Gouraya National Park

Last updated
Gouraya National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Les Aiguades.jpg
The Aiguades
Algeria relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location Béjaïa Province, Algeria
Nearest city Béjaïa
Coordinates 36°46′N5°6′E / 36.767°N 5.100°E / 36.767; 5.100 Coordinates: 36°46′N5°6′E / 36.767°N 5.100°E / 36.767; 5.100
Area20.8 km2 (8.0 sq mi)
Established1984
Visitors60.000(in 2005)

The national park of Gouraya (Arabic : الحديقة الوطنية قورايا) is one of the coastal national parks of Algeria. It is located in Béjaïa Province, near the shrine of Sidi Touati.

Contents

History

The park became an Algerian National Park in 1984, and has been UNESCO-recognized as a biosphere reserve in 2004. [1]

Description

The park owes its name to the Gouraya Mountain (altitude 660m) located within the park's boundaries. [2] The ground elevation in the park oscillates between -135m and 660m. There is also a lake, the Lake Mézaïa. [1]

The park is located on a calcaro-dolomitic ground. [3]

The park is north-east of Béjaïa, close to the city. The park includes many beaches and cliffs, which make it a swimming destination for many Algerians.

Population

The permanent population in the Gouraya National Park is of Berber origins, 1,655 inhabitants across 13 villages. [1]

Wildlife

A magot in Yemma Gouraya. Magot 2.jpg
A magot in Yemma Gouraya.

The park is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including Barbary macaques and jackals who live in the forests in this park. The Barbary macaque is a primate with a very restricted range in portions of northwestern North Africa and disjunctively in Gibraltar. [1]

In 2011, the French Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique led a phytosociological study which concluded there were 7 vegetation groups belonging to 4 phytosociological classes: [3]

Protected fauna [1]
Endangered animals [1]
Marine mammals of national importance [1]

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References