Goudhurst

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Goudhurst
Goudhurst, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 41629.jpg
High Street, Goudhurst
Kent UK location map.svg
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Goudhurst
Location within Kent
Population3,204  [1]
3,327 (2011 Census) [2] (Parish includes villages of Horden and Kilndown)
OS grid reference TQ725375
Civil parish
  • Goudhurst
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CRANBROOK
Postcode district TN17
Dialling code 01580
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°06′40″N0°27′49″E / 51.1112°N 0.4636°E / 51.1112; 0.4636 Coordinates: 51°06′40″N0°27′49″E / 51.1112°N 0.4636°E / 51.1112; 0.4636

Goudhurst is a village and civil parish in the borough of Tunbridge Wells in Kent, England. It lies in the Weald, around 12 miles (19 km) south of Maidstone, on the crossroads of the A262 and B2079.

Contents

The parish consists of three wards: Goudhurst, Kilndown and Curtisden Green. Hamlets include Bedgebury Cross, Iden Green, Stonecrouch and Winchet Hill.

Etymology

The word Goudhurst is derived from Goud Hurst, the "Good Hurst" (an opening in a forest) [3] due to the hill's strategic position within the local landscape. A less plausible (but attractive) derivation is the Old English guo hyrst, meaning Battle Hill, or the wooded hill on which a battle has been fought. The name apparently commemorates a battle fought on this high ground in Saxon times. The spelling has evolved over the centuries: Gmthhyrste (c. 1100), Guthurst or Guhthersts (c. 1200), Gudhersts (1232), Guthhurste (1278), Goutherst (1316), Goodherst (1610), then the current-day spelling. [4]

History

The village was one of those involved in the Wealden iron industry; it was a centre for the growing of hops and for weaving. A group of weavers' cottages stands opposite the church.

The Battle of Goudhurst in 1747 led to the end of the Hawkhurst Gang of smugglers and the execution of local gang leader Thomas Kingsmill whose body was hung in chains in the village. [5]

The village's recent history is documented in the Goudhurst Jubilee Book (1935), Goudhurst Coronation Book (1937) and Goudhurst and Kilndown Millennium Book (2001, ISBN   0-9527822-1-9) which contain reminiscences, directories, historical notes, matters of local intelligence and records of celebrations starting from the 1800s or before. The books were printed as limited editions with the authors recording the written and the oral history of the village.

St Mary's Church

The church stands on a hill and its tower commands views of the surrounding countryside. For this reason it was a major surveying point in the Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790) to measure the precise distance and relationship between the Paris Observatory and the Royal Greenwich Observatory, supervised by General William Roy. Sightings were made to Frant to the west, Tenterden to the east, Wrotham Hill to the north and Fairlight Down to the south.[ citation needed ]

St Mary's church was founded in 1170 by Robert de Crevecour. [6] The church has been altered and restored many times over the centuries. Until 1637 it had a tall spire which was destroyed by lightning in that year. In 1638 three London masons rebuilt the west tower. [7] During the Victorian era the church was restored by the architects William Slater and Richard Carpenter. [8] The church contains a remarkable painted wood and gesso effigy to Sir Alexander Culpeper (d.1599) and his wife Constance. [9]

Bedgebury

Bedgebury is one of the oldest estates in Kent: having given its name to the de Bedgebury family, it passed into the hands of the Culpeper family in 1450. When the estate was sold in 1680, a new house was built which itself became a girls' school in the 1920s (closed in the summer of 2006). In 2007 the school was purchased by the Bell Educational Trust, an educational charity. In the summer of 2007 the school reopened as the Bell Bedgebury International School, and the grounds also played host to the Bell Bedgebury Language Centre. In November 2010, the owners decided to close and sell the school. [10] – the riding school and 125 acres were sold separately and are now independent. [11] Bedgebury Pinetum is nearby. It was acquired by the Forestry Commission in 1924.

Village Green

A former Glebe Field at the East end of St Mary's Church was registered as a village green by Kent County Council in June 2016. It is 2.47 acres in extent and is surrounded by trees and hedges. It is owned by the Diocese of Canterbury and is maintained by Goudhurst Parish Council which has a long lease for this purpose. A volunteer group called The Friends of Goudhurst Village Green has been established with the aim to protect and preserve Goudhurst Village Green for the use of the residents of Goudhurst Parish by right, for lawful sports and pastimes, in perpetuity. St Mary's Church is permitted to use the village green for parking for occasional events such as large weddings and funerals.

Public transport

In the past, the branch railway line from Paddock Wood had a station for the village. It was opened on 1 October 1892 and was originally named 'Hope Mill for Goudhurst and Lamberhurst' before being renamed to 'Goudhurst' on 4 September 1893, the day the final part of the line came into service – the extension to Hawkhurst via Cranbrook; physically, the station was about half a mile from the centre of Goudhurst, and somewhat further from Lamberhurst. The station was closed on 12 June 1961 because of lack of use, passenger numbers having dropped to fewer than 200 per day. The track was lifted in 1964, and in 1967 the station sites were offered for sale.

At present, the only public transport for Goudhurst are two bus routes operated by Arriva Southern Counties – the 26 to Maidstone, and the 297 which runs to Tunbridge Wells in the west and Tenterden and Ashford in the east.

Education

The village is in the Cranbrook School catchment area.

Notable people

Media

Newspapers

Newspapers available in Goudhurst are the free and Maidstone extra owned by KM Group and yourtunbridgewells and yourmaidstone both owned by KOS Media

Radio

The Local radio station is KMFM West Kent however KMFM Maidstone is also available. County-wide stations Heart Kent, Gold (radio) and BBC Radio Kent are available.

Notes

  1. "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Goudhurst CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 10 June 2009.
  2. "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  3. "goud | Search Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  4. The Place Names of Kent, Judith Glover ISBN   0-905270-61-4; The Origin of English Place Names, P.H.Reaney ISBN   0-7100-2010-4
  5. Mary Waugh, Smuggling in Kent and Sussex 1700–1840 1985 ISBN   0-905392-48-5 pp 74–5
  6. The Nation's Favourite Churches, Andrew Barr
  7. Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600–1840, 3rd ed. 1995, s.v. "Edmund Kinsman", "John Young".
  8. Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Goudhurst (1338671)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  9. The Nation's Favourite Churches, Andrew Barr
  10. "Bell Bedgebury private school to close in Cranbrook". BBC News. 3 November 2010.
  11. "Bedgebury Park | 125 acres of freedom". Bedgebury Park. Retrieved 5 August 2020.

Sources

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