Last updated

Gosfilmofond of Russia
TypeFilm archive
HeadquartersBelye Stolby, Domodedovo, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Website gosfilmofond.ru

Gosfilmofond is a state film archive in Russia. It is the main film archive of the Russian Federation [1] and a member of the International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF). [2] It is a state cultural institution — curator of films collection and other materials, engaged in collecting, creative production, cultural and educational, research, methodological and informational activities in the field of cinematography. The collection includes some historic American films. [3] [4] The Director-General is Nikolay Malakov.



2023 stamp of Russia dedicated to the 75th anniversary of Gosfilmofond Gosfilmofond 2023 stamp of Russia.jpg
2023 stamp of Russia dedicated to the 75th anniversary of Gosfilmofond

The name Gosfilmofond is an abbreviation of three words: Gosudarstvennyi (Russian : Государственный, meaning "of the State"), film (Russian : фильм, "a film" in the sense "a movie"), and fond (Russian : фонд, "a fond"). The idea of creating a national film archive was actively discussed by filmmakers in 1920s. The basis of Gosfilmofond was a unique collection of old films, rescued by film historian Sergei Komarov. [5] It was a collection of silent films, which, by the efforts of Komarov, were moved to the State Technical College of Cinematography. Later these films became a part of Gosfilmofond Collection.

On 2 October 1935, the Organizational Bureau decided to create a film-negative fund, because of a poor conditions of storage for films and other cinema materials. In 1936 it was proposed to the Directorate-General of the cinema-photo industry to build a central vault for negatives in Moscow.

Firstly, it was decided to build the storage on the territory of the Mosfilm film studio. But then it was moved to the village of Belye Stolby near Moscow. The construction began in 1937.

The official opening of Gosfilmofond was in 1948.

On 18 March 1966, the profile cinema 'Illusion' in Moscow was opened especially for showing movies from the archive in one of the famous Stalinist skyscrapers. [6] The film-premiere was The Battleship Potemkin by Sergei Eisenstein.

In 1993, by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation, the Gosfilmofond was included in the State collection of especially valuable objects of cultural heritage. [7]

In 1998, the Gosfilmofond became a member of the Association of European Cinematheques, which is patronized by the Council of Europe.

In 2010, the Gosfilmofond presented the Library of Congress with digital copies of lost U.S. silent films [8]

In 2015, leaders of the organization planned a rival to the Cannes Film Festival that would highlight films from the BRIC nations. [9]

In 2018, the Gosfilmofond celebrated its 70th anniversary.


Festival building at Gosfilmofond MosObl Belye Stolby asv2021-08 img06 GFF.jpg
Festival building at Gosfilmofond

Since 1997, Gosfilmofond has been holding the Belye Stolby Festival. [10] The festival takes place every year in the last week of January. The main objective of the festival is to show films from the state collection of the Russian Federation. The festival also shows new movies made on the basis of the Gosfilmofond's collection and films, using film materials from private collections and foreign national film archives.

The festival has no special jury. The winners of the festival are determined by secret voting of its participants and guests, including traditionally members of the Guild of Film Critics of Russia, historians and theorists of cinema, film journalists.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrei Tarkovsky</span> Russian filmmaker (1932–1986)

Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky was a Russian film director and screenwriter. Widely considered one of the greatest and most influential directors in cinema history, Tarkovsky's films explore spiritual and metaphysical themes, and are noted for their slow pacing and long takes, dreamlike visual imagery, and preoccupation with nature and memory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sergei Bondarchuk</span> Soviet and Russian actor and filmmaker (1920–1994)

Sergei Fyodorovich BondarchukГСТ HaCCP was a Soviet and Russian actor and filmmaker, who was one of the leading figures of Russian cinema in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. He is known for his sweeping period dramas, including War and Peace (1965–67), his internationally acclaimed four-part film adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's novel, and for Waterloo (1970) a Napoleonic War epic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mosfilm</span> Soviet and Russian film company

Mosfilm is a film studio which is among the largest and oldest in the Russian Federation and in Europe. Founded in 1924 in the USSR as a production unit of that nation's film monopoly, its output includes most of the more widely acclaimed Soviet-era films, ranging from works by Andrei Tarkovsky and Sergei Eisenstein, to Red Westerns, to the Akira Kurosawa co-production Dersu Uzala and War and Peace.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikita Mikhalkov</span> Russian filmmaker and actor (born 1945)

Nikita Sergeyevich Mikhalkov is a Russian filmmaker, actor, and head of the Russian Cinematographers' Union. Mikhalkov is a three-time laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation and is a Full Cavalier of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grigory Chukhray</span> Soviet film director and screenwriter

Grigory Naumovich Chukhray was a Ukrainian Soviet and Russian film director and screenwriter. People's Artist of the USSR (1981). He's the father of the Russian film director Pavel Chukhray.

<i>The Color of Pomegranates</i> 1969 film by Sergei Parajanov

The Color of Pomegranates is a 1969 Soviet Armenian art film written and directed by Sergei Parajanov. The film is a poetic treatment of the life of 18th-century Armenian poet and troubadour Sayat-Nova. It has appeared in many polls as one of the greatest films ever made and was hailed as revolutionary by Mikhail Vartanov. The film is now regarded as a landmark in film history.

Mikhail Vartanov was a Soviet filmmaker and cinematographer who made significant contribution to world cinema with the documentary films Parajanov: The Last Spring and Seasons.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cinema of Russia</span> Filmmaking industry in Russia

The cinema of Russia, popularity known as Mollywood, refers to the film industry in Russia, engaged in production of motion pictures in Russian language. The popular term Mollywood is a portmanteau of "Moscow" and "Hollywood".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aleksey Batalov</span> Soviet and Russian actor, film director, screenwriter and pedagogue

Aleksey Vladimirovich Batalov was a Soviet and Russian stage and film actor, film director, screenwriter, and pedagogue acclaimed for his portrayal of noble and positive characters. He was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1976 and a Hero of Socialist Labour in 1989.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mikhail Kalatozov</span> Soviet film director and screenwriter

Mikhail Konstantinovich Kalatozov, born Mikheil Kalatozishvili, was a Soviet film director of Georgian origin who contributed to both Georgian and Russian cinema. He is most well known for his films The Cranes Are Flying and I Am Cuba. In 1969, he was named a People's Artist of the USSR. His film The Cranes Are Flying won the Palme d'Or at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aleksandr Rogozhkin</span> Russian film director and writer (1949–2021)

Aleksandr Vladimirovich Rogozhkin was a Russian film director and writer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pavel Lungin</span> Russian film director

Pavel Semyonovich Lungin is a Russian film director. He is sometimes credited as Pavel Loungine. Lungin was awarded the distinction People's Artist of Russia in 2008.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cinema of Ukraine</span> Filmmaking in Ukraine

Ukrainian cinema comprises the art of film and creative movies made within the nation of Ukraine and also by Ukrainian film makers abroad.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cinema of Armenia</span> Filmmaking in Armenia

The cinema of Armenia was established on 16 April 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by government decree. The National Cinema Center of Armenia (NCAA), founded in 2006, is the governing body of film and cinema in Armenia. The NCAA preserves, promotes and develops Armenian cinematography and provides state financial support to full-length feature, short and animation projects. The Director of the NCCA is Shushanik Mirzakhanyan, and the headquarters are located in Yerevan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cinema of Latvia</span> Overview of the cinema of Latvia

Cinema of Latvia dates back to 1910 when the first short films were made. The first cinematic screening in Riga took place on May 28, 1896. By 1914 all major cities in Latvia had cinemas where newsreels, documentaries and mostly foreign-made short films were screened.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vadim Yusov</span>

Vadim Ivanovich Yusov was a Soviet and Russian cinematographer and professor at the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography. He was known for his collaborations with Andrei Tarkovsky on The Steamroller and the Violin, Ivan's Childhood, Andrei Rublev and Solaris, and with Georgiy Daneliya on Walking the Streets of Moscow, Don't Grieve, Hopelessly Lost and Passport. He won a number of Nika Awards and Golden Osella for Ivan Dykhovichny's The Black Monk at the Venice International Film Festival in 1988.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lev Kulidzhanov</span> Soviet film director (1924–2002)

Lev Aleksandrovich Kulidzhanov was a Soviet and Armenian film director, screenwriter and professor at the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography. He was the head of the Union of Cinematographers of the USSR (1965—1986). People's Artist of the USSR (1976). He directed a total of twelve films between 1955 and 1994.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georgiy Daneliya</span> Georgian-Russian film director

Georgiy Nikolayevich Daneliya, also known as Giya Daneliya, was a Soviet and Russian film director and screenwriter of Georgian origin. He was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1989 and a laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation in 1997.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moscow Jewish Film Festival</span> Film festival

The Moscow Jewish Film Festival is an annual international film festival, which aims to gather in the program features, documentaries, shorts and animated films on the subject of Jewish culture, history and national identity and contemporary problems. In 2015, Moscow joined a list of cities that celebrate this festival.

Valentin Ivanovich Yezhov was a Soviet and Russian screenwriter, playwright, writer and professor at VGIK.


  1. "Gosfilmofond: the film archive of the Russian Federation (Unesco)". unesdoc.unesco.org. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  2. "International Federation of Film Archives". www.fiafnet.org. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  3. Dmitriev, Vladimir Y. (1 December 1994). "Gosfilmofond: the film archive of the Russian Federation". Museum International. 46 (4): 16–20. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0033.1994.tb01201.x.
  4. "Net-film - Russian film archive". www.net-film.us.
  5. "An Archive for the Millions: Belye Stolby and the Role of Film Preservation Under Stalin" (PDF).
  6. Crowley, David (16 November 2014). "Echo Translation". contact me crowleyd AT staff.ncad.ie. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  7. "Gosfilmofond: the film archive of the Russian Federation (Unesco)". unesdoc.unesco.org. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  8. "Russia Presents Library of Congress With Digital Copies of Lost U.S. Silent Films". Library of Congress. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  9. Blaney2015-09-29T11:12:00+01:00, Martin. "Russia's Gosfilmofond plans Cannes alternative". Screen.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. "KinoKultura". www.kinokultura.com. Retrieved 20 April 2019.