From top: Town center at night, The Old Court building, Takovski ustanak gymnasium, "Takovski grm" Memorial Complex, Church of Holy Trinity
"Време и моје право (Time and my right)"
Location of the municipality of Gornji Milanovac within Serbia
|Region||Šumadija and Western Serbia|
|• Mayor||Dejan Kovačević (SNS)|
|Area rank||21st in Serbia|
|• Town||16.84 km2 (6.50 sq mi)|
|• Municipality||836 km2 (323 sq mi)|
|Elevation||310 m (1,020 ft)|
|• Rank||37th in Serbia|
|• Town density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||53/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Gornji Milanovac (Serbian Cyrillic : Гoрњи Милановац, pronounced [ɡôːrɲiː mǐlanoʋats] ( listen )) is a town and municipality located in the Moravica District of central Serbia. The population of the town is 24,216, while the population of the municipality is 44,406.
The city was founded in 1853. Before 1859 the original name of the city was Despotovica (Serbian Cyrillic : Деспотовица), after the Despotovica river passing by the town. In 1859 the name was changed to Gornji Milanovac at the request of the Prince of Serbia Miloš Obrenović. Its name means Upper Milanovac (there is a Lower Milanovac as well, while Milanovac stems from the name Milan in Serbian).
Initially, the settlement that was to become Gornji Milanovac (before 1853) was situated in the area of today's village Brusnica. There was some discussion about the suitability of the site for a settlement. The new municipality was to be called Despotovac after the river Despotovica which passes through this municipality (the river name originates from the Serbian despot, Đurađ Branković). On the 22nd of April 1852 Despotovac (later Gornji Milanovac) was then relocated to a place called Divlje Polje. This decision was taken by Mladen Žujović, Trivun Novaković, Stevan Knićanin, and Gaja Riznić. Notable buildings and roads (for example: "Zgrada starog suda – Old Court building") are the work of German engineer Indižir Schultz from Pančevo. Today's name Gornji Milanovac was formalized by the warrant of Miloš Obrenović I, Prince of Serbia, in 1859, after his brother Milan Obrenović.
The location of Gornji Milanovac confirms that this area was settled in the prehistory and we can find settlements of Illyrians, Thracians, Dacians, small groups of Celts and Goths and bigger settlements of the Romans. On the mountain Rudnik, besides older miners grove there are remains of a Roman temple dedicated to the Terra Mater ("Mother Earth").There is little information about Slavs and their settlements.
Even in the Middle Ages and the time of the Roman Empire, the area around Gornji Milanovac was significant in economical, agronomy, infrastructure and military sense. There are sites from the Neolithic period (in village Gojna Gora) and pre/post Roman governance period (Rudnik), also ruins and sites from Byzantine administration, Medieval Serbian Principality/Kingdom, Serbian Empire and Ottoman Empire (on mountain Rudnik, in villages Brusnica, mountain Treska, Jablanica, and Gornji Milanovac parts of mountain Vujan ).
This town was significant during the First Serbian Uprising against Ottoman Empire rule, but more so during the Second Serbian Uprising. In 1814. at Takovo has reached a historical agreement about the Second Serbian Uprising. In front of the family house of Obrenović in the village Gornja Crnuća, he raised a flag (red Greek cross on the white background) and said:
Evo mene, a eto Vama rata s Turcima ( Here I'am, You have a war with the Turks)— Miloš Obrenović, April 23rd. 1814
In the World War I occupation, the population in Gornji Milanovac was subjected to war terror and crimes, while during World War II the infrastructure was destroyed and the population of this town suffered as before. At the time of sanctions and breakup of Yugoslavia, the industry of municipality exported their products to the Western and Eastern markets through offshore companies. In 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Gornji Milanovac was bombed once (only television repeater was damaged). People from nearby towns and municipalities in joke said, that when NATO planned which town to bomb, they put a cup of coffee at the Gornji Milanovac location on the map.
Important years and dates: [ citation needed ]
Cultural Monuments of Great Importance in Gornji Milanovac are:
The first library in Gornji Milanovac was established in 1857 and is called "Braća Nastasijević" (English: "Brothers Nastasijević").Headquarters is in the building of Old District Administration. It has separate classes in Rudnik (the oldest), Pranjani, Brdjani, and Vraćešnica. Librarian fond has over 100,000 books. Also "Braća Nastasijević" library is engaged in the publishing business.
The main theater in this municipality is "Milanovačko amatersko pozorište (Milanovac amateur theater)". Milanovac amateur theater, GM cinema, art gallery and administrative center of all settlements cultural clubs has headquarters in the center of municipality witch satisfy modern standards for one cultural institution. In the area of photography and cinema, Gornji Milanovac is represented with a big number of art members of the Photo-cinema club Gornji Milanovac.
The Museum of Rudnik and Takovo area is a subsidiary of the culture center of Gornji Milanovac. It has established the Gallerie of Arts in 2008, and a modern gallery in the building of old district administration.
In this municipality there are two folklore groups: "Tipoplastika"-Folklore ensemble and Culture-Arts Community "Šumadija". There are also rock bends that were established in this town, like: "Bjesovi", "An Fas", ″Pastir Pan″, "GM Undergrounders","Skarlet" and "Čudna Šuma". As for punk-rock bands in '90s and 80's there are: "Trula koalicija", In '00s there were established new rock and reggae music bands and groups: "Plišani mališan", "Morbid Cow", "Parnasus", "Strah od Džeki Čena ", IMT 666 (Featuring Bjesovi band's singers child, Stevan Marinkovic), etc.
Whilst part of Yugoslavia, Gornji Milanovac was known as the "economic miracle" and "Beli Labud" (English: "White Swan") as the ecologically cleanest city. There is great potential for further rural and spa (Svračkovci, Brđani, Mlakovac and Savinac) tourism progress in future times. Today's Gornji Milanovac on its territory has a lot of small, categorized rural hotels, one hostel and motels. Close to Gornji Milanovac is a spa and resort "Atomska Banja" Donja Trepča. Major Hotels in this town are newly opened hotel "IG Hotel" (4 stars) and "MD Neda" (3 stars) in the settlement Rudnik. In the past, there was one of the biggest hotels "Šumadija" (3 stars) bankrupted in 2004.
Gornji Milanovac was a pioneer in the application of sorting waste, recycling and water purification in Serbia and previously in Yugoslavia. Also, Gornji Milanovac is a great antagonist of GM food why it has adopted declaration and municipality statute about prohibition of this type of food.
Tourists from around the world visit this municipality for its clean air, small and quiet places, inner and family vacations. Gornji Milanovac every other year is the host of International Biennial of miniature Art, founded in 1989. In village Takovo is the host of the World Music Festival, every May, June or July. Known trip places are: Takovo, Grabovica (peak of Ždreban), Savinac and Rudnik. These places are popular during the celebration of the May 1st or world-known International Workers' Day as a collegial picnic in union organization. Other significant cultural and tourism events on its territory are World Testicle Cooking Championship, the "Milanovac bowl tournament" (Fish soup cooking) and the Goulash tournament ("Gulašijada"). In some settlements are held various art colonies. Also, there are held and village gymnastic competition in some disciplines during the celebration of some patron day of that village.
Gornji Milanovac is a touristic sense has to offer to the lovers of bright starry nights (in December–January and May–June) and beautiful sunrises, various monuments, clean air, healing water resources and much more. It has a reputation for offering a vibrant nightlife which is also developed and safer than in the rest of Serbia. On the January, 7th ( Orthodox Christmas) Gornji Milanovas Tourist organization and its citizens (transport operators companies, local company owners, farmworkers, musician and orchestra artist, motorcycle and ATV clubs, taxi drivers, firefighters, police and military) every year organize the one-day festival, because it's believed that if they start something on that holiday they will succeed in all days in that year.
Also in Gornji Milanovac are 3 fairs per year, on May 22, August 2 and October 15. After 70 years Gornji Milanovac as municipality celebrates its Patron day. It is Trinity, where on that day is being held pageant. Locals are advocating to build a mini cable car system for Rudnik and biathlon stadium on the Ravna Gora, given that project had failed during the 90's economical and international political problems of Yugoslavia and Serbia as a federal republic.
Gornji Milanovac lies between mountains 1,132 m or 3,714 ft), Maljen (970 m or 3,180 ft), Jesevac (902 m or 2,959 ft), Suvobor (866 m or 2,841 ft), Rajac (848 m or 2,782 ft) and Vujan (845 m or 2,772 ft). Gornji Milanovac boundaries with: Ljig (on the North) and Mionica (on North-West), Topola and Aranđelovac (both on the North-East) Čačak (on the South) and Lučani (on the South West), Požega, Serbia (on the West), Kragujevac (on the East) and Knić (on theSouth-East).Rudnik to the north and Vujan to the south. Relief of this area is hilly and mountainous. Gornji Milanovac with all his territory is located between these mountains: Rudnik (
The center of the city is situated along the western side of European route E763 (motorway), between the cities Ljig to the north and Čačak to the south and the villages Majdan to the north and Preljina to the south.
Main city crossroad branches:
Rivers that flow through Gornji Milanovac are: Despotovica, Gruza, Dičina, Čemernica, and Kamenica. There is a variety of groundwater sources and thermo-mineral water sources like in village areas, like in: Svrackovci, Brdjani, Mlakovac, Trepca, and Savinac.
Gornji Milanovac is instructed to use civil and military airport in nearby Morava Airport-Lajdevci, Kraljevo 36 km (22 mi), Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 134 km (83 mi) and Užice-Ponikve Airport 98.6 km (61 mi). Also, in September 2018, Swisslion-Takovo Concern established Heliport for business and civilian purpose. Gornji Milanovac does not have conditions for development of water traffic transportation. In 1969 narrow and regional railway Čačak-Gornji Milanovac – Topola was abolished because it was unprofitable. In 2014, Government of Serbia will consider the spatial plan of new electrified railways line Belgrade–Sarajevo, where Gornji Milanovac could be one of regional centers.
Gornji Milanovac has Humid continental climate.Mildest parts (Sub-Humid) of Gornji Milanovac are Brdjani, Trudelj and Dragolj. The coldest parts (humid) are peaks of Rudnik, Rajac, parts of villages Majdan, Svrackovci, Gojna Gora, Gornji Branetici, Brajic, Polom and in the north-west part of village Bogdanica. Moderately humid parts of the municipality are in parts of Majdan and the rest parts of mountain Rudnik, Rajac, and peaks of Suvobor.
The average annual temperature of air are in range of 8 °C (46 °F) in the parts of Rudnik and Suvobor and 11 °C (52 °F) at 250 metres (820 feet). Average daily (in %) humidity 78.5% during the year, in winter 85%, in summer periods 75% (excluding Rudnik mountain where it is 65%, which is good for relaxation and vacation). The hottest month of the year is July, and the coldest is January. Autumn is warmer than the spring for 1 °C (34 °F).
The average annual precipitation height are in the range of 788–985 mm (31.0–38.8 in). Minimum mean wind speed is 1.7–2.6 m/s (3.11–5.05 knots) and maximum 13.8–20.7 m/s (26.83–40.24 knots). This maximum speed occurs in the southeastern, southwestern and southern winds. On the territory of Gornji Milanovac prevails southeastern, northern and eastern winds.
Vegetation period lasts 220–260 days. During these period precipitation rate is 55% which is favorable for plants.
According to the last measuring of Air quality in 2019, the result was satisfying, because they showed an average of 35 US AQI to moderate quality 70 US AQI in the winter periods.
Annual average daily global sun radiation energy on a horizontal surface on territory of municipality Gornji Milanovac is between 3.8–4.0 kWh/m2 (0.33–0.35 BTU/ft 2). Daily mean values of the ambient dose rate ( background radiation) on the area around this municipality are ≈ 100 nSv/h.
|Climate data for Gornji Milanovac (measuring station-Rudnik)|
|Record high °C||20.7||23.9||28.8||32.2||34.9||37.4||43.6||40.0||37.5||30.7||28.4||22.6||43.6|
|Average high °C||4.6||7.0||12.4||18.0||23.5||26.2||28.6||28.7||23.9||18.4||11.2||5.8||17.4|
|Daily mean °C||−1.7||−6.2||6.3||10.3||13.0||20.1||22.3||22.1||17.9||12.2||8.0||0.6||10.4|
|Average low °C||−4.4||−9.4||2.1||6.1||9.4||15.5||17.8||17.4||13.2||8.0||4.9||−3.2||6.5|
|Record low °C||−29.4||−15.4||−12.8||−4.9||3.5||5.5||8.4||6.7||4.7||−4.5||−7.8||−13.4||−5.7|
|Average precipitation mm||137.0||136.3||16.3||82.9||152.9||54.9||19.0||0.3||21.0||52.0||29.2||101.0||802.8|
|Record high °F||69.3||75.0||83.8||90.0||94.8||99.3||110.5||104.0||99.5||87.3||83.1||72.7||110.5|
|Average high °F||40.3||44.6||54.3||64.4||74.3||79.2||83.5||83.7||75.0||65.1||52.2||42.4||63.3|
|Daily mean °F||28.9||20.8||43.3||50.5||55.4||68.2||72.1||71.8||64.2||54.0||46.4||33.1||50.7|
|Average low °F||24.1||15.1||35.8||43.0||48.9||59.9||64.0||63.3||55.8||46.4||40.8||26.2||43.7|
|Record low °F||−20.9||4.3||9.0||23.2||38.3||41.9||47.1||44.1||40.5||23.9||18.0||7.9||21.7|
|Average precipitation inches||5.39||5.37||0.64||3.26||6.02||2.16||0.75||0.01||0.83||2.05||1.15||3.98||31.61|
|Average precipitation days (≥ mm)||20||16||30||8||13||10||9||10||12||14||14||12||171|
|Average relative humidity (%)||90||86||77||79||82||69||70||65||75||80||85||88||79|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||72.2||101.7||153.2||188.1||242.2||260.9||290.8||274.0||204.3||163.1||97.0||64.5||2,112|
On the territory of Gornji Milanovac there is represented the following type of soil:
According to Serbian Geology Institute, on Gornji Milanovac territory has solid reserves of Antimony, Mercury, Copper, Lead, Zinc and Gold (in small amounts).
Gornji Milanovac and the villages of Varnice, Zagradje, Dragolj and Trudelj are dominated by the Ostrvica Massif. The elevation of Ostrvica is 758 metres (2,487 ft). Ostrvica is actually the remains of a destroyed volcanic cone. In May 2009, Ostrvica was declared a natural monument. In the middle of the last century, this massif was significant for its military fortifications and watchtower.
Land that is not cultivated makes 14.6%, arable land 47%, barren land makes 4.4%. The erosion process was active in the past, which is why today some parts of the territory have barren land. These processes have caused the degradation of the land. According to the Republic Seismological Institution of Serbia, Gornji Milanovac is on the scale 8°-8.9° magnitude of an earthquake and the probability that this can happen once in 50–1000 years is 63%. In the major territory there is good protection from erosion process and solid protection from floods. The population doesn't have good protection from wind storms and radiation, but new standards in house and building construction stipulates even that.Most of the population has good thermal insulation in their homes and companies.
Forest vegetation is various: willow, poplar, oak, ash, etc. Forest plantations make 10% of his territory and 90% are natural wood. Meadow grass vegetation occupies 26,656 hectares (11,960 ft²) which is 32%, meadows 15% and grasslands 17%.
The terrain of Gornji Milanovac is highland. Total terrain is divided by rivers Kamenica, Čemernica, Gruža, and Despotovica. It is of volcanic origin. Today the terrain is a result of the combined effects of tectonic movements and fluvial erosion processes in the past.
Morphological traits of municipalities, we can distinguish two different zones:
Dominant position in the municipality and Šumadija have mountain Rudnik. As the specific shape of terrain have Ostrvica which has a conical shape and it is positioned north-western from mountain and settlement Rudnik. Mountain massif Ješevac is positioned on the east side of the municipality. Mountain Vujan is lying southwards from river Despotovica to Brdjani pit. Western parts of the area covers Rajac, Suvobor and Maljen. Westernmost parts include Pranjani pit.
According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Gornji Milanovac has 44,406 inhabitants. Population density on the territory of the municipality is 53.1 inhabitants per square kilometer. Since the census of 1981 when the total population was 50,651 people, there is a population decline due to the bad economic conditions in Serbia, negative natural increase rate and the majority of the older population. As of 2011, in Gornji Milanovac there are 637 migrants.
Estimated composition of population by sex and average age are:
Ethnic composition of the municipality:
Religion structure of Gornji Milanovac as it follows in the table:
|Religions||Number of citizens|
|Group of Eastern religions||11|
|Did not declare||347|
Mother tongue structure of Gornji Milanovac is displayed by the following table:
|Mother tongue||Number of cizens|
|Serbian and Serbo-Croatian||43,884|
|Romani (Balkan-Romani dialect)||84|
|Did not declare according with 43 Article of the Constitution of Serbia||72|
1890 was significant as journalism began in this area. After World War I, Gornji Milanovac was connected with the other and important areas and cities in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes thanks to the narrow gauge railway. Before World War II the population was involved in mining, agronomy and with a few industrial workers (conditory and graphic-printing industry). During the World War II Gornji Milanovac was destroyed, but in the 1950s Gornji Milanovac begin with rapid progress, the rest of SFR Yugoslavia called this area an economic miracle.
In that time there were established two industrial zones (in the South and South-West parts). Companies and corporations that were established in these zones were: Zvezda (now known as Zvezda-Helios), Metalac, PIK Takovo (now known as Swisslion-Takovo), MK Rudnik (Fashion Stationery), FAD (automotive parts for all European cars), Tipoplastika (plastics, paper production), Metal Seko (now known as Mersteel), GRO Graditelj (construction company), Minos (railway equipment), Rudnik Flotation (mining production), Dečje novine (popular youth newspaper and publisher in SFR Yugoslavia), Proleter (department store), Kablar (cooperative agronomy company), Sigma (cardboard producer), Šipad Sarajevo-Gornji Milanovac (construction carpentry), Imlek (dairy products; subsidiary), Mlinsko-Pekarska Industrija Beograd (food industry; subsidiary), JTv Gornji Milanovac (local broadcasting company), KDS "Despotovica" (cable TV distribution systems).
Gornji Milanovac in the '80s and '90s was a real "nursery" of a mixed economy. Despite the 90's break up of SFR Yugoslavia and UN sanctions, Gornji Milanovac was the only city in that time in newly formed FR Yugoslavia whose companies were operated with a profit. New date companies are: "9. Septembar", "Tetra Pak", "Papir Print", "Spektar", "Flint Group Balkan", "Planeta računari", "FOKA", "S-group", "Semix Techno", "Interplet Gradnja", "Rapid", "AzVirt", "Rolopast", "RM Pak", "RGM Pak", "Apex", "MetalMont","Kej komerc", "Neven","Agrouniverzal", DAM 93", "RP Štamparija", "PCM Graf", "CIS Ecopoint", "Maksimil", "Jomla Group","Digitel", "Alfa Support", etc.
After 2001 and 2002, most workers organizations (that was the name for companies who were state and/or workers owned) from a period of 1950–1990 (mentioned above) were privatized. Only a few bankrupted: GRO Graditelj, Mlinsko-Pekarska Industrija Beograd (subsidiary), Imlek (subsidiary), Dečje novine, Minos and JTv Gornji Milanovac.
Here department stores, two mini-supermarkets, elegant boutiques, and restaurants can be found. Also, there is 1 flea markets, where local farmers are selling vegetables, products and 1 market of farm animals.
Today Gornji Milanovac valid for the biggest exporter of goods, services and products in the Republic of Serbia and one of the few cities and municipalities with the budget surplus. During the period of June 2014 unemployment rate in Gornji Milanovac was 25.28%.Most of municipality economy relies on:
Human Poverty Index (HPI) in Gornji Milanovac, according to the 2011 Census of the Republic of Serbia and World Bank is 24.00%, while GINI ratio is 0.336 and Poverty gap index is 0.039.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||103|
|Mining and quarrying||509|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||63|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||174|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||1,548|
|Transportation and storage||433|
|Accommodation and food services||414|
|Information and communication||94|
|Financial and insurance activities||297|
|Real estate activities||9|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||237|
|Administrative and support service activities||293|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||410|
|Human health and social work activities||718|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||162|
|Other service activities||199|
|Individual agricultural workers||556|
Gornji Milanovac has four primary schools: OŠ "Sveti Sava", OŠ Desanka Maksimović, OŠ "Kralj Aleksandar I" (before "Takovski-Partizanski bataljon") and OŠ "Momčilo Nastasijević". Also it has one high school: Gimnazija "Takovski ustanak. Two professional schools (four or three-year): ETŠ "Knjaz Miloš" and TŠ "Jovan Žujović". As regard as kindergarten and nurseries in this municipality there is three of these.
Gornji Milanovac had one department for higher education from Novi Sad, which was private owned and this department dissolved. In future periods was planned to open new departments of University of Kragujevac Faculty of Economics for business administration, taxes and accounting. Also and Faculty of Architecture University of Belgrade had negotiations about opening new departments for local students.
Health protection in Gornji Milanovac is widespread on all territory. Citizens can reach basic health protection even in rural parts of municipality. Health care is organized like: General Hospital, Neurology Hospital, Gynaecology department, Intensive care unit, Labour health protection unit (there are departmans and units in two industrial zones), Surgical and physiatrically department, Dentistry, Dermatology, Psychiatric ward, Rehabilitation services, Village Health Protection Units and Physical therapy. Common support units include a dispensary, pathology, and radiology, and on the non-medical side, there are medical records departments, release of information departments, financial and HR department, Patient lawyers, Clinical Engineering, Facilities Management, Dining Services and Security Departments. There is an emergency service in place. On the property of Gornji Milanovac Hospital, there is built infrastructure for mini spa and rehabilitation center for skin and musculoskeletal diseases from watter resources, mentioned above (see section Geography and Infrastructure). As for health protection of animals, Gornji Milanovac has several privately owned veterinary stations.
"Dečje novine" was the famous and largest publishing house of books, comics, magazines and sticker albums in former Yugoslavia, based in this municipality. They had exclusive copyrights to publish comics of Walt Disney, Marvel and DC Comics. This publisher bankrupted in the 90's and then the remains of company assets were divided among creditors. Creditors established new companies in the sector of publishing books, newspapers, design and art, graphical services and enigmatic-revival editions. But these independent companies did not have the same success as "Dečje novine" had.
This town had 3 private owned radio stations and 1 local broadcasting station. In the '80s at Gornji Milanovac was established experimental radio station for travelers highway information services and among the first cable television systems in Yugoslavia, called Cable Distributive Systems "Despotovica". Due to the technological advancements, this radio station was called off during 1990. At the time of NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (during 1999), former JTv Gornji Milanovac broadcast television and radio signal to the world (because Radio Television of Serbia was bombed and destroyed on April 23, 1999.) for the short time until NATO air force bombed radio and television repeater at mountain Rudnik and nearby Kablar. Now Gornji Milanovac has 2 radio stations, "Gogi" and "Stari Milanovac" radio local broadcasting company, which both broadcasts folk music, information, and news in the Serbian language. Meanwhile, the radio station "Stari Milanovac" bankrupted.
Until 2014, Gornji Milanovac did not have television broadcasting, after series of unsuccessful privatization of former JTv Gornji Milanovac. Now, this municipality has regional television and cable television broadcasting company "Telemark Systems". Telemark bought old cable television KDS Despotovica. This television company provides: cable television, regional television broadcasting for several municipalities ( besides Gornji Milanovac there are providing in Čačak, Lučani, Arilje, Požega, Kosjerić and Kraljevo), broadband internet, IT services, advertising services, fixed telephony, MMDS, dealership of digital and cable TV equipment and other services. Also, Gornji Milanovac has newspaper company "Takovske Novine", while "GM Press" bankrupted. In 2019, Telekom Srbija bought Telemark Systems and municipality Gornji Milanovac wanted new business partners for joint ventures in the media area. In August 2019, license for television media coverage is given to newly formed RTV GM Info Group.
There is one police station, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Serbia administration unit, Military post, Post office, branch of FedEx for Serbia, Customs substation and Fire-Rescuers department. The settlements are organized as Council of Settlements and Gornji Milanovac is divided into 63 settlements. Each of them has responsibility (infrastructure, election/referendum, and legal obligations) for that part of the territory.
Aside from the town of Gornji Milanovac, the municipality of Gornji Milanovac includes the following 60 settlements and 3 smaller towns :
Gornji Milanovac from its establishment had modern district court. Today it has Basic People Court and Magistrates Court. Also, it is among the safest municipalities in Serbia. According to National Statistical Institute of Serbia in 2013 Gornji Milanovac had 148 convicted adults and 16 juvenile.Safety index of this municipality is among the highest than in other municipalities in Serbia 98.63%.
According to the Law on Local Self-Government head of municipality (for this status they need population 10,000–99,000 citizens) is called "president" and for larger cities (100,000 and above population), they are called "mayors". Gornji Milanovac has/had 29 presidents in his history. In the following table are named presidents and not precise dates of their mandate:
|Presidents of Municipalities||Political Party||Mandat period|
|Jovan Andrić||People's Radical Party||End 19th century|
|Stanoje Marinković||Beginning of the 20th century|
|Dragoljub Skubic||Yugoslav National Party, Yugoslav Radical Union||1930s|
|Svetozar Čivović||Yugoslav Radical Union||1941–1945|
|Branko Knežević||League of Communists of Yugoslavia||1944–1945|
|Mihailo Mile Tešić||1947–1950|
|Hristivoje Popović||1951– 1955|
|Djordje Djoka Cajić||1955–1960|
|Dragoljub Dragan Pavlović||1967–1969|
|Stanimir Jovanović||1974–1978; 1978–1982|
|Dušan M. Papić||1982–1984|
|Dražimir Marušić||First mandate as League of Communists of Yugoslavia, next three mandates as Socialist Party of Serbia||1992–1993, 1993–1997, 1997–2000 and 2004–2010 (as an independent political candidate: Movement for municipality of Gornji Milanovac )|
|Aleksandar Pravdić||Democratic Party of Serbia||2000–2001|
|Milutin M. Prodanović||2001–2004|
|Milisav Mirković||Socialist Party of Serbia||2010–2012 and 2012–2016|
|Dejan Kovačević||Serbian Progressive Party||2016–present|
First adopted representative solution for Gornji Milanovac was at the beginning of the '60s, with gray flag and complex emblem which consist of green and white colors. Symbols and colors are :
The second adopted solution was adopted after the 2000s. This Coat of Arms and Flag was a political and heraldic problem between Socialists Party of Serbia on one side and other political organizations in this municipality on the other side. It was adopted three times: 2000–2004 (municipality government led by DOS), last quarter of 2004–2008 (municipality government led by DSS, SRS, NS, SPO, G17+, DS, LDP) and 2016–present (municipality government led by SNS, NS, PUPS, PS, SDPS and ZS). This coat of arms consists of two lions (red who is holding Serbian civil flag and yellow who is holding the flag of the municipality) with crowns and swords which represented royalty through history and courage of the citizens. In the center of the coat of arms it is positioned heater shield with golden oak and red cross in the middle of the shield. The purpose of these two symbols is to represent ancestors on this lands and red cross to represent rebellion flag from the Second Serbian Uprising and " Zapis" or literally inscription who were there in the moment of gathering all rebellions in that time. Above the heater shield is a stone crown which represents forts and the city history. The flag is a blue background with a wreath of willow flowers and nettle leaves which symbolizes Palm Sunday (on that holiday April 24, 1815, Serbian rebels gathered and begin the Second Serbian Uprising) and Serbian custom of knitting wreaths for health, luck and love purpose. In the center of the flag is a white background with red Greek Orthodox Cross which symbolizes above mentioned Second Serbian Uprising flag. The motto is positioned on the bottom of this coat of arms: ,, Време и моје право (Time and my right)".
The third adopted solution is now replaced emblem and flag of Gornji Milanovac. It is also and the flag of a political coalition called "Pokret za opštinu Gornji Milanovac-POGM (Movement for Municipality of Gornji Milanovac)". The flag is white with some form of inverted Iberian shield. In the shield there are territorial map of municipality as treetop (positioned with blue background which represents sky), in the middle is oak stump which also symbolizes Zapis and Second Serbian Uprising (positioned with green background which represents grass and clean environment) and on the bottom of this emblem, there is inscription "Општина Горњи Милановац (Municipality of Gornji Milanovac)" (positioned in brown background, which represent fertile soil. First flag version of the municipality, in the period of 2004–2008 was a horizontally oriented flag with red, blue and gold colors. In the center of this first solution flag was wreath and Paja Jovanović's painting of Second Serbian Uprising in the center of it. This first solution was abolished and replaced with the second version and also the flag of a political movement. First version was approved for ceremonial purpose. The motto of the municipality was:,, Усудити се, то је цена успеха (Venture is the price of success)".
In the November 2016, new municipality authorities adopted Statute of Municipality Gornji Milanovac with previous, second solution.Problems about flag, motto and coat of arms is in political nature. Above mention political Movement of Municipality Gornji Milanovac is adopting the third solution (now previous emblem). In the 2008 opposition parties suggest referendum about Municipality Statute, but referendum never held. Litigation continues even today and remains to see the next composition of municipality authorities.
Gornji Milanovac is twinned with:
The most popular sport in the city, besides Basketball, Handball and Volleyball, is definitely football (soccer). The governing body for the sport is Sportski Savez Opštine Gornji Milanovac (engl. Sport Union of Municipality Gornji Milanovac-SSOGM). Besides New Metalac Stadium, Gornji Milanovac have: Sport Hall "Breza" (multi-purpose); Indoors Sport Swimming pool "Tipoplastika" (currently under reconstruction); Sport and recreative centers for workers, students and public in industry zones of Tipoplastika, Autoprevoz and Swisslion-Takovo companies; Outdoors Olympic pool;two sport halls in Pranjani and at Rudnik; Sport Hall in Primary schools at Gornji Milanovac; two bowling hall (one at Metalac Stadium and one in area of professional school "Jovan Žujović"); one beach soccer (football) and volleyball ground; Ice skating rink and one outdoors gym (nearby Sport Hall "Breza"); and "Takovo" Stadium (multipurpose).
Notable sport society from Gornji Milanovac are shown in following table:
|FK Metalac Gornji Milanovac||Soccer (Football)||Metalac Stadium||Serbian First League (2nd tier)||Men's football team. Established 1961.|
|FK Takovo||SD Takovo stadium||Serbian League West (3rd tier)||Men's football team. Established 1911.|
|SD Dragan Jeftic Skepo||Shooting||Shooting range SD Dragan Jeftić Škepo||SSS Cup||Men and women's shooting team.|
|ŽRK Metalac AD||Handball||SC "Breza"||Serbian First League (West) for Women||Women's handball team|
|RK Tipoplastika||Sport and recreation center of Tipoplastika company||None||Men's handball team. Dissolved, 2000.|
|RK Omladinac||SC "Breza"||Serbian First League West||Dissolved in the 1980s. Reestablished 2012|
|KAF Metalac||American Football||Takovo Stadium||Ex Second Serbian and Montenegrin American Football National League (NLS)||Men's American football team. Dissolved.|
|KBK Milanovac||Kickboxing||Various||Future champions league||Men's kickboxing club|
|KK Metalac||Bowling||Atomsko Sklonište and at Metalac Stadium||Serbian Super League (bowling)||Men's bowling team|
|KMF Metalac-Kolorado||Footsal||SC "Breza"||Second Futsal League-West||Men's futsal team|
|OK Takovo-Zvezda-Helios (Women); Takovo-Metalac (Men)||Volleyball||SC "Breza"||Serbian First League (women), Serbian First League (men)||Men and women's volleyball team|
|AK Takovo||Athletics||Takovo stadium||Serbian Athletic League||Men and women's athletic team|
|MK Lonely Riders||Motorcycles||SAS Parac||AMSS championship||Men and Women motorcycle club|
|OKK Takovo||Basketball||Hall of TŠ "Jovan Žujović" and SC "Breza"||Junior Regional Basketball League-West||Men's basketball team|
|KK Ikar Gornji Milanovac||SC "Breza"||None||Men and Women's basketball club for children with special needs|
|KK GM032||SC "Breza"||Second Men Regional Basketball League-West group B||Men's basketball team|
|KK Takovo||Karate||SC "Breza"||No data||Men and Women's karate club|
|TK Takovo||Tennis||"Takovo" Stadium complex||Tennis League of Serbia||Men and women's tennis club|
|PK Kupidon||Darts||Various||Second national league||Men darts club|
|JK Grabovica||Sailing||None||None (dissolved, 2009)||Men sailing club|
|DK Arasi||Judo||Various||Unknown||Men's and women judo club|
|BK Car Dušan Silni||Shoot wrestling||Various||Serbian Battle Championship||Men shoot wrestling affiliation|
|PSD Rudnik||Mountaineering||Rudnik mountain complex||PSS Expeditions||Men's and women mountaineering sport association|
|ŠK Metalac-Takovo||Chess||Various||Serbian Super League||Men and women chess club|
|STSO Gornji Milanovac||Table Tennis||Various||Serbia Table Tennis Federation League||Men and women table tennis club|
|PK Domingo||Dance sport club||Various||Various||Men and women dance sport club|
Also there are multisport activities and organizations in this municipality.Such as: DTV Partizan (physical training club for children/school children and workers) and four junior football (soccer) clubs: "Poletarac", "Junior soccer", "Srpski orlovi" and "Sportic". As far as municipality association football (soccer) league, Gornji Milanovac has 12 members: Majdan, Jablanica, Šumadija, Ozrem PMH, Šilopaj, Velereč '94, Ozremica, Mladi Rudar, Mladost '09, Takovski ustanak, Brezak, Sparta Grabovica and Omladinac. Every municipality football senior game is well covered by local residents. In Morava District league (5th level in Serbian Football league system) there are some Gornji Milanovac clubs, as: FK Napredak Svračkovci, FK Backovac United, FK Donja Vrbava and FK Lunjevica.
This municipality has numerous of deserving citizens who have contributed to the progress of Serbia and Yugoslavia.
Prince Miloš Obrenović I of Serbia born Miloš Teodorović, also known as Miloš the Great was the Prince of Serbia from 1815 to 1839, and again from 1858 to 1860. He participated in the First Serbian uprising, led Serbs in the Second Serbian uprising, and founded the House of Obrenović. Under his rule, Serbia became an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire. Prince Miloš ruled autocratically, consistently refusing to share power, which generated strong domestic opposition. During his rule, Miloš I bought a number of estates and ships from Ottoman Turks and also became a prominent trader. He was the richest man in Serbia and one of the richest in the Balkans, with estates in Vienna, Serbia and Wallachia.
Ljig is a town and municipality located in the Kolubara District of western Serbia. It has a population of 3,219 inhabitants, while the municipality has a total of 12,730 inhabitants.
Takovo is a village in the municipality of Gornji Milanovac, Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the village has a population of 458 people.
Aleksandar Đokić was a Serbian architect who gained fame for his original designs created in the Brutalist and postmodernist styles. He graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Architecture.
Loznica is a city located in the Mačva District of western Serbia. It lies on the right bank of the Drina river. In 2011 the city had a total population of 19,572, while the administrative area had a population of 79,327.
Topola is a town and municipality located in the Šumadija District of central Serbia. It was the place where Karađorđe, a Serbian revolutionary, was chosen as the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire in 1804. The local St. George Church is the burial place of the Ducal and Royal Family of Serbia and Yugoslavia.
Aleksinac is a town and municipality located in the Nišava District of southern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the town has a population of 17,978 inhabitants, while the municipality has 51,863 inhabitants.
Rudnik is a mountain in central Serbia, near the town of Gornji Milanovac. Its highest peak Cvijićev vrh, named after geologist and biologist Jovan Cvijić, has an elevation of 1,132 meters above sea level. It has several other peaks over 1000 m: Srednji Šturac, Mali Šturac, Molitve, Paljevine and Marijanac. The name translates literally to mine, as the mountain is rich in mining resources.
The Gruža is a river in central Serbia. The river is a 62 km long left tributary to the Zapadna Morava.
Fudbalski klub Metalac is a professional football club based in Gornji Milanovac, Serbia. The club currently competes in the Serbian SuperLiga.
FK Takovo is a football club from Gornji Milanovac, Serbia. The club is a part of the Sports Society Takovo. The team plays in Serbian League West, the third tier of the Serbian football league system.
Gornja Crnuća is a village located in Gornji Milanovac municipality of Serbia. In the 2002 census, it had 239 residents. There are several points of significance in the village. It is best known for the house of Miloš Obrenović in which the Second Serbian Uprising was started, in fact, the village was the Capital of what was then Serbia for two years. The house was the official residence of the Sovereign, the Vraćevšnica Monastery which is one of the more significant Serbian monasteries. There also is a well-stocked hunting range and a wonderful scenic hiking path. The village was deemed an Ecological Village within the Ecological Municipality of Gornji Milanovac.
Milošev Konak is the residence of Serbian Prince Miloš Obrenović, which is located in Gornja Crnuća in the municipality of Gornji Milanovac, Serbia, and is one of the Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance for Serbia, added in 2000. Gornja Crnuća can be considered first, but the temporary capital of Serbia since the prince Miloš Obrenović ruled Serbia for two years from that house. This house is of extreme importance because in it decision was made on raising the Second Serbian Uprising. Permanent exhibition in the house contains copies of documents, photographs and reproductions of several original artifacts related to the insurrectionist period. One of the dormitory has preserved the authentic atmosphere, a fireplace with a part of furniture and built in cocklestove furnace.
Grabovica is a village in the municipality of Gornji Milanovac, Serbia. The name derivates from the word grab ("hornbeam"). According to the 2011 census, the village had a population of 456 people.
Majdan is a village in the municipality of Gornji Milanovac, Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the village has a population of 513 people.
Takovo Museum is an old museum located in Takovo in the municipality of Gornji Milanovac. Takovo's Museum is located in the school, founded by King Aleksandar Obrenović and tourists, the museum exhibition, inevitably visit the former school, the construction of which was started by King Milan, and completed by his son Alexander.
Jovan Petrović, known as Jovan Kursula, was a Serbian vojvoda (commander) that participated in the Serbian Revolution.
The Takovo Uprising is the title of two nearly identical oil paintings by the Serbian realist Paja Jovanović. They depict rebel leader Miloš Obrenović inciting his countrymen against the Ottoman Empire and initiating the Second Serbian Uprising.
The Takovo Meeting was the gathering of Serbian leaders held on 23 April [O.S. 11 April] 1815 at Takovo, a village near present-day Gornji Milanovac. Two years following the collapse of the First Serbian Uprising, the decision was made to start a new uprising against the Ottoman Empire under the leadership of Miloš Obrenović. The meeting was held on the day of the traditional people's gathering, to which people from many Serbian regions attended. Preparations were kept in strict secrecy, with agitation limited to territories of Rudnik, Kragujevac and Čačak nahias. The idea of a new uprising was met with broad support among the masses.
Melentije Pavlović was the first Serb Metropolitan of Belgrade, head of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the Principality of Serbia from 1831 until his death in 1833, as well as a participant in the Second Serbian Uprising.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gornji Milanovac .|