Gordon Copeland

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Gordon Copeland
Gordon Copeland (New Zealand politician).jpg
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for United Future party list
In office
2002–2008
Personal details
Born(1943-08-19)19 August 1943
Mahana, Tasman District, New Zealand
Died24 November 2018(2018-11-24) (aged 75)
Wellington, New Zealand
Political party Conservative Party
Other political
affiliations
The Kiwi Party
United Future
Spouse(s)Anne
Children5

Gordon Frank Copeland (19 August 1943 – 24 November 2018) was a New Zealand politician who served as a Member of Parliament from 2002 to 2008. He entered the House of Representatives as a list MP for the United Future New Zealand Party from 2002 but he resigned from the party in 2007. In March 2009, Copeland became Party President of The Kiwi Party, which he had co-founded with another former United Future list MP, Larry Baldock, in May 2007. Copeland stood for the Conservative Party in the 2011 New Zealand general election. Prior to entering Parliament he held a number of corporate positions before working as the financial administrator for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington.

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

United Future New Zealand political party

United Future New Zealand, usually known as United Future, was a centrist political party in New Zealand. The party was in government between 2005 and 2017, first alongside Labour (2005–2008) and then supporting National (2008–2017).

The Kiwi Party was a political party operating in New Zealand between 2007 and 2011. Briefly known as Future New Zealand, it was a breakaway from the United Future New Zealand party and sought to carry on the tradition of Future New Zealand. The party was formed when MP Gordon Copeland left United Future after a dispute over support for the Crimes Amendment Act 2007. At the 2008 general election, the Kiwi Party was unsuccessful, and was not re-elected to Parliament. It did not contest the 2011 general election under its own banner, but the leaders and other members stood for the Conservative Party.

Contents

Early life and family

Of English and Irish ancestry, Copeland was born at Mahana, near Mapua, on 19 August 1943. [1] He was married to Anne and they had five children. [2] He graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree from Victoria University of Wellington and was qualified as a Chartered Accountant.

Mapua, New Zealand Village

Mapua is a small town in the South Island of New Zealand.

A Bachelor of Commerce is an undergraduate degree in commerce and related subjects, usually awarded in Canada, Australia, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Myanmar and other Commonwealth countries; however, the degree is no longer offered in the United Kingdom.

Victoria University of Wellington public university in New Zealand

Victoria University of Wellington is a university in Wellington, New Zealand. It was established in 1897 by Act of Parliament, and was a constituent college of the University of New Zealand.

Pre-Parliamentary career

Prior to entering parliament, Copeland worked for fourteen years in the oil industry, becoming the Chief Financial Officer of BP in New Zealand. Later, he worked as a self-employed business consultant with corporate and government clients. From 1984 to 2002 he served as the Financial Administrator of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington. [2]

A Business consultant is a professional who provides professional or expert advice in a particular area such as security, management, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing, finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fields.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington Catholic archdiocese in New Zealand

The Latin Rite Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington is the Metropolitan Archdiocese of New Zealand. Catholics number about 83,214. Parishes number 47 and the archdiocese extends over central New Zealand between Levin and Masterton in the north to Kaikoura to Westport in the south.

Copeland chaired the Inter-Church Working Party on Taxation (1987–2002) and became a member of the Working Party on Registration, Reporting and Monitoring of Charities that led to setting up the New Zealand Charities Commission.

He participated in a wide range of ecumenical activities, and in 2000 convened "Celebrate Jesus 2000", which saw 28,000 Christians come together at Wellington's Westpac Stadium to celebrate the presumed 2000th birthday of Jesus.

Christianity is an Abrahamic Universal religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, as described in the New Testament. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. It is the worlds largest religion with over 2.4 billion followers or 31.5% of the worlds populations.

Wellington Capital city of New Zealand

Wellington is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with 418,500 residents. It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range. Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa. Its latitude is 41°17′S, making it the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed.

Jesus Central figure of Christianity

Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity, and is widely described as the most influential person in history. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah (Christ) prophesied in the Old Testament.

Member of Parliament

New Zealand Parliament
YearsTermElectorateListParty
20022005 47th List2 United Future
20052007 48th List3 United Future
20072008Changed allegiance to: Independent

The United Future party ranked Copeland second on their party list for the 2002 general election and he won election to Parliament with seven other United Future candidates. In the 2005 general election, he was third on the party list and was one of three United Future MPs.

2002 New Zealand general election

The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the reelection of Helen Clark's Labour Party government, as well as the worst-ever performance by the opposition National Party.

2005 New Zealand general election general election

The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.

Opposition to same-sex marriage

Following his 2005 re-election, Copeland gained the support of other social conservatives for his socially conservative political views. In early December 2005, he introduced his colleague Larry Baldock's Marriage Amendment (Gender Clarification) Bill, which emulated Australian and US legislation that sought to define marriage in New Zealand as heterosexual. It failed to win support.

Opposition to abortion and to voluntary euthanasia

Subsequently, Copeland protested against the establishment of a hosted website for Australian euthanasia-activist Philip Nitschke's Exit International organisation, and approached the New Zealand Ministers of Immigration and Information Technology, as well as the New Zealand Police, seeking to frustrate Nitschke's attempts to resettle in that country.

Copeland wanted to introduce a private member's ballot bill designed to require women seeking abortion to undergo mandatory counselling covering both proceeding with the pregnancy and abortion prior to making a decision. This bill, the Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion (Informed Consent) Bill, resembled Australian Capital Territory legislation repealed several years ago. Women do not have to consult optional counselling services under the Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977. As a devout Catholic, Copeland espoused pro-life views in debates about abortion, and believed that women did not receive relevant information related to abortion procedures, hence the title to the Bill, which was never drawn from the ballot for private members bills.

Opposition to prohibiting parental corporal punishment

Copeland criticised Sue Bradford's private member's Child Discipline Bill (introduced in 2005), an amendment to New Zealand's Crimes Act 1961 which removed the legal defence of "reasonable force" for parents prosecuted for assault on their children, and had previously obtained a Queen's Counsel opinion confirming that legal position. Sue Bradford said that the fact that Copeland did not disclose that his Queen's Counsel, Peter McKenzie, had previously represented Christian organisations like Right to Life New Zealand and the Society for Promotion of Community Standards undermined the opinion. [3]

Resignation from United Future

On 16 May 2007, Copeland resigned from the United Future party after its leader, Peter Dunne, had consistently voted for Bradford's Child Discipline Bill, which removed the defence of "reasonable force" related to parental corporal punishment of children. Copeland has since said that after the 2005 elections, which saw the United Future caucus reduce from eight to three, Dunne had wanted to return to his liberal roots and to see an end to the Christian influence in the Party. Dunne also told Copeland that he regretted having voted against the legalisation of prostitution and the Civil Unions Act. In a televised interview[ citation needed ] on 3 July 2007, Dunne said that Copeland's decision to quit came after a failed leadership bid in January 2007. This is strongly denied by Copeland who says that he had never thought of, let alone made, such a bid.

After resigning, Copeland missed the vote against the Bill that he had quit his party over, when the debate ended well ahead of its scheduled two hours. He had his vote against the Bill recorded retrospectively by leave of the House. [4] As an independent MP, Copeland gave a proxy vote to the Opposition National Party to cast on his behalf while absent from the House, for any matters apart from confidence and supply. [5]

Future New Zealand Party / The Kiwi Party

Copeland announced that he would form a separate Future New Zealand party with ex-United Future List MP Larry Baldock. [6] According to Copeland, Future New Zealand already had 16 to 20 members, and Baldock said that 45 former Future New Zealand party members had attended an inaugural meeting in Tauranga. [7] Former United Future list MP Bernie Ogilvy became the party secretary of Future New Zealand, according to the website.[ citation needed ] In June 2007, Copeland announced in his monthly "Copeland's Chronicle" newsletter that Future New Zealand had attracted the necessary 500 members required for registration under the Electoral Act 1993. [8] Baldock and Copeland were working on establishing a Board of Management and Board of Reference for their new party, still tentatively named "Future New Zealand".[ citation needed ] Copeland also asserted his right to continue sitting in New Zealand's Parliament as a list MP.

On 17 September 2007, Copeland publicly confirmed an intention to co-lead a new political party with Richard Lewis, after Bishop Brian Tamaki, founder of the Destiny New Zealand party, had announced it at a press conference without Copeland's knowledge. [9] However, that announcement, coupled with Tamaki's statements that the Destiny New Zealand party would de-register and that he would not rule out a candidacy in the 2008 elections, gave the media the impression that the new party, which had no name, would be just a re-formed Destiny Party. Rank-and-file members of Future New Zealand immediately reacted negatively to that perception, so Copeland announced on 20 September 2007 that he "could not work" with Lewis, and would remain co-leader of Future New Zealand with Baldock. [10] In October 2007 Copeland distanced himself from The Family Party, led by Lewis, which formed out of Destiny New Zealand, and said he would contest the 2008 election under the Future New Zealand banner. [11]

On 28 January 2008, Future New Zealand changed its name to The Kiwi Party and Copeland relinquished his joint leadership to Larry Baldock, announcing that he would henceforth concentrate on parliamentary matters. In the 2008 general election Copeland stood for The Kiwi Party in the Rongotai electorate. [12] He fared poorly, receiving only 515 electorate votes, and the Kiwi Party did not cross the 5% threshold to enter Parliament. [13]

Post-Parliamentary career

In March 2009, the Kiwi Party elected Copeland as their national president. [14] In the 2011 general election Kiwi Party members stood for the Conservative Party of New Zealand, with Copeland unsuccessfully contesting the Hutt South electorate. [15]

The New Zealand Electoral Commission de-registered the Kiwi Party in February 2012. [16]

In November 2012 Copeland made headlines when he compared same-sex marriage to apartheid. [17]

In August 2014 the Conservative Party listed Copeland as its candidate in the Hutt South electorate for the 2014 general election. [18]

Copeland died in a Wellington hospice on 24 November 2018. [19]

Political views

Social policy

As a Member of Parliament Copeland said[ citation needed ] he wanted to give a central focus to the role and importance of the family in building a strong nation. To that end he was a strong advocate for marriage preparation and marriage enrichment programmes and parenting programmes, at every level from pre-natal through to the teenage years.

Copeland wanted [20] to develop policy giving greater encouragement to charities and not-for-profit organisations; and a taxation-system minimising distortions, ensuring that — through a mix of private savings and government support — New Zealanders had adequate retirement incomes.

Copeland introduced bills adding private-property rights to the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act and removing GST from rates. Both were defeated. He advocated for lower taxes for both individuals and companies.

Former political positions

Former policy positions as part of United Future New Zealand include:

Former political offices

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References

  1. "Gordon Copeland". New Zealand Parliament. 8 November 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Board of Management". The Kiwi Party. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  3. Green Party (2 March 2007). "Bradford dismisses bid to undermine S59 repeal". Scoop . Retrieved 16 May 2007.
  4. "New Zealand Parliamentary Debates: Voting — Correction". New Zealand House of Representatives. 16 May 2007. p. 9308. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  5. Oliver, Paula (15 June 2007). "I want to be National's 49th MP, says defector". The New Zealand Herald . New Zealand Herald.
  6. Maggie Tait (16 May 2007). "United Future MP quits party over smacking bill". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 16 May 2007.
  7. Dan Eaton (22 May 2007). "Future NZ". The Press. p. A6.
  8. Copeland's Chronicle, June 2007
  9. "Copeland announces he's co-leader". Newstalk ZB. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007.[ dead link ]
  10. "Speed wobbles hit Christian party plan". The Dominion Post. 20 September 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2007.
  11. "Family Party aims to convert Labour supporters". Dominion Post. NZPA. 17 October 2007. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  12. The Wellingtonian 22 May 2008, page 8
  13. "Official count results – Rongotai". Chief Electoral Office. November 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  14. "Copeland named Kiwi Party president". Television New Zealand. 18 March 2009. Archived from the original on 19 March 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  15. "Conservative list released" (Press release). Conservative Party. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  16. "Cancellation of Kiwi Party". Electoral Commission New Zealand. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2014. On 8 February 2012 the Electoral Commission board cancelled the registration of the Kiwi Party at the party’s request in accordance with part 4 of the Electoral Act 1993.
  17. "Former MP's 'apartheid' gay analogy shocks". 3 News NZ. 14 November 2012. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  18. http://www.conservativeparty.org.nz/index.php?page=Election2014
  19. "Gordon Copeland death notice". New Zealand Herald. 27 November 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  20. "The Kiwi Party constitution" . Retrieved 24 March 2008.
  21. "Aust MPs suggest full union with NZ". Television New Zealand. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2009.

Further reading