observer Corps: Preston, accessed 6 November 2007