This article is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (January 2021)
Gorkha museum in Gorkha
Location of Gorkha (dark yellow) in Gandaki Province
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Gorkha|
|• Total||3,610 km2 (1,390 sq mi)|
|• Density||75/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
|Main Language(s)||Nepali, Ghale, Gurung, Magar, Newari, Miya|
Gorkha District (Nepali : गोरखा जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), a part of Gandaki Province, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal, which is the fourth largest district (by area) of Nepal and connected historically with the creation of the modern Nepal and the name of the legendary Gurkha soldiers. The district, with Gorkha Municipality (previously known as Prithivi Narayan Nagarpalika) as its district headquarters, covers an area of 3,610 km2 (1,390 sq mi) and has a population of 271,061 according to the 2011 Census of Nepal. Gorkha district is the site of the Manakamana Temple. The temples of Gorakh Nath and Gorakh Kali are found in the district. Several major rivers—the Chepe, Daraudi, Marsyangdi, Budi Gandaki, and Trishuli—run through the district.
There are two legends associated with naming of "Gorkha":
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||0.1%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters|
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters|
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters|
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters|
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters|
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||11.5%|
|Trans-Himalayan||3,000 to 6,400 meters|
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
Gorkha town has daily bus services to and from Kathmandu (six hours) and Pokhara (three hours).
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Gorkha District had a population of 271,061. Of these, 72.9% spoke Nepali, 13.3% Gurung, 4.7% Magar, 3.9% Tamang, 1.1% Ghale, 2.6% Urdu, 0.7% Newari, 2.6% Miya 0.6% Kumal, 0.6% Chepang, and 0.5% Bajjika as their first language. Chhetri&Brahmin are largest indigenous group in this region. Brahmin surnames such as Pandey, Koirala, Acharya, Bhattarai, Kattel, Khanal etc. and Chhetri surnames such as Khadka, Thapa, Shah, Basnet, Malla etc. are mostly found in Gorkha.
24.7% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 0.8% Gurung and 0.5% Magar as their second language.
Following is the data obtained from the PHASE Nepal website:
A district hospital is in Gorkha, the municipal hospital in Amppipal is supported by a German NGO.
The small health centers in many village development committees (VDCs) are without Auxiliary Health Workers (AHWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Community Health Workers (CHWs). So, people seeking emergency health assistance have to travel a long distance to the district headquarters or Kathmandu or end up dying because of lack of treatment. Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and are against taking medicine or going to the hospital for the treatment. An NGO, PHASE Nepal provides many health care facilities and training programs to three VDCs: Sirdibas, Bihi/Prok and Chumchet. Many people residing in these VDCs have benefited from the program.
As per the National Population and Housing Census of Nepal 2011, the literacy rate of Gorkha is 66.34%. The female literacy rate is 59.44% and the male literacy rate is 75.09%.
The district consists of 11 Municipalities, out of which two are urban municipalities and nine are rural municipalities. These are as follows:
Prior to the restructuring of the district, Gorkha District consisted of the following municipalities and Village development committees:
Chitwan District is one of 77 districts of Nepal, and takes up the southwestern corner of Bagmati Province. Bharatpur, largest city of Nepal after Kathmandu, is its administrative centre. It covers 2,238.39 km2 (864.25 sq mi), and in 2011 had a population of 579,984 people. Bharatpur is the commercial and service centre of South Central Nepal and a major destination for higher education, health care and transportation in the region. Chitwan lies in the Terai region of Nepal. It is in the drainage basin of the Gandaki River and is roughly triangular, taking that river as its meandering northwestern border, and a modest watershed border, with India, as the basis of its southern limit.
Dhading District, a part of Bagmati Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Dhading Besi as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,926 square kilometres (744 sq mi), had a population of 338,658 in 2001 and 336,067 in 2011.
Kavrepalanchok District, a part of Bagmati Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, The district, with Dhulikhel as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,396 km2 (539 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 381,937.
Lamjung District, a part of Gandaki Province, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal. The district, with Besisahar as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,692 square kilometres (653 sq mi) and as of 2011 had a population of 167,724. Lamjung lies in the mid-hills of Nepal spanning tropical to trans-Himalayan geo-ecological belts, including the geographical midpoint of the country. It has mixed habitation of casts and ethnicities. It is host to probably the highest density of the Gurung ethnic population in the country.
Pyuthan District(Nepali: प्युठान जिल्ला [piu̯ʈʰan], is a "hill" district some 250 km west of Kathmandu in Lumbini Province in midwestern Nepal. Pyuthan covers an area of 1,309 km2 with population of 212,484 in 2001 and 226,796 in 2011. Pyuthan Khalanga is the district's administrative center.
Sindhupalchok District is a part of Bagmati Province and one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal, with an area of 2,542 km2 (981 sq mi). The district's headquarters is in Chautara. In 2006, 336,478 people resided in 79 village development committees, in 2011 there were 287,798.
Syangja District, a part of Gandaki Province, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Syangja bazaar as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,164 km2 (449 sq mi) and had a population of 289,148 It lies in the hilly region at an altitude ranging from about 300 meters along the banks of Kaligandaki river up to a couple of thousands meters above the sea level. It lies at about latitude 28°4'60 North and longitude 83°52'0 East.
Bandipur is a hilltop settlement and a municipality in Tanahun District, of Nepal. This municipality was established on 18 May 2014 by merging with existing Dharampani and Bandipur VDCs. Because of its preserved, old time cultural atmosphere, Bandipur has increasingly been coming to the attention of tourism. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of total 15,591 people living in 3750 individual households. It is one of the best tourist destinations of Nepal. Bandipur is famous for Newari people and their cultures.
Lomanthang is a rural municipality in Mustang district in Gandaki Pradesh of western Nepal. It is located at the northern end of the district, bordering the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and Dalome rural municipality of Mustang in the south.
Gorkha is a municipality in Gorkha District in Gandaki Pradesh of Nepal created in 1996. It was initially named "Prithibinarayan" after King Prithvi Narayan Shah, who was born in Gorkha and united and founded modern Nepal. In 2009, the name was changed to "Gorkha" municipality after the end of the monarchy in Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 49,272 people living in 13,127 individual households. In 2014, the neighboring Village development committees Nareshwar and Phinam were merged into the municipality.
Jaubari is a Village Development committee in Gorkha District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3,398 and had 658 houses in the town. It is located at the western part of Gorkha district. Marichman Shrestha, former VDC chairperson, and social worker is from Jaubari-7, Gorkha. Freedom fighter late Rohini Dev Bhatta is also from the village as well as his daughter Dr. Madhabi Bhatta, who is a former commissioner of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Nepal. Jaubari is one of the major hubs for education and health in Gorkha District. Paropakar Adarsha Uccha Madhyamik Vidhalaya is located in Jaubari VDC of Gorkha.
Saurpani is Ward no.4 Sulikot Gaupalika in Gorkha District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 5,958 and had 1,325 houses in the town.
Takukot is a Ward of Barpak sulikot Rural Municipality in Gorkha District in the Gandaki Province of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 4,234 and had 801 houses in the town.
Parewadanda is a village development committee in Lamjung District in the Gandaki Zone of northern-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 2633 people living in 528 individual households.
Magarat is considered to be the place settled and inhabited by Magars, one of the largest indigenous ethnic groups of Nepal. It is a geographical cluster of Federal Republic of Nepal which existed in the modern territory of Nepal before the Unification of Nepal by Prithivi Narayan Shah. It extended from the Budhigandki River in the East to Karnali River in the West.
Nepali / Khaskura is an Indo-Aryan language written in devanagari script. It is the official language of Nepal and one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Also known by the endonym Khaskura (𑐏𑐳𑐎𑐸𑐬𑐵), the language is also called Gorkhali or Parbatiya in some contexts. It is spoken mainly in Nepal and by about a quarter of the population in Bhutan. In India, Nepali has official status in the state of Sikkim and in the Darjeeling Sadar subdivision and Kalimpong district of West Bengal. It has a significant number of speakers in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Uttarakhand. It is also spoken in Myanmar and by the Nepali diaspora worldwide. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili and shows Sanskrit influence. However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with this language group.
Palungtar is a municipality in Gorkha District in Gandaki Pradesh, central Nepal. It is made up of the seven former Village Development Committees Aanppipal, Chyangli, Dhuwakot, Gaikhur, Khoplang, Mirkot and Palumtar. It lies on the bank of Marshyangdi River. The Government of Nepal plans to make Palungtar the country's first Smart City. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 38,174 people living in 9,924 individual households.
Gandaki Municipality is a Gaunpalika in Gorkha District in Gandaki Province of Nepal. In 12 March 2017, the government of Nepal implemented a new local administrative structure, with the implementation of the new local administrative structure, VDCs have been replaced with municipal and Village Councils. Gandaki is one of these 753 local units.
Bulingtar is a Rural municipality located within the Nawalpur District of the Gandaki Province of Nepal. The rural municipality spans 147.68 square kilometres (57.02 sq mi) of area, with a total population of 19,122 according to a 2011 Nepal census.
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